(Guizhou herbal medicine)
[synonyms] fragrant tree, Phoebe, houjiamu, Cinnamomum camphora (Atlas of higher plants in China), ox tendon, Bauhinia (Chinese herbal medicine earth method war preparation album).
[source] it is the root bark or stem bark of Cinnamomum monnieri.
[plant morphology] Cinnamomum monnieri
Trees, up to 16 m high. Bark reddish brown; branchlets cylindrical, dark purple, terminal nodes angular; buds ovate, with silky hairs. Leaves alternate, thick papery, ovate or elliptic ovate, 8-17 cm long, 3-10 cm wide, apex short acuminate, base round, slightly hairy when young, later bright, gray silky hair at the beginning, slightly pubescent after, gray white, dark red midvein, 4-6 pairs of lateral veins, alternate, lower veins sometimes opposite, axillary veins with glandular spots; petiole 2-3 cm long. Panicle axillary or lateral, 10-15 cm long, 2-fold divergent; peduncle 4-6 cm long; perianth 6-lobed, perianth tube funnel-shaped; lobes ovate, apex reflexed, with white silky hairs on the inner surface, caducous; developing stamens 9, anthers 4-locular, the third round stamens, anthers outward lobed, fruit spherical, 7-8 mm in diameter, pedicel apex inflated, persistent perianth apex reflexed, fruit tray shaped .
Born in the mountains and forests. Distributed in Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Hunan, Hubei and other places. There are also artificial cultivation.
The fruit of this plant (Hericium mongholicum) is also used for medicine. See special section for details.
[collection] all year round.
[chemical composition] the root, stem, branch and leaf all contain volatile oil, and the oil content of root is the highest, about 2.9% (the oil content of branch is 0.06%, the oil content of leaf is 0.46-0.6%). The chemical composition of the oil can be divided into three types: one is mainly composed of safrole (84%), aldehydes and ketones (1.8%), citral, camphene, α - pinene, limonene, linalool, α - terpineol, camphor, methylheptenone, cineole, eugenol, benzyl sesquiterpenes, etc.; the other is mainly composed of cineole, aldehydes and ketones (7.4%), linalool, monoterpenes, etc.; the third is mainly composed of Eucalyptus It contains mainly monoterpenes, 8.0% aldehydes and ketones, and also oenanthene, safrole, linalool, etc.
[nature and taste] Guizhou herbal medicine: "pungent, warm. "
[functions and indications] ① Guizhou herbal medicine: "expelling wind, promoting Qi, warming middle and relieving pain. "
② "Chinese herbal medicine earth method war preparation album": "stem skin treatment burns, scalds. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 3-5 yuan. External use: Yanmo Tiao Fu or Yanmo wine fried cloth bag for hot compress.
[selection] 1. To treat wind cold: Cinnamomum camphora root bark is five yuan. Simmer water clothes.
② Treatment of gastroenteritis: Cinnamomum camphora root bark, hot Polygonum root five money each. Simmer water clothes.
③ Treatment of abdominal lumps: Cinnamomum camphora root bark, Shengjiu, tangerine leaf, Shichangpu each one or two. At the end of the research, stir fry the affected part with wine.
④ Treatment of labor pain: Cinnamomum camphora root skin, iron chopsticks, hot Polygonum root, goose does not eat grass each five money. Wine making clothes, three times a day, five yuan each time. (Guizhou herbal medicine was selected)
Chinese PinYin : Hou Zhang
Root of Paeonia. Bai Fan Shu Gen
Rosa laevigata. Jin Ying Gen
Ailanthus altissima. Chun Ye
Dachaocai. Da Chao Cai
Gan Qinglan. Gan Qing Qing Lan
Rabbita trichophylla. Mao Ye Tu Er Feng
Kapok. Mu Mian Hua
Three white grass roots. San Bai Cao Gen
Litchi fruit. Shan Li Zhi Guo
Double cut vegetables. Shuang Jian Cai
Small sheet grass. Xiao Bei Dan Cao
high aspiration. Yuan Zhi