Jingyuan County, belonging to Baiyin City of Gansu Province, is located in the upper reaches of the Yellow River, the Middle East of Gansu Province, and the hinterland of Baiyin City. Pingchuan District of Baiyin city divides the county into two parts, forming two opposite parts of North and south. The southeast of the county is adjacent to Huining County, the southwest is adjacent to Yuzhong County and Baiyin District of Lanzhou City, the northwest is connected to Jingtai County, and the north is adjacent to pingning county The enclave is Pingchuan District in the south, Jingtai County in the west, Shapotou district and Haiyuan County in Zhongwei city of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in the north and East. It is 120 km from east to west and 135 km from north to south, with a total area of 5809.4 square kilometers.
Jingyuan County is a famous historical and cultural city in Western China and a cultural County in Gansu Province. It has collected the Yellow River culture, silk road culture, farming culture, folk culture and red culture, forming a unique local culture. There are 138 cultural relics protection units at all levels, including 1 national cultural protection unit and 11 provincial cultural protection units. Faquan temple, one of the top 100 famous temples in China, is in the same line as Famen Temple in Shaanxi Province. Its Grottoes art is very similar to Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang. It is rated as a national 3A tourist attraction and provincial forest park.
In 2018, Jingyuan County governs 13 towns and 5 townships. In 2017, the permanent resident population of Jingyuan County was 461800, realizing a GDP of 7.068 billion yuan, including 2.441 billion yuan of the added value of the primary industry, 1.743 billion yuan of the added value of the secondary industry, 2.884 billion yuan of the added value of the tertiary industry, 34.5:24.7:40.8 of the three industrial structure, and 15356 yuan of the per capita GDP (calculated by the average permanent resident population). In February 2020, approved by the leading group of poverty alleviation in Gansu Province, Jingyuan County met the exit conditions of poverty-stricken counties and approved the exit.
The origin of the name
Jingyuan is named after "the remote land has settled down".
History of construction
Before the Warring States period, the territory of Jingyuan was occupied by the Qiang and Rong ethnic groups in ancient northern China, and at the end of the Warring States period.
In the Qin Dynasty, qurong was destroyed and Beidi county was set up. The county ruled Yiqu, and Jingyuan was included in the territory of Qin.
In the Western Han Dynasty, in the third year of the reign of Emperor Wudi, two counties, Zuli and Guiyin, were set up in Jingyuan, belonging to anding County, with Gaoping County as its administrative system.
Xinmang changed Zuli County into Xiangli county.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Zuli county government moved to the south, and quail Yin county was changed into Fuyin County, belonging to Wuwei County.
The Three Kingdoms belong to Wuwei County of Wei state.
In the Sixteen States of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Li County, the ancestor of Zhao, moved to the South and set up Longdong county. In the former Qin Dynasty, Pingliang county was established in Changyin county. Xiqin belongs to Yuanchuan county.
In the northern and Southern Dynasties, Gaoping town was set up in the Northern Wei Dynasty, which belonged to Fuyin county. Huizhou was established in the Western Wei Dynasty, and Jingyuan was called Huizhou. The Northern Zhou Dynasty changed Huizhou into huiningfang.
In the Sui Dynasty, Huining defense was changed into Huining Town, and later Huining County, belonging to Pingliang county.
In the Tang Dynasty, Huining county was changed to xihuizhou, and later Huining county was restored, belonging to guanneidao.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, the Xixia Kingdom twice conquered Jingyuan and set up Fuchuan County. Chongning three years changed to Fuwen County, Jingyuan road.
In the Southern Song Dynasty, Jin and Xixia conquered successively, and Jin changed Fuwen county to Baochuan county.
In the Yuan Dynasty, it was still Huizhou, belonging to gongchang Prefecture of Shaanxi Province.
In the Ming Dynasty, the prefecture of the State Council set up a patrol department in dieliexun.
In the first year of Shunzhi (1644) in the Qing Dynasty, jingluwei was changed to jingyuanwei, belonging to gongchang Prefecture. In the second year of Kangxi (1662), jingyuanwei was incorporated into Longyou road. In 1730, jingyuanwei was changed into Jingyuan County, belonging to gongchang Prefecture. In 1737, Jingyuan County was transferred to Lanzhou Prefecture.
In the third year of the Republic of China, seven roads were set up in Gansu Province, and Lanshan road was set up in Jingyuan County.
From 1949 to 1961, it belonged to Dingxi Area.
From 1961 to 1963, it was under the jurisdiction of Baiyin City.
From 1964 to 1985, it was restored to Dingxi Area.
In August 1985, Baiyin city was restored and Jingyuan County returned to Baiyin City.
In 2002, two townships, Beiwan and Dongwan, were removed from their townships and built into towns.
In January 2005, Wulan Township and Chengguan town were merged into Wulan town; Caoxian township was abolished and merged into ruoli township; Zhongbao township was abolished, and Zhongbao and Yingping villages were merged into Beiwan town; Yingfang, Jiakou and shangtan villages were merged into Wulan town.
In 2014, the Department of civil affairs of Gansu Province approved to abolish Liuchuan Township and Beitan Township and establish Liuchuan town and Beitan town.
In August 2016, the Department of civil affairs of Gansu Province approved the abolition of Wuhe Township, Dalu Township, mitan Township, Gaowan Township, pingbao Township, Dongsheng township, Santan Township and Shuanglong Township, and the establishment of Wuhe Town, Dalu Town, mitan Town, Gaowan Town, pingbao Town, Dongsheng Town, Santan town and Shuanglong town in Jingyuan County. The village management system was implemented, and the administrative boundaries and government residences remained unchanged.
Current situation of regionalization
As of 2018, Jingyuan County has 13 towns and 5 townships. Jingyuan County People's government is located in Wulan town.
Jingyuan County is located in the middle of Gansu Province. Pingchuan District of Baiyin city divides the county into two parts, forming two opposite parts: Huining County of Baiyin City in Gansu Province in the southeast, Yuzhong County and Baiyin District of Lanzhou City in Gansu Province in the southwest, Jingtai County of Baiyin City in the northwest, Pingchuan District of Baiyin City in the north, and Zhongning County of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in the north and East Shapotou District of Weishi city is connected with Haiyuan County, Pingchuan District of Baiyin City in the South and Jingtai County of Baiyin City in the West. It is between 104 ° 13 ′～ 105 ° 15 ′ E and 36 ° 37 ° 15 ′ n, 120 km from east to west and 135 km from north to south, with a total area of 5809.4 square kilometers.
Jingyuan County is located in the upper reaches of the Yellow River and the Middle East of Gansu Province. It is a gully region of the Loess Plateau. The terrain is high in the West and low in the East. It is inclined from northwest to Southeast. It is 125 km long from north to South and 106 km wide from east to west, with a total area of 5809.4 square kilometers and an altitude of 1300-3017 meters.
Jingyuan County has a temperate arid and semi-arid climate. The annual average temperature is about 8.9 ℃, the annual extreme maximum temperature is 35.1 ℃, the annual average precipitation is 240 mm, the annual evaporation is 1634 mm, the annual average sunshine hours is 2696 hours, and the frost free period is 165 days.
The cultivated land area of Jingyuan County is 1.15 million mu, including 549500 mu of effective irrigation area, 167000 mu of wheat sowing area, 153000 mu of corn sowing area and 32500 mu of rice sowing area.
There are more than 10 kinds of proven metal deposits in Jingyuan County, such as gold, silver, copper, iron and manganese, and 14 kinds of non-metal deposits, such as coal, limestone, barite, palygorskite, ceramic clay, gypsum, quartzite, zeolite and sulfur. The newly discovered 1 billion tons of extra large Palygorskite ore ranks first in the world in terms of quality and reserves. Water power, wind power and solar energy are abundant.
There are 287 species and 4 varieties of wild medicinal plants in Jingyuan County, belonging to 189 genera of 63 families, and 19 species of cultivated medicinal plants. There are 160 species of perennial herbs in Jingyuan County, accounting for 54.98% of the total species; there are 161 species of whole herbs in Jingyuan County, accounting for 55.33% of the total species.
As of 2017, the total population of Jingyuan County was 501576, and the total number of households at the end of the year was 13869. According to gender, the total population is 258763 males, accounting for 51.59% of the total population; 242813 females, accounting for 48.41% of the total population; the ratio of male to female (100 females) is 106.57; according to age, the population aged 0-17 is 1011111, accounting for 20.16%; the population aged 18-34 is 15575759, accounting for 31.05%; the population aged 35-59 is 167932, accounting for 33.48%; the population aged 60 and above is 167932, accounting for 33.48% The population is 76774, accounting for 15.31% of the total population. The permanent resident population is 461800, the urbanization rate is 35.87%, and the natural population growth rate is 5.69 ‰.
Secretary of the county Party committee: Zheng Yu
Deputy secretary and head of the county Party committee: Liu Lijiang
Director of the Standing Committee of the county people's Congress: he Shilu
Chairman of CPPCC: Hu Guangke
(as of early 2019)
As of 2017, Jingyuan County has achieved a GDP of 7.068 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 2.5% at comparable prices. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 2.441 billion yuan, up 4.8%; the added value of the secondary industry was 1.743 billion yuan, down 0.5%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 2.884 billion yuan, up 2.5%. The county's per capita GDP reached 15356 yuan (calculated by the average resident population). The proportion of three industrial structures was adjusted from 34.8:25.5:39.7 in 2016 to 34.5:24.7:40.8.
Investment in fixed assets
As of 2017, Jingyuan County has invested 5.689 billion yuan in fixed assets, down 45.30% year on year, including 5.537 billion yuan in urban fixed assets, down 43.71%; 152 million yuan in real estate development, down 73.06%. By industry, the investment in the primary industry was 715 million yuan, down 73.58%; the investment in the secondary industry was 1.164 billion yuan, down 70.64%; the investment in the tertiary industry was 3.810 billion yuan, up 2.09%. According to the type of economy, the investment in the public economy was 2.032 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 28.91%; the investment in the non-public economy was 3.657 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 5
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