Dried Rehmannia glutinosa
[alias] Di Sui (Ben Jing), Yuan di (Ben Cao Zheng Yi), Gan Sheng Di (records of traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is the rhizome of Rehmannia glutinosa.
[plant morphology] Rehmannia glutinosa (Rehmannia glutinosa), also known as PU (Erya), Qi (bielu), Ruzizi (Bencao Yanyi), grandma's milk (salvaging materia medica), gouzizi (textual research on the name and reality of plants), Shanyan, shancai, jiuhuhua, Tianjiu and honeypot.
Perennial herb, 10-40 cm high, covered with gray white villous and glandular hairs. The rhizome is thick and fleshy. They are massive, cylindrical or spindle shaped. Stem erect, single or several branches from base. The leaves are obovate or oblong, 3-10 cm long and 1.5-4 cm wide, with obtuse apex, narrower base, long petiole, irregular obtuse teeth on the edge and wrinkled leaf surface; the stem leaves are smaller than the root leaves. Flowers hairy, arranged in racemes on the upper stem; calyx campanulate, about 1.5 cm long, apex 5-lobed, lobes triangular, slightly irregular; corolla broad, tubular, slightly curved, 3-4 cm long, purplish red or light purplish red, sometimes light yellow, apex 5-lobed, slightly 2-lipped, lobes apex nearly truncate; stamens 4, 2-strong, near the base of corolla tube; ovary superior, Ovate, 2-locular, style simple, stigma inflated. Capsule ovate or ovoid, apex pointed, with persistent style above and persistent calyx outside. The seeds are numerous. The flowering period is from April to May. The fruit period is from May to June.
It is mainly cultivated and also wild on hillsides and roadside wasteland. It is distributed in Henan, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui, Shandong, Hebei, Liaoning, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, Hunan, Hubei and Sichuan.
Huaiqing Dihuang (Rehmannia glutinosa L.) cultivated in Henan Province is characterized by large plant, large rhizome, massive, cylindrical or spindle shape, and sparse raceme with flowers not concentrated on the top of the stem.
The fresh rhizome (Fresh Rehmannia glutinosa), steamed rhizome (cooked Rehmannia glutinosa), leaf (Rehmannia glutinosa leaf), flower (Rehmannia glutinosa flower) and seed (Rehmannia glutinosa seed) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] fresh rehmannia glutinosa is obtained by digging roots and stems from October to November, removing stems, leaves and fibrous roots, and cleaning soil. The dried Rehmannia glutinosa (without washing) is directly put on the baking bed and baked slowly. It must be turned over frequently until the inside is dried gradually and the color turns black, the whole body is soft, and the outer skin becomes hard. It can also be dried in the sun.
[medicinal material] it is irregular round or oblong block, 6-12 cm long and 3-6 cm in diameter. The surface is grayish brown or grayish black, with irregular transverse curve. The small ones are mostly long strips, slightly flat and twisted. It's soft in texture, firm after drying, and weighs a lot. It is not easy to break, the broken face is flat, purple black or black and bright, oily and sticky. The air is slightly fragrant and the taste is slightly sweet. Hypertrophy, body weight, black and greasy section are the best.
It is mainly produced in Henan and Zhejiang. Hebei, Shaanxi, Gansu, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Shanxi and other places are also produced. Henan is the most famous.
[processing] dried Rehmannia glutinosa: soak slightly with water, clean mud and sand impurities, take out and stew, slice and dry or dry. Raw Rehmannia charcoal: take the cleaned dried rehmannia, put 80% of it in the calcining pot, cover it with one pot, seal the joints of the two pots with yellow mud, press on the heavy objects, and calcine it with civil and military fire until the white paper pasted on the bottom of the pot is burnt yellow, block the fire door, wait for it to cool, and then take it out; or put the dried Rehmannia in the pot and stir fry the charcoal directly.
Compendium: "the so-called dried Rehmannia glutinosa in this classic is also the dried Rehmannia glutinosa of raw land. The method is to take 100 Jin of Rehmannia glutinosa and 60 Jin of fertilizer, wash it and sun it to make it slightly wrinkled, and wash it when it is picked up. Then, pound it in a mortar to make the juice dry, pour more wine, and mix it with Rehmannia glutinosa before drying in the sun or baking. "
[flavor] sweet and bitter, cool.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes sweet and cold. "
② Bielu: "bitter, nontoxic. "
[channel tropism] enters the heart, liver and kidney channels.
① Gao Jueyin and Li Jueyin were the first to start with. "
② "Tangye Materia Medica": "start with the Taiyang and Shaoyin meridians. "
③ "Lei Gong's treatment of medicinal properties": it enters the heart, liver, spleen and lung meridians. "
Functions and indications: Nourishing Yin and blood. It is used to treat Yin deficiency, fever, thirst, hematemesis, bleeding, blood collapse, irregular menstruation, fetal restlessness, Yin injury and constipation.
① "Ben Jing" says: "it's mainly used to break down tendons, remove blood stasis, fill bone marrow, grow muscles, and make soup to eliminate cold and heat accumulation and arthralgia. The living are especially good. "
② Bielu: "the main man has five labors and seven injuries, while the woman has five injuries. In the injury, the cells leak blood, break the evil blood, drown blood, benefit the small intestine, remove the food in the stomach, replenish the five zang organs, lack of internal injury, dredge the blood vessels, replenish qi, benefit the ears and eyes. "
③ "Theory of medicinal properties": "tonifying deficiency and damage, warming the middle and lower Qi, dredging blood vessels, treating postpartum abdominal pain, main vomiting blood. "
④ Rihuazi materia medica: "it is used to treat palpitation, poor labor, heart and lung damage, hematemesis, epistaxis, bleeding in women's collapse, and help muscles and bones. "
⑤ Wang Haogu: "the main heart disease, palmar heat pain, Bi Qi Wei Cu, addicted to lying, foot heat and pain. "
⑥ Ben Cao Cong Xin: "for the treatment of fever due to blood deficiency, I often feel hungry and discouraged, tired and prone to lie down, and my chest and diaphragm are full of stuffiness; I regulate menstruation to ease the fetus. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan, 1-2 Liang large dose; boil cream or put into pill or powder. External use: tamping.
[should avoid] patients with diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, less food due to stomach deficiency, and more phlegm due to chest diaphragm should be taken with caution.
① "Lei Gong Paozhi Lun" says: "don't make copper and iron articles, which will make the kidney disappear and white moustache hair, and damage Rongwei. "
② "The book of Materia Medica collection notes:" get Maimendong, sake good. Evil Fritillaria. Fear of Wu peak. "
③ "Pinhui essence": "avoid radish, scallion, leek and Allium macrostemon. "
④ "Introduction to medicine": "it is forbidden to have ruffian in middle cold and easy to discharge. "
[prescription selection] ① for diabetes: Radix Astragali, Poria, Trichosanthes kirilowii, Radix Glycyrrhizae, Radix Ophiopogonis, and dried Radix Rehmanniae. On the six flavor, finely cut, eight liters of water, boil two and a half liters, to dross, three points, one dose per day, take ten doses. (Qian Jin Fang)
② For the treatment of Yangming febrile disease, there is no syndrome of soil burning, and there is no defecation for a few days. Its Yin is deficient, and it can not be used to carry Qi: Yuanshen or two, Ophiopogon japonicus eight coins (Lianxin), and xishengdi eight coins. Water eight cups, fry three cups, dry mouth and drink to make, inconvenience, and then take. (Zengye Decoction in differentiation of epidemic febrile diseases)
③ There are more than one or two ways to cure asthenia and vomiting: one or two raw and dried Rehmannia glutinosa, one or two Scutellaria baicalensis, one or two white peony, two or two donkey hide gelatin (mashed and fried to make it dry), one or two Angelica sinensis, two or two fulonggan. Take the medicine and mash it into powder. Regardless of time, take it with glutinous rice porridge. (Sheng Hui Fang Di Huang San)
④ Treatment of epistaxis and diaphragmatic heat: dry rehmannia, borneol mint (namely shuisu), etc. For the end, cool water down. (sun Zhaofang)
⑤ Treatment of pregnancy after abortion bleeding more than, less abdominal full of pain: raw dried Rehmannia (baked), Angelica (baked, cut), Xiong? (to Lutou) each two, donkey hide gelatin (zhilingzao), wormwood each half two. Take three daggers and one cup of water for each. Fry until seven minutes. Remove dross and take it warm. Take it hollow. Take it later. (Rehmannia Decoction in Shengji Zonglu)
⑥ In the treatment of Chong, Ren, Qi deficiency, menstrual blood deficiency, and continuous moon water, there are two pairs of raw and dried Rehmannia glutinosa (baked), one and a half of Scutellaria baicalensis (to remove the black heart), one and a half of Angelica sinensis (cut, baked), one and a half of cypress leaves, and one and a half of Artemisia argyi leaves. On the five flavors, rough mash screen, each take three money dagger, water a Gu, fried to seven points, to dross, into a money Puhuang dagger, hollow food before taking. (Rehmannia Decoction in Shengji Zonglu)
⑦ Treatment of xuehuang: one or two dried rehmannia and two squid bones. The top is the end, and the hollow warm wine is mixed with the bottom seven. (Dihuang powder in Puji Fang)
⑧ Treatment of stroke limb contracture: dry rehmannia, licorice, ephedra each one or two. Finely cut, with three liters of wine, seven liters of water, fried to four liters, to slag, divided into eight services, regardless of time, into two services. (standard of syndrome differentiation and treatment: Dihuang Decoction)
⑨ Treatment of various sores, Shengji: Shenggan Dihuang Sanhe, Baiji, Bailian, liquorice (Sheng file) each half two, Baizhi three points, pig fat half Jin (Lian). In addition to fat on the six flavor, pound for the end, into the fat, boil into paste, Hou Leng, three or four days on the coating. (Rehmannia paste in Shengji Zonglu)
[clinical application] ① treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
Take 3 liang of dried Rehmannia glutinosa and cut it into pieces. Add 600-800 ml of water and boil it for about 1 hour. Filter out about 300 ml of liquid medicine. Take it once or twice a day. Children use 1 / 3 to 1 / 2 of the adult dose. Except for individual cases who took the medicine for consecutive days, the interval medication method was adopted, that is, taking the medicine for 3 consecutive days within 6 days; after 1 month, taking the medicine for 3 consecutive days every 7-10 days. 12 cases of rheumatoid arthritis were treated. 11 cases were treated from half a day to three days after taking the medicine. One case was treated from six days after taking the medicine. Joint pain was relieved, joint swelling began to subside, then joint function began to recover, nodule erythema subsided and body temperature gradually decreased. After 12-50 days of treatment, 9 cases were cured and 3 cases improved significantly. Recovery of ESR usually occurs after symptoms disappear. After 3-6 months of observation, 1 case recurred, and Rehmannia was still effective. For 11 cases of rheumatoid arthritis, 9 cases were improved significantly, 1 case was improved, and 1 case had no obvious effect. In most cases, joint pain was relieved within 1-5 months, joint swelling began to subside, and limb movement disorder improved; in a few cases, joint swelling subsided rapidly, but pain relief was relatively slow. In the effective cases, a few recurred. Side effects: a few patients had mild diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, dizziness, fatigue and palpitation, which were transient and disappeared within a few days. It has been observed that Rehmannia glutinosa has anti-inflammatory effect, and it is effective for some allergic diseases such as skin diseases and bronchial asthma, and can improve the general situation; a few cases have slight edema after taking medicine, which is similar to adrenocortical hormone. The effect of Rehmannia glutinosa can be maintained for a long time after drug withdrawal, and there is no obvious rebound phenomenon in each effective case
Chinese PinYin : Gan Di Huang
Dried Rehmannia glutinosa
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