(records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
[synonym] chicken eye.
[source] it is the fruit or seed of Ailanthus altissima.
[plant morphology] Ailanthus altissima, also known as maple tree, jiyachai, jiyanjiao, bird's tendon flower, chicken ether flower, flower bromine wood, Libra wood, Ailanthus altissima, Castanopsis kawakamii, muyuchai, yeshanqi, kaikoujiao, goutoujiao, nocturnal Ailanthus, chicken gizzard.
Deciduous small trees or shrubs, ca. 3 m tall. The twigs and buds are brownish red, and the branches and leaves are rotten after crushing. Leaflets 7-11, opposite, ovate to ovate lanceolate, 4-8 cm long, 2-4 cm wide, base rounded to broadly cuneate, apex acuminate, margin serrate, thick papery. Panicle terminal; flowers yellow white, ca. 5 mm in diameter; sepals 5, ovate; petals 5, oblong ovate, or suborbicular; stamen 5: filaments flat, lower part wide, disk annular; pistil 3, ovary ovate. Follicles, pericarp soft leathery, purplish red. Seeds suborbicular, aril fleshy, black. The flowering period is from May to June. The fruit period is from September to October.
It grows on hillsides, valleys, Riverside forests and shrubs. It is distributed in Henan, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Hubei, Anhui, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangdong, Guangxi, etc.
The root or root bark (root of Ailanthus altissima) and flower (flower of Ailanthus altissima) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] the mature fruits or seeds were collected from August to September and dried in the sun.
[chemical composition] the seed contains 25-30% fat oil. It contains Isoquercitrin, cyanidin 3-xylose-glucoside and astragaloside. The bark contains tannins.
[pharmacological action] astragaloside, similar to other flavonoids, can slightly reduce capillary permeability. It has antispasmodic effect on isolated small intestine and bladder of rats; it also has cholagogic effect on rats; intravenous injection has diuretic effect on dogs, but oral administration has no effect; it has no obvious effect on respiration and blood pressure.
[nature and taste] 1. Sichuan records of traditional Chinese medicine: "mild in nature, bitter in taste, non-toxic. "
② Fujian Chinese herbal medicine: "bitter, sweet, warm. "
Functions and indications: warming the middle of the body, regulating qi, reducing swelling and relieving pain. It can treat stomachache, cold hernia and diarrhea. Anal prolapse, uterine prolapse, testicular swelling and pain.
① "Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "treatment of irregular menstruation, bladder hernia, diarrhea. "
② "Hunan medicine records": "treatment of cold hernia pain, testicular swelling, anal prolapse, uterine prolapse. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang.
[selection] ① irregular menstruation: Chicken eyes, stewed black chicken head.
② Treatment of women's deficiency of Qi and heat: Chicken eyes, boiled mash clothes.
③ Treatment of moon fever: Chicken eyes, red stem, yellow dog head. Stewed pork suit. Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine (1)
④ Cure cold hernia abdominal pain: Wild crow toon (salt water fried), lychee each three money, plantain kernel, fennel each five money, pig kidney a pair. Take it in water.
⑤ Treatment of testicular swelling and pain: Wild crow toon seed one or two, fried in water, to slag, drink with brown sugar.
⑥ Treatment of anal prolapse: Wild crow toon son one or two, with human Yang Zang Decoction decocting.
⑦ Treatment of uterine prolapse: one or two wild crow toon seeds, mashed or fried. Two wild crows, two bucks, three bucks of eucommia, three bucks of Dipsacus. Take it by frying. (4) herbal medicine manual of Jiangxi Province
⑧ Treatment of headache: five to one or two buckthorn dried fruit, exogenous drink add antidote, water decoction; internal injury headache add sheep brain or eggs, water decoction.
⑨ Treatment of qi stagnation and stomachache: one or two dried fruits of Ailanthus altissima, fried in water.
⑩ Cure rubella piece: Wild crow toon dry fruit five money, red jujube one or two. Take it in water. (the following formula is Fujian Chinese herbal medicine.)
Chinese PinYin : Ye Ya Chun Zi
Black leaf root. Hei Mian Ye Gen
Guangyeshan jute. Guang Ye Shan Huang Ma
Hanging white leaf. Diao Bai Ye
Dog's footprints. Gou Jiao Ji
Golden Flower. Qian Jin Hua
Hawthorn leaves. Shan Zha Ye
Panax notoginseng. Tao Er Qi
Cauliflower root. Ren Cai Gen
Rabbit skull. Tu Tou Gu
Small persimmon. Xiao Shi Zi
Rhododendron molle. Yang Zhi Zhu Nao Yang Hua
Bauhinia. Zi Jing Ya