Xiuzhou District Xiuzhou district is located in Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province. It is the birthplace of the Communist Party of China and one of the main urban areas where the red boat of the Chinese revolution set sail. It is located in the golden hub of the Delta metropolitan area, adjacent to Shanghai in the East, Hangzhou in the West, Hangzhou Bay in the South and Suzhou in the north. It is the geometric center of the core area of the Yangtze River Delta. Xiuzhou district covers a total area of 547.78 square kilometers, of which 3 are permanent basic farmland There are 86800 mu, 462400 mu of arable land and 83.65% of rural social security rate. The overall pattern is "six fields, two waters and two parts of land";
Registered residence population is 412 thousand (including 206 thousand of urban population, 206 thousand of rural population) and 629 thousand of permanent residents (large caliber). In 2019, the GDP will be 46.836 billion yuan (small caliber, the same below), an increase of 6.3%; the total revenue will be 6 billion yuan, an increase of 6.2%; the general public budget revenue will be 2.727 billion yuan, an increase of 9.3%; the general public budget expenditure will be 4.132 billion yuan, an increase of 20.6%; the per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents will reach 55586 yuan and 35778 yuan, an increase of 7.4% and 8.6% respectively.
Evolution of organizational system
Xiuzhou District, formerly known as Jiaxing County, has a long history. In the early spring of 1959, an archaeological discovery was made in Majiabang natural village, 7.5km southwest of Jiaxing. 7000 years ago, there were ancestors living and multiplying in the area, engaging in farming, animal husbandry, fishing and hunting activities, which is called "Majiabang cultural period". The zhongjiagang site in Wangdian, discovered in 1985, and the wujiabang site in Xincheng, discovered in 1986, prove that the settlements were widely distributed at that time, which is the origin of Xiuzhou civilization. Xiuzhou is also one of the birthplaces of Jiangnan culture.
In the spring and Autumn period, the first place names were Changshui and Huili, which were the places where Wu and Yue fought. Wu and Yue competed for supremacy here. The famous battle of Huili was recorded in the spring and Autumn period. During the Warring States period, the Chu state was under the Chu state. Qin set by Boxing County, is the county of Kuaiji.
During the Han Dynasty, the land was used as grain. In the Three Kingdoms period, Wu Guoxiong was located in the east of the Yangtze River. In 231, Wu Huanglong was born of kunye rice. Sun Quan, the great emperor of Wu, thought boxing was auspicious and changed it to Hexing. In 242, the fifth year of chiwu, Sun Quan established prince he. Because of the homonym of "he" and "he", he Xing was changed to Jiaxing. In the Jin Dynasty and the northern and Southern Dynasties, it was further developed, "when one year old or one year old, the number of counties would forget hunger.". The Sui Dynasty excavated the Grand Canal from Hangzhou to Zhenjiang via Jiaxing, which brought the benefits of irrigation boats, broke the closed state of Jiaxing in the south of the Yangtze River, and promoted the large-scale development of agriculture and mulberry. In the Tang Dynasty, there were 27 tuntian villages in Jiaxing, "three tuns in the west of Zhejiang Province, Jiahe was the largest". The large-scale flood control and farming in Jiaxing had become an important grain producing area in Southeast China. Jiahe had the reputation of "Jiahe is the best for the health of Jianghuai, Jiahe is the worst for the frugality of Jianghuai". During the period of Five Dynasties and ten states, the state of Wu and Yue set up Kaiyuan Prefecture in Jiaxing, which was the first time to set up state power for Jiaxing. In the fifth year of Tianfu (940), Emperor Gaozu of the later Jin Dynasty set up Xiuzhou in Jiaxing because of the request of Qian Yuanyu, king of Wu and Yue. Xiuzhou was changed to Jiahe County in the Northern Song Dynasty. In the first year of Qingyuan (1195) in the Southern Song Dynasty, Xiuzhou was promoted to Jiaxing County, and Jiaxing army was later changed. In the song and Yuan Dynasties, the economy in the region was relatively developed, and it was known as "all kinds of craftsmanship and skills, Suzhou and Hangzhou, etc.", "with a large population and abundant goods and wealth, it was the best in Western Zhejiang.".
In the fifth year of Xuande in Ming Dynasty (1430), the northwest of Jiaxing county is Xiushui County, which is roughly the same as Xiuzhou District today. From then on, Xiushui county was merged into Jiaxing County in 1911, and the system of Jiaxing Prefecture and county remained unchanged in the past 500 years (Xiushui county was changed to avoid Hong Xiuquan during the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, and then its original name was restored).
After the revolution of 1911, Xiushui county was incorporated into Jiaxing county and was directly under the jurisdiction of the province. Jiaxing Prefecture was abolished in 1912, and Jiaxing and Xiushui counties were designated as Jiahe County, which was subordinate to Zhejiang Province. In 1914, Qiantang road was set up. Because of the same name with Jiahe County in Hunan Province, it was renamed Jiaxing County, Zhili Qiantang road. Its establishment and county name were closely related until 1949.
On May 7, 1949, Jiaxing was liberated and divided into Jiaxing county and Jiaxing City.
In May 1950, the city was withdrawn and merged into Jiaxing county.
In May 1951, Jiaxing was divided into county and city.
February 1958 county and city offices.
In June 1960, Jiaxing people's commune was established in the urban area. In September 1961, it was renamed Jiaxing City and subordinate to Jiaxing county. Jiaxing was changed into Chengguan District in August 1962.
Jiaxing town was established in January 1963.
Jiaxing City was restored in September 1979 (not implemented).
In January 1981, Jiaxing county was abolished and changed into Jiaxing City. In March of the same year, Jiaxing county was changed into Jiaxing City and the Municipal People's government was established, which was administered by Jiaxing district.
In July 1983, the State Council issued a document to abolish the Jiaxing regional administrative office, which was divided into Jiaxing City and Huzhou City. The former prefecture level city of Jiaxing has been changed into a city under the jurisdiction of the province, and divided into urban and suburban areas.
In June 1999, when the suburb changed its name, three dots of water were added to the word "Zhou" in Guxiu Prefecture, which was called Xiuzhou District.
In May 2000, Jiaxing city implemented the adjustment of administrative divisions at the city level, forming the current administrative area of Xiuzhou District.
In 2018, Xiuzhou District has jurisdiction over 5 towns, 4 streets, 48 communities and 113 administrative villages. The five towns and four streets are: Wangdian Town, Honghe Town, Xincheng Town, wangjiangjing town and Youchegang town; Xincheng street, Gaozhao street, Jiabei street and Tanghui street. Jiabei street and Tanghui Street are managed by Jiaxing Economic Development Zone.
Xiuzhou District, located in the north of Zhejiang Province, is one of the districts under Jiaxing City. It is the golden hub of the Yangtze River Delta metropolitan area. It is adjacent to Shanghai in the East, Hangzhou in the west, Hangzhou Bay in the South and Suzhou in the north. It is the geometric center of the core area of the Yangtze River Delta, and has a significant location advantage.
Xiuzhou District belongs to the East Asian monsoon region, with obvious winter summer monsoon alternation, four distinct seasons, mild climate, abundant rainfall, sufficient sunshine, and annual average temperature of 15.9 ° C.
Xiuzhou district is a plain area with three characteristics: low and flat terrain, many artificial landforms and dense rivers and lakes. The altitude of the whole area is generally between 3.2 m and 3.6 m (Wusong elevation, the same below), and that of some lowlands is between 2.8 m and 3.0 M. The landform is a shallow dished depression on the edge of Taihu Lake, and the ground is inclined from southeast to northwest and northeast. After thousands of years of reclamation and development, the plain of the whole region has been divided by the crisscross Tangpu River and canal, and the fields, land and water are crisscrossed, forming a three-dimensional terrain structure of "six fields, two waters and two parts of land", which forms the characteristics of multiple artificial landforms of planting mulberry on the ground, raising fish in lakes and growing grain in fields. The distribution density of rivers in the area is 3.5 km / km2, and the river network rate is 8.3%. With the development of water transportation and the convenience of crop irrigation, it has the characteristics of Jiangnan Water Town.
The area is plain and water surface. After the founding of the people's Republic of China, the geological data obtained from drilling, geophysical exploration and groundwater exploitation confirmed that since the early Paleozoic Cambrian, except for the lack of Triassic, middle and Lower Devonian and upper Silurian, the strata of each geological era have basically developed completely. From the distribution, the Paleozoic strata are mainly distributed in the central part of the area, generally in NE fault block. Mesozoic strata are widely distributed in the area. Volcanic sedimentary strata of Early Cretaceous Huangjian formation and Laocun formation are mainly distributed on both sides of Middle Paleozoic strata; Late Cretaceous strata are mainly red beds of Tongxiang formation, which are distributed in southern fault basin, with a thickness of 700-1000m. The tertiary Changhe formation of Cenozoic is distributed in Xitang depression in the north, Pinghu depression in the South and Xincheng in the West. The Quaternary sediments are widely distributed in the whole area, with a thickness of 150-320 meters.
Xiuzhou area is located in the south of the lower Yangtze River South Yellow Sea seismic belt in the North China seismic region. There have been MS7 and Ms6 earthquakes in the lower Yangtze River South Yellow Sea seismic belt, and Ms6 earthquakes in Yangzhou and Liyang, which belong to the seismic belt with strong seismicity level in eastern China, but the seismicity level in the south of the seismic belt is lower.
In 2019, the GDP will reach 46.836 billion yuan (small caliber, the same below), with an increase of 6.3%. According to the completion of the three industries, the added value of the primary industry will reach 1.320 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 2.2%; the added value of the secondary industry will reach 24.188 billion yuan, with an increase of 4.8%, of which the industrial added value will reach 21.441 billion yuan, with an increase of 5.7%; and the added value of the tertiary industry will reach 21.328 billion yuan, with an increase of 8.1%. Among them, the added value of transportation, warehousing and postal industry, wholesale and retail industry, accommodation and catering industry, financial industry, for-profit service industry and non-profit service industry increased by 3.4%, 4.4%, 7.5%, 12.9%, 14.7% and 12.4% respectively. In 2019, the proportion of the three industries will be 2.8:51.7:45.5.
In 2019, the investment in fixed assets of the whole region will reach 20.092 billion yuan, an increase of 5.5%. By industry: 68 million yuan was invested in the primary industry; 5.767 billion yuan was invested in the secondary industry, of which 5.767 billion yuan was invested in industry; 14.257 billion yuan was invested in the tertiary industry, an increase of 11.3%.
In the whole year, private investment was 6.509 billion yuan, up 3.2% year on year; project investment was 11.686 billion yuan, up 1.8% year on year, accounting for 58.2% of fixed asset investment; industrial technology transformation investment was 3.672 billion yuan, up 10.7% year on year, accounting for 63.6% of total industrial investment.
There are 126 investment projects of more than 100 million yuan in the region, with a total investment of 9.287 billion yuan. In this year, 139 new projects were started and completed
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