[synonyms] Xiang (Erya), Xiang Bai (Ben Jing), Ying Tiao (Wu Pu Ben Cao), di Chan (Guo PU), Lao Qi, dunqi (BIE Lu), Ruqi (Tao Hongjing), Tu Chan (Anhui medicinal materials), Lao Mu Chong (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine records), and walnut worm (Medicinal Materials Science).
[source] it is the dried larva of scarabaeide, scarabaeide or other related insects.
[animal morphology] Korean Black Turtle
The body is oblong, 16-21 mm long and 8-11 mm wide. Dark brown, glossy, covered with yellowish brown hairs. Antennae yellowish brown, 10 nodes, geniculate. There are several raised dark lines on the sheaths. Three pairs, very long. The larva (grub) is about 35 mm long, milky white, often curved, densely covered with yellowish white fine hairs, 3 thoracic segments, 1 pair of well-developed thorax and feet, and densely covered with brown fine hairs.
The adults live in the soil and lie in the daytime and rise at night. They appear in groups from mid June to late July and disappear in early October. Before wheat harvest, they usually copulate and feed on wheat and sunflower; after summer sowing, they copulate and feed on soybean and millet. After mating, the females lay eggs in the soil and die immediately. Grubs live in soil 3-6 cm deep and eat the roots of crops. This species is widely distributed from Heilongjiang to the south of Yangtze River, Inner Mongolia and Shaanxi.
[collection] from May to August, they were collected by digging the soil, scalded to death with boiling water and dried in the sun.
[medicinal materials] the dried larvae are long cylindrical or bent into flat kidney shape, about 2 cm long and 1-1.2 cm wide. Brownish yellow, brown or yellowish white. The head is small and brown, the shell is hard and brittle, the body is vacuolated and slightly smelly. It is better to be dry, yellow, large and complete.
Produced in Jiangsu, Anhui, Sichuan, Hebei, Shandong, Henan and Northeast China.
[pharmacological action] the extract of grub at the ratio of 1:1000 or more can excite the uterus of rabbits in vitro, and 1:100 can inhibit the intestines of rabbits in vivo. 1: The concentration of 10 000 had contractile effect on rabbit coronary artery, isolated rabbit ear artery and Toad pulmonary artery, and higher concentration (above 1:1000) could also contract toad visceral artery. Large dose has diuretic effect, but has no effect on blood pressure (acute rabbit test). 1: 1000 concentration can excite the isolated heart, higher concentration will lead to diastolic arrest.
[processing] sift away the soil, wash and dry.
"On Lei Gong's frying": "after drying in the shade, stir fry with glutinous rice, and wait until the rice is burnt black. Remove the meat and hair from the mouth and make three or four pieces. Grind them into powder. "
[Xing Wei] 1. Ben Jing: "it tastes salty and slightly warm. "
② Bielu: "slightly cold, poisonous. "
[Guijing] Bencao Huiyan: "entering the liver meridian of foot Jueyin. "
Functions and indications: breaking blood, promoting blood stasis, dispersing blood stasis and dredging milk. It can be used to treat broken and damaged blood stasis pain, gout, tetanus, laryngopharyngitis, eyesight, erysipelas, carbuncle, hemorrhoids and leakage.
① "Ben Jing" says: "the main evil blood stasis Bi Qi, broken blood in the hypochondriac full of pain, the month closed, eyes in the skin, Qingyi white film. "
② "Bielu": "the treatment of hematemesis in the chest and abdomen does not go and broken bone, broken blood knot, golden sore plug, postpartum cold, under the milk. "
③ "On medicinal properties": "juice drops in the eyes, to Yizhang, blood, pain. "
④ In the collection of materia medica: "the main red and white rash, rash abraded, broken grubs take juice coated. "
⑤ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "it can be used to treat sores. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: pills and powder. External use: grind the end to adjust to apply or pound to apply.
[taboo] notes to the classic of materia medica: "cockroach" is the cause. Evil aconite. "
[prescription selection] ① for the treatment of pain caused by white tiger wind: seven grubs (rotten), five licorice (fried, minced, fried), one myrrh (fried) and one frankincense (fried). On the four flavors with the research rotten, divided into two services, each service a cup of fried wine, two, three boiling, tune down, not timing. (white grub powder in Shengji Zonglu)
② Treatment of tetanus: a grub insect, will hold the back, when it spits water in the mouth, wipe on the sore, feel numb, sweat on the body. (a hundred questions about babies)
③ Treatment of laryngeal obstruction: white grub juice, point in the throat. (xuchuan Xinfang)
④ Treatment of carbuncle, gangrene, hemorrhoids, leakage and children's pill: white grubs at the end of the application. (secret records of son and mother)
⑤ Treatment of Shen lip: dry grubs burned powder, and pig fat, pro lying compress. (Qian Jin Fang)
[clinical application] treatment of tetanus
Turn the grub upside down (head down) and let it spit out yellow water naturally (if urgent, cut off the grub tail and the yellow water will flow out immediately). Take yellow water and apply it on the wound (it can numb the wound and make the body sweat); in severe cases, yellow water can be dropped into the wine, stewed and taken orally to make the wound sweat; in cases with closed teeth, white grub water can be used to wipe the gums. You can also mash up grubs like mud, apply them to the wound, and change them after drying; or take 10 grubs, baked as the end, twice with yellow rice wine (children's discretion). All the above methods are combined. 14 cases were treated, 11 cases were cured and 3 cases died. The effective cases were able to open their mouth freely in 15-30 minutes, the laryngeal spasm disappeared or alleviated, the oral secretion decreased significantly, and they could swallow food and medicine. Although the convulsion can be alleviated, it can't be stopped, and it still needs to be treated with other methods. All of the 3 patients died because of old age and weakness, with cardiopulmonary dysfunction.
[discussion by famous experts] 1. Compendium: grub, which is used in Yangxue Dihuang pill to treat acute tendons. Chen's "empirical formula" says: Sheng Chong's mother is blind, she takes grubs to steam cooked food, and her eyes immediately open. It is consistent with the theory that "Ben Jing" treats the white film in the eye and "Zhi Di Mu" removes the barrier in the eye. Infantile and child's hundred questions treats tetanus, which is also in accordance with the theory that it can cure the fracture, apply evil sores, block the inner part of golden sores, control blood and relieve pain. It can divide blood and disperse stagnation, so it can treat the above diseases. "
② "Changsha medicine solution": "grub, can change blood stasis, most eliminate 100 pieces. The Dahuang Xianchong pill in "Golden Chamber" is used to treat asthenia, fatigue and abdominal fullness, with dry blood in it. "
Chinese PinYin : Qi Cao
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Rehmannia root. Di Hong Zi Gen
Olive kernel. Gan Lan Ren
Red back leaf. Hong Bei Ye
Red cohosh root. Hong Sheng Ma Gen
Shuangshen. Shuang Can
Cardamine in paddy field. Shui Tian Sui Mi Qi
Sweet grass. Tian Cao
Clematis. Tie Xian Lian
Watson. Wa Song
Bell grass. Xiang Ling Cao
Wild papaya. Ye Mu Gua