Zhu ran (182-249), formerly known as Shi ran, was born in Danyang, Zhejiang Province. During the Three Kingdoms period, a famous general of the state of Wu was the nephew of Zhu Zhi, Marquis of piling.
Zhu ran was adopted as an adopted son by Zhu Zhi in his early years, and had a good relationship with Sun Quan during his study. After sun Quantong, Zhu ran, Yu Yaochang, shanyinling, Linchuan prefect, jiazhechong captain, led the army to pacify the mountain bandits. He once captured and killed Guan Yu with LV Meng, moved to Zhaowu general with his merit, and became the Marquis of Xi'an. After LV Meng died, Zhu ran took the place of LV Meng to guard Jiangling.
In the battle of Yiling, he joined forces with Lu Xun to defeat Liu Bei. He worshipped the general of the north and was granted Marquis of Yong'an. As expected, the state of Wei took the opportunity to attack Wu, but Zhu ran could not stand it. Cao Zhen, Xia HOUSHANG, Zhang Ying and other Wei generals besieged Jiangling for six months, and Zhu ran was "famous to the enemy country". After that, Zhu ran successively attacked Jiangxia and Fancheng without success, but he made achievements in both expeditions. Finally, the officers went to zuodaima and youjunshi. In 249, Zhu ran died of illness at the age of 68. Sun Quan mourned for his plain clothes.
(source: Shi's genealogy in Xintian, Xiaoshan, Zhejiang, revised in Qing Dynasty)
Life of the characters
In the first year of Xingping (194), Zhu Zhi had no children at that time, so he asked sun CE to take Shi ran, the son of Zhu Zhi's sister (at the age of 13), as an heir. Sun CE obeyed Zhu Zhi's advice and ordered Danyang sheriff to call Shi ran with goat wine as a gift. When Shi ran came to Wu, sun CE congratulated him with a big gift, so Shi ran changed his name to Zhu.
In the fifth year of Jian'an (200 years), Zhu ran and Sun Quan studied together and had a deep friendship. Sun Quan inherited sun CE's command of Jiangdong and appointed Zhu ran as head of Yuyao. Later, he was appointed as the commander of Shanyin, the commander of Zhechong, and the governor of five counties. Sun Quan was surprised by his talent. He divided Danyang County into Linchuan county and ZhuRan County into two thousand soldiers. When the mountain bandits were on the rise, Zhu ran sent out troops to fight against them. About a month later, the chaos was settled.
Make contributions in battle
In 217, Cao Jianran, a general of the army, was stationed at the gate of ta'an.
After the war, Sun Quan wanted to take Zhou Tai as his governor. At that time, Zhu ran, Xu Sheng and other generals stationed near ruxu would be forced to listen to Zhou Tai's dispatch, so they were not satisfied. Sun Quan specially met the generals, went to Zhou Tai's seat and ordered Zhou Tai to undress. Sun Quan pointed to his scar and asked why he was injured. Zhou Tai recalled and answered one by one, so Zhu ran and Xu Sheng were convinced.
In August 219, a natural disaster of "Han River overflowing and harming the people" occurred in the Han River Basin due to heavy rain. Guan Yu took the opportunity to attack by ship and captured tens of thousands of troops. As a result, Guan Yu was poor in grain and was good at taking Xiangguan rice. So Sun Quan sent Zhu ran to follow LV Meng to fight against Guan Yu. Zhu ran and pan Zhang intercepted Guan Yu in Linju and captured Guan Yu, Guan Ping and Zhao Lei. Qian Zhao military general, granted the Marquis of Xi'an.
Later, when LV Meng was seriously ill, Sun Quan asked LV Meng, "if you can't get up and work for me, who can replace you?" Lu Meng replied: "Zhu Ran has enough courage and resourcefulness. I think he can accept the appointment instead of me." After the death of Lu Meng, Sun Quan guarded Jiangling with Zhu ran as a symbol of the holidays.
In the first year of Huangwu (222), Liu Bei went to the east to attack Yidu. Zhu ran led 5000 people to fight against Liu Bei, together with Lu Xun and Han Dang. Zhu ran defeated Liu Bei in Zhuoxiang and cut off Liu Bei's back road. Liu Bei was defeated and returned to Baidi. He was granted the title of marquis Yong'an. At this time, Xu Sheng, pan Zhang, and song Qian all said that Liu Bei must be captured. Zhu ran, Lu Xun, and Luo Tong believed that Cao Pi's large-scale combination with the army was ostensibly to help us fight against Liu Bei, but in fact, it was treacherous. They should carefully decide their strategies and call back the army. Before long, the Wei army really attacked, and the three sides of the east Wu were attacked.
Famous in the enemy's country
In 223, the state of Wei sent Cao Zhen, Xia HOUSHANG and Zhang Ying to attack Jiangling, and built several barracks around the city. Cao Pi even went to Wancheng personally to help him. Sun Quan sent Sun Sheng to lead 10000 people to defend the state and set up a fortress as Zhu Ran's external rescue force.
Zhang Ying led his troops to attack Sun Sheng. Sun Sheng was unable to resist, so he withdrew immediately. Zhang Ying garrisoned in Zhoushang and cut off Zhu ran from foreign aid. Sun Quan sent pan Zhang, Yang can and others to help out, but they still failed. At that time, many of the guards in the city were suffering from swelling, and only 5000 of them were still capable of fighting. Cao Zhen and others built earth mountains, dug tunnels, built buildings and sculls, and approached the city wall. With arrows falling like rain, all the soldiers were frightened. Zhu ran Yan was fearless and inspired the soldiers to attack the enemy's two barracks when there were tactical loopholes. The Wei army had besieged Jiangling for six months and had not yet withdrawn. Jiangling ordered Yao Tai to lead the army to guard the north gate. Seeing that the Wei army was strong, there were few soldiers in the city, and the grain and grass were about to run out, he colluded with the Wei army and planned to serve as an internal agent. When he was ready to implement it, it was discovered, so Zhu ran executed Yao Tai according to the military law. Xia HOUSHANG and others failed to conquer Jiangling, so they withdrew the siege troops and retreated. Zhu ran was renamed Marquis of Dangyang.
I've made a lot of contributions
In 224, Zhu Ran's father Zhu Zhi died. Zhu Zhi had a son, Zhu Cai, who inherited his father's title. After the funeral for Zhu Zhi, Zhu ran asked Sun Quan to change his surname to Shi, but Sun Quan refused.
In the sixth year of Huangwu (227), Sun Quan sent Zhu ran and other generals to lead 20000 people to besiege Jiangxia county and defeat Hu Zhi. In the same year, Sun Quan personally led the army to attack Shiyang. When he withdrew from the army, pan Zhang died. At night, the army was in disorder, and the enemy pursued pan Zhang, who could not resist. Zhu ran immediately returned to the army to help pan Zhang resist the enemy, so that the former ships retreated far enough, and then led the army to retreat.
In the seventh year of Huangwu (228), Cao Xiu's army entered Anhui. Zhu ran was in the upper reaches of the river. He restrained Cao Xiu's rear and echoed Lu Xun's army. Lu Xun was able to defeat Cao Xiu.
In the first year of Huanglong (229), Zhu ran worshipped the general of motorcycles and the right guard and led the herdsmen of Yanzhou. Before long, Yanzhou was given to Shu state in the "land division" of Shu and Wu, and Yanzhou was removed from the post of animal husbandry.
In the third year of Jiahe (234), Sun Quan and Zhu Geliang, the Prime Minister of Shu state, agreed on a date to attack the state of Wei. Sun Quan personally attacked Hefei New City, and Zhu ran and Quan Cong served as left and right governors respectively. But it happened that the soldiers suffered from many diseases, so they did not attack and retreated.
Be well received
In the first year of chiwu (238), Sun Quan sent Yuan Li, the Chinese scholar, to apologize to Zhu ran and other generals about LV Yi, and asked Zhu ran and other generals about current affairs.
In the second year of chiwu (239), Zhuge Jin and bu Jia wanted Sun Quan to forgive Zhou Yin, but Sun Quan didn't allow it. Later, Zhu ran and Quan Cong begged, and Sun Quan finally agreed. Unfortunately, not long later, Zhou Yin died.
In 241, Zhu ran and sun Lun led 50000 soldiers to besiege Fancheng. Zhu ran used Zhu Yi's tactics to attack the periphery of Fancheng. Later, Sima Yi led the army to resist, and Zhu ran finally withdrew.
In the fifth year of chiwu (242), Zhu ran went out to fight in the Central Plains. Wei generals Pu Zhong and Hu Zhi led thousands of soldiers respectively. Pu Zhong controls the dangerous place and tries to cut off Zhu Ran's back road. Hu Zhi serves as PU Zhong's successor support. At that time, all the soldiers and generals led by Zhu ran were fighting on all sides. After hearing the news, it was too late to close the battle. So Zhu ran led only 800 people under his account to fight. Pu Zhong's battle was not good, and Hu Zhi and others led the army back.
In the ninth year of chiwu (246), Zhu ran went out to fight against the Wei army again. Wei general Li Xing and others heard that Zhu ran led the army to go deep, so they led 6000 steps to cut off Zhu Ran's back road. Zhu ran took advantage of the night to fight against the Wei army. In the end, he won the battle, captured thousands of troops, and won the victory. Earlier, in the eighth year of chiwu (245) a year ago, Ma Mao attempted to rebel and was found and killed. Sun Quan was very angry. This time, during Zhu Ran's expedition, before he set out, Shangshu said: "the villain Ma Mao dares to take advantage of the country. Now, in the name of the emperor, I have the honor to win the war and have some achievements. I have shocked both at home and abroad. I have integrated ships to fill the river, making it a grand sight to relieve the resentment of the emperor and his subordinates. I hope your majesty will understand what I said before the war, and then blame me for my achievements in the future. " At that time, Sun Quan took the watch instead of announcing it to the ministers. After Zhu Ran's triumphant return, all the ministers went up to congratulate him one after another. Sun Quan cheered with wine. Then he took out Zhu Ran's watch before he went out and said, "Zhu ran had already given it to me, but I don't think it will be successful in this war. Now, as Zhu ran expected, he has a brilliant vision in predicting things." So he sent envoys to worship Zhu ran as zuodaima and right military adviser.
In the 10th year of chiwu (247), Zhuge Jin and bu Xuan both died. Although Zhuge Rong and bu Xie inherited their father's position, Sun Quan still appointed Zhu ran as the chief governor and military prime minister. At this time, Lu Xun had passed away, and Zhu ran was the only one who was still alive, so his treatment was very grand. However, Zhu ran began to fall ill this year.
In the 12th year of chiwu (249), Zhu Ran's illness became more and more serious. Sun Quan reduced his diet during the day and lost sleep at night. The envoys sent to Zhu ran for medicine and food met each other (later envoys could see the previous envoys). Every time Zhu ran sent an emissary to report his illness, Sun Quan would summon him in person, ask him about the situation in person, give him wine and food when he came, and send him cloth and silk when he left. Since the founding of the company, the meritorious officials have suffered from diseases. Sun Quanyi's favorite is Lu Meng and Ling Tong, and then Zhu ran.
In March of the 12th year of chiwu (249), Zhu ran died of illness at the age of 68. Sun Quan mourned in plain clothes. A son's performance is his inheritance.
Sun Quan: at the beginning of this family, there was a table. I thought it was difficult. Now, as I said, it is clear that I can see things.
LV Meng: Zhu Ran is brave enough to guard, but he is foolish enough to think that he can
Chinese PinYin : Zhu Ran
Release Time:2021-04-08 00:04:24
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