(Fujian folk herbal medicine)
[synonyms] zhumucao, shanpomegranate, zakouba (plant name Collection), Diqie (Fujian folk herbal medicine), Baoya Langmu (Luchuan materia medica), xingkouba, yuzigan, huhugan, maozugan, xiaomaoxiang, maozhangkou (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine records), Huoxuedan, gaojiaoshanluosu (Chinese medicine plant Atlas), wild pomegranate, golden pomegranate, golden chicken leg (Mindong materia medica).
[source] it is the whole plant of Melastomataceae.
[plant morphology] Melastoma
Shrubs, evergreen, 1-5 m high. Stem densely covered with thick hairs closely attached to scales. Leaves opposite, broad ovate, 5-14 cm long, 3-7 cm wide, apex short pointed, base narrowly cordate, 5-7 main veins, densely covered with close coarse hairs above, densely covered with villous below; petiole 1-2 cm long, purple, covered with coarse hairs. The flowers are large and beautiful, purplish red, usually 3-flowered, sometimes solitary or 5-flowered; bracts ovate to lanceolate, shorter than calyx tube or as long as calyx; calyx densely covered with lanceolate, closely attached scalelike hairs, lobes lanceolate, as long as calyx tube; petals 5; stamens 10, filaments yellowish, 5 of which have purple anthers and extended connectives, the other 5 anthers are yellow, linear, with long connectives Septum not elongated; pistil 1, lower part of ovary connate with calyx tube, upper part densely pilose, 5-locular, ovule numerous, rachis placentate, style purplish red, stigma capitate. Capsule fleshy, oblong, pot shaped, about 1 cm long, covered with appressed scalelike hairs, irregularly dehiscent. Seeds numerous, black. The flowering period is July. The fruiting period is October.
Born on hillside and wilderness. Distributed in Zhejiang, Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Guizhou and other places.
The root (root) and fruit (fruit) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[flavor] sour and astringent, cool.
① Fujian folk herbal medicine: "sweet acid, mild temperature. "
② "Lu Chuan Materia Medica": "cold, astringent, slightly acid. "
③ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it is cool in nature, sour and astringent in taste, and non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: promoting blood circulation and detumescence, clearing away heat and toxin. For traumatic injuries, carbuncle, swelling and poison, milk is not good.
① Fujian folk herbal medicine: "remove heat and toxin, remove dampness and dispel wind. It is used to treat carbuncle, swelling, toxin and injury. "
② Lu Chuan's materia medica: "Ye, treat knife wounds, stop bleeding. "
③ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "promoting Qi, promoting blood circulation, clearing heat. It is used to treat moon fever, Baihuang vomiting blood, traumatic injury and intestinal carbuncle. "
④ "Chinese medicine and plant atlas": "treatment of hemofilariasis. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 3-5 yuan. External use: tamping.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of traumatic injury: Wild Peony one or two, Rosa laevigata root five money, drink with pig lean meat and stew with red wine. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
② Treatment of knee swelling and pain: Wild Peony eight money, honeysuckle three money, decoction, twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of carbuncle: fresh wild peony leaves one to two, decoction, slag mashed topical. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
④ Treat ear carbuncle: Wild Peony one or two, pig ear one, decoct in water.
⑤ Treatment of Snakehead: Wild Peony six money, and pork stew service.
⑥ Cure milk impassability: Wild Peony one or two, pig lean meat four Liang, drink add wine stew service. (4) Fujian folk herbal medicine
⑦ Treatment of monthly fever, menstrual swelling: Kouba, August melon root, wuniangdeng, Polygonum multiflorum, stinky grass root, dawanzi root, stewed meat. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
⑧ Solution of cassava poisoning: Wild Peony leaf or root two to three Liang decoction. (main poisonous plants in South China)
Chinese PinYin : Ye Mu Dan
Release Time:2022-01-27 03:54:38
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