Dayi County Dayi County is subordinate to Chengdu City, Sichuan Province. It is located in the transition zone from Chengdu plain to Northwest Sichuan Plateau, bordering Qionglai mountains. It borders Chongzhou in the East, Xinjin in the southeast, Qionglai in the southwest, Lushan and Baoxing in Ya'an in the west, and Wenchuan in Aba in the north. The total area of the county is 1327 square kilometers.
The terrain of Dayi County is high in the northwest and low in the southeast, which gradually decreases in a ladder shape. There are three major terrain areas in turn: mountain area, hill area and plain area, with the geomorphic structure of "seven mountains, one water and two fields". Mountain area, hill area and plain area account for 60.5%, 16.7% and 22.8% of the total area of the county respectively. The Qionglai Mountains extend from northwest to Southeast and run through the hilly areas in the West and north of the county. The highest place in the northwest is miaojiling in Xiling Town, with an altitude of 5364 meters, which is the first peak in Chengdu.
Dayi County governs 3 streets and 8 towns. It belongs to subtropical monsoon humid climate. Dayi County has a long history and prosperous culture. Beautiful scenery, rich tourism resources. Top 100 counties and cities in Western China in 2019.
Evolution of organizational system
Dayi County has a long history, as early as the Neolithic age, there are human activities in Dayi County.
There were ancient Shu in Xia and Zhou dynasties. The present Dayi County was the land of ancient Shu.
In the fifth year of King Shenliang of Zhou Dynasty, that is, the ninth year of huigengyuan of Qin Dynasty (316 BC), the ancient Shu Kingdom was destroyed by Qin Dynasty. In contrast, Dayi County was Linqiong county at that time.
In the fifth year of emperor Gaozu of Han Dynasty (202 BC), Bashu was pacified. Today Dayi County is located in Jiangyuan county and Linqiong county.
At the end of the Western Han Dynasty, Wang Mang established a new state (9-23), Linqiong county was changed into Jianqiong County, and Jiangyuan county was changed into Qiongyuan county. Later Gongsun said that he became a family according to Shu (25-36). The names of Jianqiong and Qiongyuan counties are still the same.
In November of the 12th year of Jianwu (36) of the Eastern Han Dynasty, his family died. Qiongyuan county was renamed Jiangyuan County, and Jianqiong county was renamed Linqiong county.
From Shu Han, Wei, Western Jin Kuanda to the second year of Cheng (Han) Yuheng (312), Dayi County was still established.
In the third year of Yonghe in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (347), Cheng (Han) died. Hanyuan County was changed into Rong County, and later renamed Jiangyuan county. Linqiong county is still home.
From the song and Qi dynasties to the reign of Xiao Ji, king of Wuling in Liang Dynasty, the two counties remained unchanged. At the end of Liang Dynasty, Xiao Ji, king of Wuling, occupied Shu (552-553). Linqiong county was changed into Yizheng County, and Jiangyuan county was still established.
In 553, the Western Wei Dynasty ruled Shu. Linqiong county was set up in some areas according to the administrative county, while Jiangyuan county was still set up.
Emperor Xiaomin of the Northern Zhou Dynasty was founded in 557. Jiangyuan county was changed into duorong County, and later Jinyuan county. Yizheng county and Linqiong county are still established.
In the Sui Dynasty, today Dayi County is located in Jinyuan, Linqiong and Yizheng counties.
In the first year of Wude of Tang Dynasty (618), Jinyuan county was divided into Tanglong county. In the third year of Wude (620), Linqiong County, Yizheng county and Tanglong county were divided into Anren County; in the 17th year of Zhenguan (643), Anren County was abolished; in the first year of Xianheng (670), Anren County was restored. Today, Dayi County belongs to Linqiong, Yizheng, Tanglong and Anren counties before it was established in the early Tang Dynasty.
In 671 ad (the second year of Xianheng of Tang Dynasty), it cut the west of Jinyuan county and set up Dayi County.
"The old book of Tang", "the new book of Tang", "Yuanhe county annals" and "Taiping world record" recorded: "the city is vast, so it is named after it."
Affiliation: when Dayi County was first established, it was subordinate to Qiongzhou. In the first year of Tang Tianbao (742), Qiongzhou was changed into Linqiong county. In 758, Linqiong was changed to Qiongzhou.
After the establishment of Dayi County, there was no change in the Tang and Song dynasties.
During the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, Dayi County belonged to the former Shu state in 19 years (907-926), the latter Tang Dynasty in 9 years (925-933), and the latter Shu state in 32 years (934-965), and belonged to Qiongzhou.
Since the third year of Qiande in the Northern Song Dynasty (965), Dayi belonged to the Song Dynasty, Qiongzhou was changed into Linqiong County of Qiongzhou, and Dayi belonged to Linqiong County of Qiongzhou.
In the sixth year of Baoyou in the Southern Song Dynasty (1258), the Mongolian army invaded Sichuan, and Dayi was subordinate to Linqiong County of Qiongzhou. Shortly after 1277, Linqiong County of Qiongzhou was changed into Qiongzhou. Dayi belongs to Qiongzhou. Sixteen years (1279). Dayi belongs to Yuan Dynasty.
In 1284 (the 21st year of yuan to Yuan Dynasty), Anren County and Huojing county were abolished, and their administrative areas were assigned to Dayi County. Huojing county was assigned to Qiongzhou.
In 1360, Yuzhen of the Ming Dynasty established the peasant power in Shu. In 1362, Yuzhen of the Ming Dynasty became emperor. The state name was Xia. Dayi belonged to Qiongzhou.
In the spring of 1371, Zhu Yuanzhang sent troops to Sichuan. In June, the summer died. Dayi belonged to the Ming Dynasty and belonged to Qiongzhou. In 1376, Qiongzhou was reduced to qiongxian County, and Dayi was subordinate to jiadingzhou.
In 1377 (the tenth year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty) in May of the lunar calendar, Dayi system was abolished and the territory was merged into qiongxian county.
In 1380 (the 13th year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty), the lunar calendar was restored in November.
In May 1377, Dayi entered qiongxian county. Ming Hongwu 13 years (1380) November restoration, Li jiadingzhou. In the 19th year of Chenghua in Ming Dynasty (1483), qiongxian county was upgraded to Qiongzhou, and Dayi was also subordinate to Qiongzhou.
On the 8th of August in the 17th year of Chongzhen in the Ming Dynasty, Zhang Xianzhong conquered Chengdu and established the peasant power in Daxi. He established Chengdu as the capital and called it Xijing. On the fifth day of October, he broke Qiongzhou and entered Dayi. During the period of Zhang Xianzhong's rule of Shu (1644-1646), Dayi was one of the counties under the jurisdiction of Daxi, and its subordinate relationship was the same as that in the late Ming Dynasty.
In 1646, Dayi belonged to Qing Dynasty and belonged to Qiongzhou. According to the records of Dayi County published by Qianlong of Qing Dynasty in 1649, Lu Ming, a subordinate of Zhang Xianzhong, still lived in Chongqing, Xuzhou, Mahu and Qiongzhou. In 1652, Liu Wenxiu, a subordinate of Zhang Xianzhong, who had been allied with Nanming Dynasty, sent troops back to Sichuan. He defeated Wu Sangui, who had been demoted to the Qing Dynasty, and conquered all the counties in southern Sichuan. Liu Wenxiu conquered Chengdu. In the ninth year of Shunzhi reign of Qing Dynasty, Dayi belonged to Nanming Dynasty and belonged to Qiongzhou. According to the local records of Dayi County published by Guangxu of Qing Dynasty, after Wu Sangui's rebellion in 1674, Wang Fan occupied Dayi of Qiongzhou. Wu was called emperor in 1674, and the state name was Zhou. Dayi belongs to Zhou Dynasty and belongs to Qiongzhou. In 1680, Wang Pingfan was pacified. Dayi belonged to Qing Dynasty and belonged to Qiongzhou.
In the first year of the Republic of China, Dayi was subordinate to Qiongzhou. In the second year, Qiongzhou was changed into Qionglai County, and Dayi was attached to the South Sichuan Road. In May of 2003, shangchuannan road was changed into Jianchang Taoism. In the 17th year, the system of Taoism was abolished. At that time, Sichuan was in the period of warlords' scuffle, and it was officially abolished the next year. Dayi then went to Sichuan Province. In June of 24, Dayi was subordinate to the fourth administrative supervision district of Sichuan Province.
After the liberation of Dayi County on December 20, 1949, it was under the jurisdiction of Meishan administrative region. In March 1950, it was transferred to Wenjiang administrative region. Also known as Wenjiang special area, it was changed to Wenjiang area in October 1968.
On July 1, 1960, with the approval of the State Council, Xinjin County was merged into Dayi County. The original Chengguan town of Xinjin County was changed into Xinjin town of Dayi County. On March 25, 1962, the organizational system was restored, and the area under the jurisdiction of Xinjin County was still under the jurisdiction of Xinjin County. On October 20, the State Council went through the approval procedures. After the establishment of the county, Dayi County has always been in Jinyuan town.
In May 1983, the organizational system of Wenjiang District was abolished, and Dayi County was under the jurisdiction of Chengdu City.
In 1997, it covers an area of 1548 square kilometers and has a population of 486000. It governs 13 towns and 7 townships. The county government is located in Jinyuan town.
In 1999, Dayi County governs 15 towns and 12 townships: Jinyuan Town, Anren Town, Yuelai Town, Xinchang Town, TangChang Town, Xiling Town, Xieyuan Town, Dongchang Town, Hanchang Town, wangsi Town, Sancha Town, Ganjiang Town, Shangan Town, tiangongmiao Town, Sujia town; Gaoshan Town, Qingxia Town, Jinxing Town, Wushan Town, Shaqu Town, Heming Town, Sanba Town, Dunyi Town, Caichang Town, Yuanxing Town Longfeng Township, Danfeng township.
In 2000, according to the data of the fifth census, the total population was 490373.
On September 8, 2004, two towns of TangChang and Yuanxing and five townships of Danfeng, Sanba, Gaoshan, Longfeng and Dunyi were abolished, and tiangongmiao town was renamed Huashuiwan town. The administrative regions of TangChang and Yuanxing were merged into Anren Town, and the government of Anren town was stationed in Anren village. The former administrative region of Danfeng township was merged into Yuelai town; Yuelai town government was stationed in Guankou community. The former administrative region of Sanba township was incorporated into Minjiang Town, and the government of Minjiang town was stationed in Minyuan village. The former administrative region of Gaoshan township was merged into Sancha Town, and the government of Sancha town was stationed in Meihua village. The former administrative region of Longfeng township was merged into Dongchang Town, and the government of Dongchang town was stationed in Dongjia village. The administrative area of Dunyi township will be merged into wangsi Town, and the government of wangsi town will be stationed in Government Street.
In 2004, Dayi County governs 17 towns (Jinyuan, wangsi, Ganjiang, Xiling, Xieyuan, Dongchang, Hanchang, Sancha, Shangan, Sujia, Xinchang, Anren, Yuelai, Qingxia, Shaqu, Caichang, Huashuiwan), 3 townships (Wushan, Jinxing, Heming), 20 community committees, 345 village committees, with an area of 1545 square kilometers and a population density of 322 people / square kilometers.
In 2013, the provincial government (No. 16, Chuanfu civil administration) approved the cancellation of Jinyuan town and the establishment of Jinyuan street.
On December 24, 2019, Shaqu Town, Dongchang Town, Caichang Town, Shangan Town, Hanchang Town, Sujia Town, Sancha Town, Xieyuan town and Qingxia town will be abolished and Shaqu street and Qingxia Street will be established.
The former Shaqu Town, Longhua community, Longxing community, Tiexi community, Fengguan community, Changming street community, Xianghe village, Shuanghe village and the administrative areas of the former Caichang community, Yunnan village, Wanyan village and Shude village of Caichang town are under the jurisdiction of Shaqu street. The office of Shaqu street is located at 120 Fangyuan road.
In this paper, we divided the original Dongchang town into Zhengxiong community, Baima village and Xinglong Village, Caichang town into Wanshi community and Xinfu village, Shangan town into Hanchang Town, Sujia town into Xianglin village, Yongxing Village, Hongqiao community, Fuxing community and Anhe village, and Sancha town into Gaoshan community and Zhaoan village
Chinese PinYin : Si Chuan Sheng Cheng Dou Shi Da Yi Xian
Dayi County, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province
Release Time:2022-01-31 10:47:32
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