(Ben Cao Tu Jing)
[synonyms] Changben (Zhouli), Changpu, Changyang (Benjing), Changyang (Huainanzi), yaoshixie, Yaojiu (Wupu materia medica), muwax, yangchunxue, wangjianxiao (xianzhuan surgical prescription), jiujiechangpu (Diannan materia medica), shuijiancao (compendium), kuchangpu (preparation of medicinal properties), Fanchang (manual of traditional Chinese Medicine), Jiancao (Guizhou folk prescription) Chinese herbal medicine Collection), Acorus calamus (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals), Acorus calamus and Acorus gramineus (Pharmacology), Shi (Guangzhou army's Manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine), wild chives, herbs (Guangxi Traditional Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] rhizomes of Araceae.
[plant morphology] Acorus tatarinowii
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome recumbent, 5-8 mm in diameter, outer skin yellowish brown. The leaves are rhizomatous, sword like, 30-50 cm long, 2-6 mm wide, rarely up to 1 cm long, apex acuminate, dark green, glossy, veins parallel, without midrib. The flower stems are 10-30 cm high, oblate; the spathe is leaflike, 7-20 cm long and 2-4 mm wide; the fleshy inflorescence is exposed from the side of the middle spathe, sessile, obliquely upward or slightly erect, narrowly cylindrical, weak, 5-12 cm long and 2-4 mm in diameter; the flowers are bisexual, light yellow green, dense; perianth 6, obovate, apex obtuse; stamens 6, slightly longer than perianth, anthers yellow, flowers Filaments oblate linear; ovary oblong. Berries fleshy, obovate, ca. 2 mm in length and width. The flowering period is from June to July. The fruiting period is August.
It grows near mountain stream or between water and stone. It is distributed in the Yangtze River Basin and its south.
The leaves (Acorus calamus leaf) and flowers (Acorus tatarinowii flower) of this plant are also used for medicine. See the special section for details.
[collection] collect and dig in autumn, remove the stems, leaves and fibrous roots, and wash them. Or cut into small pieces about 10 cm and dry in the sun.
[medicinal material] the stem is slightly flat cylindrical, slightly curved, sometimes divergent, generally 3-20 cm long and 0.5-1 cm in diameter. The surface is grayish yellow, reddish brown or brown, the links are close, the internodes are about 3-6 mm long, there are slightly flat triangular leaf marks, arranged alternately from left to right, there are many round punctate root marks below, and there are fine wrinkles, internodes sometimes remain leaf base, fibrous, occasionally short fine roots. It is hard and hard to break. The section is fibrous, white to light brown, with annular endodermis and vascular bundles scattered in the center. It is fragrant and pungent. It is better to have long sliver, thick fat, white section and weak fiber.
It is mainly produced in Sichuan, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and other places.
In addition to the above varieties, there are also varieties of Acorus calamus (also known as qianchangpu) rhizome, also used as medicine, generally fresh products, also known as fresh Acorus calamus.
According to the ancient literature, Acorus calamus is good when it is nine knots per inch, so it is also named as nine knots Acorus calamus. But at present, the rhizome of Anemone altaica, a Ranunculaceae plant, is used as nine knots Acorus calamus in North China. See the article "nine section Acorus calamus".
[chemical constituents] the volatile oil (0.11-0.42%) was found in both rhizomes and leaves. The main components were β - ether 63.2-81.2%, asarone 8.8-13.7%, followed by caryophyllene, α - CARENE and Acorus tatarinowii. It also contains amino acids, organic acids and sugars.
[processing] remove impurities, wash, soak, moisten, slice and dry.
Lei Gong Paozhi Lun: "after picking the Acorus calamus, use a copper knife to scrape a heavy yellow and black hard knot skin, mix and steam the tender mulberry branches, dry them in the sun, remove the mulberry branches and file them. "
[flavor] pungent, slightly warm,
① Ben Jing: "Xin, Wen. "
② Another oral record: "non toxic. "
③ "On medicinal properties": "bitter and pungent taste, non-toxic. "
The channels of entrance, liver and spleen.
① Compendium: "hand Shaoyin, foot Jueyin. "
② "Lei Gong's treatment of medicinal properties": entering the heart, spleen and bladder. "
③ "Into the foot Jueyin liver meridian, hand Taiyin lung meridian. "
Functions and indications: resuscitate, expel phlegm, regulate qi, activate blood circulation, disperse wind and remove dampness. Treatment of epilepsy, phlegm, fever, dizziness, forgetfulness, gas closed, deafness, chest distress, stomach pain, abdominal pain, wind cold dampness, carbuncle swelling poison, traumatic injury.
Huashi Kaiwei, Kaiqiao Huotan, Xingshen Yizhi. It can be used to relieve abdominal distension, diarrhea, dizziness, epilepsy, forgetfulness and deafness.
① "Ben Jing" says: "the main wind cold dampness Bi, cough against the upper Qi, happy hole, tonifying the five zang organs, nine orifices, clear ears and eyes, sound. "
② "Wenzuo Decoction for infantile dysentery, can't be used to warm the body and stomach, and can't be used to treat infantile dysentery. Hearing and seeing are beneficial to the mind. "
③ "Treatise on medicinal properties": "treat rheumatism, tinnitus, head wind, tears, kill all insects, cure scabies. "
④ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "in addition to the wind under the gas, in addition to boredom, stop heart and abdominal pain, cholera tendon. Cure guest wind scabies, astringent urination, kill abdomen Tibet insect. Earache: for the end, fried, heat wrapped scenting, very experience. "
⑤ Wang Haogu: "to cure the heart, to accumulate Fu Liang.". "
⑥ "Diannan Materia Medica": "treat nine kinds of stomach qi, stop pain. "
⑦ "Gangmu": "in the treatment of evil death, the guest disobeys epilepsy, in the treatment of blood collapse, the stillbirth leak. Scattered carbuncle swelling. Mash juice to take, detoxify and detoxify. "
⑧ "The preparation of Materia Medica" says: "tonifying the liver and heart, removing dampness and expelling wind, eliminating phlegm and accumulation, and appetizing the stomach. Treatment of mouth poison diarrhea, wind Bi Jing epilepsy. "
⑨ Bencao Zaixin: "stop nosebleed, disperse tooth carbuncle. "
⑩ "For rheumatoid arthritis, lumbocrural pain, dyspepsia, gastritis, fever, dizziness and psychosis," the Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou army said. "
(11) Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine: "it is used to treat mania, convulsion, phlegm, coma, chest and abdominal distension or pain. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 yuan (fresh 3-8 yuan); or into the pill, powder. External use: decocting, washing or dressing.
[should not] people with Yin deficiency and yang hyperactivity, irritability and sweating, cough, hematemesis and fine slippery should be cautious.
① "Ben Cao Jing Ji Zhu": ", for it. Evil gall. "
② "Rihuazi Materia Medica": avoid malt sugar. Don't offend with iron. It's revolting. "
③ "Introduction to medicine": it is forbidden for those who work hard and consume. "
[storage] store in a dry place to prevent mildew.
[prescription selection] 1. To treat epilepsy: Jiujie Acorus calamus (roasted without hair) is made of wood mortar and pestle. It is not allowed to make iron utensils. It is made of black pig heart and bamboo knife. The soup is boiled in sand jar and sent down. It is hollow for two or three yuan a day. (true story of Medicine)
② For the treatment of febrile wind epilepsy, the patients with heart failure: Acorus calamus (one inch and nine knots on the stone), Xuanlian, Huang, and each one or two. On the end, honey and pills, such as millet big, after each meal to take 15 pills, regardless of the morning and evening, to rice. Avoid mutton, blood, malt sugar, peach, plum fruit. (PU Ji Fang Chang Pu WAN)
③ Treatment of phlegm and confusion: Acorus tatarinowii. Pour the juice together. (new edition of Mei's prescription)
④ It can cure the evil of warm heat, damp temperature and winter temperature, rush into the pericardium, faint, delirious, or speechless, tongue fur is burnt black, or smile or spasm: Three Coins (to the heart), one coin, three coins (to the heart), and one coin of fresh Acorus tatarinowii. Add one to Baodan, remove wax shell and wash. (Shi Bing Lun)
⑤ Cure forgetfulness: four points each, two liang, one or two calamus. Shangsiwei governs xiashai, drinks Fangcun dagger, on the third day. (Qian Jin Fang Xin Xin San)
⑥ The treatment of heart qi is uncertain, the five internal organs are insufficient, and even the patients are sad and unhappy, and sometimes they like to forget. In the morning, there are two in Changpu and Yuanzhi, three in Fuling and ginseng. On the end of the four flavors, honey pills, drink and take such as Wuzi big seven pills, three days. (Qian Jin Fang Ding Zhi Xiao Wan)
⑦ Treatment of food accumulation, Qi accumulation, blood accumulation, swelling and so on: eight liang of Acorus tatarinowii (file), four liang of tabby cat (remove wings and feet, two flavors with fried yellow, do not pick tabby cat). They took the Acorus calamus as a small powder. Each time they took 30 or 50 pills, they sent them warm wine or white soup. (wonderful recipe)
⑧ For the treatment of wind cold arthralgia, body pain: Acorus calamus (file), Rehmannia glutinosa (remove soil, cut) and heart (remove heart), Aconitum (crack, remove skin and navel, file) 2 liang, rooting (remove soil, cut) 4 liang, ginger (slice) 8 Liang. For the first six flavors, use three liters of sake to soak for one night, then dry it suddenly, and then add it to the wine again. Take the wine as a measure, then dry it suddenly, and then mash and sift it into fine powder. Each service, hollow warm wine tune a money dagger, day service. (Changpu powder in Shengji Zonglu)
⑨ Deafness treatment: Acorus root an inch, Croton a grain (peeled heart). Two things together pound, sieve, divided into seven pills, Mian wrapped, lying that plug, night easy. (Chang Pu Gen Wan in Bu que Hou Hou)
⑩ Treatment of deafness and tinnitus is like the sound of geomantic omen: two pairs of Acorus calamus (soaked in rice hogwash for one night, filed and baked), one pair of Acorus calamus (removed fascia, carefully cut), one pair of Acorus calamus (broken) and three combinations of Acorus calamus (washed). First, boil the Acorus calamus with 3.5 liters of water, remove the dross and add the pig kidney, scallion, rice and five flavors into the soup. Eat on an empty stomach as usual. (Acorus calamus soup in Shengji Zonglu)
(11) treatment of heatstroke abdominal pain: Shimiao Pugen three to five money. Grind water and take it. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
(12) for the treatment of dysentery in the mouth, one or two grains of rice are not included: Acorus tatarinowii, three grains of Sichuan, Sichuan and wuguchong, respectively. (Ben Cao Hui Yan)
⒀ treatment of cholera diarrhea more than: Acorus calamus (cut and baked), green orange peel (white, baked) each one or two, licorice (baked) each half two. Mash the top five ingredients into coarse powder, take each
Chinese PinYin : Shi Chang Pu
Jigongchai. Ji Gong Chai
Chicken ginseng. Ji Rou Can
Turtle fat. Bie Zhi
Phyllostachys pubescens shell. Dan Zhu Ke
Red fungus. Hong Shi Er
Sichuan Pepper. Hua Jiao
Radix Scutellariae. Huang Qin Zi
Crow gall root. Lao Ya Dan Gen
Fructus aurantii in green. Lv Yi Zhi Ke
Cherry Kernel. Shan Ying Tao He
Black snake gall. Wu She Dan
Camphor root. Xiang Zhang Gen