Life of the characters
Chang Baohua was born in Tianjin on November 6, 1930. He studied crosstalk with his father Chang Lian'an and his brother Chang Baokun (stage name "xiaomushu") since childhood. At the age of eight, he was an apprentice at the crosstalk meeting of Qiming tea house in Xidan shopping mall in Beijing. At the age of nine, he began to perform on the stage. He was edified and taught by the elder generation of crosstalk for ten years. He has studied and performed more than 70 pieces of traditional crosstalk.
In 1942, he also took part in the shooting of the films jinxiugecheng and Huatian BaCuO.
In 1951, 21-year-old Chang Baohua, who was taught by crosstalk master Ma Sanli, joined the "Tianjin quyi Troupe" and participated in the performance and created many new plays. He was once awarded the title of "third class labor model" by Tianjin literature and art trade union. On April 23, 1951, Chang Baokun, who took part in the war to resist US aggression and aid Korea, died. This greatly stimulated Chang Baohua, who insisted on going to the Korean battlefield.
After returning to China in 1953, Chang Baohua gave up his preferential treatment in the quyi troupe and decided to join the army. Then he joined the "Haizheng Art Troupe" until he retired. During the period of the "maritime administration literary and artistic Troupe", Chang Baohua has won many awards in the creation and performance of national and military literary and artistic performances, and has won two second-class military exploits and one third-class merit. His works are also highly praised by Zhao Shuli, Lao She and other literary masters.
Shortly after the beginning of the "Cultural Revolution", Chang Baohua was shocked and assigned to Tianjin machine tool factory as a porter for four years. Although his life was hard, his four years' experience also laid the foundation for his future artistic creation and another peak of his career.
In 1976, Chang Baohua and his nephew Chang Guitian created and performed the crosstalk "hat factory", which caused a sensation and became one of the representative works of crosstalk directly involved in major social life at that time. Since then, Chang Baohua has continued to create more than 170 articles in the form of crosstalk, sketches, Allegro and other literary forms. In addition, he has held cross talk training courses for many times, taught in Peking University and Northern quyi school, and trained a large number of professional and amateur actors and writers inside and outside the army.
In August 2006, Chang Baohua was awarded the "Peony Award", the highest honor in the field of Chinese folk art.
On June 26, 2012, on the international anti drug day, Chang Baohua was awarded the certificate of "Beijing anti drug duty propagandist".
In 2012, Chang Baohua took part in the film Search directed by Chen Kaige as the bus master.
At 10:46 a.m. on September 7, 2018, Mr. Chang Baohua died of asthma in Beijing Navy General Hospital at the age of 88.
In 1942, he made two films, Jinxiu song city (the leading role of fashion comedy) and Huatian eight mistakes (the supporting role of ancient costume drama).
In 1949, he participated in the improvement group of crosstalk and compiled the crosstalk "Zi Xiang" as his first work.
In 1950, he took part in the crosstalk performance of Beicheng entertainment club, and also performed such operas as Wenming Opera (Mu Biao Opera), saw bowl Ding, Chun a Shi, Peking Opera Da Mian Guan, Hong Luan Xi, and Tiao Lian tailor.
In 1951, he participated in Tianjin quyi troupe to perform crosstalk, and performed Quju operas such as new affairs, new workers' village and luohanqian.
He participated in the first national opera performance conference and won the third prize of the collective.
In 1951, Chang Baohua was awarded the title of the third class labor model of the second class labor model group (group leader) of Tianjin literature and art trade union, and was awarded the Beidaihe recuperation Award for half a month.
In 1953, he took part in the performance of resisting U.S. aggression and Aiding North Korea and went to North Korea. After returning to China, he took part in the acting and creative work of the maritime administration literary and Art Troupe.
In 1955, he was awarded the title of advanced worker in the Department directly under the Navy.
In 1958, he cooperated with and performed the crosstalk "breaking superstition of the sailor", participated in the first quyi performance of Quantong, and won the award for excellence in creation and performance.
Zhao Shuli, a writer, wrote "I love crosstalk" to break superstition ". (collected works of Zhao Shuli's quyi)
In 1959, he cooperated with and performed the crosstalk yesterday, participated in the second military art performance, and won the award for excellence in creation and performance.
Lao She, the writer of this book, talks about "yesterday" of crosstalk. (collected works of Lao She's quyi)
Xiangsheng "yesterday" has been performed by state leaders Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai and so on. Premier Zhou Enlai once proposed amendments to "yesterday".
During the past 20 years of reform and opening up, China has visited the United States, Russia, Poland, Austria, Switzerland, North Korea, Singapore and Hong Kong for cultural exchanges.
In 1951, Mr. Ma Sanli, the elder generation of crosstalk, was a teacher. The apprentices are: Zhao Fuyu, Niu Qun, Bao Changchun (Beijing), Yang Luping (Nanjing), Yang Zichun (Guangzhou) and Feng Yigang (Taiwan).
Take part in the film
In 1961, he made remarkable achievements in creation and performance, and won the third class merit.
In 1962, he went to Tibet to perform for several months and created works such as "learning Tibetan dialect" and "home of military station". He made remarkable achievements in creation and performance and won the second prize.
In 1964, he created and performed the crosstalk Shuo Yang, participated in the second military literature and art conference, and won the award of creation and excellent performance.
In 1977, he cooperated with and performed "hat factory" and "dog head Army division Zhang" and participated in the Fourth Military Arts Conference, winning the award of creation and excellent performance.
In 1978, he created crosstalk "Gang of four running a newspaper", "Anatomy", "two photos" and "must smash" and won awards in the national and military awards respectively.
In 1980, the national quyi short story selection, crosstalk "hat factory" won the first prize, the army won the second prize.
In 1983, he was selected as one of the top ten laughing stars in Changchun.
In 1992, he created the crosstalk sketch "Retrospection" and participated in the special honor award of China Construction cup crosstalk new masters Invitational Competition.
In 1994, China quyi Association hosted a Chinese Quyi gathering and won Bole award.
In 1995, he participated in the second China quyi Festival and performed "Retrospection" and won the peony award.
Fu naitian, wife of Chang Baohua, has five children. Chang Si is a member of the national synchronized swimming team. He won two silver medals with his teammates in Shanghai World Swimming Championships. In 2012 London Olympic Games, Chang Si, as the "important chess piece" of China Huayou team, ranked second with 97.000 points, only 1.100 points behind the first ranking Russian team, and won the silver medal.
Chang Yuan, the eldest sun, is a contract actor of happy Mahua. He once performed the crosstalk dialogue with Chang Baohua at the CCTV Spring Festival Gala in 1988. In the 2012 CCTV Spring Festival Gala, Wang Ning and Cai Ming performed the sketch Tian Wang Hui Hui, which was initially praised. In the 2013 CCTV Spring Festival Gala of the year of the snake, Wang Ning and Allen performed the sketch "little things in the big city", playing a fashion designer with outstanding performance humor, which was well known by the audience.
The Chang family occupies an important position in the history of Chinese crosstalk. In the 1940s, Chang Lianan led his children and many crosstalk artists to set up Qiming tea house in Xidan, Beijing, bringing together a group of the best crosstalk actors of that year, and introducing business philosophy to the crosstalk industry, so that crosstalk developed from the abandoned land on the street to the form of indoor theater, and gradually entered the fields of broadcasting, film, record, civilized play, etc. Chang Baokun, the "little mushroom" of the second generation of the Chang family, is an outstanding representative of the Chang family. His younger brothers Chang Baolin, Chang Baoting, Chang Baohua and their eldest son Chang Guitian all play an important role in the cross talk circle.
Chang Baohua's disciples include Niu Qun, Zhao Fuyu, Bao Chun, Yang Luping, Yang Zichun, Feng Yigang, song Shaoqing and Hou Yaohua.
Reading is my wish
Reading is just a luxury for Chang Baohua. Chang Baohua was born in a poor family in Tianjin. His mother was in poor health, had no milk, and the family could not afford to buy milk powder. So he put the paste on the fire, heated it, put some sugar on it, and put it in Chang Baohua's mouth with his fingers. After eating it, he ate it for two years. Family life is so poor that it is impossible to go to school.
When he was a child, Chang Baohua's neighbors were relatively wealthy. The children of that family were one or two years older than Chang Baohua. They carried their schoolbags to school every day. They were so bookish that Chang Baohua envied them. "That kid sometimes plays with me and teaches me chess. Once he opened his schoolbag and showed me his textbooks and stationery. I fell in love with his pencil box at once. When I saw him put the pencil into the pencil sharpener and cut it two or three times, I felt very magical. " Even the words written by that child left a deep impression on Chang Baohua, who was illiterate at that time. Since then, "learning" has become Chang Baohua's biggest wish.
As the elder brother has been talking with his father since childhood and going out to perform, the family's condition has gradually improved, and gradually has some surplus. One day, the elder brother asked Chang Baohua, who was six or seven years old, what he wanted to learn. Chang Baohua said he wanted to go to school, so he introduced Chang Baohua to a private primary school in Tianjin through his good friend. At that time, the school just taught some Chinese, mathematics, physical education and other courses, which was very monotonous, but Chang Baohua was very interested. He even wrote bigger characters better than other students. He was not only used as a model by the teacher, but also often helped the teacher score other students. At that time, Chang Baohua fell in love with learning and cherished the pen and paper. Until now, he does not pay attention to money, but is very stingy with paper.
Sources of knowledge
When he was less than eight years old, his father, who opened a tea house in Beijing, sent a letter to Chang Baohua to study cross talk in Beijing. In this way, Chang Baohua ended his only eight month school life in his life.
Chang Baohua is no stranger to crosstalk. His eldest brother said crosstalk in Tianjin. When he was two or three years old, Chang Baohua was brought to the theater. At that time, it was called the juggling garden. It was very interesting to watch the little actors practice and raise their voices
Chinese PinYin : Chang Bao Hua
Release Time:2022-02-04 20:22:25
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