The traditional costumes of Uzbek people embody the unique aesthetic view of Uzbek people. With its gorgeous and exquisite, chic and beautiful clothing, it has added magnificent color to Chinese clothing culture.
Introduction to ethnic groups
Uzbek, with a population of 14800, lives in the South and north of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, living in harmony with Uygur and Kazak. The Uzbek nationality originated from the Uzbek Khan in the 14th century. In the 15th century, the Golden Horde disintegrated. Uzbek merchants living in the areas of Samarkand, huacizimo, Andijan, Bukhara and so on, along the ancient "Silk Road", went to the mainland through Xinjiang to do business. They had frequent contacts and came in an endless stream. Some of them gradually settled down in some towns in Xinjiang and multiplied, forming China's Uzbek nationality. Because the vast majority of people live in cities and towns, engaged in commerce, education, science and technology and handicraft industry, a small number of people living in Northern Xinjiang engaged in animal husbandry and scattered in southern Xinjiang engaged in agriculture. For a long time, Uzbek and Uighur people live together and interact with each other economically and culturally, gradually forming similar characteristics in terms of customs, food, daily life and religious beliefs. Uzbek has its own language, belonging to the West Hungarian branch of the Turkic language family of Altai language family. Uzbek is a Pinyin based on Arabic alphabet. Good command of Uyghur or Kazakh. Uzbeks believe in Islam. They danced gracefully and briskly. Most of the musical instruments are plucked instruments and percussion instruments. Women are good at embroidery. They like to embroider all kinds of patterns on the edge of clothes, sheets, pillows and flower caps, which are very exquisite.
The traditional festivals of the Uzbek people are basically the same as those of other local Islamic people, with the Rouzi Festival and the gurbang festival as the most grand festivals of the year. During the Ramadan before the "meat Festival", adults have to fast. When eating fast, relatives, friends and neighbors should invite each other. If there are guests, the host should treat them warmly. During the festival, cattle and sheep are slaughtered, fried oil cakes are eaten, hand grazed meat and rice are eaten, as well as the folk special flavor food "Naren". At that time, Uzbek village will hold a ceremony to cook all kinds of food together in spring. In this process, people get together for song and dance entertainment activities, wish good weather, human and animal prosperity.
Uzbek people have three meals of solar eclipse, and their staple food is noodles and rice. Nang is the most common pasta, and its method is similar to that of Uygur baking Nang. The folk baking Nang can be divided into oil Nang and meat Nang. The Nang baked with milk, clear oil (vegetable oil), mutton oil or ghee in flour is called oil Nang, and the Nang baked with mutton, cumin powder, pepper and onion powder is called meat Nang. Besides oil Nang and meat Nang, there are also Wowo Nang and piannang. Rice is mostly used to make pilaf. The production method of Uzbek pilaf is basically the same; the production of plain pilaf does not add meat, but it needs to add an appropriate amount of raisins, apricots and other dried fruits, which is sweet and delicious, so it is also called sweet pilaf. Beef is mainly beef, sheep and horse meat. They like to eat gravy, barbecue and potato stew (kurdak in Uzbek language) and a sweet food "nisala" made of egg white and sugar.
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