[synonyms] lutaozi (Ling Wai Dai DA), BOLUO (Ling Nan Cai Yao Lu), fake pineapple (raw herbal medicine manual), shanboluo (Ling Nan Yao Zhi), wild pineapple (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine manual of Guangzhou Army).
[source] it is the drupe of pandanus.
[plant morphology] Ludou tree, also known as luduole, longbangu, Langgu, Longjiao, Lujian, Ronglan, Lintou, lincha, Lvgu, shanshengu.
Shrubs or small trees, erect, branched, with aerial prop roots. The leaves are leathery, linear lanceolate, 1.5 m long and 3-5 cm wide, with long caudate apex, sharp spines on the middle rib of leaf margin and back, and the spines are forward. It is dioecious; white flowers, densely fleshy spikes, terminal; flowers without perianth; male inflorescence slightly lateral, with rich fragrance, about 50 cm long, spatholoid bracts lanceolate, stamens many, in punctate clusters, filaments partly united, very long, anthers linear, apex awned; female anther carpel, forming group, ovary 2-locular, ovule 1, near basal. The aggregate fruit is elliptic or globular elliptic, up to 20 cm long, composed of 50-70 or more drupes. The drupe is 4-6 cm long, yellowish red at maturity, oblong, slightly angular. The seed is small with fleshy endosperm and tiny embryo. The flowering period is August and the fruiting period is September to October.
He was born in the seaside area. It is distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi and Yunnan,
The roots and root heads of this plant (Ludao), leaf buds (Ludao heart) and flowers (Ludao flower) are also used for medicine. See the special section for details.
[collection] the mature fruits were picked in autumn, and the small seeds were separated and dried in the sun.
[medicinal material] the fruit is oval or globular, 20 cm long, yellow red in appearance, and consists of more than 50-70 fibrous fleshy drupes. The drupe is obconic, slightly angular, 4-6cm long; the top is obtuse, with style remains; the exocarp is grayish brown, smooth, but mostly broken or absent; the mesocarp is composed of almost all wood fibers, tough, yellowish white or grayish brown; the endocarp is hard, woody, with 4-10 chambers, the fruit chamber is narrow and long, the inner surface is brown, and there is one flat and narrow seed. The air is weak and the taste is light.
Produced in Guangdong, Guangxi.
[nature and taste] "Gangmu Shiyi": "taste sweet. "
[functions and indications] ① in the compendium of Medical Sciences, it is said that "tonifying the spleen and stomach, strengthening the vitality, subduing the hyperactivity of Yang, supporting the decaying soil, strengthening the spirit, benefiting the blood, relieving the ruffian, eliminating phlegm, detoxifying alcohol, stopping thirst after drinking, benefiting the leader, and making the heart happy.". "
② "Lu Chuan Materia Medica": "for colic, dysuria, diabetes. "
③ "Raw herbal medicine manual": "boiling and washing, the more sweat ringworm. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan; soak in wine or honey.
[formula selection] ① dysentery: two to four Liang fruits of pedunculus pedunculatus. Take it in water. (Guangzhou Air Force Manual of common Chinese herbal medicine)
② To cure the eyesight, it is getting dim, and the vision is not clear: soak the cukuzi in white honey, and eat one piece of honey every day, which can be withdrawn in a month. (collection of compendium)
③ Jieshu: BOLUO (similar to BOLUO in the center of Ludou), fried. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
Chinese PinYin : Lu Gu Zi
Turtle head. Bie Tou
Upside down pen leaf. Dao Diao Bi Ye
Puffball. Ma Bo
drumfish. Shi Shou Yu
Polygonum hydropiper. Shui Liao
Sleeping vegetables. Shui Cai
Peach. Tao Zi
Native ginseng. Tu Ren Can
In summer. Xia Tian Wu
Jade cypress. Yu Bai
Gleditsia sinensis. Zao Jia
Bauhinia bark. Zi Jing Pi