Fuhai County, Fuhai County, under the Altay region of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, is located in the north of Xinjiang and the middle of Altay region, between 87 ° 00 ′ - 89 ° 04 ′ E and 45 ° 00 ′ - 48 ° 10 ′ n, with a total area of 32400 square kilometers. It belongs to the middle temperate continental arid climate zone. By 2019, Fuhai county has jurisdiction over 3 towns and 3 townships, and another 6 township level units. The county government is located in Fuhai Town. With a total population of 65600, there are 32 ethnic groups including Kazak, Hui and Uygur.
Fuhai County, formerly known as bruntohai County, "bruntohai" Kazakh language means colorful jungle; in 1921, bruntohai county was established, and in 1942, it was renamed Fuhai county. In October 2018, it was selected into the list of pilot areas for the integrated development of rural primary, secondary and tertiary industries in 2018. In December 2019, it was selected as a typical county of rural innovation and entrepreneurship in China. On July 29, 2020, it will be included in the National Health township (county) naming list of 2017-2019 cycle.
In 2018, Fuhai county achieved a GDP of 2680.21 million yuan, an increase of 4.7% over the previous year at comparable prices. Among them, the output of the primary industry increased by 1495.43 million yuan, an increase of 7.2%; the output of the secondary industry increased by 1231.93 million yuan, an increase of 4.4%; the output of the tertiary industry increased by 147.29 million yuan, an increase of 10.1%; and the per capita GDP increased by 51338 yuan, an increase of 5.45%.
During the Shang and Zhou Dynasties (about 12th-7th century BC), Saizhong people were nomadic here.
During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period (about 7-3 centuries), it was the land of Hujie state.
In the fourth year of Emperor Wen of the Western Han Dynasty (176 BC), the Huns conquered the kingdom of Hujie and became the territory of King Hujie.
In the 24th year of Jianwu (48th year) of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Xiongnu was divided into two parts, the north and the south.
From the third year of Jianning to the fourth year of Guanghe (170-181), Emperor Ling of the Eastern Han Dynasty belonged to the right part of Xianbei Khanate. From the 3rd to 4th century AD, it was the land of hude.
In the 5th century A.D., Rouran Khanate was powerful, and Huduo was annexed by Rouran Khanate.
In 552, the first year of abolishing the emperor of the Western Wei Dynasty, asna Tumen defeated Rouran and established the Turkic khanate, which belongs to the Turkic Khanate.
In the third year of kaihuang (583), the Turkic Khanate was divided into two parts, the East and the West.
In 605, in the first year of Daye reign of Sui Dynasty, several hundred leaders of tiele tribe were brutally killed by tijue rukhan in nijue District of Western Turk. All the leaders of tiele tribe revolted, defeated nijue rukhan and established tiele Khanate. This is the territory of yezhe Khan, the Deputy Khan of xieyantao tribe, who lost his bowl.
Around 620, the xitujue Shekui Khan revived and sent troops to drive away xueyantuo. This place belonged to xitujue Khanate again. In 658, the xitujue Khanate was pacified. This place was under the jurisdiction of Jinshan capital of Tang Dynasty.
In the second year of Chang'an of Tang Dynasty (702), Beiting Duhufu was set up in Tang Dynasty. This place was still nomadic by Turkic tribes and was under the jurisdiction of Beiting Duhufu.
In the second year of Zhide (757) of Tang Dynasty, the Khanate of Huihe sent troops to help the Tang Dynasty pacify the "Anshi rebellion". Its clan power gradually reached the west of Jinshan. Some Huihe people nomaded here, but they were still under the jurisdiction of Beiting Duhufu nominally. In the sixth year of Zhenyuan (790) of Tang Dynasty, Tubo conquered Beiting Duhufu. The next year, the Huihe Khanate recovered Beiting, and this place was owned by the Huihe Khanate.
In 840, the Uighur Khanate was destroyed and once belonged to the xiajiasi Khanate.
In the second year of tianzan (923), Emperor Taizu led his troops to the west, which was ruled by the Liao Dynasty. In the late Liao Dynasty, it was the nomadic land of the naman tribe of the Turks. After the Jin Dynasty destroyed Liao Dynasty, Yelu Dashi, a noble of Liao Dynasty, moved westward to Central Asia and established the Western Liao empire in 1130.
In 1205, the first year of Kaixi in the Southern Song Dynasty, the Mongolian hero timuzhen conquered the Naiman tribe and killed its leader Taiyang Khan. The next year, he was elected Genghis Khan, and this place became his territory. Genghis Khan enfeoffment of the sons, this is wokuotai Khan territory.
In the first year of Mongolian Xianzong (1251), Bishi balihang Shangshu province was established, which was under the jurisdiction of the province.
At the end of the Yuan Dynasty (1341), Chagatai Khan annexed wokuotai Khan's territory, which was changed to Chagatai Khanate. After the Chagatai Khanate split, this place belonged to the eastern Chagatai Khanate. Because its capital was located in Bishi Bali, it was called "Bishi Bali" in the Ming Dynasty; later, it moved its capital to yilibali City, which was also called "yilibali" in the Ming Dynasty. In the early Ming Dynasty, the Wasi tribe of Mongolia was strong and expanded to the west of Jinshan, where Wasi nomads lived.
In the early Qing Dynasty (1616), Wasi was translated as "erlut" or "weilat". He lived all over the north of Tianshan Mountain. Among them, the Junggar tribe was nomadic in the Ili River Valley, and the duerbert tribe was nomadic in the Erqis River Valley. Because the leader of the Junggar tribe was the leader of the four tribes, gardan was also known as "Khan", which established the Junggar Khanate and attached to the Qing Dynasty, Indirect ownership of the Qing Dynasty, Qianlong 22 years (1757), the Qing Dynasty put down the rebellion of the Junggar aristocracy, this place belongs to the Qing Dynasty.
In 1762, the place was under the jurisdiction of counsellor kebudo under the deputy general Dingbian of uliyasutai. Tongzhi six years (1867), under the jurisdiction of brentohai affairs minister.
In 1869, the Minister of affairs of brentohai was abolished and still under the jurisdiction of the counsellor of khobudo.
In 1903, the Qing government set up bulutohaitun Bureau.
In 1906, the Qing government divided kebuduo and Altay, and the county was subordinate to the Minister of Altay. The area under the jurisdiction of the Altay minister is directly under the central government and is the Central Special Administrative Region.
The first year of the Republic of China (1912), under the office of the chief executive of Altay.
In 1914, brentohai Civil Affairs Bureau was established.
In 1919, the Altay special administrative region was put under the jurisdiction of Xinjiang province.
In 1912, the county of bruntohai was upgraded to a county under the administration of Ashan.
In 1942, bruntohai county was renamed Fuhai county.
After the peaceful liberation of Xinjiang in 1949, it was attached to the Ashan administrative Commissioner's office sent by the provincial people's government.
In 1955, it was under the office of the administrative Commissioner of Altay District, Yili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
At the end of 1958, three people's communes were established in Fuhai county.
In June 1959, the former Qigan Jidi Township established a public-private joint sheep farm. In December, Fuhai fishing ground was transferred to Fuhai county.
In 1966, Dengta people's Commune and sheep farm merged into Fuhai ranch.
In 1970, the special farm was assigned to Fuhai county.
In 1972, Fuhai ranch was abolished and the original system of community and farm was restored.
In 1974, a farm was put under the management of a special office.
In 1976, the 182 regiment of the 10th agricultural division of XPCC and the fishing ground of XPCC were assigned to Fuhai county.
In 1979 and 1981, the two units returned to the 10th agricultural division.
At the end of 1984, five townships and one town were built in Fuhai county.
In December 2002, five townships and one town were directly under the jurisdiction of Fuhai county. It has 65 administrative villages and 6 residents' committees.
By 2019, Fuhai county has jurisdiction over three towns and three townships: Fuhai Town, akaramagai Town, Jiete Arele Town, kuoke agashi Township, qiganjide Township and Arda township; it also has jurisdiction over six township level units: district one farm, Fuhai prison, BINGTUAN 182 regiment, BINGTUAN 183 regiment, BINGTUAN 187 regiment and BINGTUAN 188 regiment. The county people's government is located in Fuhai Town.
Fuhai county is located in the north of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and the middle of Altay region, between 87 ° 00 ′ - 89 ° 04 ′ E and 40 ° 00 ′ - 48 ° 10 ′ n. It is adjacent to Fuyun County in the East, Jimunai County, Tacheng area and bukessel Mongolian Autonomous County in the West, Fukang city of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture in the south, Altay City and Beitun city in the north, and Mongolia in the northeast, The border line is 51 kilometers long, the county is 350 kilometers long from north to South and 25 to 150 kilometers wide from east to west, with a total area of 32400 square kilometers.
Fuhai county is high in the north and low in the South (mountain, hill, Gobi, plain and desert landform in turn), high in the East and low in the West. The lowest altitude of Fuhai county is 386 meters, located in zhelagou, South Gobi, with the highest altitude of 3332 meters, and located in huitengaqia mountain, the highest peak on the border between China and Mongolia. The average altitude of the county is 500 meters.
As a whole, the county is divided into two geomorphic units: northern mountainous area and southern plain. Mountain landform can be divided into high mountain zone, middle mountain zone, low mountain zone, piedmont alluvial proluvial plain and hill, plain can be divided into two river plain, valley plain and desert.
Fuhai county has a mid temperate continental arid climate, with an average annual temperature of 4.7 ℃, extreme high temperature of 40.0 ℃, extreme low temperature of - 42.7 ℃, duration of 224 days above 0 ℃, accumulated temperature of 2985 ℃ above 10 ℃, and accumulated temperature of 3455 ℃ above 0 ℃. The average annual frost free period is 156 days (the longest is 186 days, the shortest is 122 days), the average annual sunshine is 2908 hours, the average annual precipitation is about 131 mm, and the average annual evaporation is as high as 1840 mm.
The annual runoff of Ertis River in Fuhai county is about 3.488 billion cubic meters, and that of Wulungu River in Longkou of Fuhai reservoir is about 565 million cubic meters. The annual runoff of hala'erqis river is 1.937 billion cubic meters, and the average annual flow is 61.4 cubic meters / s
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Fuhai County, Altay Prefecture, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
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