[synonym] jishicao and yashicao (rihuazi materia medica).
[source] the tender branches and leaves of Saxifragaceae plant huangchangshan. See "Changshan" for plant morphology.
[collection] harvest in summer and dry in the sun.
[herbal medicine] dry twigs, cylindrical, thin and weak, leaves shrunken, withered brown or brown green, complete leaves elliptic, broadly lanceolate or oblong obovate, apex pointed, margin serrate, base cuneate, smooth and glabrous. It is light and thin, brittle and fragile. It has a special stuffy smell and a slightly bitter taste. It is better to have no stem, big leaves and strong taste.
It is mainly produced in Sichuan, Guizhou and Hunan. In addition, it is also produced in Hubei and Guangxi.
[chemical composition and pharmacological action] see "Changshan".
Bitter, pungent, warm and poisonous.
① Ben Jing: "the taste is pungent and the taste is flat. "
② Bielu: "slightly warm, poisonous. "
③ "On medicinal properties": "it tastes bitter and has little poison. "
[Guijing] "Depei Materia Medica": "start, foot Jueyin meridian. "
[function indications] remove phlegm, stop malaria, eliminate the accumulation of Baihuang.
① "Ben Jing" says: "it can control malaria, cough, cold and heat, and accumulate evil Qi and poison. "
② Bielu: "it can cure the evil in the chest, form Qi and spit it out. "
③ "Treatise on medicinal properties": "it is mainly used to treat malaria for a long time. It can cure the cold and heat of malaria. "
④ Zhang Yuanyuan: "breaking the blood, leading the gallbladder evil. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 1-2 yuan; or grind powder.
[should avoid] those who are weak in healthy qi and have been ill for a long time should take it carefully.
① "Trichosanthes kirilowii" is the envoy of the book of Materia Medica. Evil is common to all. "
② "Theory of medicinal properties": "it's not allowed to enter more, it's revolting. Ligularia FRIGIDA. "
③ "Four tones of Materia Medica": "Platycodon grandiflorum is used for it. "
④ "Must match the materia medica": "stomach deficiency, old and young weak, two taboo. "Avoid green onion tea. "
[prescription selection] 1. For the treatment of malaria, the name is female malaria: Shu lacquer (wash away the fishy smell), mica (burn for two days and nights), keel, etc. Pestle for scattered, before hair, with the slurry service half money dagger. Warm malaria plus Shu lacquer half a cent, and take a money dagger when it comes to hair. (Shuqi powder in Synopsis of the Golden Chamber)
② Cure children's violent shock, death in evil: Shu lacquer (fried) two money, left look at Oyster one money two cents. Decocting in serous water, when spitting, the better. (thousand gold soup in the compendium)
[discussion by famous experts] 1. In the book of Ben Jing Feng Yuan: "Shu lacquer is the seedling of Changshan mountain. Therefore, the book of Ben Jing has similar efficacy in treating malaria, coughing against cold and heat, and accumulating poisonous insects.
② "Depei Materia Medica" says: "Shu lacquer, with its Qi rising and dispersing, its nature soaring, can open the Qi of yin and Fu, rob and store phlegm, break blood and water, eliminate ruffians and stop malaria. Steamed with licorice. It's better for raw use, but it's a little slower for charcoal frying. "
③ According to the sequel to Yaozheng, "there are three ways to cure the movement of Zhongjing: Oyster for the movement of chest and abdomen; keel for the movement of umbilicus; Shu lacquer for the movement of chest and abdomen and umbilicus. This is Zhong Jing's third method of governing the movement. Therefore, Zhongjing's prescription includes oyster with Shu lacquer, keel with Shu lacquer, keel with Shu lacquer and oyster with Shu lacquer. Since the Jin and Tang Dynasties, there has been no one who knows Shu lacquer's merits. "
④ According to Ben Jing Shu Zheng, "if the medicine does not fly away without scale, and there is no smell of cloud, but Zhongjing uses Shu lacquer, and he will note that it will wash away the smell, then it can be seen that the bad smell is different from other plants. "
Chinese PinYin : Shu Qi
Kudzu fruit. Ge Guo Shi
Walnut peel. Hu Tao Qing Pi
Sophora leaf. Huai Ye
Anisodamine root. Lang Dang Gen
Carp scales. Li Yu Lin
Cattle tooth. Niu Chi
Cattail root. Pu Cao Gen
plumed cockscomb. Qing Xiang
Betel nut. Shan Bin Lang
Sunflower. Xiang Yang Hua
Wild Peony. Ye Mu Dan
Chinese yam. Zhan Shan Yao