Chinese chive leaf vetch
(materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
[synonym] citronella arundinacea (flora of Guangzhou), including flowers and grasses (Gramineae), rue herb (empirical identification of traditional Chinese Medicine), stinky grass (flora of China).
[source] it is the whole grass of citronella contortus.
[plant morphology] citronella contortus
Herbaceous perennial, 60-100 cm high, nodes covered with white pink trichomes. The leaf is linear, flat, 30-50 cm long, 4-6 mm wide, and the upper base is covered with minute hairs; the leaf sheath is glabrous, the leaf tongue is 2-5 mm long, and the apex is obtuse, glabrous. Pseudopanicles are slightly dense, 25-35 cm in length; racemes are twin, 8-18 mm in length, with 12-15 mm long spathes on the base; rachis internodes are 1.5-2 mm long, margin covered with white hairs; sessile spikelets are oblong lanceolate, 3.5-5 mm long, basal plate with hairs; the apex of the first glume is slightly dentate, with 2 ridges, and the upper part of the ridge has narrow wings, with 2-4 veins between the ridges, The first lemma is oblong lanceolate, about 1 / 4 shorter than the glume, apex pointed, 2-ridged, margin ciliate; the second lemma is extremely narrow, 1 / 3 shorter than the glume, apex 2-toothed; awn is drawn out from the teeth, middle geniculate; palea absent; stamen 3; petiolate spikelet 3.5-5 Mm, awnless, stipe white pilose. The flowering and fruiting period is from August to October.
Most of them grow on hillside grassland. Distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Taiwan, Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Hunan, Hubei and other places.
[collection] the whole grass was cut and dried in summer.
[nature and taste] "the South Yunnan Materia Medica" is slightly cold in nature and slightly bitter in taste. "
[functions and indications] ① in the herbal medicine of Southern Yunnan: "it can cure mountain haze and miasma. It is not convinced of water and soil. It has cold, wind, cold, heat and dampness. It has the Qi of four seasons. It is cold and hot at first. It is weak and sour. It is cold and hot. It seems that malaria is not malaria or has malaria. It has chest and diaphragm swelling, tasteless diet, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea. "
② "The method of treating toxic sores with water" is an empirical method. "
[prescription selection] for treating heat stroke, cholera, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, headache, fever, fear of cold, or moderate miasma, unconvinced: chive leaf, Yuncao, papaya, Atractylodes, tangerine peel, Magnolia officinalis, licorice and ginger. Take it in water. Avoid oil and meat. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
Chinese PinYin : Jiu Ye Yun Xiang Cao
Chinese chive leaf vetch
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