(Jiayou materia medica)
[source] rocks or fragments of metamorphic rock chlorite schist or mica schist.
(1) chlorite schist
It is mainly composed of chlorite, often in small scales or needle like aggregates, and thick ones are massive. The color changes from green to dark green. The hardness is 2-2.5. It often contains magnetite, actinolite, epidote, mostly in good small crystals, and occasionally contains feldspar.
② Mica schist
It is mainly composed of mica, quartz, feldspar and other minerals. Muscovite schist and biotite schist are the most common, which have significant schistosity structure. The color varies according to the type of mica. If there is more muscovite, it is silvery white or silvery gray. If there is more biotite, it is dark.
[collection] after the collection, the miscellaneous stones and soil are collected.
[herbal medicine] ① qingyishi (shenghuifang)
The rock is chlorite schist, which is irregular flat oblique block or oblique prismatic small block with different sizes. All of them are bluish gray or grayish green with pearl like luster. Weight, soft and fragile, you can scratch off the powder with your nails. The cross-section is lamellar, and sparkling stars can be seen. It is odorless and tasteless. It is better to have green color, whole block, star spots on the cross section and no soil inclusion. It is slightly soluble in hydrochloric acid, making the acid liquid yellow and partially soluble in concentrated sulfuric acid.
Produced in Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other places.
② Jinyi stone
Also known as: crisp stone, rotten stone. The rock is mica schist, which is irregular massive or fragmental. All of them are brown yellow with dazzling golden luster. It's brittle and fragile. It's weak and tasteless. The best color is golden yellow, whole block and no impurity.
Produced in Henan, Hebei and other places.
[chemical composition] lapis lazuli is a mica like hydrous silicate mineral, mainly composed of magnesium, aluminum, iron, silicic acid and crystal water. Because of its low iron content, it is often green.
The main components of phlogopite are mica (biotite, muscovite) and quartz, that is, it mainly contains potassium, magnesium, aluminum, silicic acid, crystal water and vanadium (Muscovite).
[processing] calcined lapis lazuli: clean, add the same amount of fire and nitrate, calcine in the crucible until the smoke is exhausted, and then use the water flying method to make fine powder, or put the clean lapis lazuli in the crucible, and calcine it in a smoke-free fire to make it red and golden yellow. Take it out, cool it, and shake the clean lapis lazuli to remove the sand and stone.
① "The essence of pinhui" says: "the stone is crushed every two or two times, and then it is put into a small sand pot with two or two pieces of fireworks and nitrates. The tile is covered and fixed, and the iron wire is bound. The salt and mud are solidified and dried in the sun. The fire is red, and the gold star is penetrating. When it is cold, it is ground into very fine powder. "
② "Gangmu": "use a big crucible. Take four pieces of rubble and break them. Put in four liang of Xiaoshi, mix well, charcoal fire 15 Jin, cluster, calcine until the stone color is golden. Take out the grinding powder, disinfect it with water and dry it in the sun. "
[flavor] salty, flat.
① "Introduction to medicine": "tasteless, nontoxic. "
② "Gangmu": "sweet and salty, flat, non-toxic. "
③ "Ben Cao Jing Shu": "Xin Xian, Ping, non-toxic. "
[channel tropism] entering liver, lung and stomach channels.
① Gangmu: "entering Jueyin. "
② "Lei Gong processed medicine solution": into the lung, large intestine, stomach three channels. "
Functions and indications: phlegm falling, digestion, Qi lowering and liver calming. It can be used to treat stubborn phlegm accumulation, sleeping food, Baihuang, mania, convulsion, cough, dyspnea, phlegm and saliva.
① "Jiadiao Materia Medica" says: "it can't eliminate the accumulation of food. It stays in the viscera. It can stay for a long time with a hundred pieces of food. It can also cause children's food accumulation to be thin, and women's food accumulation for a long time to attack the heart and abdomen. "
② "Pinhuijingyao": "falling phlegm and eliminating food. "
③ Introduction to medicine: "Deyan Xiao can benefit dampness and heat, and phlegm accumulation comes out of the large intestine. If the skin boils due to excessive dampness and heat, it will be cured as soon as it benefits. "
④ "Gangmu": "treatment of phlegm, convulsion, cough and asthma. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: Decoction (cloth bag), 3-5 yuan; or into pills, powder.
It should be avoided for pregnant women with spleen and stomach weakness.
① "Jiadiao Materia Medica" says: "it is good to get Naosha, Croton, rhubarb, jingsanleng, etc. "
② "Materia Medica from the new": "Qi weak blood deficiency is taboo. "
[prescription selection] ① the general treatment of phlegm includes two taels of zoysite and two taels of nitrates (calcined, ground and dried in the sun), eight taels of rhubarb (steamed with wine), eight taels of Scutellaria (washed with wine), and five taels of aloes. For the end, water pill Wuzi big. Often take one or twenty pills. If you want to defecate, take one or two hundred pills under warm water. (guntan pill in health preserving theory)
② Treatment of phlegm and all kinds of phlegm: two Liang (calcined, milk quenched), two Liang (nine steamed) rhubarb, one or two aloes, two liang Pinellia (ginger, alum system), two liang tangerine peel, two liang Scutellaria (wine system). For the end, rice paste for the ball, mung bean big. Three yuan for each. (Yishi Huatan pill in huizhitang experience prescription)
③ Treatment of adults and children with food accumulation into phlegm, stomach more vertigo: qingyishi Qiqian, huotongqiqian (with research fried, with huotongxing as the degree), Zhishi, Muxiang, Baizhu each two. A total of two for the end, Hongqu two for the end of the paste. Maruzi is big. Every morning take three money, white soup. (Fang Mai Zheng Zong)
④ It can be used to cure all kinds of diseases, such as excessive diet, slippage of viscera, and long-standing dysentery: half a kilogram of qingyishi, pound it, roll it, grind it with Xiaoshi two liang, spread the head and cover the bottom in a crucible, press the solid, cover the mouth with round tiles, forge it with charcoal twenty kilos, take it out, put in two liang of chishi, and grind it very finely, If the chicken head is big, wait for it to dry, then put it into the crucible and use less fire to forge it. Take one pill to two or three pills when you have a deficiency cold disease, and send them down with warm water, so as to reduce food pressure. If you have diarrhea after a long illness, add them to five, seven or ten pills. (jinbaoshen pill in Yang's family's prescriptions)
⑤ It can cure the pain in the heart and abdomen when a woman eats a hundred pieces of food for a long time: two points for qingyishi (the last), one point for Muxiang (the last), half two points for Naosha (the one without stone, study carefully), one point for cinnabar (study carefully), two points for powdery cream (study deeply), three points for Croton (peel, heart, study, paper wrap and oil). Shangyao Jun Yan Ling Yun, to glutinous rice and pills, such as mung bean big. Take two pills of warm wine for each hollow pill, and take down evil things. (Sheng Hui Fang Yi Shi Wan)
⑥ For the treatment of acute and slow convulsions, phlegm dampness, choked in the throat: one or two pieces of qingyishi, put it into the mortar socket, one or two pieces of fireworks and nitrates, use white charcoal wood to make it red, and the nitrates should be as high as possible. When the medicine is cold as gold, take it out and grind it into fine powder. In case of acute convulsion, phlegm and fever, mint natural juice should be mixed with honey; in case of chronic convulsion, Qingzhou white meatball should be re researched, and then fried into cooked honey. (death killing powder of Baby Book)
⑦ It has a long history: two liang of Qingyi stone (Research), one or two of talc (Research), half liang of Qingdai and three yuan of light powder. The same as above. Take one money each time, adjust the noodle soup and gargle with water. The day before taking the medicine, take the light porridge first, and take the medicine at night. When the next night doesn't move, take half money again, take down the evil things, and take the soup porridge to rest for three or two days. If there is no accumulation, the medicine will go down with the stool, and there is no damage, so the next day will be the rest. (Yishi powder in Puji Fang)
In the compendium of the compendium of ancient Chinese classics, the character of Qingyi stone is descending. The liver meridian is too windy and woody to make the spleen and earth. The Qi is not transported and changes. The accumulation of stagnant phlegm can obstruct the upper and middle energizers and cause wind heat. Therefore, it is appropriate to use this medicine to drop heavily. To eliminate the stone, the nature of the stone is sparse and quick, so that the wood is flat and the Qi is flowing down, and the accumulation of phlegm is beneficial, and all kinds of syndromes are eliminated by themselves. According to Tang Heng's "baby's treasure", zoushi is the holy medicine for treating shock and phlegm. If you spit on the water, you can see the nature of its sinking. However, it can be used for emergency treatment. If Qi is weak and spleen is deficient, it should not be taken for a long time. Yang Shiying said that its function is to promote phlegm, but its nature is not good for the stomach. For example, slow shock and so on, it is suitable to be supplemented with woody incense. But Wang Yinjun said that phlegm is a kind of disease. No matter whether it is deficiency or excess, cold or heat, you can use guntan pill to cure all kinds of diseases. Zhu Danxi said that an old man suddenly fell ill and was blind, which was a big deficiency syndrome. He took it with Yishi medicine and died at night. Whoa! This is the fault of blind treatment and deficiency. How can zoushi kill people? Kuang Mu's blindness has nothing to do with zoushi. "
Chinese PinYin : Meng Shi
Release Time:2022-01-27 03:06:32
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