[synonyms] zhantan (Zhu Fazhen's Luo Fu Shan Shu), Baitan (Tao Hongjing), Baitan and Huangtan (Ben Cao Tu Jing), zhentan and Yuxiang (compendium).
[source] it is the heartwood of sandalwood.
[plant morphology] sandalwood
Small evergreen trees, 6-9 m high. With parasitic roots. Bark brown, rough or longitudinally lobed; many branched, young branches smooth, glabrous. Leaves opposite; leathery; leaf elliptic ovate or ovate lanceolate, 3.5-5 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide, apex acute or subacute, base cuneate, entire, green above, pale below, glabrous; petiole 0.7-1 cm long, smooth, glabrous. The flowers are axillary and terminal, in a tridentate cymose panicle; the pedicels are opposite, about equal in length to the perianth tube; the flowers are numerous, small, light yellow at first, and then dark rust purple; the perianth is bell shaped, 4-lobed at the apex, and the lobes are ovoid, glabrous; the nectaries are 4, slightly round, inserted in the middle of the perianth tube, and alternate with the perianth; the stamens are 4, alternate with the nectaries, slightly equal in length to the pistils Anthers 2-locular, longitudinally lobed, filaments linear; ovary semiinferior, style columnar, stigma 3-lobed. The stone fruit is spherical, the size of which is similar to that of cherry. It is black at maturity, succulent, hard endocarp with 3 short edges. Seeds round, smooth, glabrous.
Wild or cultivated. It is distributed in India, Malaysia, Australia and Indonesia. It is also cultivated in Taiwan.
The resin (sandalwood mud) in the heartwood of this plant is also used for medicine. See the special section for details.
[collection] all year round. Cut it into small pieces and remove the sapwood.
There are two kinds of medicinal materials: Dalbergia odorifera and Dalbergia odorifera. Most of them are cylindrical or slightly flat; they are straight, a few are slightly curved, and they are often sawed long and short sections, generally 50-100 cm long and 10-20 cm in diameter. The surface is light yellowish brown, and the color is dark after being placed for a long time. The appearance is smooth and fine, and there are slender longitudinal cracks. Both ends of the plane section is neat, the cut-off surface is round or slightly oblate, with long and thin cracks, arranged radially, and saw marks can be seen. The quality is dense and solid, and it is very difficult to break. The broken pieces are spiny. It has a different fragrance, more intense when burning, and slightly bitter taste. Yellow sandalwood has deep color and strong taste, while white sandalwood has strong quality and light color. After making utensils, the remaining pieces are called sandalwood pieces. They are irregular in size and shape, with smooth surface. The bowl is slightly rough, dark in color, and sometimes the growth rings can be seen in a wavy shape. After longitudinal cutting, the cross-section texture is neat, straight and with rills. The color is yellow, the quality is firm and dense, the oil is big, the fragrance is thick is good.
It is mainly produced in India. Indonesia and other places.
[chemical constituents] the heartwood contains 3-5% of the essential oil. The oil contains more than 90% of α - and β - santaline terpenols, santaline, α - and β - santaline terpenones, santaline ketone, santaline ketone alcohol and a small amount of santaline acid, santaline oleic acid and santaline aldehyde.
[processing] soak in water, slice or chop, and dry.
[flavor] pungent, warm.
① "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "heat, non-toxic. "
② "Capsule": sweet and bitter. "
③ "Tang Ye Ben Cao": "temperature, pungent taste, non-toxic. "
[channel tropism] entering spleen, stomach and lung channels.
① "Tangye Materia Medica" says: "start with Taiyin, foot Shaoyin and Yangming meridians. "
② Bencao tongxuan: "spleen, lung. "
③ "Ben Cao Zai Xin": "entering the liver, spleen and lung meridians. "
Functions and indications: regulating qi and harmonizing stomach. Treatment of abdominal pain, choking and vomiting, chest and diaphragm discomfort.
① Tao Hongjun: "xiaofengzhong. "
② Materia medica: cholera in the heart of the Lord, evil, killing insects. "
③ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "treat heartache, cholera. Kidney qi abdominal pain, concentrated decoction; water grinding applied to the external kidney and waist kidney pain. "
④ "Pearl bag": "lead Stomach Qi up, eat. "
⑤ "Gangmu": "treatment of choking, diaphragmatic vomiting. He also has black spots on his face. Every night, he washes with water to make his face red. He grinds and spreads it. "
⑥ It is an important medicine for regulating qi. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 yuan; or into pills, powder. External use: grinding juice and coating.
[should avoid] "Ben Cao Hui Yan:" if Yin deficiency and fire are in full swing, those with cough caused by moving blood should not use it. "
[prescription selection] ① for the treatment of heart and abdomen pain, it belongs to half deficiency and half excess: one or two, white sandalwood, one and a half yuan each. Take it in water. (medical golden needle Danshen drink)
② Treatment of heart and abdomen cold pain: Sandalwood three money (for very fine end), five money. Make the soup.
③ Treatment of choking diaphragm diet: Sandalwood one money five points, each two money. All are very fine powder, soup tune.
④ Treatment of Yin cold cholera: white sandalwood, Honolulu, each one money and five points. It is very fine. Each with a money, fried ginger five money, bubble soup adjustment. (2) Ben Cao Hui Yan is published below.)
⑤ Jiedu Fengzhong: white sandalwood, one piece for each, one piece for each. Each of the three flavors is put into a sand basin. Grind the three water cups and remove the dross. Fry them in yinshiyao and wait for the temperature. Divide them into three servings. (sandalwood drink in Shengji Zonglu)
Li Gao: "sandalwood can regulate qi and make it fragrant. It can lead the aroma to a very high level. It is most suitable for oranges and oranges, supplemented with ginger and jujube. It can pass through the Yangming meridians with the help of,, shrink sand and replenish wisdom. It is on the chest diaphragm and in the pharynx. It is also the medicine for regulating qi. "
② According to Materia Medica, the function of sandalwood is to induce stomach qi to rise in jieguyun and feed on it. What Shizhen says is that for treating choking and vomiting, it can not only ascend but also descend? According to Dongyuan, sandalwood regulates Qi above the chest diaphragm and between the pharynx and the throat. In rihuazi, it can also regulate Qi more than Shangjiao. In a word, Yuanqi is rooted in the kidney, smooth in the spleen and stomach, and unified in the lung. If it rises from the bottom, it will come down from the top, covering the original place from the beginning and consolidating the righteousness. Above the chest diaphragm and between the throat, it is the lung that controls Qi, and its treatment is in the ear. The second function of white sandalwood is to disperse cold air in Dongyuan. For example, Hongjing can eliminate wind heat and swelling poison. That is to say, Yang Qi can not reach Yin, and the depression is gathered as hot wind. It is the heat that turns the ear. It has no two meanings. It is not the treatment of cold and heat. "
③ "Seeking truth from Materia Medica" says: "white sandalwood is refreshing and lovely. It can induce stomach qi to rise if it is taken because of the cold air, poor diet, vomiting and depression. Besides, it can disperse wind and ward off evil, eliminate swelling and pain, and work in the spleen and lung, which is not like aloes, but can induce Qi to descend. "
Chinese PinYin : Tan Xiang
Tibetan green fruit. Cang Qing Guo
Polygonum multiflorum. Cong Zhi Liao
Flower sour moss. Hua Suan Tai
cucumber. Huang Gua
Snakehead gall. Li Yu Dan
Luoshiguo. Luo Shi Guo
Magnolia. Mu Lan Hua
Oxtail. Niu Wei Cai
Amaranth. Tie Xian
Leaf of sheep's ear. Yang Er Duo Ye
Corn leaf. Yu Shu Shu Ye
Pig lung. Zhu Fei