(selected Chinese herbal medicines in Yunnan)
Another name: fried cashew and wild pomegranate.
[source] it is the whole plant of Melastomataceae.
[plant morphology] Melastoma multiflora
Evergreen shrubs, more than 1 meter high. Stem cylindrical, densely covered with brown scaly, spiny hirsute, branched. Leaves opposite, long elliptic to long ovate, 5-10 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, apex long acuminate, base usually cuneate or broadly cuneate, basal veins usually 5, sparse 7, both sides with close coarse hairs. The flowers are big, 3cm in diameter, pink and purplish, often with 3-7 flowers at the top of the branch. Capsule pot shaped or elliptic, about 1.3 cm long, with close coarse hairs outside, fleshy, irregularly dehiscent. Seeds small, mostly black.
Born in the wilderness, hillside, roadside. Distributed in Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.
[collection] collected in autumn, chopped and dried.
[chemical constituents] the leaves contain water-insoluble flavonoids, water-soluble flavonoid glycosides, tannins, free polyphenols, organic acids, amino acids, etc., and do not contain alkaloids.
[pharmacological action] Paeonia multiflora Decoction (1:320) can inhibit Staphylococcus aureus and hemolytic streptococcus in vitro; 1:160 can inhibit Shigella flexneri and Salmonella typhi; 1:40 can inhibit Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
[nature and taste] selected Yunnan Chinese herbal medicines: "astringent, cool. "
[function indications] selected Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine: "Xiaoshi, convergent, hemostasis, removing blood stasis and swelling. Treatment of dyspepsia, enteritis, diarrhea, dysentery, hepatitis, knife and gun injuries, traumatic bleeding. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang. External use: tamping or grinding powder scattering.
[clinical application] 1
50% duohuayemudan syrup, 50 ml for adults and 30 ml for children, 3-4 times a day. Some patients were treated with acupoint injection of Andrographis paniculata (Zusanli, Shangjuxu), rehydration and symptomatic treatment. 12 cases of toxic dyspepsia, simple dyspepsia, bacillary dysentery and enteritis were observed. The results showed that 10 cases were cured and 2 cases were improved. Among them, the curative effect on dyspepsia and enteritis is better, and the frequency of defecation after taking medicine is more, which is significantly reduced or returned to normal within 2 days; the curative effect on bacillary dysentery is poor.
② Treatment of respiratory tract infection
The Extract Tablets of Paeonia suffruticosa (each tablet contains 0.42g extract powder), 5 tablets each time, 3 times a day; or 1.0-1.5 two decoctions of dried leaves, 2 times a day. In 17 cases of upper respiratory tract infection, acute bronchitis and pneumonia, 15 cases were cured, 1 case was improved and 1 case was invalid.
③ Treating burns
It seems to have the effects of anti-inflammatory, astringent, keeping the wound dry, and promoting the dissolution and abscission of the eschar, which is conducive to the early skin grafting of the third degree burn.
④ Treatment of cervical erosion
59 cases were treated with 200% Paeonia multiflora ointment. 48 cases were cured and 11 cases were improved. Most of the first degree erosion were cured in 4-7 days, and the second degree erosion were cured in 8-16 days.
⑤ Treatment of skin infections
Paeonia suffruticosa has anti Staphylococcus aureus effect in laboratory. More than 40 cases of furuncle, carbuncle, wound infection, pustule, bedsore and paronychia were treated by oral administration of Extract Tablets and external application of 100% decoction or ointment. The effective rate was more than 90%.
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Corns. Ji Yan Cao
Euphorbia odorata. Ji Ye Shi Wei
Euphorbia humifusa. Di Jin Cao
Bitter death. Ku Yao
Litchi root. Li Zhi Gen
Camel meat. Luo Tuo Rou
Taibai antler. Tai Bai Lu Jiao
Spartina angustifolia. Xiao Shen Jin Cao
Ailanthus altissima. Ye Ya Chun Zi
Bauhinia bark. Zi Jing Pi