[synonym] 苨, 菧苨 (Erya), Xingshen (the classic of Materia Medica), xingyeshashen, baimiangen (rescue materia medica), sweet Platycodon grandiflorum (compendium), native Platycodon grandiflorum (the original materia medica), empty Shashen (the new materia medica), Meishen, changyeshashen (Zhejiang folk herbs).
[source] it is the root of Cardamine, a plant of platycodonaceae.
[plant morphology] Mosla
Perennial herbs. Stem about 1 m high, with white milk, glabrous or rare protuberant like hairs. Leaves alternate; leaves ovate to oblong ovate, 5-20 cm long, 3-8 cm wide, apex acute, margin sharply serrate, base nearly truncate to heart-shaped, petiolate; upper leaves small, sessile. Inflorescence: panicle raceme; branches rather long, pedicels short; bracts small; flowers drooping; calyx 5-lobed, lobes green, lanceolate, sharp, 5-8 mm long; corolla top expanded into bell shaped, light blue purple, 2-3 cm long; apex 5-lobed, lobes sharp, drooping; stamen 5, lower part of filaments lanceolate, upper part gradually narrow; pistil 1, style slightly shorter than corolla, upper part expanded Stigma 3-lobed, ovary inferior. Capsule rounded; contains many seeds. The flowering period is from August to September. The fruiting period is October.
It is distributed all over the country.
The seedling leaves of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
It is similar to this species and is also used as medicine.
[chemical constituents] it contains β - sitosterol and daucosterol.
Sweet and cold.
① Bielu: "sweet, cold. "
② Qianjinyi materia medica: "non toxic. "
③ "Materia Medica from the new": "sweet and light, slightly cold. "
[Guijing] 1. In Depei materia medica: "start with Taiyin classic. "
② "Into the lung and spleen. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, detoxifying and resolving phlegm. For dry cough, sore throat, thirst, sore swelling and poison.
① Bielu: "antidote hundred drugs. "
② "Heart mirror of food medicine": "benefit lung qi, harmony, improve eyesight, relieve pain. "
③ "Rihuazi Materia Medica" says: "it can cure snake and insect bites, heat mania, warm disease, and poison arrows. "
④ "Compendium": "main cough, thirst strong, sore poison swelling. "
⑤ "Yinpianxinshen": "it can treat deficiency, lung heat, dry cough, produce body fluid, nourish stomach and reduce steam. "
⑥ "Scientific folk herbs": "suitable for pharyngitis, acute tracheitis, sticky and smooth expectorant. "
⑦ "Zhejiang traditional Chinese medicine manual": "clearing lung fire, resolving dry phlegm. Treatment of lung heat cough, treatment of heart and chest heat. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 1-3 yuan; grind powder or make pills. External use: grind the end to adjust to apply or pound to apply,
[prescription selection] ① treatment of acute and chronic bronchitis: fresh roots of shepherd's purse (scrape off the rough skin) for one or two (dry for three dollars), plus loquat leaves (hairless for five dollars). Take it in water. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
② In the treatment of diseases in the process of strengthening, the stems grow and prosper, the semen is not handed in and comes out from the body. After thirst, it is used for carbuncle and gangrene: one pig kidney, one soybean, three taels of shepherd's purse, three taels of gypsum, three taels of ginseng, Poria (Poria cocos), magnetic stone, Anemarrhena asphodeloides, three taels of Pueraria, Scutellaria, Trichosanthes and licorice. On the 12 flavor, with a bucket of water five liters, first boil pig kidney, soybean take a bucket, to slag, medicine, boil three liters. Take it three times. Drink it when thirsty. If you are burning and hot, you can take one dose at night, and the disease will stop gradually. (Qian Jin Fang Zhu Shen Mao Peng Tang)
③ Treatment of Dingzhong: raw shepherd's purse root juice a, to slag, coated. (qianjinyifang)
④ The treatment of facial dermatitis, the elimination of scars and the removal of nevus: two in shepherd's purse, three in cinnamon heart. On a piece of medicine, pound fine Luo for powder, each service, to vinegar water transfer under a money, three service. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑤ Jiegouxi poison (similar to celery, killing people by eating it by mistake): eight liang of shepherd's purse. Six liters of water, two liters of boiling water, two minutes of temperature
⑥ Treatment of red fennel (crabs) poisoning: shepherd's purse root five money, June snow grass, mung bean each one or two, licorice two money. Take it in water. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
[clinical application] treating furuncle and carbuncle
Wash and shred the fresh shepherd's purse root, add 10% vegetable oil to paste, then mix in 30% Vaseline, apply it to the local area, about 0.5cm thick, and fix it with bandage or adhesive tape. Change the dressing once a day until the symptoms disappear. In the early stage of acute and chronic suppurative inflammation, 9 cases (2 cases of furuncle and carbuncle, 5 cases of abscess) were treated. Except for one case with severe systemic symptoms, which was treated with penicillin injection and oral administration of Chinese medicine, the rest cases were treated with external application of shepherd's purse only. After 1-5 times, all cases achieved the purpose of dissipation, and no suppurative case was found.
Chinese PinYin : Qi Ni
Ayna root. Ai Na Xiang Gen
Banana leaf. Ba Jiao Ye
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Tiger tendon. Hu Jin
Variegated leaf. Hua Ban Ye
Begonia. Qiu Hai Tang
Shanteng seedling. Shan Teng Teng Yang
Persimmon peel. Shi Pi
Shu lacquer. Shu Qi
Acid water weed. Suan Shui Cao
Salix root. Zao Liu Gen