Shangsi Festival, commonly known as March 3, is a traditional Chinese folk festival. Shangsi Festival is the most important festival in ancient times. People go to the water side to take a bath together, which is called "Yisi". Since then, sacrificial banquet, Qushui Liuqi, suburban spring outing and other contents have been added.
In ancient times, "Ganzhi" was used to record the date, the first day in early March, which was called "Shangsi". The word "Shangsi" was first recorded in the documents of the early Han Dynasty. Zheng Xuan's note in Zhouli said, "when I was old, I got rid of it. Now March is like water." After the Wei and Jin Dynasties, Shangsi festival was changed to the third day of the third month of the lunar calendar, so it is also called "chongsan" or "March 3".
In Shangsi Festival, there is a saying that the magic activity originated from LAN Tang to ward off evil spirits. LAN Tang is used to expel evil spirits. Orchid grass is used as a spiritual object, which has the characteristics of strong fragrance. The ancients had to fast before holding a major sacrifice ceremony, including the best bathing method at that time - "blue soup bath".
The origin of festivals
In ancient times, Shangsi festival was the day of "Zou", and there was a custom of sacrificial rites held on the waterfront to remove the ominous. Shangsi Festival has a long history, but there is no record. The word Shangsi was first included in the literary works of Han Dynasty. After the Wei and Jin Dynasties, Shangsi festival was changed to March 3, which gradually became a festival for drinking and drinking by the water and spring outing in the suburbs.
It is said that Shangsi festival originated from the witchcraft activities of LAN Tang to ward off evil spirits. Orchid grass is used as a spiritual object, which has the characteristics of strong fragrance. The ancients had to fast before holding a major sacrifice ceremony, including the best bathing method at that time - "blue soup bath". When LAN Tang bathing becomes a kind of exorcism magic, this kind of bathing activity must be organized and led by full-time witches.
Shangsi festival originated from the witchcraft activity of LAN Tang to ward off evil spirits. In this activity, LAN Cao was used as a spiritual object. Orchid has the characteristic of strong fragrance. The ancients had to fast in advance before holding a major sacrifice ceremony, including using the best bath method at that time - Orchid soup bath. The only difference is that bathing in blue soup is an individual behavior, which can be carried out indoors at any time. While bathing in blue soup is a collective activity, which must be held on the riverside and regularly.
Another view is that Shangsi festival originated from the ancestors' reproductive worship. For example, Tao Siyan pointed out that Zoroastrianism was originally a belief behavior of men and women enjoying each other in spring and women praying for pregnancy, while bathing with orchid or aromatic herbs was a function of arousing desire. Water is a mysterious feeling material. A woman not only wants to wash away the dust in winter, but also wants to feel pregnant and get a child. This kind of belief related to primitive religion is the real cause of the custom of Shangsi day in March.
There is also the view that Shangsi festival originated in commemoration of the Yellow Emperor Xuanyuan. According to legend, March 3 is the birthday of the Yellow Emperor. There is a saying in the central plains that "on February 2, the Dragon rises; on March 3, Xuanyuan is born.".
Release Time:2021-01-02 15:55:29
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