Liujiang District Liujiang district is under the jurisdiction of Liuzhou City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Located in the middle of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and southeast of Central Guangxi basin, it is between 23 ° 54'30 "～ 24 ° 29'00" n and 108 ° 54'40 "～ 109 ° 44'45" E. It is adjacent to Liuzhou City in the north, Mashan Township and shechong Township in Liucheng County; it faces Jiangkou Township and Daojiang Township in Luzhai County across Liujiang River in the Northeast; it is adjacent to Yunjiang town and Maping Township in Xiangzhou County of Laibin City in the East and Southeast, Dawan Township, Fenghuang Town, Beiwu Township and Qidong Township in Xingbin District of Laibin City in the South; it is adjacent to Antong Township, Datang Town, Oudong Township and Hechi City in Xincheng County of Laibin City in the southwest and northwest Pingnan Township, Sancha town. The terrain is high in the west, next high in the East and low in the middle. It covers an area of 2539.16 square kilometers.
Liujiang district has a subtropical monsoon climate. The annual average temperature is 20.4 ℃, the annual average rainfall is more than 1400mm, and the annual average sunshine is more than 1600 hours. Its climate is hot in summer, short in winter, abundant in rainfall, sufficient in light and long in frost free period.
As of 2013, Liujiang has a total population of 562000. As of February 2020, Liujiang district has jurisdiction over 8 towns and 118 villages (communities), covering an area of 1773 square kilometers.
In 2015, the GDP of the whole region was 20.04 billion yuan, the fiscal revenue was 1.6 billion yuan, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 26906 yuan, and the per capita disposable income of rural residents was 11253 yuan. It has been awarded the honorary titles of "top ten counties for economic development in Guangxi" and "top 100 counties in Western China". In 2019, the region's GDP will reach 30.24 billion yuan.
In the Qin Dynasty, today Liujiang district belongs to Guilin county.
In the Western Han Dynasty, in the sixth year of Yuanding (111 B.C.), the current district was divided into Tanzhong county (Liujiang was named Tanshui in ancient times, so it was named because it lived in Tanshui), belonging to Yulin County, which was the beginning of the establishment of Liujiang district.
In the Sui Dynasty, in the 11th year of kaihuang period (591 AD), Tanzhong county was changed to Guilin County, and then Guilin county was established as Maping county. After the Tang, song, yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties to the early Republic of China, the name of this district has been used. The district generally includes Liuzhou city and Liujiang district.
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912 AD), Maping county was abolished, and the county administration was directly handled by the chief executive of Liuzhou Prefecture; in the second year of the Republic of China (1913 AD), Liuzhou Prefecture was abolished, and Maping county was restored, directly under Guangxi Province; in the 20th year of the Republic of China (1931 AD), Maping county was changed into Liuzhou County, and the county administration was in Liuzhou; in the 27th year of the Republic of China (1938 AD), Liuzhou county was changed into Liujiang County, which belonged to Liuzhou The county government is in Liuzhou.
On November 25, 1949, Liujiang county (now Liuzhou City) was liberated. On December 10, the people's Government of Liujiang county was established, and Liujiang county and Liuzhou city were separated from each other in administrative divisions. The former urban area and some suburbs of Liujiang county are under the jurisdiction of Liuzhou city. The 18 townships outside the urban area are divided into Liujiang county and Liuzhou District. On March 19, 1950, the people's Government of Liujiang County moved from Liuzhou city to labaowei. Liujiang County successively belongs to Liuzhou District, Yishan district and Liuzhou District. In October 1983, the State Council approved Liujiang as a county under the jurisdiction of Liuzhou city. It was officially taken over by Liuzhou City on January 10, 1984.
On October 4, 1984, Liujiang abolished the people's commune system and restored the township system; since 1996, the Department of civil affairs of the autonomous region approved the withdrawal of townships and towns, and 10 townships in Liujiang district have successively withdrawn townships and towns.
On March 30, 2016, the State Council agreed to abolish Liujiang county and establish Liujiang District of Liuzhou City, with the former administrative region of Liujiang County as the administrative region of Liujiang district.
On January 6, 2017, Liujiang District, Liuzhou City, Guangxi was established.
From December 1949 to March 1950, the county was divided into six districts, with a total of 18 townships: the first district governs Liyong, Chuanshan and zhongtuan townships; the second district governs Jinde, Baipeng and Xiaoshan townships; the third district governs Sixian, Chengtuan and liudao townships; the Fourth District governs Luoman, Liushan and Futang townships; the Fifth District governs Sandu, Shuiyuan, Tubo and Ligao townships; the Chengguan District governs Guangyuan and Pingchuan townships, with a total of 214 administrative villages (streets).
From April 1950 to January 1951, the county was divided into eight districts, with a total of 18 townships: Liyong Township under the jurisdiction of the first district; Baipeng Township and Xiaoshan Township under the jurisdiction of the second district; liudao Township and Chengtuan Township under the jurisdiction of the third district; Luoman Township, Liushan Township, Futang Township and Tubo Township under the jurisdiction of the fourth district; Sandu Township, Ligao Township and Shuiyuan Township under the jurisdiction of the Fifth District; Jinde Township and Sixian Township under the jurisdiction of the Sixth District; Chuanshan Township and zhongtuan Township under the jurisdiction of the seventh district; Guangyuan Township and Pingchuan Township under the jurisdiction of the eighth district.
Since May 19, 1955, the names of all districts have been called by the place where the district office is located. At the same time, the first eight districts of the whole district were changed into eight districts, namely Liyong, Baipeng, Chengtuan, Luoman, Sandu, Jinde, Chuanshan and Tubo. In October 1961, six communes were set up in Hengshan, Datian, Silian, Sirong, Xinlong and Labao, with a total of 25 communes in the region.
In October 1962, the system of district and township was restored. The county was further divided into eight districts, namely Liyong, Baipeng, Chengtuan, Luoman, Sandu, Jinde, Chuanshan and Tubo. Under its jurisdiction, 94 people's communes were divided on the basis of small townships from 1955 to 1957 (Longhuai commune was abolished and Fengshan commune was established in March 1964), with a total of 2642 production teams (the above communes and production teams are the statistics of 1966).
In December 1968, the people's commune system was adjusted, and all districts were changed into communes. Luoman is divided into Luoman commune and Futang commune, and the scale of other communes remains unchanged. At that time, the whole area was divided into nine communes, namely Liyong, Baipeng, Chengtuan, Luoman, Futang, Sandu, Jinde, Chuanshan and Tubo. The original 94 communes were changed into 105 production teams, under the jurisdiction of 2642 production teams.
In September 1980, Labao town was set up, with one brigade, 20 production teams and two streets under its jurisdiction. At that time, there were 9 communes, 1 town, 123 production teams, 3521 production teams and 2 streets in the whole district.
According to statistics at the end of 1982, there were 1227 villages (streets) in the county, of which 69 were newly built after liberation.
In October 1984, the people's commune was abolished and townships and towns were established. Nine townships, including Liyong, Baipeng, Chengtuan, Luoman, Futang, Sandu, Jinde, Chuanshan and Tubo, and one town, Labao, were set up in the county. In 1985, there were 123 villages and 2 streets under the township. There are 1225 villages (streets) and 2707 villager groups.
In 2003, Liujiang adjusted the administrative boundaries between Labu town and Jinde Town: the five villages of Huangling, Muluo, Sixian, Tangtou and Keelung (including the first, second and third industrial development zones, Jiandu Development Zone and Keelung Development Zone within the administrative area of relevant villages) under the jurisdiction of Labu town government.
As of February 2020, Liujiang district has jurisdiction over 8 towns and 118 villages (communities). The district government is located at 45 Liubei Road, Labao town.
Liujiang district is located in the southeast of Guizhong basin, between 23 ° 54'30 "～ 24 ° 29'00" n and 108 ° 54'40 "～ 109 ° 44'45" E. It is adjacent to Liuzhou City in the north, Mashan Township and shechong Township in Liucheng District, Jiangkou Township and Daojiang Township in Luzhai district across Liujiang River in the northeast, Yunjiang town and Maping Township in Xiangzhou County of Laibin City in the East and Southeast, Dawan Township, Fenghuang Town, Beiwu Township and Qidong Township in Xingbin District of Laibin City in the south, and Antong Township, Datang Town, Oudong Township and Hechi City in Xincheng County of Laibin City in the southwest and northwest Pingnan Township, Sancha town. The terrain is high in the west, next high in the East and low in the middle. The area is 1773 square kilometers.
In Liujiang District, there are karst landform and low mountain and hill landform. The landform of peak forest valley, peak cluster Valley, Gufeng plain and wide valley of peak forest is obvious. The mountainous area accounts for 51%, the plain area accounts for 29%, and the hilly area accounts for 11%.
Liujiang district has a subtropical monsoon climate. The annual average temperature is 20.4 ℃, the average rainfall is more than 1400mm, the annual average sunshine is more than 1600 hours, and the frost free period is 331 days. The climate is hot in summer, short in winter, abundant in rainfall, sufficient in light and long in frost free period. In summer, southerly wind prevails with high temperature, high humidity and more rain; in winter, northerly wind prevails with low humidity, dry and less rain. The average temperature in January is 10.4 ℃, the average temperature in July is 28.9 ℃, and the annual average temperature is 20.6 ℃; the extreme maximum temperature is 39.1 ℃, and the extreme minimum temperature is - 1.3 ℃. The annual average rainfall is 1424.7mm, mostly from May to September. The annual average evaporation is 1419.5mm, and the annual relative humidity is 76%. The annual dominant wind direction is north wind and northwest wind, and the frequency is 13.5%, the static wind frequency is 28%, and the annual average wind speed is 2.0m/s.
There are nine rivers with a drainage area of more than 50 square kilometers, namely Liujiang River, Longjiang River, Fengji River, Fengshan River, Daqiao River, Liyong River, Wangmei River, Shuiyuan River and Dadu River. Among them, Liujiang River and Longjiang River are transit rivers. The total length of nine rivers is 335.63 km.
There is a relative lack of water resources in Liujiang district. The total amount of water resources is 2.037 billion cubic meters, including 1.265 billion cubic meters of surface water and 771 million cubic meters of groundwater. The exploitable capacity of water energy in the reservoir area is 200000 kilowatts.
By the end of 2010, there are 4 hydropower stations in Longhuai, Beigong Gongnong and Fengji, with installed capacity of 14 units, capacity of 2335 kW and annual power generation of 4.02 million kwh; Honghua Hydropower Station is built in Liujiang River, with annual power generation of 902 million kwh; the total storage capacity of the region is 135 million cubic meters
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