Chinese Name: Achyranthes bidentata
[synonyms] baibei (Ben Jing), huainiuxi (Ben Cao Bian Du), jijiaogu (Mindong Ben Cao).
[source] it is the root of Amaranthaceae.
[plant morphology] Achyranthes bidentata
Perennial herbs, 30-100 cm high. The root is slender, 0.6-1 cm in diameter, and the outer skin is yellowish brown. Stem erect, tetragonal, striate, sparsely pilose, nodes slightly expanded, nodes opposite branched. Leaves opposite, petiole 5-20 mm long; leaf blade elliptic or elliptic lanceolate, 2-10 cm long, 1-5 cm wide, apex long pointed, base cuneate or broadly cuneate, entire, both surfaces pilose. The inflorescence is axillary and terminal, with short inflorescence at the beginning, compact flowers, and then elongated, about 15-20 cm long, including the lower peduncle; the flowers are folded close to the peduncle; the bracts are 1, membranous, broadly ovate, with the upper part protruding into thick spines, and the other 2 bracts are acicular, with the apex slightly curved outwards, 1 ovate membranous lobule on both sides of the base; the perianth is green, 5 pieces, erect, lanceolate, and bright The anthers are ovate, 2-locular, staminode apex flat or undulate notched; ovary oblong, style linear, stigma capitate. Utricles oblong, smooth. 1 seed, yellowish brown, flowering from July to September. The fruit period is from September to October.
Cultivated or wild on the roadside. It is distributed in Henan Province. Shanxi, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, etc.
The stem and leaf of this plant (Achyranthes bidentata stem and leaf) are also used for medicine. See special section for details.
[collection] the roots of Achyranthes bidentata were dug when the stems and leaves withered in winter. The fibrous roots and soil were removed. After drying and wrinkling, the roots were fumigated with sulfur yellow several times, and then the top was cut and dried.
[medicinal material] the dry root is slender, cylindrical, sometimes slightly curved, with a shorter upper end and a thinner lower end. It is about 30-90 cm long and 0.5-1 cm in diameter. The surface is yellowish or light brown, with fine longitudinal wrinkles and sparse lateral root marks. It is hard and brittle, easy to break, flat section, slightly horny. The gas is special, the taste is slightly sweet and astringent. The root is thick and long, the skin is thin and solid, and the color is light yellow.
It is mainly produced in Henan Province.
[chemical composition]: the root contains saponins, desquasterone and Achyranthes bidentata.
[processing] Achyranthes bidentata: remove impurities, wash, soften, remove reed, cut into sections and dry in the sun. Wine Achyranthes bidentata: take the Achyranthes bidentata segment, mix well with yellow rice wine spray, moisten, stir fry in the pot until slightly dry, take out and let cool. (for every 100 Jin of Achyranthes bidentata, use 10 jin of yellow rice wine)
① "Lei Gong Paozhi Lun" says: "if you make Achyranthes bidentata, remove the head and dust, soak it in the natural juice of Polygonatum for one night, percolate it out, cut it carefully, and bake it. "
② According to the compendium, "Achyranthes bidentata can only be dipped into medicine with wine. If it wants to go down, it will be used raw. If it wants to nourish, it will be roasted or steamed with wine. "
[nature and taste] sweet, bitter and sour, flat.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes bitter and sour. "
② Bielu: "acid, flat, non-toxic. "
③ Ben Cao Zheng: "it tastes bitter and sweet, and its Qi is cool. "
[Guijing] into the liver and kidney channels.
① Compendium: "foot Jueyin, Shaoyin. "
② "Enter the foot three yin meridians. "
[function indications] Shengyong can disperse blood stasis and eliminate carbuncle and swelling. Treatment of gonorrhea, hematuria, amenorrhea, Baihuang, dystocia, afterbirth blood stasis, abdominal pain, laryngeal obstruction, carbuncle, traumatic injury. Familiar with the liver and kidney, strong bones. The treatment of lumbago and knee pain, limb contracture, flaccid arthralgia.
① "Ben Jing" says: "the main cold and dampness flaccidity, limb contracture, knee pain can not be bent, by blood gas, heat, fire rotten, abortion. "
② Bielu: "in the treatment of injury, there is little Qi, the male kidney Yin disappears, the old man loses drowning, and the bone marrow is filled. In addition to the pain in the brain and lumbar spine, the woman's moon water is blocked, and the blood knot is beneficial to essence, Yin Qi and white hair. "
③ According to the theory of medicinal properties, "it can treat Yin flaccidity, replenish the kidney and essence, expel evil blood stasis, and assist the twelve meridians. "
④ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "it can cure the weakness of waist and knee, break all kinds of knots, discharge pus and relieve pain, postpartum heart and abdominal pain and blood circulation, abortion and impotence. "
⑤ According to the book of Materia Medica Yanyi, "it's good for the kidney to drink with Cistanche deserticola; it's good for the kidney to prick bamboo and wood into the meat and mash it. "
⑥ Zhang Yuanyuan: "strong tendons. "
⑦ The supplement to the meaning of materia medica: "it can lead all kinds of drugs down. "
⑧ "Diannan Materia Medica" says: "it can stop the pain of muscles and bones, strengthen the tendons and relax the tendons, stop the numbness of waist and knees, break blood stasis and abortion, disperse tuberculosis, attack scrofula, relieve carbuncle, scabies, blood wind, psoriasis and pus nest. "
⑨ "Five cardinal principles of treatment" includes "cold arthralgia, sore throat, dysentery, dysentery, stomachache". "
⑩ "Materia medica Zheng": "it is mainly used to treat blood heat, pruritus and arthralgia of hands and feet, blood dryness and contracture, relieve bladder astringency, large intestine dryness, replenish marrow and essence, benefit Yin and activate blood circulation. "
(11) materia medica preparation: "wine steaming can benefit liver and kidney, strengthen muscles and bones, treat lumbago and knee osteodynia, foot flaccidity and tendon contracture, Yin flaccidity and drowning, long-term malaria, diarrhea, less Qi in injury, use it to disperse evil blood, break knots, treat heart and abdomen pain, drenching pain, urine blood, dysmenorrhea, laryngogia and toothache, carbuncle and sores. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan; soak wine, boil cream, or put into pill or powder. External use: tamping.
[should avoid] it is forbidden to take any medicine, such as depression of middle Qi, diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, unconsolidated Xiayuan, semen loss due to dream, menorrhagia and pregnant women.
① Ben Cao Jing Ji Zhu: "evil firefly, tortoise shell, Lu Ying. Fear of white front. "
② "Pin Hui Jing Yao": pregnant women should not take it. "
③ According to the classic of materia medica: "do not use if the menstruation is not long and you are suspected to be pregnant; do not enter the Shangjiao medicine; do not use if the bleeding is not stopped. "
④ Bencao tongxuan: "those who lose the essence of dream should be forbidden. "
⑤ "Ben Cao Zheng" says: "if you are dirty and cold, you will slip. If you are not firm in the lower yuan, you should avoid using it. "
⑥ "Medicine Huayi": "if diarrhea, spleen deficiency and leg pain should not be used. "
⑦ "To match the materia medica": "the middle Qi is insufficient. Self interest in urination is forbidden. "
[prescription selection] 1. It can cure the urination disadvantageous, the pain in the stem is dying, and it can also cure the woman's blood knot and abdominal pain: a handful of Achyranthes bidentata combined with leaves, not much, it can be boiled and drunk with wine. (behind the elbow)
② The treatment of menstruation, umbilical knot, as big as the cup rise, fever, dysentery, thin, this is the blood: dry paint (pestle thin, fried to smoke), Achyranthes bidentata (wine soaked for a night) each 12 6 money (for the end). Raw Rehmannia forty two eight money, take juice, slow fire boil, pills such as Tung big. Hollow, rice drink or warm wine under two pills, day again, don't rashly add, disease to stop medicine. (WAN Bing Wan in San Yin Fang)
③ In the treatment of 100 cases of violence, there are things in the abdomen such as stones, pain such as thorns, whistling day and night: two Jin of Achyranthes bidentata, a bucket of wine, stains, sealed, warm in the hot charcoal fire to taste, take five to one liter, and take it according to your strength. (behind the elbow)
④ It can't be used to cure the mother's coat: eight liang of Achyranthes bidentata and one or two of kuizi. Take nine liters of water, fry three liters and take them in three parts. (Mei Shi Ji Yi Fang)
⑤ Take embryo: with male earth Achyranthes bidentata or two, true musk a money, pound well, dissolve wax, rub long strip, insert vulva, namely can abortion. (Yao Jian)
⑥ For throat obstruction and breast moth: fresh Achyranthes bidentata root and seven pieces of Artemisia argyi leaf. Pound, mix with human milk, take juice and pour it into the nose. In a moment, phlegm and saliva come out of the mouth and nose. No AI. (compendium)
⑦ Treatment of carbuncle and furuncle: scrape the root of Achyranthes bidentata slightly, insert it into the wound, leave half an inch outside, hold it with tender orange leaves and Euphorbia humifusa, tamp (apply) it, and change it as it is dry. (Chen Rihua's experience formula)
⑧ Treatment of mouth and tongue sores, rotten: Achyranthes bidentata wine stains gargle, no wine empty also good. (behind the elbow)
⑨ Cure wind Sao hidden rash, gangrene, scabies: Achyranthes bidentata for the end, wine under the square inch dagger, three days. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑩ Treatment of golden sore pain: raw Achyranthes bidentata tamped on the sore. (Mei Shi Ji Yi Fang)
(11) treatment of rheumatism and low back pain: Achyranthes bidentata or two (remove seedlings), Cinnamomum cassia or two, Cornus officinalis or two. Add a piece of medicine and pound it into powder. Every time before eating, warm wine is used to make two coins. (Sheng Hui Fang)
(12) treatment of dampness and heat, numbness of feet, or heat like fire: Six liang of Atractylodes lancea (soaked in rice hogwash for three nights, carefully cut, baked), four liang of Phellodendron amurense (sliced, slightly fried with wine), two liang of Achyranthes bidentata (removed from Reed). On the fine powder, batter for the ball, such as Tung big. Take five, seven, ten pills each time, under the hollow ginger salt soup, avoid fishy, buckwheat, hot noodles, fried and other things. (Sanmiao pill in true story of Medicine)
Xizhi hexifeng: Achyranthes bidentata, papaya, Cortex Acanthopanacis, Drynaria, honeysuckle, Viola, Phellodendron amurense, millet, chamomile root, decoction. (Ben Cao Hui Yan)
(14) treatment of flaccidity, tonifying deficiency, strengthening muscles and bones, eliminating long-term malaria: Achyranthes bidentata Decoction and Qumi liquor making, or chopped bags for liquor soaking, boiling and drinking. (Achyranthes bidentata wine in the compendium)
He has been treating tuberculosis and malaria for a long time. Cut, take six liters of water, boil two liters, and take them separately. The first one is to take the food immediately before hair, and the second one is to take the temporary hair. (Qian Jin Fang)
(16) to treat dysentery, the first is red and then white: Achyranthes bidentata is three Liang. Mash, take one liter of wine, soak for one night, drink two cups each, take three times a day. (behind the elbow)
In the treatment of diabetes, the deficiency of the lower yuan: five liang of Achyranthes bidentata, fine judgment, for the end, five liters of raw rehmannia juice, immersion, day exposure, night immersion, juice for the degree, honey pill Tongzi big, hollow warm wine under 30 pills. (behind the experience)
(18) malaria has lasted for a long time. Use a handful of Achyranthes bidentata, cut it raw, add six liters of water, boil it into two liters, and take it in three times (one in the morning, one before the onset of malaria, one when the onset of malaria). )
(19) excessive thirst (deficiency of lower yuan). Use five liang of Achyranthes bidentata, grind fine, immerse in five liters of rehmannia juice. Soak in the sun at night until the juice is exhausted. Add honey and pills, as big as Wuzi. Each take 30 pills, hollow service, warm wine sent down. It's good for your health to take it for a long time.
Women's blood diseases (menorrhea, menorrhea, cold colic around the navel, postpartum blood gas disorder, abdominal knot disease, etc.). Soak the Achyranthes bidentata in the wine for one night, take it out and bake it; stir fry it with lacquer to make it smoke out. One or two for each end, add a liter of rehmannia juice, simmer on a slow fire until thick
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