Li Jing (571-649, July 2) was born in Sanyuan County, Yongzhou (now Sanyuan County, Shaanxi Province), and his ancestral home is Didao County, Longxi (now Lintao County, Gansu Province). He was an outstanding strategist from the late Sui Dynasty to the early Tang Dynasty.
He was born in Danyang house of Li family in Longxi. At the beginning of the Sui Dynasty, he paid homage to Ma Yi Jun Cheng. Jinyang turned to serve the Tang Dynasty. He followed Li Shimin, the king of Qin, to attack Wang Shichong. In the third year of Wude (620), he assisted Li Xiaogong, the king of Zhao Prefecture, in Nanping, Xiao MI and Fu Gongyi, and appeased the south of the five ridges. In the eighth year of Wude (625), he resisted the invasion of the East Turks in Northern Xinjiang. In the third year of Zhenguan (629), he marched in Dingxiang Road and attacked Dingxiang by Jingqi 3000 at night, which led to the collapse of Jieli Khan's army. Then he rushed to Yinshan Mountain and destroyed the East Turks in one fell swoop, making the territory of the Tang Dynasty from the north of Yinshan Mountain to the desert. He became the prime minister and was granted the title of acting Duke. In the ninth year of Zhenguan (635), he retired on the ground of foot disease. In the same year, he was used again. He unified the army to break through Tuyuhun in the West. Later he was renamed Duke of Wei, known as "Duke of Li Wei". In his later years, he was very ill, and he closed his door and didn't anticipate political affairs. In 643, Zhenguan became one of the "24 meritorious officials of Lingyan Pavilion". In 649, he died at the age of 79. The book was given to situ and the governor of Bingzhou, with the posthumous title of "Jingwu", and was buried with Zhaoling. Emperor suzong of Tang Dynasty was entitled to wuchengwang temple, ranking among the ten philosophers.
He fought for decades in his life and made great contributions to the establishment and development of the Tang Dynasty. His experience in running the army further enriched the military thought and military theory of ancient China. He has written many military books, such as the mirror of the six armies and the art of war of Wei Gong.
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Life of the characters
Li Jing was born into an official family in the sixth year of Tianhe (571) of Emperor Wu of the Northern Zhou Dynasty. His grandfather Li Chongyi served as governor of Yinzhou and granted Yongkang the title of Duke. His father Li Quan served in the Sui Dynasty and was the official of Zhao Prefecture. Li Jing is a big man. Influenced by his family, he has been "civil and military talent" and enterprising since childhood. He once said to his father, "if a man meets a wise monarch and era, he should make achievements and seek wealth. Why do he have to be a scholar?" His uncle Han Qihu was a famous general of Sui Dynasty. Every time he talked about military affairs with him, he clapped his hands and said, "you are the only one who can discuss the skills of Sun Wu (referring to the famous generals Sun Wu and Wu Qi in the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period)"
Li Jing first served as a meritorious Cao in Chang'an County, and then successively served as the head of the palace and the driver. Although his official position was humble, his talent was famous among the ministers of the Sui Dynasty. Niu Hong, the Minister of the Ministry of officials, praised him for his "talent of Wang Zuo". Yang Su, an important official of the Sui Dynasty, also stroked his bed and said to him, "you should finally sit here!"
At the end of Daye (605-617), Li Jing served as the prefect of Mayi (now the east of Shuo county in Shanxi Province), fighting against Turks under Li Yuan's account. At this time, the rebellion against the tyranny of the Sui Dynasty was surging. The three main forces led by Dou Jiande in Hebei, zhairang and Li mi in Henan, Dufu Wei in Jianghuai and Fu Gongyi in Fugong swept away the rule of the Sui Dynasty. Li Yuan, who was left behind in Taiyuan in the Sui Dynasty, secretly recruited soldiers and horses, waiting for an opportunity. Aware of this motive, Li Jing disguised himself as a prisoner and went to Jiangdu, ready to tell Sui Yangdi. But when we got to Chang'an, the capital city, Guanzhong was already in chaos and could not make the trip because of road congestion. Before long, Li Yuan set up troops in Taiyuan (see Taiyuan's troops), quickly captured Chang'an (see Li Yuan's battle for Chang'an), and captured Li Jing. In order to get rid of the indignation, Li Zhiming was killed before the uprising Li Yuan appreciated his words and deeds, and Li Shimin, Li Yuan's son, appreciated his talent and courage, so he was released. Soon after, he was called into the shogunate by Li Shimin to serve as a Sanwei.
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< sub > battle between Tang Ping and Xiao Ming
In May of 618, the first year of Wude, Li Yuanjian became emperor of Tang Dynasty. After emperor Gaozu ascended the throne, he canonized Li Shimin as the king of Qin. In order to pacify the separatist forces, in the third year of Wude (620), Li Jing followed Li Shimin to the East, defeated Wang Shichong (see the battle of Luoyang and Hulao), and granted Ren Kaifu military merit. Since then, Li Jing has come to the fore. Shortly after the battle against Wang Shichong started, the Xiaomi regime of Nanliang, who was stationed in Jiangling (now Hubei Province), sent boatmen up the river in an attempt to capture xiazhou (now Yichang, Hubei Province), Ba, Shu and other places in the Tang Dynasty. They were repulsed by Xu Shao, the governor of xiazhou, and then retreated to Anshu city and Jingmen City. In order to flatten the separatist power of Xiaomi in the southern Liang Dynasty, Li Yuan sent Li Jing to Kuizhou (now Fengjie, Chongqing) to pacify Xiaomi. Li Jing was ordered to ride several horses to his post. When he passed through Jinzhou (now Ankang, Shaanxi), he met a barbarian, Deng Shiluo, who led tens of thousands of people to live in the valley. Li Yuan, the king of Lujiang, entered the war and lost one after another. Li Jing gave advice to Li Yuan, defeated the barbarians at one stroke, and captured many prisoners. So we passed through Jinzhou and arrived at xiazhou. At this time, due to Xiao milling control of the dangerous plug, once again blocked, unable to move forward. But Li Yuan mistakenly thought that he was stranded and delayed the military, so he secretly ordered Xu Shao to put him to death. Xu Shao cherishes Li Jing's talent and asks for his life, which saves Li Jing from death.
Soon, ran Zhao, the leader of Kaizhou barbarians, rebelled against the Tang Dynasty and led the people to invade Kuizhou. Li Xiaogong, the king of Zhao county, led his army to the battle and was defeated. Li Jing led 800 soldiers to attack his barracks and defeat the barbarians. Later, he laid an ambush in a dangerous place, killed Zhaoze in the first World War, and captured more than 5000 people. When the success report reached the capital, Li Yuan happily said to Gongqing, "I heard that it's better to use people who have made contributions than those who have made mistakes. Li Jing really made great achievements." He immediately issued the seal to Li Jing and said, "you have done your best and made outstanding achievements. After a long time, I found out that you are extremely loyal. I'll reward you as much as I can. You don't have to worry about fame and wealth. " Li Jing's sincerity and loyalty won Li Yuan's trust. Li Yuan changed his prejudice on him and wrote to Li Jing: "let bygones be bygones, I have long forgotten the past."
In the first month of the fourth year of Wude (621), in view of the situation between the enemy and us, Li Jing presented ten strategies to attack and exterminate Xiao MI. Li Yuan attached great importance to this. In February, he appointed Li Xiaogong as the general manager of Kuizhou, promoted Li Jing as the general manager of the March, and concurrently served as the commander of Li Xiaogong's March. Li Yuan thinks that Li Xiaogong is not very proficient in military affairs, "the appointment of the three armed forces is to appoint Jing.". In fact, Li Jing has become the commander in chief of the three armed forces. Li Jing has organized a lot of manpower and material resources to build boats, organize soldiers to practice water warfare, and prepare for going to Jiangling. At the same time, he saw that not long after Ba and Shu were attached to the Tang Dynasty, the tribes were not very stable. In order to relieve his worries, Li Jing persuaded Li Xiaogong to summon all the children of tribal chiefs to Kuizhou, and give them official posts according to their abilities, and put them on the left and right sides. "It's really a matter of quality to show them how to lead and promote them.". This played a positive role in stabilizing the political situation of Ba and Shu.
In September of this year, Li Yuan ordered the soldiers of Ba and Shu to gather in Kuizhou, and appointed Li Xiaogong as the general manager of Jingxiang Daoxing army. Li Jing also served as the commander of the army. He ruled twelve general managers and moved eastward from Kuizhou. He also appointed Li Yuan as the marshal of Jingying Daoxing army, who went out of Xiangzhou road to serve as the North Road army. The Qianzhou governor, Tian Shikang, went out of Chenzhou road to serve as the South Road army. The Huangzhou general manager, Zhou governor, Zhou faming, went out of Xiakou road to serve as the East Road army The road army. The four armies went hand in hand and killed Jiangling together, launching a huge military offensive.
During the autumn rainy season, the river surged, and the waves flowing through the Three Gorges roared down, shaking the canyon. Xiao mianman thought that the water was turbulent and the Three Gorges road was dangerous. The Tang army couldn't go down to the East, so he recuperated and didn't take precautions. Most of the Tang generals were terrified and asked to wait until the flood subsided. Li Jingli dismissed the public discussion and said: "the army is precious and the speed is high. Now that the army has just assembled, Xiao Mian still doesn't know that if we take the river to rush out of the army, go down the East, and suddenly appear at the foot of Jiangling City, it's just that the thunder is too fast to cover our ears. This is the best strategy for the strategists. Even if Xiao Mi knew that I was going to leave the army, he would not be able to mobilize the army in a hurry. If he captured Xiao MI in this way, he would succeed in one fell swoop. " Following his advice, Li Xiaogong led more than 2000 warships along the Three Gorges to the East. Because Xiao MI was unprepared, the Tang army broke through Jingmen and Yidu towns and marched forward. In October, they arrived at Yiling city (Yichang, Hubei Province).
At this time, Xiao mill's general Wen Shi Hong led tens of thousands of elite soldiers to garrison in Qingjiang nearby. As soon as Li Xiaogong arrived, he wanted to attack. Li Jing advised him: "Wenshi Hong is a great general of Xiao MI, and his soldiers are very brave. Now Jingmen has just been lost, so he sent all his elite troops to fight. This is the unstoppable division to save the defeated. For the time being, we should berth our warships on the South Bank of the Yangtze River and not fight with the enemy. When their morale declines, we can attack the enemy in a decisive battle. " Li Jing's tactics of avoiding the front of his troops and demoralizing his spirit, and then being captured in the first World War were correct. However, Li Xiaogong mistakenly estimated the enemy's strength due to the success of LianZhan, and did not follow his advice, so he ordered Li Jing to stay in the barracks and lead his troops to fight. Sure enough, as Li Jing expected, Li Xiaogong's army was defeated and fled to the south bank when the two sides engaged in a battle. After Wen Shihong's victory, he went out to plunder. Seeing that the enemy troops were in chaos, Li Jing immediately commanded the Tang army to fight. It was difficult for the literati Hongjun to close down for a while. As a result, he was defeated by the Tang army, killed and drowned. Nearly 10000 people died and more than 400 boats were seized.
After conquering Yiling, Li Jing led Qingqi 5000 to Jiangling, the capital of Nanliang. Li Xiaogong led the army to succeed. After Wen Shihong's defeat, Xiao MI was very scared. At this time, he had just recruited soldiers in Jiangnan, but the soldiers could not arrive as scheduled. Li Xiaogong led the army to continue to attack, and Li Jing attacked again
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