(on medicinal properties)
[synonym] sanggen Baipi (Ben Jing), sanggen PI, sangpi (Meng Shen), baisangpi (records of Shanxi Traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is the root bark of Morus alba. The plant morphology is detailed in article.
[collection] in winter, dig, wash, scrape off the back Brown cork while it is fresh, cut it longitudinally, tap it with a mallet to separate the skin from the wood core, peel off the white skin and dry it in the sun.
[medicinal materials] most of the dried root bark are long and twisted plate-shaped, or both sides are curled inward into grooves. It is 1-5 mm thick. The outer surface is yellowish white or nearly white, with a few brown or red yellow spots, relatively flat, longitudinal cracks and sparse fibers. The inner surface is yellowish white or grayish yellow, smooth, with fine longitudinal lines, or longitudinal cracks, mildew fiber. It is light, tough, hard to break, easy to crack, and white dust flies out when tearing. Slightly beany, sweet and slightly bitter. White color, thick skin and enough powder are preferred.
It is mainly produced in Anhui, Henan, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Hunan and other places.
[chemical constituents] it contains umbelliferide and scopoletin
And flavonoids, such as sanguinarin, Morin, morissene, cyclomorin, cyclomorissene, etc. In addition, it contains 5.6% tannin and 9% mucin.
(1) diuretic effect
After intragastric administration of Sangbaipi Decoction (2G / kg), the urine output and chlorides of rabbits increased significantly within 6 hours and returned to normal within 7-24 hours.
② Antihypertensive effect
In the early years of Japanese people, it was reported that mulberry decoction had a slight and slow antihypertensive effect when taken orally to animals. It was also said that the skin of roots or branches had antihypertensive effect, but roots and new shoots and leaves had no effect. When the extract of ether, hot water or warm methanol was injected subcutaneously into rabbits at the rate of 1G (crude drug) / kg, the blood pressure decreased by 15-25 mmHg. A substance extracted from Cortex Mori was injected intravenously into rabbits at 10 mg / kg, and the blood pressure immediately decreased significantly; the effect still existed after cutting off cervical vagus nerve or cervical vertebra. These effects can be blocked by atropine, so it may be acetylcholine like substance. It can dilate the blood vessels of rabbit ears and contract the blood vessels of frog legs. It can excite the isolated rabbit uterus and slightly promote the secretion of rabbit's infraauricular gland. Injection (artery or vein) has no effect on the contraction of cat's blink membrane, but if it is directly applied on the cervical sympathetic ganglion, it can inhibit the contraction of blink membrane caused by electrical stimulation of preganglionic fibers. The results showed that there was no effect on the back muscle of leech, but the tension of the back muscle of leech could be significantly increased by adding ethrin first and then using it again. The median lethal dose of this substance was 32.7 mg / kg. According to Japanese reports, the extract of Cortex Mori from China has stronger antihypertensive effect and greater toxicity than that from Japan. It contains more acetylcholine like substances.
③ Other functions
The extract of Cortex Mori has sedative effect on mice. In dogs, it is preliminarily proved that the wound sutured with mulberry white skin suture does not need to be removed.
[processing] mulberry skin: brush off the dust, wash, moisten, shred and dry. Honey mulberry skin: take mulberry skin silk, add a little boiled water, mix well, a little stuffy, put in the pot, stir fry gently until it turns yellow, not sticky, take out, let cool. (each mulberry silk is 100kg, and honey is 30kg)
"Lei Gong's treatise on the processing of mulberry and white skin" says: "if an emissary (mulberry and white skin) has been plucked for ten years, he should peel off a heavy green and yellow skin with a copper knife. If he only takes the second heavy white, tender and green saliva, he should file it with a copper knife and bake it to make it dry. Saliva is a drug. This medicine is combined with iron. "
Sweet and cold.
① Ben Jing: "Gan, Han. "
② Bielu: "non toxic. "
③ "Pinglun": on the nature of drugs. "
④ "Qi is cold, taste bitter and sour. "
[meridian tropism] entering lung and spleen meridians.
① Tangye materia medica: "start with Taiyin classic. "
② "Lei Gong processed medicine solution": into the spleen, lung two channels. "
③ "Medicine Hua Yi": entering lung and large intestine. "
Functions and indications: purging the lung and relieving asthma, removing swelling with water. Treatment of lung heat, asthma, cough, hematemesis, edema, beriberi, adverse urination.
① Ben Jing: "in the main injury, five labors and six extremes are emaciated; in the collapse, the pulse is broken, and the deficiency and Qi are replenished. "
② Bielu: "to remove lung water, saliva blood, heat, thirst, edema, abdominal distension, diuresis, to inch White, you can sew golden sores. "
③ According to the theory of medicinal properties, "it can treat lung asthma, edema, main injury, diuresis, elimination of water and Qi, deficiency of labor and heat, headache and insufficient internal supplement. "
④ Meng Shen: "if you use it in a casual way, you can create all the atmosphere and water. "
⑤ "Diannan Materia Medica": "stop lung heat and cough. "
⑧ "Compendium": "purging lung, reducing Qi, dispersing blood..
⑦ "Ben Cao Qiu yuan": "it is used to treat foot Qi Bi contracture, eye faintness, jaundice, relieve two stools, and treat urine count. "
⑧ "Treating rheumatism and numbness". "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 2-5 yuan; or powder. External use: daub with mashed juice or wash with fried water.
[should avoid] lung deficiency without fire, urine and cold cough, avoid taking.
① "Ben Cao Jing Ji Zhu": ", GUI Xin and Ma Zi were the envoys. "
② "The classic of Materia Medica" says: "the lung is empty without fire. Do not take it if you cough due to cold attack. "
③ "To match the materia medica": "lung deficiency, small convenience is prohibited. "
[prescription selection] 1. It is used to treat children's lung excess, dyspnea and cough: one or two for each, and one or two for each. File powder, into a pinch of water, two small cups, fried seven minutes, take before eating. (Xiebai powder in Zhijue of pediatric medicine syndrome)
② Yin Xian: mulberry root, white skin, one jin. Soak the rice hogwash for three nights, scrape the yellow skin, file it fine, put in four liang of glutinous rice, bake it, and mash one place. One or two yuan for each rice drink. (empirical formula)
③ Zhishui drink, stop lung, full of asthma: mulberry root, white skin, one and five cents each, almond 14 (peeled), dry and greedy, one and five cents each. Take it in water. (Ben Cao Hui Yan)
④ Cure urinate disadvantageous, face is puffy: Mulberry white skin 4 money, wax gourd kernel 5 money, 3 money. Fried soup. (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai)
⑤ Cure stroke, urinate much, thirst: mulberry root white skin, fry to make yellow and black, file, boil with water to make thick, drink at will; also can accept less rice, do not use salt. (behind the elbow)
⑥ Treatment of diabetes: Mulberry four money, five money, decoction. (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai)
⑦ Treatment of infectious hepatitis: fresh mulberry white skin two liang, sugar amount. Decoct in water and take it twice. (Fujian traditional Chinese medicine (3): 261961)
⑧ Treatment of postpartum blood more than: fried mulberry white skin, boiled water drink it. (behind the elbow)
⑨ For the first time, it starts from the two strands, reaches the umbilicus, and goes through the Yin head. All of them are red: two liters of water, two liters of mulberry (cut), boil the juice and take a bath. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑩ The treatment of stone carbuncle is as firm as stone, without purulent: mulberry root white skin, dried in the shade, rammed at the end, closed glue, with wine and applied swelling. (Qian Jin Fang)
(11) treatment: mulberry root bark is mashed, applied or fried. (Hunan medical records)
(12) treatment of horse falling: five Jin of mulberry root and white skin. For the end, a liter of water, fried cream. Apply to the damaged area. (behind the experience)
Li Gao: "mulberry and white skin is sweet to replenish deficiency due to deficiency of vital energy, while pungent to relieve lung qi and stop coughing. And mulberry skin diarrhea lung, but not pure good, should not be used more. "
② The compendium of Medical Sciences: "mulberry and white skin is good at benefiting small water, but in fact, it is good for purging its son. Therefore, it is appropriate to have more than enough water and fire in the lung. "Ten agents" cloud, dryness can be dehumidified, mulberry white skin, it is. Qian Yi, a doctor of Song Dynasty, treated lung qi heat, cough and then asthma, face swelling, body heat and diarrhea Sangbaipi and Digupi can relieve fire from urination, liquorice can relieve fire from urination, and japonica rice can clear lung and nourish blood. Luo Tianyi, a doctor of Yuan Dynasty, said that he could relieve the fire in the lung and replenish the vital energy, which is the reason why he could also replenish the vital energy. If the lung is weak and small, it should not be used. "
③ "Medicated Huayi" says: "mulberry skin is used to dissipate heat. It is mainly used to treat asthma, cough, hot phlegm and spitting blood. All the symptoms are suppressed by excess pathogenic Qi, and the orifices of the lung can not be unobstructed. By this way, it can infiltrate and disperse to benefit the lung qi, and all the syndromes can heal themselves. Therefore, it is necessary for mulberry skin to have more than enough capacity for purging the lung. In order to treat skin moisture swelling and skin evil heat, floating wind dry itching, we can remove it. It has the same effect as Chamomile, nasal obstruction and heat obstruction, combined with Radix Glehniae and zhichanghongxiaxue. "
Chinese PinYin : Sang Bai Pi
Fructus aurantii. Zhi Ke
Chenopodium album. Ci Li
Geotrichum. Di Jin
Scutellaria indica. Dun Ye Mei
Donkey head. Lv Tou
Oxhorn gill. Niu Jiao Sai
Sausagebrush. Shan Jiao Cao
Eel. Shan Yu
Cauliflower root. Shu Tou Cai Gen
Tongtiancao. Tong Tian Cao
Snowman ginseng. Xue Ren Can
Root of wild lacquer tree. Ye Qi Shu Gen