(food materia medica by Yao Kecheng)
[synonyms] wandering flower (qunfangnuo), pen flower, Lake Flower (Zhejiang traditional Chinese medicine manual), rose flower (Hebei medicinal materials).
[source] it is the first flower of Rosaceae.
[plant form] rose
Erect shrubs. Up to 2 meters. The stem is stout, the branches are clumped, and the villi, glandular hairs and spines are dense. Alternate leaflets: 5-9, elliptic to elliptic obovate, 2-5cm long and 1-2cm wide, apex pointed or obtuse, base rounded or broadly cuneate, margin serrate, dark green above, glabrous and wrinkled below, pale white below, pilose; petiole with soft hairs and spines; Stipule attached to petiole, no serrate, margin glandular. Flowers solitary or several clustered, 6-8 cm in diameter, single or double, purple or white; pedicel short, with villi, glandular hairs and spines; receptacle and calyx with glandular hairs; sepals 5, with long caudate tip, erect, inner surface and margin with linear hairs; petals 5; stamens mostly, attached to the long disk of calyx tube edge; pistils mostly, wrapped in the bottom of pot shaped receptacle. Achene bony, oblate, dark orange red, 2-2.5 cm in diameter. The flowering period is from May to June. The fruit period is from August to September.
It is often found in the low mountains and forests in the middle and even the north of China. It is often cultivated in the courtyard or garden.
[collection] from April to June, when the buds are about to open, they are picked in batches and dried quickly with slow fire. When drying, spread the flower into a thin layer, the Corolla is downward, make it dry first, and then turn over to dry the rest. The color and aroma of sun drying were poor.
[medicinal material] the dried flowers are slightly hemispherical or irregular, 1.5-2 cm in diameter. The petals are dense, short and round, purplish red and bright, with yellow stamens in the center and green calyx in the lower part. The apex splits into 5 pieces. There is an expanded star shaped receptacle at the lower end. It's light and crisp. It is full-bodied and slightly bitter. It is better to have big flower, thick petal, purple color, bright color and strong aroma.
Mainly produced in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Sichuan, Hebei and other places.
[chemical composition] the volatile oil (rose oil) in fresh flowers was about 0.03%, and the main components were citronellol, geraniol, nerol, eugenol and phenylethanol. The content of citronellol is up to 60%, the content of? Geraniol is lower than citronellol, nerol is 5-10%, syringol and phenylethanol are about 1% respectively. The oil also contains Nonanol, benzyl alcohol, linalool and phenylethyl acetate. In addition, the flower also contains quercetin, bitterness, tannin, fatty oil, organic acid (gallic acid), red pigment, yellow pigment, wax, β - carotene, etc.
Fruit is rich in vitamin C, sugar such as glucose, fructose, xylose, sucrose, non-volatile acids such as citric acid, malic acid, quinic acid, etc. Flavonoids, such as quercetin, isoquercetin, etc., also contain a variety of pigments, such as phytoxanthin, lycopene, lycopene, γ - carotene, etc.
[pharmacological action] rose water decoction can relieve the toxicity of oral antimony (mice). However, only the oral method of tartar spitting was used, and the anti schistosome effect of tartar spitting disappeared with the release of toxicity. It is speculated that the structure of tartar spitting was changed by rose. Rose oil can promote bile secretion in rats.
[processing] remove impurities and remove flower stalks and pedicels.
It is sweet, slightly bitter and warm
① Yao Kecheng's food materia medica: "it tastes sweet and slightly bitter, warm and non-toxic. "
② "Suixiju diet spectrum": "Gan Xin, Wen. "
[Guijing] Bencao Zaixin: "entering the liver and spleen meridians. "
Functions and indications: Regulating Qi, relieving depression, harmonizing blood and dispersing stasis. Treatment of liver and stomach qi pain, new long fengbi, hematemesis, hemoptysis, irregular menstruation, red and white belt, dysentery, mastitis, swelling and poison.
① Yao Kecheng's food materia medica: "it benefits the lung and spleen, liver and gall, dispels evil Qi, and tastes sweet and refreshing. "
② "Drug properties test": "blood stasis, injury, alcohol. "
③ "Gangmu Shiyi": "He Xue, Xing Xue, Li Qi. To treat wind obstruction. "
④ New materia medica: "soothe the stagnation of liver and gallbladder, strengthen spleen and reduce fire. It can also break blood. "
⑤ "Suixiju diet spectrum": it can regulate blood circulation, relieve depression, dispel filth and harmonize liver. Drinking wine can eliminate mastitis. "
⑥ Modern practical Chinese medicine: "it is used for women with menorrhagia, leucorrhea and general enteritis and dysentery. "
⑦ Shandong traditional Chinese medicine: "it is used to treat stomachache, nausea and vomiting, dyspepsia, diarrhea, tongue erosion, hematemesis and silent dysentery. "
⑧ "Quanzhou Materia Medica": "for the treatment of lung disease, cough, sputum, hematemesis and hemoptysis. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 1-2 yuan; soak in wine or boil cream.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of liver and stomach qi pain: the rose is dried in the shade, and the decoction is taken instead of tea. (collection of compendium)
② For the treatment of liver depression and hematemesis, there are three hundred rose stamens. For the first time, remove the heart pedicle. For the first time, take the concentrated juice from shayao with fresh water, filter the residue, and then take the cream with a jin of white rock sugar. Take it with boiling water sooner or later. Close the porcelain bottle tightly, don't be discouraged. If you specially adjust menstruation, you can use brown sugar cream. (rose cream from the collection of prescriptions of feeding crane Pavilion)
③ Treatment of pulmonary cough and hematemesis: fresh rose mashed juice stewed with rock sugar. (Quanzhou materia medica)
④ Cure new long wind Bi: Rose (to net pistil, Yingan) three money, safflower, all Angelica each one money. Decoct in water and take seven doses of good wine. (hundred grass mirror)
⑤ Treatment of liver wind headache: four to five roses, three to four beans, boiling water instead of tea. (Quanzhou materia medica)
⑥ Treatment of dysentery: dried rose decoction. (collection of compendium)
⑦ Treatment of breast carbuncle at the beginning, depression should be this: rose blooming, Yin dry, dry 30. To heart, Chen Jiujian, after eating. (hundred grass mirror)
⑧ Treatment of mastitis: seven roses and seven cloves. Take it in dry wine. (collection of compendium)
⑨ At the beginning of the treatment of swelling and poisons: roses without heart, baked for the last money. Good wine and kimono. (hundred grass mirror)
Chinese PinYin : Mei Gui Hua
Mandarin fish gall. Gui Yu Dan
Stork bone. Guan Gu
Root of Aster monocephalus. Dan Tou Zi Wan Gen
Sweet potato. Di Gua
Velvet vine. E Rong Teng
Guava leaf. Fan Shi Liu Ye
Male fish. Gong Yu
Ma Sangen. Ma Sang Gen
Maoliren. Mao Li Ren
Artemisia annua. Shan Dao Nian Hao
Bergamot. Shi Gan Zi
Grass. Xiao Cao