(Guangxi herbal medicine)
[synonyms] Zanthoxylum caudatum, Dryopteris japonica, laolongxu (Jiangxi herbal medicine), adamantine bean vine (Guizhou herbal medicine), Smilax China, dasengjin grass (Shaanxi herbal medicine), qiancengta, liyuxu, shancowpea (Jinhua single prescription of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the root and rhizome of the Liliaceae.
[plant morphology] oxtail
Climbing grassy vines, longitudinally furrowed, glabrous. Rhizome with many slender fibrous roots. Leaves alternate, ovate lanceolate to lanceolate, oblong, 2.5-8.5 cm long and 2-4.5 cm wide, apex pointed or acuminate, base truncated to round, basal veins 3-5, veins reticulate, glossy above and pale pink below; petiole base with 1 pair of linear tendrils. Flowers unisexual, dioecious; umbels axillary, long peduncle, bracts lanceolate; flowers yellowish green, male perianth 6, lobes lanceolate, female flowers smaller than male flowers; ovary spherical, style 3-lobed. Berries are purple black when ripe.
Under the forest on the hillside. Distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi, Shaanxi, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Guizhou and other places.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn.
[taste] sweet and bitter, flat.
① Jiangxi herbal medicine: "warm in nature, sweet and slightly bitter in taste. "
② Guizhou herbal medicine: "the nature is flat, the taste is sweet. "
③ Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine: "bitter taste, flat nature. "
Functions and indications: Invigorating Qi and activating blood circulation, relaxing tendons and dredging collaterals. Treatment of qi deficiency, swelling, muscle pain, hemiplegia, dizziness, headache, cough, hematemesis, bone tuberculosis, leucorrhea.
① Jiangxi herbal medicine: "dispelling wind and dispersing blood stasis. It can treat rheumatism, arthralgia and traumatic injury. "
② Guizhou herbal medicine: "clearing away heat and relieving cough, tonifying deficiency and benefiting loss. "
③ "Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine": "dispelling wind and dampness, promoting blood circulation and dredging collaterals, anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, muscle and bone pain, hemiplegia caused by hypertension, osteomyelitis, bone tuberculosis. "
④ Jinhua "commonly used Chinese herbal medicine prescription selection": "treatment of leucorrhea, lymphadenitis. "
⑤ "Hunan medicine annals": "Shujin Huoxue, Buqi Tongluo. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan; soak in wine or stew. External use: tamping.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of qi deficiency and edema: three bucks for oxtail, three bucks for wool candle and three bucks for diyangshen, two bucks for sorghum root and one bucks for sunflower stalk. Mung bean as a guide, stew to eat. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
② Treatment of joint pain: five bucks for oxtail, one or two bucks for roadside, one or two thorns for mice, and five bucks for grass. Take it in water. (Hunan medical records)
③ Treatment of kidney deficiency cough: oxtail, leech root, big grass root, wolfberry root each three money, palm root one money. Steamed chicken. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of hemoptysis: oxtail, goat, rock lily, guanyincao each three money, a cloud two money. Simmer water clothes. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
⑤ Cure headache dizziness: oxtail Lai two liang, waer tenggen five money, two eggs. Fry in water, take soup and eat eggs. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Niu Wei Cai
Lotus leaf. He Ye
Achyranthes bidentata. Guang Dong Tu Niu Xi
Dried rice grains. Gan Tang Zao
Single leaf. Dan Gen Mu Ye
rush. Deng Xin Cao
Sorghum froth. Gao Liang Pao Ye
Red Purple Pearl. Hong Zi Zhu
Mistletoe leaf. Hu Ye
Carp fat. Li Yu Zhi
Macaque pear. Mi Hou Li
Euonymus bungeanus. Si Mian Mu
Walking turtle tube. Hang Gui Tong