The root of Sargassum villosum
(Mindong materia medica)
[synonyms] Pulsatilla (Diannan materia medica), Pulsatilla (empirical identification of traditional Chinese Medicine) and rabbitae (Guiyang folk herb).
[source] it is the root and rhizome of the plant of Compositae. For the plant morphology, please refer to "Sargassum tomentosum".
[collection] dig in summer and autumn, remove the mud and sand from stems and leaves, and dry them in the sun.
[medicinal material] dry root and rhizome, 7-10 cm long. The rhizome is cylindrical, 1-3cm long, 4mm in diameter; the upper end is thick, with brown dry petiole base, and gray white wool; the rhizome is dark brown in appearance, rough and shrunken, surrounded by many complete or broken fibrous roots; it is hard, the broken surface is uneven, fibrous, light yellow, the skin is thin, the stele is large, the catheter is radial, and the central part has pith. The fibrous root is slender, about 1-1.5 mm in diameter, yellowish brown, brittle and easy to break, with white skin and yellowish wood. Slightly coke gas, bitter taste.
Produced in Yunnan, Guizhou and other places.
Bitter and smooth.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "warm in nature, bitter in taste. "
② "The picture of Materia Medica in South Yunnan": "bitter, nontoxic. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and toxin, regulating qi and blood. It is used to treat carbuncle, breast moth, parotid, tuberculosis, chest and flank distension, hernia, dysentery, bleeding and lower blood.
(1) "herbal medicine in southern Yunnan": "attacking and dispersing all kinds of sore and toxin, treating children's bald sore, stopping the large intestine and blood, treating the bladder with a drop of air pain, a small moth, and swelling of the cheek. "
② According to the picture of Materia Medica in southern Yunnan, "it can cure warm malaria, mania, cold and heat, Baihuang, accumulation, Qi gall; cure golden sores and nasosinusitis; stop toxic dysentery, red dysentery, abdominal pain, toothache, Baijie bone pain; warm waist and knee with all pathogenic heat; clear eyes and remove Yiyi; relieve bayberry poison sores and mercury poison into muscles and bones. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 2-3 yuan. External use: tamping.
[selection]  treat children's lung and stomach heat, moth and swelling, pain, fever and headache: small arrow (root) two yuan, forsythia two yuan, red peony money. Water and wine. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
② Treatment of long cough, pertussis: rabbit ear wind root two money, simmer meat to eat; leaves bubble boiled water to eat. (Guiyang folk herbs)
③ Treatment of chest and flank ruffian Qi: maodading grass root, grind powder, batter for pill. Five to seven minutes per serving, with boiled water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of postpartum blood stasis abdominal pain: maodading grass root five money, red wine four Liang. Stewed clothes. (Mindong materia medica)
Chinese PinYin : Mao Da Ding Cao Gen
The root of Sargassum villosum
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