(collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[synonym] clam grass, pheasant grass (Lingnan medicine collection record), leiwuzui, dustpan grass, Feitian Leigong (Nanning medicine records), Libi vine, tiebangao herbs (Fujian).
[source] it is the whole grass or rhizome and root of stephaniae.
[plant morphology] dung dustpan
Perennial twining herbs. Stems weak, with longitudinal lines, glabrous. The leaves are papery or membranous, triangular ovate, 3-9 cm long and 2-6 cm wide, apex obtuse or slightly concave and incised, base rounded or truncated, upper green, lower light green or pink green, main veins about 10, radiating from the petiole to all sides, slightly protruding on the back of the leaf, petiole shield shaped, 3-5 cm long. The flowers are small, dioecious, pseudoumbels; the umbels of the male flowers are unbranched, growing on short and graceful twigs; the peduncle is 1.5-3cm long; the umbels are 5-8, covered with powdery pubescence; the sepals of the male flowers are 8, covered with pubescence, the petals are 4, light green, obovate, the stamen filaments are healed, stigma shaped, the top anthers are also healed, disc-shaped, transverse split, and the edge is white The petals of the female flower are similar to those of the male flower. Drupe red, flat when dry, horseshoe shaped, ca. 6 mm long, 4-5 mm wide. The flowering period is from June to August.
It grows in mountainous area, in sparse forest and dry place, and often twines on shrubs. It is distributed in the south of China.
[collection] all year round. Generally, the vine leaves or roots are cut in autumn, the mud and sand are washed away, the fine roots are removed, dried or used fresh.
[herbal medicine] it is a dry whole grass, with soft and thin vine stems, twisted, 1-2 mm thick, brown, with obvious longitudinal lines; its leaves are triangular ovate, gray green or green brown, mostly wrinkled and curly. The rhizome is cylindrical or irregular, with many roots below, up to 30 cm long and 5-12 mm in diameter. The surface is yellowish to dark brown, with longitudinal wrinkles. It is tough and hard to break, with fibrous section and dust.
It is produced in Guangxi and Guangdong.
[nature and taste] 1. Lingnan medicine collection records: "it tastes fishy and has a flat nature. "
② Lu Chuan's materia medica: "bitter, cold. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and toxin, removing dampness and defecating, eliminating sores and swelling. For fever, jaundice, gastroenteritis, dysentery, constipation, blood in urine, sore, carbuncle, swelling and poison.
① "Shengji Zhixue" in Lingnan caiyao Lu. For dysentery, for yellowing, for madness. Breast sores, and pieces of sugar mash application. "
② "Lu Chuan Materia Medica": "cool and detoxify, defecate. Treat gastroenteritis, constipation, snake bite. "
③ "Nanning medicine annals": "Qingre Lishui, treatment of inflammatory diarrhea and blood in urine; external application of sores, detumescence and poison. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-3 yuan (fresh 0.5-1 Liang). External use: tamping.
[selection] treatment of anal prolapse: five bucks for fecal dustpan, five bucks for monkey egg and one segment for pig large intestine. Cook clothes together. (Lu Chuan Ben Cao)
Chinese PinYin : Fen Ji Du
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Rattus. Shu Fu
Iron hammer. Tie Bang Chui
Turkic Finch. Tu Jue Que
Crow gall. Wu Ya Dan
Pharmacist. Yao Lao
Silver does not change. Yin Bu Huan