Yuan (AD 1282-1366) word Ruzhi, number to Huashan people, Putian people, Hong Yanhu's son. He was born in the 19th year of emperor Shizu Zhi Yuan and died in the 26th year of Emperor Huizong Zhi Zheng at the age of 85. We should learn from the officials. Xiwen's poetic style is clear and strong. There are ten volumes of xuxuanqu collection, and Siku Zongmu is popular in the world.
Life of the characters
In order to solve the difficulties of life, he still runs a school in his residence and enrolls local children. As a teacher, he not only cultivates talents, but also maintains his life. While teaching, he creates poetry. He later recalled this period of study and life and said, "in the past, I served my husband and set up a mountain and water village for teaching.". "Five years of full chenamaranth, thick sweet my intestines.". He didn't bow down for five Dou of rice. His noble integrity can be seen.
In the first year of emperor Renzong's reign of the Yuan Dynasty (1312 AD), Hong Xiwen, 30, was invited by his friends to visit Xinghua County and set up a library to receive apprentices. He was conscientious and responsible for giving lectures, and he devoted himself to poetry creation and wrote a lot.
He wrote in the poem "feelings about abandoned houses":
"Once the rich and noble are scattered, the heroes of thousands of years will kill the wood.".
Hong Xiwen's noble sentiment and profound knowledge have won people's respect. The local people vied to hire him to teach. In order to revitalize the education of Xinghua, which was devastated by the rulers of the Yuan Dynasty, Hong Xiwen was recommended by his friends as professor of Xinghua Road. He was in charge of folk academies and local official schools, and devoted himself to teaching and educating people. He was very happy, "how many documents are there in shijiayi? A gentleman is happy to educate his talents, and his salary and firewood will never be lost. ". He has devoted himself to teaching and has been "happy to educate talents" for 40 years.
Hong Xiwen was first a cloth clothing, then a professor. He was in touch with the social reality, cared for the common people, and had a deep understanding of the sufferings of the people's livelihood and the corruption of the official administration.
He wrote in the process of applying for taxes
"All of a sudden, it was said that Lianqi was coming, and the glory surprised tonger.
Fortunately, he received the sound of Hai saliva and listened to the command.
The benevolence of Yao is as great as heaven.
The land tax on the cultivated land is cheated by the merchants.
I hate the poor land, but I don't give the bad bed money.
If you're too cheap, you'll win.
Wealth is the earth, not the cream.
Willing to move wise thinking, listening to the words of danger and suffering.
If words can cure people, don't be afraid to frown first.
He angrily accused corrupt officials of rampant, deeply sympathized with the feelings of the poor people between the lines.
In the dark officialdom of the Yuan Dynasty, Hong Xiwen was upright and upright, and he could ask for help for the people. Although he was an academic official without power, he was still pushed out and beaten by others. The last rare Hong Xiwen was dismissed in 1351. He was indignant about it. He wrote the book of dethroning officials
"If you don't know how to live, it's more difficult to live at home than at home.
Cloth clothes are better than Xuan clothes, and food is better than Tian mu'an.
It's a hindrance to go out in a narrow society, so a high official should be lenient.
Do you know the previous French officials? Keep your reputation and look far away. "
Hong Xiwen died in his hometown in 1366.
In 1282, Hong Xiwen was born to an official family in Putian. He was a scholar's younger brother. His father, Hong Dezhang, whose name is Yanhu, was a Jinshi in the duzong period of the Song Dynasty and a professor of xinghuajun. At that time, Yuan soldiers occupied Xinghua, slaughtered the people and carried out a cruel policy of national oppression. In the face of the tyrannical rulers of Yuan Dynasty, Professor Hong Dezhang was full of national integrity. He did not cooperate with the rulers of Yuan Dynasty and left the city to live in seclusion. Hong Xiwen is the second brother. When Hong Xiwen was young, under the influence of his father, he hated the rulers of the Yuan Dynasty and lived in seclusion in the mountains with his father. The life of a family is extremely hard. In mountainous areas, they "feed rice in a bowl, cook taro and eat vegetables in harmony", and often "eat grass even when they are poor" to satisfy their hunger with wild vegetables such as amaranth and bitter millet. Even so, the father and the son took pains as happiness, and took Boyi as an example, "don't you want to be hungry and thirsty. The hard life tempered Hong Xiwen's strong will and cultivated his indomitable and upright character. Hong Xiwen lives in the mountains and forests, but he cares about his country and nation. He learned from his father, studied hard, wrote and wrote poems, so he was erudite and versatile.
Anthology of character words
Ba Sheng Ganzhou constitutional Department
Autumn light so, destroy fall can Ho, chrysanthemum Ying is new yellow.
On the distant mountains picturesque, residual haze like wisps, light smoke.
Strange number of magpies, good language around the gable.
It is reported that Huang Huashi ascended the mountain with wine.
Looking back at the deep blue clouds, Lin embroidered Xiaohan clothes, Jade axe light.
Two guests in Kuang mu, trying the wind and frost hard.
See drunk dip dragon and snake key pen, borrow time people, enjoy tooth fragrance.
If you are not good enough, you will be in a hurry. Temporary
If you want to take advantage of the bright light, you will find a place where you have no questions.
May as well pillow gargle matter to stay late.
Thousands of rocks are like competing for beauty, and thousands of valleys are competing for current.
Yueguanfeng Pavilion is good everywhere, but it's very hot.
A cup of wine, a song, a full tour of the Qing Dynasty.
The world sees white hair, the heart pays the sand gull.
Ruan Lang Guibao tea
There is no need to be busy with tea.
Warm and deep cover reservoir.
If it's not cold or warm, do as usual.
When I wake up, I smell Ruo Xiang.
In addition to cold and wet, warm spring sun.
The tea house has a good method.
The words are detailed.
The road ahead is long.
Chinese flowering crabapple in spring
Green gate, melon and grass.
Wealth does not come young and old.
Rain and dew never deviate, the color is natural and good.
*I'll break it.
The seeds are round.
Savoring Du Ling's poems, I feel withered.
Huanxi Shashi tea
Sitting alone in the middle of study day.
Samadhi tries tea all his life.
From the beginning, we can see that fire and water compete for supremacy.
With the fury of the tide and the snow,
Charm is better than sweet dew.
The moon shines on the lonely pine.
The wind goes with the car.
Whether to be God or not.
The test run of Zhouli was carried out in the first place.
Before and after sand chaff.
It's hard to move the sound of nature.
That is to say, who holds the divine power today.
If you ask the red stove to light snow, later reason and desire differ.
Queqiao fairy water wheel
The mountains are emerald, the water is shining, and the distance is surging.
Lose his heart craftsman motive Chung, should laugh to kill, Bo Luan left plan.
The channel was used to stimulate the water, and the mortar was chiseled in the house, and the chaff and chaff were thoroughly rammed.
Never idle, never ask
Reminiscence of old friends in Taoyuan
Westerly winds fall down the Wutong well.
Qi into the Han hall, cold.
All kinds of copper mirrors in the middle of the river.
All the shadows of the lonely Phoenix.
Echinacea is early decapsulated.
How can YUEYE escape.
It's not easy to be alone.
The leak jar is used to repair the pipe.
Qingmen lead chess
The day sinks to the West.
The game of chess is idle.
The two sages, not for the sake of mountains and rivers, forced the north and the south to divide into black and white.
I don't know who can save.
He is as powerful as CaO and Liu Jing.
Who is a hero? It's as quiet as persuading you to move.
Team test of rotary milling dragon.
It's not greasy to wear one.
*Yun xianrui, Ruhua Dou Qiao, SONGFENG piaobei.
Thank you for your kindness.
Spring fragrance is different.
Don't compare the ordinary.
Sipping only, self-knowledge does not take, human fire.
Xin Xuyun, there are prostitutes in Taiwei's party.
The vast expanse of glass floats.
Taoli Xiaoan Polygonum Huazhou.
Spring breeze and Autumn Moon are leisurely, rain hat and misty rain raincoat are free.
Move guipeng, lower lungou.
There is no need to seek fame and fortune.
Fish for firewood, boats for the Yangtze River
Cherry like a dream
In April, the cherry blossoms are ripe, and the taste is as clear as dew.
The bird's beak takes the future, and is unloaded in the red tooth plate.
What is it like.
What is it like.
Qingjing huini beads.
Tea in the sand and snow
The wind swept the cold strip, and the snow sealed the pistil.
The pedestrian ants are frozen in the barren cliff.
Thousands of rocks and gullies are covered with white, solitary red and beautiful.
The life class annihilates the barbarians, the heart stops.
A branch is broken by the cold, Xu Xi
Qinyuan chunshou Dongquan
In the bumper year of Nongle, the West and East are destroyed, and the thousand warehouses are rotten and red.
The normalizing agent is everywhere, the Danqing is dazzling, the Zhuhua is emitting water, and the cloud brocade is colorful.
Zhongxiu Yanshan, fenfu Huqiao, lush for the first time.
People fight for Tao, clear clouds and sweet dew, and Yurui stores essence.
Gongyu jade dust cloth.
Far better than Tang Xiandai.
Look at the pen army sweep array, Yang Xin to service, poetry work Zhujin, Wang Han seek neighbor.
Chew the classics, collect all the history, and make great efforts to improve day by day.
Dongquan water, is willing to stay in the sea of learning forever.
Stay in the capital, left with it.
Historical records of heaven official book, if smoke is not smoke, if cloud is not cloud, one after another, bleak round, is called Qingyun.
Qing Yinqing, Lun yinkan.
The second day of August
The Mid Autumn Festival is held twice a year. This time, it's a happy first time.
*It has two leaves, ten feet of lotus and a thousand miles of Lidan.
He ordered Su Li, ye an Li, and garrison an Huang Lei.
Kuang Pu min cut stirrups, shuaiyuan * call, people happy, thunder.
Since ancient times, generals have been famous for their high quality and purple waists.
He received it at his age. He was Mo Gong and Huang Gong.
The color sleeves are graceful, the benevolent Wei is strong, and the sun is around.
When you are drunk, laugh and play.
On a snowy night in Huanxi
When you enter a room, you will naturally feel annoyed and sick.
The wind and rain sing the fairy through the window.
Come back to the light.
There is wine on the thirteenth floor, but there is no money for three hundred sticks.
One year old, one year old.
Willow shoot youth hate
Inquiry pear, I do not know whether the solution, several times the wind.
Rain at dusk, mud fragrant snow, worry with who.
But the Phoenix is lazy and the warbler is lazy.
I can't fly to Xiao Niang's mirror.
Look off the green mountain, hate the grass, spring is too hasty.
On the old title of chunchongshu Lingyan in Yulou
The swallow language droops, the spring and the evening.
The past goes with the flowing water.
At that time, the outstanding sentence Qian who topic, the dust pen only now has no place.
Wine debt usually comes with the house.
Smoke, bamboo, wind and flowers can laugh.
Leisure will learn youth travel, not like Handan in the end
Li's Shouke bamboo garden
Jiangting is beautiful and lush, Huilian is picturesque.
The gate arc Ji Rui, the Chinese banquet opens the banquet, the pocket leaves the immortal to play.
Li jujube has a deep skill, a secret formula of mercury and lead, and the inner alchemy has just begun.
Swallowing the sun and moon in the pot and drinking poetry and wine in the bosom, this is a happy old man in the nest.
The sound of dreams spreads to thousands of people.
Kuang chicken forest, some people sell.
When he was in charge of the rules of the family, he passed on his son as early as possible, and Sun Zhi was beautiful again.
I'm sorry for my long article. I'm far away from the knee of the car. When will I look back.
Expect to laugh today, we worship dance, Weng longevity
Qi Tian Le Shou Fang Jun Hui
Shanyin Wenhui was only three days old, and the traces of huaizhen were like sweeping.
Green and luxuriant, harmonious and fragrant.
Spring is not old.
Then he scattered warblers,
Chinese PinYin : Hong Xi Wen
He family. He Shi
Lu Yuanming. Lu Yuan Ming
Zhou Ziliang. Zhou Zi Liang
Zeng Jian. Ceng Jian
Li Ji. Li Ji
Yang Yuxiang. Yang Yu Xiang
Huan Wei. Huan Wei
Wang Yi. Wang Yi