Lin Sen (February 11, 1868 - August 1, 1943), formerly known as Lin Tianbo, was born in Fujian Province (now Fujian Marquis) and a modern statesman.
Lin Sen, who lived in Fuzhou as a child, entered the Yinghua school. He was expelled for fighting against the Qing Dynasty. Later, he joined the Xingzhong Association and joined the China Alliance when it was founded. During the revolution of 1911, he led the Jiujiang uprising, urged the navy to fight back, sent troops to Hubei and Anhui, and stabilized the overall situation of the revolution. He was elected president of the Senate of the founding of the Republic of China. He joined the Chinese revolutionary party in Tokyo in 1914. After that, he served as Minister of foreign affairs, President of the Senate and speaker of the Constitutional Council.
In February 1928, Lin Sen was elected a member of the national government. In October, he was elected vice president of the Legislative Yuan. Then he was elected a member of the central supervisory committee of the Chinese Kuomintang. On December 23, 1931, he took over the post of chairman of the national government after Chiang Kai Shek, who was defeated by the September 18 Incident. On November 20, 1937, Lin Sen announced that the war of resistance against Japan broke out in Chongqing. On December 9, 1941, Linson declared war on Japan on behalf of the national government. On August 1, 1943, he died in a car accident in Chongqing and was buried in Geleshan forest garden in Chongqing
Life of the characters
Late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China
Lin Sen, who lived in Fuzhou as a child, entered school in 1877. In 1881, he entered Yinghua Academy in Heling. In 1883, he was admitted to the Electronics Department of the Chinese and Western School in Taiwan. The following year (1884), he worked in Taipei Telecom Bureau.
In 1891, he married the daughter of Zheng family in the neighboring village.
In 1893, the Zheng family died of illness, and Lin Sen vowed not to marry again.
In 1895, Taiwan was ceded to Japan to join the Anti Japanese army. After the defeat, Taiwan returned to Minhou to teach in Yinghua Academy.
In 1898, he went to Taiwan again to join the Xingzhong society. He also got an interpreter from the Chiayi branch of the Tainan District Court, contacted patriots on the island, and carried out anti Qing and anti Japanese activities. The next year (1899), due to Japanese investigation, he returned to Minhou, Fujian.
Guangxu 28 years (1902), admitted to Shanghai Customs office, the organization of Fujian students in Shanghai.
In 1905, Fuzhou newspaper reading agency was founded.
In the first year of Xuantong (1909), he was transferred from Shanghai to Jiujiang customs in Jiangxi Province, where he set up Dangyang newspaper to publicize the revolution. They set up business groups, held military training classes, contacted the new army, and prepared for the armed rebellion against the Qing Dynasty.
On October 23, 1911, in response to the Wuchang Uprising, Jiujiang served as the civil affairs chief of the Jiujiang military government.
In January of the first year of the Republic of China (1912), he served as president of the Senate of the Nanjing Provisional National Government. In April of the following year (1913), he attended the first Congress in Beijing and was elected president of the Senate. When the second revolution broke out, Kuomintang members left Beijing and went south. After the failure of the second revolution, he went to Japan in December.
In the third year of the Republic of China (1914), he left Japan and went to America to carry out salary raising and party affairs activities. During this period, he planned to murder Huang Yuansheng, one of the three famous journalists of the Republic of China (later proved to be a manslaughter).
In July 1916, he left the United States and returned to China. In August, he served as the foreign minister of Grand Marshal Sun Yat Sen's office in Guangzhou.
In October 1918, he was elected president of the Senate and speaker of the constitutional assembly.
In January 1921, he was the speaker of the extraordinary Congress. In 1922, he became governor of Fujian Province.
In February 1923, he was recalled to be the Minister of the Construction Department of the base camp and the supervisor of river management. In October, a meeting on the reorganization of the Chinese Kuomintang was held in Guangzhou to take charge of the reorganization of the Kuomintang.
In January 1924, the first National Congress of the Kuomintang was held in Guangzhou. It was elected as the executive member of the Central Committee and appointed as the Minister of the Overseas Department of the Kuomintang.
In March 1925, after Sun Yat Sen died, he became one of the leaders of Xishan conference group. In July, the Guangzhou national government was established and elected as a member of the Standing Committee of the Central Committee of the Xishan conference and Minister of foreign affairs.
On the new year's day of 1926, the second plenary session of the Kuomintang Central Committee was held and passed the resolution of impeachment of Xishan conference, which was given a warning. Shortly after the meeting, he went to Nanjing to preside over the construction of Zhongshan Mausoleum.
In September 1927, when Nanjing, Han and Shanghai joined forces, they were promoted to the Standing Committee of Nanjing National Government.
In September 1928, he served as a member of the political conference of the Central Committee of the Kuomintang and vice president of the Legislative Yuan of the national government in October.
In January 1929, he served as chairman of the task committee of the national government and member of the central supervisory committee of the Kuomintang.
the period of the war of Resistance Against Japan
On January 21, 1931, he was the chairman of the national government. In February, he went to the Philippines, Australia, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany and France to pay homage to overseas Chinese and inspect party affairs. In March, when Lin Sen was still abroad, the Standing Committee of the Central Committee of the Kuomintang elected him president of the Legislative Yuan. In April, four supervisory committees of the Central Committee of the Kuomintang sent a telegram to impeach Chiang Kai Shek. Although Lin Sen was abroad, he was also one of them. In December, when Chiang Kai Shek stepped down from power, Lin Sen was elected as the acting chairman of the national government, and determined that the chairman was the head of state, not bearing actual political responsibility. The following year (1932) new year's day, Linson took office. After the Anti Japanese war in Songhu on January 28, Lin Sen presided over the national calamity conference and strongly protested Japan's recognition of the puppet Manchukuo.
At the Fifth National Congress of the Kuomintang held in November 1935, he was elected as the standing supervisory committee. During the Xi'an Incident in December of the next year (1936), the acting chairman of the Central Political Committee of the Kuomintang made it clear that "the order of Crusade can not be issued" and advocated a peaceful settlement, believing that "Zhang Xueliang's troops are patriotic" and contributing to the peaceful settlement of the Xi'an incident.
In the 26th year of the Republic of China (1937), on January 4 and February 18, in the name of the chairman, he issued a series of amnesty orders and power restoration orders, but Chiang Kai Shek refused to implement them, instead, he imprisoned Zhang Xueliang for a long time. On July 7, the Japanese aggressors created the July 7 Incident and launched a war of aggression against China in an all-round way, calling on "the whole people to rise up and resist with all their strength.". In October, the national government moved westward to Chongqing, and then Lin Sen went to Sichuan alone. Soon after, the puppet regimes were established in Beiping and Nanjing. Lin Sen issued a solemn statement and issued an order to arrest the traitor leader.
In March of 1938, he went to Wuhan to preside over the Provisional National Congress of the Kuomintang and passed the program of saving the nation in the war of resistance against Japan. In July, the national political participation conference was held to address it and write "victory in the war of resistance" in calligraphy to inspire the army and the people of the whole country. In December, Wang Jingwei defected to the enemy and, as a member of the central monitoring Standing Committee of the Kuomintang, urged his expulsion from the party and was wanted.
On December 9, 1941, in the name of the head of state, he declared war on Germany, Italy and Japan, and then devoted himself to abolishing the unequal treaties signed by China, the United States, Britain and other powers.
In January 1943, when the new treaties between China and the United States and between China and the United Kingdom were signed, Lin Sen was overjoyed. He invited Song Qingling, Yu Youren and other Kuomintang veterans to take a group photo.
On May 12, Lin Sen took a car from Lin Yuan's home to the city to accept the credentials presented by the Canadian ambassador to China. Lin Sen was injured on the spot when he collided with an American truck on the way and was sent to the hospital. After rescue, he died in a hospital in Chongqing on August 1, 1943. He was 75 years old.
On his deathbed, Lin Sen urged Chiang Kai Shek and others to restore Taiwan. In the same month, the national government held a grand state funeral for Linsen, burying him in the "Forest Garden" at the southern foot of Gele Mountain in Chongqing. At 2:00 p.m. on August 15 of the same year, thousands of people from all walks of life in Yan'an held a grand public memorial ceremony for President Lin Sen of the national government in the auditorium of the border region. Present at the meeting were Lin Boqu, chairman of the Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia border region government, the third national political Councillor, Wu Yuzhang, Gao Gang, Xu Fanting, director of the Northwest Shanxi administrative office, Xu foguan, Guo Zhongrong, military liaison staff of the national government, and representatives of various organs, schools, troops and organizations in the border region. On the morning of September 7, the public memorial ceremony for Lin Sen was held at the Shandong Shuanghe bridge in Chongqing, the Xinyun service center in Chongqing and the Zhongyi Hall of master Chi. After the ceremony, a salute was fired every 30 seconds until 101. Officials and people from all walks of life came to express their condolence. Meanwhile, Linsen memorial halls have been set up all over the country for mourning.
Ye chucheng in modern times: he was quiet and indifferent, diligent and honest, restrained in his actions, honest and upright, honest and upright in his life, honest and upright in his actions, honest and upright in his actions, honest and upright in his actions, honest and upright in his actions, honest and upright in his actions, honest and upright in his actions, honest and upright in his actions, honest and upright in his actions, honest and upright in his actions, honest and upright. In the face of great calamities and great festivals, the mountains are as majestic as gods. (epitaph of Lin Gu, chairman of the national government)
Hu Shi in modern times: Mr. Lin Zichao has made the chairman of the national government "vacant", so that some people have "no chairman in their eyes". (stealing fire and revolution)
National Government: Mr. Lin Gu, chairman of the National People's Republic of China, has been in office for two years. He is a very old man. He has worked for the people for ten years. He is a wise man. He has cultivated the people's morality and is willing to use it. Therefore, we can face great events, resolve great doubts, deal with changes without fear, and make decisions with caution. He set a good example for Shi Cheng. (the national government's commendation order, that is, the national government's order of November 16, 2003)
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China: 1. The funeral Committee of chairman Lin of the national government. 2. I'm sorry to hear that he passed away! (message of condolence from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to Lin Sen's funeral Committee) Lin Sen is a famous democratic revolutionist of the older generation. (Fujian revolution in 1911)
Chinese PinYin : Lin Sen
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