(materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
[synonym] shizicao (Diannan materia medica), yuyeye (Diannan materia medica), liulengju (Yunnan Simao Chinese herbal medicine selection), dahaiyao, choushu, guijingcao, shanlindan, yelayan (Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the leaf of the Compositae plant "Wulingdan".
[plant morphology] smelling elixir
Perennial herbs, 0.5-2 m high, all covered with green capitate glandular hairs, with strong odor. Stem cylindrical, with 5-8 rows of irregularly notched wings. Leaves alternate, elliptic to longovate, 10-25 cm long and 5-12 cm wide, apex pointed, margin irregularly undulate serrated, base broadly cuneate or truncate, gradually narrowed along petiole, compound extending into wing along stem; lateral veins 12-15 pairs. Cymose conical compound inflorescence, capitate at the top of each branch; involucre with 5-6 bracts, bracts linear lanceolate, green with purple halo; corolla tubular, white with purple color, apex 5-lobed; many flowers per week, unisexual, pistil 1, ovary inferior, stigma 2-lobed; central bisexual flower, 15-20, about 8 mm long, stamen 5, filaments attached to corolla, pistil 1, stigma rose red Color. Achene oblong, 1.5 mm long, apex truncate, brown, pubescent outside; corolla 1-row, white. The flowering period is from January to May.
Born in the wilderness. It is distributed in Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet.
[collection] harvest from June to July and dry in the shade.
(1) expectorant effect
Rabbits inhaled 0.9% ammonia water for 2 hours to produce acute inflammation of upper respiratory tract, and orally took the liquid of smelling pill (first extract the volatile oil, then make the dregs into decoction, and add the volatile oil into the decoction, each ml contains 5g crude drug) 3 ml / kg, which can significantly reduce the secretion of upper respiratory tract mucus. It may be that part of the volatile oil contained in this product is excreted by the respiratory tract mucosa, which can mildly stimulate it, improve the local blood circulation, promote the recovery of inflammation, and reduce excessive sputum.
② Treatment of experimental acute bronchitis
After injecting croton oil 2-3 drops into the trachea of anesthetized rabbits, they developed symptoms of acute bronchitis, such as salivation, increased secretion of bronchus, asthma, dyspnea, etc., and died within 2 hours; if they took 10 ml / kg of Wulingdan solution orally, once every 1.5 hours, twice in total, the animals died within 12 hours.
③ Antitumor effect
Methylene blue decolorization method was used to determine the activity of dehydrogenase in blood cells of leukemia patients in vitro. The concentrated ethanol extract from water decoction of "smelling pill" had strong inhibitory effect on dehydrogenase in blood cells of patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute myelocytic leukemia and acute monocytic leukemia. It can also inhibit the respiration of leukocytes in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
④ Other functions
There was no antipyretic effect on rabbits with artificial fever, and no inhibitory effect on pneumococcus, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus B.
Bitter, pungent and cold.
① "Selection of Chinese herbal medicine in Simao of Yunnan Province:" it is cold in nature and bitter in taste. "
② Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine: "hard work, cold.". "
[function indications] clearing away heat and toxin. Treatment of upper respiratory tract infection, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, stomatitis, bronchitis, malaria, carbuncle, sore.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": it is used to treat wind heat toxin, carbuncle, furuncle, scabies and blood tinea. "
② "Yunnan Simao Chinese herbal medicine selection": clearing away heat and toxin, detumescence and purulence. It is used to treat pharyngitis, stomatitis, bronchitis, malaria, traumatic injury, scald, boils, swelling and poison, snake bite. "
③ "Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine": "treat upper respiratory tract infection, tonsillitis, stomatitis, and prevent influenza. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan; mash juice or grind powder. External use: tamping.
[selection] 1. Treatment of mumps: fresh smelling elixir, mashed and applied to the affected area. (Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine)
② After the treatment of children's pox, the pox poison does not stop: the smelling elixir leaf paste. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
③ Cut off malaria: seven points of the smelling elixir. Mash the juice and order the liquor. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
Chinese PinYin : Chou Ling Dan
Puffer fish. He Tun Mu
Stems and leaves of Panax notoginseng. Bai Bei San Qi Jing Ye
False youth. Jia Shao
Tibetan eggplant. Cang Qie
Dragon Boat flower root. Long Chuan Hua Gen
Macaque bone. Mi Hou Gu
Ten thousand needle and ten thousand thread grass. Qian Zhen Wan Xian Cao
Qinggang ointment. Qing Gang Gao
Parsley. Xiang Gen Qin
Sheep blood. Yang Xue
Zeng Qing. Ceng Qing