Golden Gong dance of Yao nationality
Golden Gong dance is popular in the villages of Meilin and Pingliao of Dengyao Township in Tiandong County. It is a representative work of Bunuyao folk dance in Tiandong.
In November 2014, the Golden Gong dance of Yao nationality declared by Tiandong County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region was listed in the fourth batch of national intangible cultural heritage list with the approval of the State Council.
Originated from the local Yao people to commemorate their ancestors and thank God of the mountain for the gift. In the old days, it was limited to the activities of rewarding gods, offering sacrifices and exorcising evil spirits. With the passage of time and the changes of time, Golden Gong dance gradually evolved into the main sacrificial dance for celebrating the Lunar New Year in Yaoshan. Every Spring Festival and May 29 of the lunar calendar, golden gong sounds in Yaozhai. People are crazy about singing and dancing. Golden Gong dancing is the main form of activity of emotional alleviation of Yao people, which reflects the whole process of production, life and emotion of local Yao people.
Golden Gong dances are mostly collective dances. The number of people can be three or five, or hundreds or thousands. When dancing, a vine or a rope is pulled up in the playground, and the Gong is strung up and hung up. The Gong can also be hung on a bamboo stand or a wooden bracket. The Gong is about 1.5 meters off the ground, so as not to hinder the movement. Because Yao people mostly live on high mountains, their long-term life and work in the mountains make them adapt to the natural environment. For example, when walking on rugged mountain roads, they must raise their feet, exert their toes, twist their waists and contain their breasts. This habit includes "raising their legs and striking gongs", "leaning on their feet and nodding gongs", "crossing their heads with hammers" and so on. "Double mallet backstroke" and "quick turning gong" are all embodied. The wild Gong dance shows the tension of life and the beauty of art. Now, Golden Gong dance is not only a cultural and recreational activity for farmers in the village, but also an indispensable reserved program for major festival activities in Tiandong County. Golden Gong dance is very popular in the local area. In Meilin village, where it originated, men, women, old and young can dance. It is a cultural phenomenon in Yaoshan, and also a popular folk dance program of Tiandong people.
Current situation of inheritance
In 1985, the dance was listed as a development project by the national key project group of art and science planning. In 1992, it was included in the "Guangxi Volume of the Integration of Chinese Ethnic and Folk Dances". In 2006, he participated in the first Baise traditional minority sports competition and won the second prize. Up to now, nearly 100 performances have been performed both inside and outside the county. In 2010, the Autonomous Region announced the list of important intangible cultural heritage projects, including the Yao Golden Gong dance and the Yao Suona in Tiandong. At present, Tiandong is applying for the Golden Gong dance of Yao nationality as an important item of the national intangible cultural heritage.
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