[name of traditional Chinese medicine] woodbutterfly
[synonyms] qianzhangzhi, Douling, Sanliang yinyao (Diannan materia medica), yubutterfly (Zhang Yuqing's medical record), yunguzhi (traditional Chinese medicine commonly used by veterinarians), Dapuzi, baiguzi, haichuanguoxin (empirical identification of traditional Chinese Medicine), baiyuzhi (records of traditional Chinese Medicine), baiganpian, zhirou, Guzhi, yangguzhi, yachuanpian (records of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine), haichuanpi (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine) The history of Chinese medicine, the history of Lingnan herbal medicine.
[source] it is the dry and mature seed of woodbutterfly, a Bignoniaceae plant.
[plant morphology] woodbutterfly, also known as Chao Jian and Lao Ya Chuan.
Large tree, 7.5-12m high, bark thick. Leaves opposite, large, 2-3 pinnate compound, 40-160 cm long and 20-80 cm wide; leaflets ovate or elliptic, 6-14 cm long and 4.5-9 cm wide, apex short pointed or acuminate, base round or oblique, entire, green above and light green below; petioles 5-10 mm long. Raceme terminal; total petiole about 30 cm long; calyx fleshy, bell shaped; corolla large, bell shaped, lavender, apex 5-lobed; stamen 5, slightly protruding from corolla, filament base covered with cotton wool, the fifth stamen filament is slightly shorter than the other 4; disk large, fleshy; stigma 2-lobed, semicircular plate-shaped. Capsule pendulous, flat, broad linear, 30-90 cm long, 5-8 cm wide, apex short pointed, base cuneate, margin slightly curved, boat shaped, with a slightly prominent dorsal seam in the center; valves woody, dehiscent along the ventral seam after maturity. Most of the seeds are surrounded by translucent membranous wings. The flowering period is from July to August. The fruit period is from October to December.
It grows on hillsides, streams, valleys and shrubs. Distributed in Fujian, Guangxi, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Guangdong and other places.
The bark of woody plants (woodbutterfly bark) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] from October to December, the ripe fruits were picked, the seeds were taken out, dried or dried. Place in a dry place. Affected with damp, it is easy to mold or produce black spots.
[medicinal materials] the seeds are oval, flat and thin. The exotesta, except for the base, extends into wide wings on three sides. It is translucent film-shaped, light brownish white, with silk like luster, radial texture and broken edges. The long diameter of the seeds is about 5.5-8 cm and the short diameter is 3.5-4 cm. After removing the wings, the long diameter of the seeds is about 2-3 cm and the short diameter is about 1.5-2 cm. After the pellicle was removed, a thin layer of endosperm could be seen, which was tightly wrapped outside the cotyledons. Petiole linear, dark brown, inserted at base. 2 cotyledons, yellow green, flat, butterfly shaped, crispy, obvious radicle. Without Qi, the taste is slightly bitter. It is better to be dry, white, large and complete.
It is mainly produced in Yunnan, Guangxi and Guizhou. In addition, Fujian, Guangdong, Sichuan Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture also produce a small amount.
[identification] (1) the powder of the product is yellow or yellow green, the wing cells are long fibrous, the wall is wavy and thickened, the diameter is 20-40 μ m; the endosperm cells are polygonal, the wall is moniliform and thickened.
(2) Take 2G of the powder, add 30ml of ethanol, reflux extraction for 15min, filter, add 0.5g boric acid to the filtrate to dissolve, filter, and the filtrate is used as the test solution. In addition, baicalin reference substance was added with ethanol to make a solution containing 1mg per 1ml as the reference substance solution. In the test, 10 μ l of each of the above two solutions were absorbed, and then they were respectively put on the same silica gel G thin layer plate. N-butanol-acetic acid-water (6:1.5:2.5) was used as the developing agent to develop, take out and dry.
In the chromatogram of the test sample, spots of the same color were found at the corresponding positions of the chromatogram of the reference sample.
① "The taste is sour and bitter. "
② "Collection of medicinal materials": "bitter taste, cold. "
③ "Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "sweet light, cool, non-toxic. "
[meridian tropism] entering lung and liver meridians.
① "Into the lung, spleen, stomach meridian. "
② Lingnan caiyao Lu: "entering the liver channel.". "
Functions and indications: moistening the lung, soothing the liver, harmonizing the stomach and promoting muscle growth. Treatment of cough, throat, hoarseness, liver and stomach pain, sore not convergence. It is not only used to cure dry cough, but also used with Prunella vulgaris.
① Yunnan Tongzhi: "burning ashes can cure heart qi pain. "
② "Diannan Materia Medica" says: "it can calm asthma, eliminate phlegm, break the accumulation of poisonous insects, and eliminate the poison of blood and Qi. It can also tonify the deficiency, widen the middle and eat. "
③ "Gangmu Shiyi": "treat heart qi pain, liver Qi pain, lower damp heat. Also item autumn son cloud, where carbuncle poison does not close mouth, pastes it by this. "
④ Lingnan medicine collection records: "eliminating phlegm and fire, eliminating eye heat. "
⑤ Modern practical Chinese medicine: "antitussive, treatment of pertussis and dry tracheitis. "
⑥ "Collection of medicinal materials": "treatment of throat aphasia. "
⑦ "Clearing lung heat, benefiting throat" in the Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou Army. Treatment of acute and chronic bronchitis, tuberculosis, cough, sore throat, tonsillitis. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 2-3 yuan; or grinding powder. External use: application.
[storage] store in a well ventilated and dry place.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of acute tracheitis, pertussis and so on: one money for woodbutterfly, three money for Annam seed, one money and five money for Platycodon grandiflorum, one money for licorice, three money for mulberry bark and three money for winter flower. Decoct in water, add three liang of rock sugar, dissolve in liquid medicine, and make syrup. Take it several times a day. (Zhike syrup, modern practical Chinese Medicine)
② Treatment of liver Qi pain: 20 or 30 pieces of wood butterfly, baked on copper Yao, finely ground, and mixed with good wine. (collection of compendium)
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