Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County, Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County, under the jurisdiction of Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province, is located in the northeast of Hebei Province, at the east foot of Yanshan Mountain and at the foot of the ancient Great Wall, with a total area of 3510 square kilometers and a total population of 541000. There are 11 nationalities, including Manchu, Han, Miao and Hui, with the Manchu population accounting for 68.6%. In 2018, the permanent resident population was 506600. As of 2018, Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County has one street, 11 towns and 14 townships, and the county government is located at 267 Yanshan Road. Qinglong County was founded in 1933. On May 6, 1983, Qinglong County was under the jurisdiction of Qinhuangdao city. On May 10, 1987, after the implementation of the national autonomy system, Qinglong County was abolished and Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County was established. Qinglong has a humid continental monsoon climate in the north temperate zone with four distinct seasons, abundant sunshine and large temperature difference between day and night. Qinglong River, Shahe River, duyuan River, Xinggan River and Qihe River are five major river systems winding around the whole territory.
Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County was established in 1986, and was listed as the key county of national poverty alleviation and development in 2001, known as eight mountains, one water and one farmland. The county is 120 km away from Qinhuangdao port, 70 km away from Beijing Shenyang Expressway, 250 km away from Beijing and 265 km away from Tianjin. It is located in the economic circle around Beijing and Tianjin, Bohai Sea and Jidong economic zone. With a total area of 3510 square kilometers and a total population of 541000, the county governs 25 townships and 396 administrative villages. There are 11 nationalities, including Manchu, Han, Miao and Hui, with the Manchu population accounting for 68.6%. In 2015, the county's GDP reached 9.81 billion yuan.
Qinglong County is designated as "national economic forest construction advanced county" and "China's apple town" by the State Forestry Administration. Qinglong County is "China's Xi culture town", "Baijia deep breathing town", "Hebei coarse grain town" and "Hebei Folk Culture and art town".
On September 29, 2018, the people's Government of Hebei Province issued a notice officially approving Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County to withdraw from the poverty-stricken county sequence.
History of construction
In the spring and Autumn period, it was the land of Shanrong. In the Warring States period, it belonged to the state of Yan.
In the Qin and Western Han Dynasties, it belonged to youbeiping County, while in the Eastern Han Dynasty, it belonged to Liaoxi county.
In the Northern Qi Dynasty, he entered Beiping county. Sui Dynasty, belong to Beiping County, Liucheng county.
In the Qianyuan period of the Tang Dynasty, it was changed into Daoying Prefecture of Hebei Province and became Liucheng county.
The second year of Kaitai (1013) of Liao Dynasty belongs to Longshan County, Dading Prefecture, Zhongjing Road. Jin is located in Longshan County, Dading Prefecture, Beijing road.
Yuan, Liaoning Province Daning road Longshan County.
Ming hongwuzhong, abandoned Longshan County, then belong to the capital Yongping Fu Funing County, Qian'an county. In 1737, Linyu county was set up in the east of Funing County, which belonged to Funing County, Linyu county and Qian'an county.
In the 19th year of the Republic of China (1930), the area north of the great wall of the above three counties set up Dushan Administrative Bureau, located in shuangshanzi, belonging to Hebei Province.
In 1933, it was occupied by the Japanese army and built Qinglong County. The county office was stationed in Dazhangzi (now Qinglong Town), which belongs to the pseudo Rehe province.
After the outbreak of the Anti Japanese war in 1937, the United County of Qian (an), Qing (long) and Ping (Quan) was established between 1941 and 1942, belonging to the eastern Hebei special area of Shanxi Chahar Hebei border region.
In July 1943, he moved to Qingping county and Chengde Qinglong and Qingping offices, which belong to the second special area of Jire border region. Qianan Lulong Qinglong and Lingyuan Qinglong Suizhong counties belong to the third special area.
In 1945, Qian Qingping, Qian (an) Zunhua and Qing (long) counties belonged to the 15th special area of Jire Liao district.
In the 35th year of the Republic of China (1946), Lianhe county was abolished and Qingxi county (based in Kuancheng) was established. It belonged to the 12th Special District of Jidong district. In the summer of the same year, it belonged to the 17th special district of Rehe province. In December, Qinglong and Qingxi (xianzuo) were assigned to Eastern Hebei Province from Rehe Province, belonging to 12 special districts.
In April 1947, it was transferred to 17 special districts of Eastern Hebei Province, and then Qingxi county was abolished and Qingping county was built.
On October 1, 1949, after the founding of the people's Republic of China, Qinglong County still belongs to Rehe province.
On January 1, 1956, Qinglong County was transferred from Rehe province to Hebei Province, belonging to Chengde District.
On May 3, 1960, Chengde District was abolished and Qinglong County was transferred to Chengde city.
On June 23, 1961, Chengde District was established again, and Qinglong County still belongs to it.
On August 20, 1962, Kuancheng county was established in Qinglong County, Xinglong County and Chengde County.
In 1970, Chengde District was renamed Chengde District, belonging to Qinglong County.
On May 6, 1983, Qinglong County was under the jurisdiction of Qinhuangdao city.
On May 10, 1987, after the implementation of the national autonomy system, Qinglong County was abolished and Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County was established.
As of 2018, Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County has 1 Street: duyang road street, 11 towns: Qinglong Town, Zushan Town, mutuodeng Town, shuangshanzi Town, maquanzi Town, xiaoyingzi Town, Badaohe Town, gehetou Town, louzhangzi Town, Tumenzi Town, dawulan Town, 14 townships: Fenghuangshan Township, Longwangmiao Township, sanxingkou Township, Gangou Township, dashiling Township, Guanchang Township, ciyushan township Township, Fangzi Township, anziling Township, zhuzhangzi Township, Caonan Township, qidaohe Township, sanbozi Township, Liangshuihe Township, 396 administrative villages, 2215 natural villages, and 3659 villager groups.
Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County is located in the eastern part of Yanshan Mountains in Northeast Hebei Province, between 118 ° 33 ′ 31 ″ - 119 ° 36 ′ 30 ″ e longitude and 40 ° 04 ′ 40 ″ - 40 ° 36 ′ 52 ″ N latitude. The eastern boundary of the county is at the junction of Longwangmiao Township, Jianchang County and Suizhong County of Liaoning Province; the southern boundary is at the north side of the Ming Great Wall of Haigang District, Funing District, Lulong County and Qian'an city; the western boundary is at the junction of Liangshuihe and Badaohe Township, Qianxi County and Kuancheng Manchu Autonomous County; the northern boundary is at the junction of dashiling Township and Lingyuan City of Liaoning Province. It is located in Beijing, Tianjin, Tang and Qin economic circle and Bohai economic circle, 75 km away from Qinhuangdao City, 108 km away from Tangshan City, 103 km away from Chengde City, 223 km away from Beijing, 210 km away from Tianjin, 404 km away from Shenyang, with a county land area of 3510 square kilometers (2010).
Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County is located in the eastern end of Yanshan Mountains, with saddle shaped terrain. The main peak of Dushan, the highest peak in the territory, is 1846.3 meters above sea level. It is also the first peak in Qinhuangdao City and the second peak in Yanshan Mountains (the first peak in the east of Yanshan Mountains).
There are Qinglong River, Qihe River, Shahe River, Xinggan River and duyuan River in Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County. Qinglong river runs through Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County from north to South and flows into Luanhe River.
Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County is a warm temperate sub humid climate zone, with four distinct seasons, sufficient sunshine, large temperature difference between day and night, average temperature of 8.9 ℃, average precipitation of 715mm, and annual frost free period of 162 days.
There are more than 40 kinds of mineral resources in Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County, including gold, silver, copper, iron, manganese, uranium, barite, quartzite, granite, marble, limestone and coal. Among them, the proven reserves of iron ore are 1.5 billion tons, the prospective reserves are more than 5 billion tons, and the annual output of refined iron powder is 6.5 million tons, which is one of the main iron ore concentration areas in Eastern Hebei Province; there are more than 300 gold veins, the gold reserves approved by the State Reserve commission are 8.9 tons, the prospective reserves are more than 110 tons, and the annual output of gold is nearly 30000 Liang, which is one of the gold counties in China; the granite reserves are more than 2.6 billion cubic meters, and the annual output of stone plate is 4 million square meters It is the main stone distributing center in North China.
The forest and fruit resources are abundant and of high quality. The forest area of the county is 3.28 million mu, and the forest coverage rate is 60%. There are more than 100 kinds of trees, such as Pinus tabulaeformis, oak, Tilia amurensis, birch, poplar and mulberry. The wood is excellent, and it is a good raw material for building materials, home furnishings, papermaking and other industries. There are 610000 Mu orchards of all kinds, and the annual output of dry and fresh fruits such as apple, chestnut, pear, apricot, walnut and hawthorn is 150000 tons. Qinglong sweet chestnut and longfu apple are well-known both at home and abroad. They are favored by consumers and have the reputation of "hometown of apple in China".
As of 2010, Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County has a total population of 541000, including 11 nationalities, including Manchu, Han, Miao and Hui, with the Manchu population accounting for 68.6%.
In 2009, the annual GDP of Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County reached 6.3 billion yuan, an increase of 12.4% over 2008; the total fiscal revenue reached 63988 million yuan, accounting for 104.6% of the adjustment target task; the local general budget revenue reached 292 million yuan, accounting for 108.8% of the adjustment target task, an increase of 8.3% over 2008; the total social fixed asset investment reached 3.77 billion yuan, an increase of 47.4% over 2008; The per capita net income of farmers reached 3398 yuan, an increase of 13% over 2008; the per capita disposable income of urban residents reached 14970 yuan, an increase of 16% over 2008; and the energy consumption per unit GDP decreased by 7.37%.
In 2010, the annual GDP of Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County reached 7.76 billion yuan, an increase of 15.3% compared with 2009; the total fiscal revenue reached 1.082 billion yuan, an increase of 69% compared with 2009; the local general budget revenue reached 390 million yuan, an increase of 33.5% compared with 2009; the total investment in fixed assets reached 5 billion yuan, an increase of 32.8% compared with 2009; the total retail sales of social consumer goods reached 1.83 billion yuan, an increase of 20% compared with 2009 7% in 2009; the per capita disposable income of urban residents reached 16843 yuan, an increase of 1
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