(on medicinal properties)
[synonyms] heshigen (BIE Lu), mousuigen (Yan Nian Fang), niucai (Ben Cao Yan Yi).
[source] the root of Arctium lappa, a Compositae plant, is described in the section "Arctium lappa".
[collection] in October, the roots of more than 2 years were collected, washed and dried.
[herb] the root is spindle shaped, fleshy and straight, the skin is dark brown, wrinkled and yellowish white inside; it tastes bitter and sticky.
① "Compendium": "bitter, cold, non-toxic. "
② "Classified herbal medicine nature": "sweet taste, hard nature. "
③ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "warm in nature, bitter and astringent in taste, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] "Depei Materia Medica": "start with Taiyin Scripture. "
[function indications] dispel wind and heat, detumescence and toxin. It is used to treat wind, toxin, swelling of face, dizziness, heat swelling of throat, toothache, cough, thirst, carbuncle, sore and scabies.
① Bielu: "roots and stems treat typhoid fever, sweating, apoplexy, facial swelling, thirst, heat, water. "
② "Theory of medicinal properties": "root, cut as thin as beans, noodles mixed for food, distension. And he can spread all the swelling and poison, and pound it with a little salt of roots and leaves. "
③ Tang materia medica: "the main tooth pain, labor malaria, foot slow weak, wind poison, carbuncle, cough, lung injury, lung congestion; hernia, blood. The main wind, Baihuang, air conditioning. "
④ In the collection of Materia Medica, it is said that "soaking wine to remove wind is the main cause of evil sores. "
⑤ "Classification of herbal medicine nature": "treat dizziness, wind heat, blurred eyes, clouds, tinnitus, deafness, low back pain, external treatment of anal prolapse. "
⑥ Guizhou folk medicine collection: "treating heat injury. "
⑦ Sichuan records of traditional Chinese medicine: "treating scabies. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup or mash juice. External use: tamping, boiling paste or frying and washing
[prescription selection] 1. To treat heat and attack the heart, to be restless and in a trance: one liter of burdock root mashed juice, divided into three groups after eating. (heart mirror of food medicine)
② Treatment of head and face swelling, internal attack of heat toxin wind, or red swelling of hands and feet, touching pain: wash the root of Arctium lappa, grind it rotten, fry it into paste with wine, spread it on paper, stick swelling toxin, adjust it with hot wine, and take it to relieve swelling and pain. (doumenfang)
③ The treatment of anti flower sores, and the treatment of accumulated sores: Burdock Root hot tamping, and the fat seal on the month pig. (Qian Jin Fang)
④ Treatment of heat swelling in the throat: rat root (cut) 1 liter, water 5 liters, boil 3 liters, temperature 3, 4 take. Avoid garlic and noodles. (Yannian Fang)
⑤ Treatment of dizziness and pain: Burdock Root four Liang, old head (wine wash) one or two, boiled water service. (Chongqing herbal medicine)
⑥ Cure heat poison toothache, gingival swelling pain can't bear: Burdock Root a Jin, pound juice, into salt spend a money, silver boiled into paste, every use on the gums, heavy but two or three degrees. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑦ Treatment of hemorrhoids: burdock root, leakage reed root, tender pig large intestine service. (Chongqing herbal medicine)
⑧ To cure gall: wash it with rat sticky grass root decoction, remove the skin one liter, take three liters of water, boil one liter and a half, take it three times at different temperatures, and take six doses if you take it at four or five miles. (emergency prescription)
⑨ Treatment of ear swelling: wash the root of burdock, cut it carefully, mash it, take a liter of juice, boil it into paste in a silver pot, and apply it on the swelling. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑩ Treatment of weak feet: Burdock Root stewed chicken, stewed meat clothes. (Chongqing herbal medicine)
(records of yam planting in Tianmu, Zhejiang)
[source] it is the branch, leaf or root of Hamamelidaceae.
[plant morphology] Niubi suppository
Deciduous small trees or shrubs, up to 10 meters high. Branchlets, petioles and peduncles were densely gray stellate pilose. Leaves alternate; petiolate; leaf blade obovate oblong, 5-15 cm long, 2-9 cm wide, apex short acuminate, base rounded or cuneate, margin irregularly undulate serrate, with stellate hairs on the top and below; stipules small, caducous. Flowers miscellaneous, with short stalks. The male inflorescence is short catkin like, occurring after the fall of leaves in autumn, naked for winter, opening before the leaves in the early spring of the next year, with no leaves at the base and underdeveloped pistils. Bisexual flowers and leaves open at the same time, inflorescence 3-6 cm long, usually with 1-3 bracts at the base; calyx obconic, 5-toothed; petals 5, subulate, slightly shorter than sepals; stamens 5, filaments very short; pistil ovary half inferior, style 2, outward curl. Capsule 2-valved, several to 10 integrated racemose, drooping, brown, densely covered with pale lenticels. Seeds dark brown, glossy, apex concave. The flowering period is from April to May. The fruit period is from July to August.
It grows in mixed forest or rock gap on hillside. It is distributed in Shaanxi, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang and other places.
[collection] all year round.
[function and indications] records of Zhejiang Tianmu yam planting: "treatment of fatigue: Niubi Shuan Gen 2-3 Liang. Fry in water, make yellow rice wine and brown sugar, take them in the morning and before dinner. "
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