Quangang District, belonging to Quanzhou City, Fujian Province, is located in the central coastal area of Fujian Province, bordering Meizhou Bay in the East, Chengxiang District and Xiuyu District of Putian City in the East and North, Hui'an County in the south, Luojiang District in the southwest, Xianyou County of Putian City in the northwest and North, with a land area of 341 square kilometers and a sea area of 119 square kilometers.
Quangang District was originally Huibei district. Xiaocuo economic development zone was established in 1996. On December 28, 2000, it was established with the approval of the State Council. Located in the East Asian monsoon region, the climate belongs to subtropical marine monsoon climate. It is one of the famous hometown of overseas Chinese and ancestral home of Taiwan compatriots.
In 2018, Quangang District governs one street and six towns with a population of 407000, realizing a GDP of 65.411 billion yuan, of which the added value of the primary industry is 1.146 billion yuan, the added value of the secondary industry is 51.119 billion yuan, and the added value of the tertiary industry is 13.146 billion yuan.
In October 2019, it was rated as one of the top 100 science and technology innovation zones in China in 2019.
In 1981, on the hillside of Songyuan village in Tuling town and on the hillside of Lupu Village (formerly known as Luda), stone arrows and pottery pieces were found for hunting. In 1987, a Neolithic cultural site was discovered in Yishan (also known as Aishan and Xingshan) of Houpu natural village in Lupu Village (living in Shang and Zhou dynasties), and a number of cultural relics such as pottery and stone were found. It shows that Quangang area has been inhabited by the ancestors before the literature records, belonging to a branch of Minyue nationality.
In the Xia and Shang Dynasties, the area of Quangang now belongs to Yangzhou.
From the Western Zhou Dynasty to the early Eastern Zhou Dynasty, Quangang belonged to Qimin. From the late spring and Autumn period to the early Warring States period, Quangang belonged to Yue State. Around the ninth year of King Nan of Zhou Dynasty (306 B.C.), Quangang belonged to the state of Chu.
In the 26th year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (221 BC), Ying Zheng, the first emperor of Qin Dynasty, wiped out the six states and unified the whole country. The whole country was divided into 36 counties. Quangang was under the jurisdiction of Minzhong County, which was not owned by Minyue people.
In the early Han Dynasty, Quangang belonged to the kingdom of Minyue. In the fifth year of Yuanding (112BC), Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, Quangang was transferred to Yexian County of Kuaiji County after abolishing the kingdom of Minyue. In the first year of Jian'an (196), Emperor Xian of the Eastern Han Dynasty was under the jurisdiction of marquis Duwei.
During the Three Kingdoms period, Quangang belonged to Dong'an County of Jian'an County after the third year of Yong'an (260).
After 282, it belonged to Jin'an county. In 356, the 12th year of emperor mu of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Lin LuHong, the king of Jin'an Prefecture, was buried in jiulonggang, the mausoleum of Min Lin ancestor in longtouling, Tuling town. This provides a strong material evidence for the study of the history of "Jin people's southern migration in clothes".
In the southern and Northern Dynasties, Jin'an county was changed to jin'ping County in 468, and Quangang belonged to jin'ping county. In the Tianjian (502-519) of Emperor Wu of Liang Dynasty, it was analyzed that Jin Ping county was located in Nan'an County, and Quangang was located in Nan'an county.
In the Sui Dynasty, it was located in Nan'an County, Quanzhou.
In 718, fengrenzhi, the quasi governor of Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty, invited him to set up Jinjiang County in 15 Li southeast of Nan'an county Quangang is a territory of Jinjiang county. In order to strengthen the management, Jinjiang county set up an official office in the northeast of the county (in the ancient county village of Huangzhen town before today) to govern today's Huian, Quangang and other places.
During the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, Quangang was under the jurisdiction of Fujian. In the third year of Baoda (945) of the Southern Tang Dynasty, that is, the third year of the reign of King Yanzheng Tiande of Fujian, the state of Fujian was destroyed by the Southern Tang Dynasty, and Quangang belonged to Jinjiang County of Qingyuan army.
In the second year of Qiande (964), Emperor Taizu of the Northern Song Dynasty, the Qingyuan army was changed into the Pinghai Navy, and Quangang belonged to Yan.
In the sixth year of Taiping's rejuvenation of the state in the Northern Song Dynasty (981), Li Yi was on time for Quan. Based on the analysis of 16 Li counties in Dongxiang, Jinjiang County, Fujian Road, Huian County was named after the meaning of "benefiting the people". The county office was moved from Guxian to jinluocheng. That is, it is commonly known as "during the period of Taiping and rejuvenating the country, ancient counties moved to Huian.". There are three townships in the county. Today, there is one township and five li in Quangang area, namely Chengshan Township, and five li in lingchongde, Deyin, Guangde, Daixian and Minsu. Since then, Quangang has been under the jurisdiction of Huian County, Quanzhou Prefecture, until the establishment of Xiaocuo Economic Development Zone Management Committee in 1996, which lasted for 1015 years.
In yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, there was Zhongshu Township in Quangang area, which had jurisdiction over four Li, including Deyin, Guangde, Daixian and Minsu, and eight capitals, including six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve and thirteen.
At the beginning of the Republic of China, Quangang belonged to Huian County, Xiamen. In 1933, Huian County, Xingquan Province, belonged to Fujian Province. In August 1935, the Baojia system was carried out. Huian County was divided into eight districts. There were two districts in Quangang District, Batou district and Tuling district. In 1943, the district office was abolished, and three townships, Shanyao, Batou and Tuling, were set up in Quangang District.
On August 18, 1949, the mountainside salt police uprising liberated Quangang area. On the 23rd, Huian County was liberated. On September 5, the people's Government of Hui'an County was established, and Quangang belonged to Yan.
On April 21, 1996, in order to speed up the development of the former Northern Hui'an County as an important petrochemical base in Fujian Province, Fujian Provincial People's government decided to set up Quanzhou Xiaocuo Economic Development Management Committee on the basis of the former Xiaocuo Town, to manage and coordinate the regional economic construction and social development affairs for the county-level administrative organs dispatched by Quanzhou Municipal People's government.
Because the place name "Xiaocuo" is ancient and vulgar, and because the dialect "Xiaocuo" has the same pronunciation as "shaocuo", it is easy to misunderstand and and not pleasant to hear, so it is obviously inappropriate to use "Xiaocuo" as a district name. In 1999, Xiaocuo Party Working Committee and management committee declared the establishment of Meigang district. Because "Meigang" is easily mistaken for Meizhou Bay, it will be confused with Putian jurisdiction area, so it was abandoned and a new name was proposed. Considering that Xiaocuo port is a rare natural port in Quanzhou, it is more appropriate to call it "Quangang", so it is named "Quangang". Later, the city took "Quangang" as the name of the new district and submitted it for approval.
On April 12, 2000, the State Council approved the establishment of Quangang District as a new district directly under the central government of Quanzhou City. On December 28 of the same year, Quangang District was officially established.
As of 2018, Quangang District has one street and six towns. Quangang District People's Government in Shanyao street.
Quangang District is located on the South Bank of Meizhou Bay in the central coastal area of Fujian Province, adjacent to Hui'an County in the south, Luojiang District in the southwest and Xianyou County in the north. It is between 118 ° 41 ′ - 119 ° 01 ′ E and 25 ° 03 ′ - 25 ° 15 ′ n, covering 341 square kilometers of land area and 119 square kilometers of sea area.
The geological structure of Quangang area belongs to Zhejiang Fujian active platform, the basement is composed of metamorphic rock series, and the cover is widely distributed with Mesozoic volcanic rock series. The fold is not developed in the area. The northeast trending Changle Nanao fault belt passes through the middle of Xiaocuo Luocheng Yutou area, and the neotectonic activity is relatively strong since the tertiary.
The landform of Quangang District is composed of low mountain, high hill, low hill, platform and coastal plain, and the terrain inclines from northwest to Southeast. The East Branch of Daiyun mountain enters from Dalin mountain in the northwest of Tuling mountain and extends southward, traversing the southwest of the region, forming the terrain framework of the whole region. In the southeast, there are denuded low hill red soil platform and coastal marine alluvial plain, with relatively flat and open terrain. There are no big rivers in the region. Lingxi, Batou and Longma are the three largest streams in the region, with short runoff and large seasonal variation.
Quangang District has a subtropical marine monsoon climate, warm and humid all year round, with an average temperature of 20.5 ℃ and an average annual precipitation of 1240.9 mm, which increases from southeast to northwest. In a year, June has the most precipitation, with an average monthly precipitation of 224.9 mm. The precipitation mainly comes from typhoons, with an average of 4-5 Typhoons Affecting the region every year.
By the end of 2018, the population of Quangang District was 407000.
By the end of 2019, the permanent resident population is 336000, mainly Han nationality, with Hui, she, Mongolian and other ethnic minorities. It is one of the famous hometown of overseas Chinese and ancestral home of Taiwan compatriots.
In 2018, the GDP of Quangang District was 65.411 billion yuan, an increase of 8.6%. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 1.146 billion yuan, an increase of 2.0%. The added value of the secondary industry was 51.119 billion yuan, an increase of 8.2%. The added value of the tertiary industry was 13.146 billion yuan, an increase of 10.3%.
In 2019, the GDP will reach 72.099 billion yuan, an increase of 7.6%.
Investment in fixed assets
In 2018, the fixed asset investment in Quangang District increased by 15.7%. Among them: the project investment increased by - 23.3%. 249 district level key projects completed investment of 26.6 billion yuan, an increase of 8.6%. "Five batches" generated 60 projects, signed 60 investment contracts, started 72 new projects, completed 45 projects, and completed 1.3 billion yuan of technical transformation and capital increase.
Revenue and expenditure
In 2018, the general public budget revenue of Quangang District was 10.686 billion yuan, an increase of - 4.0%. Among them, the general public budget revenue was 3.516 billion yuan, an increase of 8.4%.
In 2018, the general public budget expenditure of Quangang District was 3.578 billion yuan, an increase of 3.7%.
In 2018, the per capita disposable income of residents in Quangang District was 26255 yuan, an increase of 8.6%. Among them, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 35259 yuan, an increase of 8.3%. The per capita disposable income of rural residents was 19681 yuan, an increase of 8.9%.
In 2018, the total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery in Quangang District was 2.202 billion yuan, an increase of 2.0%.
the secondary industry
Quangang Petrochemical Industrial Zone is 2
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