[synonyms] Cihua (compendium), baicanhua (compendium of medicinal materials), chaimihua (Jiangsu Zhi Yao Zhi).
[source] it is the flower of Rosa multiflora.
[plant morphology] Rosa multiflora, also known as Juema, Niuji, jujube (Wupu materia medica), niule, shanzao (Wupu materia medica), qianmi, Shanji, Rosa (bielu), yujimiao (qingyilu), CIMI (salvaging materia medica), Cihong, Rosa multiflora (qunfangpu), barbula, heshangtou, qisister.
Small deciduous shrub, up to 2 m high. Stems and branches are spiny, sometimes thinly or twining, odd pinnate, compound leaves alternate; leaflets are usually 9, elliptic or broadly ovate, apex obtuse or pointed, base obtuse, margin serrate, both sides glabrous or pilose; stipules are very obvious, below the middle part connate with petioles, margin grate cleft. The flowers are mostly clustered, cone-shaped corymb, white, fragrant, with a few glandular hairs on the pedicel; sepals 5, lanceolate, densely villous; petals 5, heart-shaped or broadly obovate, concave head; stamens many; style glabrous, connate, extending out of the calyx tube; receptacle fleshy and glossy when mature. Achene, in torus annulate or pot like receptacle. The flowering period is from May to June. The fruit period is from August to September.
They are distributed in Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi and Xinjiang.
The roots (roots), stems (branches), leaves (leaves) and fruits (fruits) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] when the flowers are in full bloom from May to June, they should be harvested on a sunny day and dried in the sun.
[herbal medicine] most of the dried flowers are incomplete. Calyx lanceolate, back yellow white or brown, sparsely spiny hairs, no villi or with a few villi, inner surface densely covered with white villi; petals triangular ovate, yellow white to brown, more crimped, veins obvious; stamens many, yellow, curled into clusters; style prominent, glabrous; receptacle pot shaped, surface Brown red, base with different length of stipe. Weak Qi, slightly bitter taste. It is better to have no receptacle and leaves, complete petals and white color.
It is mainly produced in Zhejiang, Jiangsu and other places.
In addition to the above varieties, the flowers of Rosa xiaoguoensis are also used as roses in Jiangsu Province. The calyx is sparsely spiny hairy on the back and the style is white hairy. See "Little Golden Cherry".
[chemical constituents] the flower contains astragaloside and about 0.02-0.03% volatile oil.
Sweet and cool.
① Collection of medicinal materials: "Gan, Ping. "
② "Nanning medical records": "sweet, cool. "
③ "Bitter and astringent, cold. "
Functions and indications: clearing heat, harmonizing stomach and stopping bleeding. Treatment of heat, vomiting, thirst, diarrhea, malaria, wound bleeding.
① According to Yilin zuanyao, "dry it can cure the golden sores, remove blood stasis and generate muscle. "
② "In the treatment of malaria, a woman is depressed and spits blood. "
③ Modern Practical Traditional Chinese medicine: "fragrant and invigorating the stomach. "
④ "Treatment of diarrhea and dysentery". "
⑤ Common Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai: "clearing summer heat, harmonizing Qi and stomach, relieving thirst, stopping bleeding. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 yuan. External use: grind and sprinkle.
[taboo] "notes on the Compendium:" Liu Ke zhongyun, a strong fragrance consumes a lot of real Qi, and a weak person should not take it. "
[selection] 1. Treatment of malaria: wild rose, mixed with tea and fried. (Qun Fang PU)
② Treatment of summer heat, chest tightness, vomiting, thirst, vomiting do not think diet: white can spend one money five to three money. Take it by frying. (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai)
Chinese PinYin : Qiang Wei Hua
Malus Halliana. Chui Si Hai Tang
Antipyretic drugs. Dui Cha Ding Yao
Pueraria lobata. Ge Xun
Alpinia officinalis. Shan Jiang
Taibai Sanqi. Tai Bai San Qi
a horsetail. Wen Jing
Sapium sebiferum L. Wu Jiu Zi
Like leaves. Xi Shu Ye
Cymbidium angustifolia. Xia Sui Lu Lan
Yazao root. Ya Zao Shu Gen
Yaowang tea. Yao Wang Cha
trout. Zun Yu