[synonyms] taoxiao (Ben Jing), Gui Gu (Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun), taonu and Xiaojing (BIE Lu), gantao (Sheng Hui Fang), Qitao (Cao Mu Bian Fang), Yintao (classified herbal medicine), Taogan (Modern Practical Chinese Medicine), and shriveled Taogan (records of traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is the immature fruit of peach or mountain peach. See "Taoren" for plant morphology.
[collection] harvest from April to June. Pick up the immature fruits and dry them in the sun.
[medicinal materials] the dried immature fruits are oblong or ovoid, 1.8-3cm long, 1.5-2CM in diameter and 0.9-1.5cm in thickness. The apex is acuminate, black beak shaped, and the base is asymmetric. Some of them retain a few brownish red fruit stalks. The surface is yellowish green, with reticulate crinkle texture, densely pubescent; the ventral suture of endocarp is protruding, and the dorsal suture is not obvious. Solid quality, not easy to break. Weak Qi, slightly sour taste. It is better to be dry, big, hard and yellow green.
It is mainly produced in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui and other places.
In Jiangsu Province, the product is called "bitaogan" if its core has hardened, and bitaonu if its core has not hardened.
[processing] brush down the peel and dry it in the sun.
"Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun": "in all practice, the Ghost Skull is steamed with wine. From the past to the future, it is cut with a copper knife, roasted and used for meat. "
[taste] sour and bitter, flat.
① Ben Jing: "Wen. "
② Bielu: "it tastes bitter. "
③ "Compendium": "bitter, slightly warm, with little poison. "
④ "Yinpianxinshen": sweet acid, flat. "
⑤ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it is mild in nature, bitter in taste and non-toxic. "
[Guijing] Bencao Huiyan: "start with the Jueyin meridian. "
[function indications] it is used to treat night sweats, spermatorrhea, hematemesis, malaria, heartache and abdominal pain, and blood loss during pregnancy.
① "Bielu": "the treatment of abdominal pain. "
② "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "it can cure lung qi, lumbago, broken blood, heartache, and warm with wine. "
③ Wang Ying's food materia medica: "it is mainly used for hematemesis, burning and storage, research and taking rice soup.". "
④ "Compendium": "it can treat children's Hypohidrosis, women's blood loss during pregnancy, break the Fu Liang to form Qi, stop pathogenic malaria, burn smoke hemorrhoids, burn black oil to regulate the application of children's head fat sores and soft boils. "
⑤ In the book of Ben Jing Feng Yuan, it is said that "the treatment of blood stasis is a hundred fortifications. "
⑥ "Classification of herbal medicine": treatment of bladder hernia, ejaculation, menstrual obstruction of women. "
⑦ "Yinpianxinshen": "Shengjin, Zhihan. To cure cough, to nourish stomach and to remove trouble. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5-3 yuan; or into pills, powder. External use: grind the end to adjust to apply or burn smoke.
[prescription selection] ① more than one night sweats: one dried peach, two frost plum, seven scallion roots, two wicks, one orange peel, one rice root and one malt. Take it in two minutes. (empirical formula)
② Treatment of internal injury and hematemesis: taoxiao (calcined), brown gray, Puhuang, cinnabar, Jingmo. At the end of the day, lying in front of children to take three money, urinate solution, color fade for degrees. (Ben Cao Jing Shu)
③ Treatment of malaria: two or seven peaches, one or two black beans and seven Croton (peeled, pericardium removed, full of oil) on the tree. The three flavors are rounded as the fines, and the drops are cold, such as Wutong, and Dan sand are the clothes. Every time I take one pill, I swallow it in the morning. (gantao pill in Shengji Zonglu)
④ Cure Fu Liang Qi, get together in the heart: taonu three Liang. Pound fine, Luo Wei San, each before taking, warm wine tune down two money. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑤ Treatment of pregnancy blood more than: Peach owl burning, research, water service. (behind the elbow)
⑥ Treatment of children's head sores: dry peach tree burning research, into the greasy powder, sesame oil transfer liniment. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑦ Treatment of peach disease: Peach owl burns two coins. Take water and vomit. (compendium)
Chinese PinYin : Bi Tao Gan
Barb thorn. Dao Gou Ci
Bee milk. Feng Ru
cucumber. Huang Gua
Cotinus coggygria. Huang Lu
Yellow Goat oil. Huang Yang You
Deer tail. Lu Wei
chamomile. Mu Ju
Mulberry juice. Sang Pi Zhi
small horn. Xiao La Ba
Seven Scorpions. Xie Zi Qi
Faeces wood. Yang Shi Mu
Pearl lotus. Zhen Zhu Lian