Xingqing District, subordinate to Yinchuan City, the capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, is located in the east of Yinchuan city. It is the core area of Yinchuan City, the capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and the center of science and technology, culture, education, economy, finance and trade logistics of the Autonomous Region. It is between 38 ° 28 ′ N and 106 ° 17 ′ E. It borders Etuokeqian banner of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the East, Tanglai ancient canal in the west, Lingwu City, Yongning County, Helan county and Pingluo County in the north and south, with a total area of 828 square kilometers. By the end of 2019, it has jurisdiction over two townships and two towns with a permanent resident population of 755441, and the District People's government is located at 471 East Beijing road
Xingqing District was built in the third year of Tang Yifeng (678 AD). In November 2002, with the approval of the State Council, the district was readjusted and renamed Xingqing District. There are Chengtian Temple Pagoda, Haibao pagoda, Yuhuangge and many other ancient buildings in the area.
In 2019, the GDP of Xingqing District will reach 53.158 billion yuan, the added value of primary industry will reach 876 million yuan, the added value of secondary industry will reach 7.428 billion yuan, the added value of tertiary industry will reach 44.854 billion yuan, the per capita disposable income of urban residents will reach 41218.4 yuan, and the per capita disposable income of rural residents will reach 17128.7 yuan.
Xingqing District, built in the third year of Tang Yifeng (678), was Huaiyuan County.
In 1038, Li Yuanhao, the leader of Dangxiang nationality, established Xixia state, which is the capital of Xixia.
In the Ming Dynasty, Ningxia town was set up here, which is one of the "nine border towns" in China.
In the Qing Dynasty, Ningxia government was established as "a metropolis in the west".
In November 2002, with the approval of the State Council, the district was readjusted and renamed as Xingqing District, which governs the administrative area of the original urban area and the Honghua Township, Manchun Township, Daxin Township, YONGGU Township, Zhangzheng Township and Tonggui township of the original suburbs. The District People's government is located on Shanghai East Road.
On December 31, 2003, the State Council approved the revocation of Taole County, Shizuishan city. Hongyazi Township, Gaoren Township and mataigou town of Taole county were put under the jurisdiction of Pingluo County, and yueyahu township was put under the jurisdiction of Xingqing District of Yinchuan city.
In September 2004, Hengcheng village, Linhe Town, Lingwu City, was officially under the jurisdiction of Zhangzheng Town, Xingqing District.
In 2015, Xingqing District of Yinchuan city adjusted 8 street administrative regions, and partially adjusted the communities under the jurisdiction of the street.
By the end of 2019, Xingqing District has jurisdiction over 11 streets, 2 towns and 2 townships. The District People's government is located at 471 East Beijing road.
There are 11 streets: Fenghuang North Street, Jiefang West Street, Wenhua street, Funing street, Xinhua Street, Yuhuangge North Street, Qianjin Street, Zhongshan South Street, Yingu Road, Shengli Street and Lijing street.
Town (2): Zhangzheng Town, Daxin Town.
Township (2): Tonggui Township, yueyahu township.
The center of Xingqing District is located at 38 ° 28 ′ N and 106 ° 17 ′ e, bordering Etuokeqian banner of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the East, Tanglai ancient canal in the west, Lingwu City, Yongning County, Helan county and Pingluo County in the north and south. The total area is about 790 square kilometers.
The terrain of Xingqing District is divided into mountain and plain. It is higher in the West and south, lower in the north and East, and slightly inclined in the southwest northeast direction. From west to East, it can be divided into Helan Mountain, alluvial plain, alluvial Lake Plain, river valley plain and floodplain. The altitude is between 1010 m and 1150 m, the ground slope is about 2 ‰, and the soil layer is thick. Helan Mountain in the west of Yinchuan is a medium high stone mountain with a trend of North by East. It is about 150 km long and 20-30 km wide. The highest peak is 3556 meters above sea level, which is a natural barrier to prevent the northwest cold air and sandstorm from driving straight into Yinchuan. Helan Mountain is about 70 kilometers in Yinchuan City, covering an area of 58800 hectares.
Xingqing District is located in the hinge of the East and West tectonic belts in China. Geotectonically, Helanshan platform depression and Yinchuan graben, which belong to the western margin depression belt of Ordos, are the Piedmont depression area between Helanshan fold belt and Ordos platform. It is one of the key earthquake monitoring and defense areas in China and one of the first batch of 38 earthquake fortification cities in China.
The graben starts from Shizuishan in the north and ends at Qingtongxia in the south, with a length of about 160 km and a maximum width of 55 km. The East and west sides of the graben are respectively controlled by the Yellow River fault and the east foot fault of Helan Mountain. There are two large-scale faults in the graben, namely luhuatai fault and Yinchuan Pingluo fault. These four faults control the formation and development of Yinchuan graben. The earthquakes with m ≥ 3 in the graben of surrounding counties and cities will affect the urban area of Yinchuan, and the earthquakes with m ≥ 6 in the graben will damage the urban area.
In history, there have been many destructive earthquakes: in 1143, a magnitude 6 earthquake occurred in Shaoxing of Southern Song Dynasty; in 1227, a magnitude 5.5 earthquake occurred in Baoqing of Southern Song Dynasty; in 1477, a magnitude 6.5 earthquake occurred in Chenghua of Ming Dynasty, with intensity of 8. In particular, the Yinchuan Pingluo earthquake of magnitude 8 occurred in the fourth year of Qianlong reign (1739). The intensity of the Yinchuan earthquake area was 10 degrees, which completely destroyed the ancient city of Yinchuan. This is the largest catastrophic earthquake in the history of Yinchuan plain.
Soil types in Xingqing District can be divided into 9 categories, 28 subclasses, 48 soil genera and more than 500 soil species or varieties. There are mainly calcareous soil, meadow soil and grey cinnamon soil in mountain area between Helan Mountain and West Main Canal. In Eastern alluvial plain, there are mainly irrigation silting soil formed by long-term irrigation silting and farming alternation. In some low-lying areas, there are Lake soil and saline soil. The irrigated and silted soil has moderate soil quality, good physical and chemical properties, high content of organic matter, wide adaptability for water and fertilizer conservation. The diversity of soil types is very suitable for the development of agricultural production and the growth of a variety of economic crops.
In 2013, the monthly average temperature in Xingqing District of Yinchuan city was on the high side, in which March and August were significantly on the high side; the annual average temperature of Yinchuan City reached the highest record since 1961; the precipitation mainly occurred from May to July and September, and the precipitation in other months was significantly less, in which there was no precipitation from February to March and November to December, and the average annual precipitation of Yinchuan city was 10% less than that of the normal year. Abnormal weather and climate events and meteorological disasters occurred in different degrees in the year: from autumn 2012 to spring 2013, the precipitation continued to be abnormally low, and the meteorological drought was serious; the temperature was abnormally high in March, which entered the spring of meteorological significance ahead of time, and the obvious "late spring cold" occurred in early April, which had a serious impact on the forest and fruit industry; the high temperature weather appeared early in summer, and the high temperature concentration period was delayed and obviously partial There are many fog and haze weather, which have a great impact on traffic and human health; there was no early snow in the previous winter, which is rare in history. Based on the analysis of temperature and precipitation factors, Helan was a drought year in 2013, and other places were drought years.
Xingqing District surface water source is sufficient, good quality, rich in sediment, fertile land. There are many ditches, lakes and wetlands. The Yellow River is the main river in Yinchuan, flowing through Yinchuan for more than 80 kilometers, running through the north and south. Yinchuan Plain has been irrigated with the water from the Yellow River for more than 2000 years. There are Tanglai, Hanyan, Huinong and Xigan canals in the main Yellow River diversion channels, with an annual water diversion capacity of 1 billion cubic meters. More than 1000 irrigation and drainage trunk and branch canals, thousands of kilometers long, form a complete irrigation and drainage system with irrigation canals and drainage ditches, ensuring the irrigation of more than 130000 hectares of farmland.
In history, due to the continuous diversion of the Yellow River, there are many lakes and wetlands. In ancient times, there was the saying of "Seventy two connected lakes", and now it has the reputation of "Saishang Lake City". The city has a wetland area of 39700 hectares, mainly lake wetlands and river wetlands, of which natural wetlands account for more than 60% of the wetland area, nearly 200 natural lakes, and more than 20 lakes with an area of more than 100 hectares. More famous are Mingcui lake, Yuehai lake, Hequan lake, Baohu lake, Xihu Lake, etc.
In 2010, there were 12300 hectares of natural secondary forests in Xingqing District, with a forest coverage rate of 22.8%. There are more than 190 kinds of wetland plants, including spruce, Pinus tabulaeformis, Populus davidiana and other trees, as well as Ulmus pumila, Prunus armeniaca and other shrubs. In addition, there are more than 40 kinds of wild medicinal plants. There are more than 150 kinds of wild animals in the wetland, and 32 kinds of rare animals protected by the state include Zhangzi, red deer, blue eared pheasant, Qingyang and fox.
The mineral resources of Xingqing District include coal, hematite, flux limestone, flux dolomite, flux silica, phosphorite, cement limestone, diabase, etc. Helan stone is "lustrous and lustrous, used to make inkstone, care for breath and water, easy to develop ink and protect hair". Since ancient times, Helan stone has been known as "one end two she three Helan", and is one of the "five famous inkstones" in China. Lingwu mining area is rich in coal, oil and natural gas reserves, especially coal reserves and its high calorific value, low ash, low sulfur, low phosphorus and other qualities, which also occupies a very important position in the whole autonomous region and even the whole country.
By the end of 2019, the permanent resident population of Xingqing District is 755400, an increase of 3963 over the end of last year. Among them: the urban population is 680200, accounting for 90.04% of the total population; the Hui population is 153400, accounting for 20.3% of the total population; the female population is 391400, accounting for 51.82% of the total population. The birth rate is 9.2 ‰, the death rate is 3.94 ‰, and the natural growth rate is 5.26 ‰.
In 2019, the GDP of Xingqing District will reach 53.158 billion yuan, with a year-on-year growth of 6.6%. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 876 million yuan, an increase of 1.9% over the same period last year; the added value of the secondary industry was 876 million yuan
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