Doukuaishan, also known as kuaishan, is located in Wudu town on the East Bank of Fujiang River, 20 kilometers north of Jiangyou City, Sichuan Province. It is said that Dou Xun (Zi Ming) lived in seclusion here in the Tang Dynasty. About 5 kilometers from the foot to the top, the road twists and turns, green trees and beautiful scenery. Li Bai once toured the mountain when he was young. He wrote the eternal quatrain "woodcutter and tiller, go in and out of the picture screen". Later, Yu Ren, the old man of the Kuomintang, wrote on the stone tablet in the mountain. Doujian mountain is a national AAAA tourist attraction and National Geopark. It is an important part of Jianmen Shudao national scenic spot, 25 kilometers north of Jiangyou City and 45 kilometers away from Mianyang City. It is a famous Danxia Landform Scenic Spot in Sichuan Province.
In February 2020, in order to pay tribute to the medical workers who are struggling in the front line of anti epidemic, the scenic spot will implement the preferential policy of free admission for medical workers within one year from the date of resumption of operation.
Douxun mountain was first called "ape Gate Mountain". Before the northern and Southern Dynasties, there were many apes on the mountain, and the two mountains were like gates, so it was called "ape Gate Mountain". During the Xiaoliang period of the northern and Southern Dynasties, monks built temples on the mountain, and the apes were driven away. Local people saw that the mountain was composed of stones big of beans, and the shape of the mountain was like a round grain village, which was called "dou" in this period. In the Tang Dynasty, there was a magistrate named Dou Ziming in Zhangming county (today's Jiangyou Zhangming town). He felt that the mountain was quiet and dangerous, like a fairyland in the world, so he abandoned his official and lived in seclusion here. He opened mountains and roads, built temples, and practiced immortals and Taoism, so that there were many temples and pavilions on the mountain. After that, Dou Ziming became an immortal and soared by crane in the daytime. As a result, "if there is an immortal, there will be a name". Later generations named doufushan with the surname of "dou" and named it "doufushan". When Li Bai visited Taoism, he wrote a poem about doufushan: "woodcutter and tiller, go in and out of the painting screen."
Doumian mountain is more than 200 kilometers away from Jiuzhaigou and Huanglong. It is formed on the double track of Baoji Chengdu Railway and 108 National Highway. It is 2.8 kilometers long and 1.68 kilometers wide, with an area of 4.7 square kilometers. The altitude is 1140 meters and the relative altitude is 540 meters. Geographical coordinates: 104 degrees 49 minutes east longitude, 31 degrees 55 minutes north latitude.
There are three peaks on the top of the mountain, rising from the ground, more than 100 meters high. Each peak has an ancient temple, named Dongyue, douzhen and Luban. Among the three peaks, only the West peak has a dangerous road. The other two peaks are connected by a suspension bridge composed of two iron cables. Every day, performers walk on the two iron cables.
Not far below the peak is Yunyan temple. It was built in the Tang Dynasty, burned in the end of Ming Dynasty, and rebuilt in 1725. Outside the Mountain Gate in front of the temple is a stone tablet inscribed by Li Bai of Tang Dynasty, which says: "the woodcutter and the tiller go in and out of the picture screen. "Feitiancang" is a Taoist cultural relic in the temple. "Feitiancang" is also known as "xingchenche". It was built in 1181, the eighth year of Chunxi of Song Dynasty and rebuilt in the Yuan Dynasty. The car is 9.82 meters high and 7 meters in diameter. It has four floors up and down. There are Tiangong pavilions on the top of the sculpture. The eaves are decorated with Dougong. Each floor is carved with figures holding wat. The shape and spirit are free, the body is natural and unrestrained, the clothing patterns are smooth, and the wooden columns and forehead are painted with asphalt powder It is a Taoist cultural relic with historical, scientific and artistic value. In 1956, it was announced as the first batch of provincial cultural relics protection units by Sichuan Provincial People's Committee.
There are ten tourist areas, 28 scenic spots and ten deep places in the mountain. In 1988, Yunyan temple was announced as a national cultural relic protection unit by the State Council. Feitian Tibet has a history of more than 800 years, which is unparalleled in the world; the ferrying iron rope crossing in Yiling is a unique one in China; the high-altitude gliding is thrilling; the manned cableway is safe and comfortable; the Taoyuan scenic area is elegant and refreshing; 223 round stone carvings in the Chinese emperors' corridor rank the top in the country.
Starting from the archway of Doumian mountain, it is a walking stone ladder leading to the top of the mountain - Tongtian road. Tongtian road is 513 meters long, with 806 stone stairs and 63 meters of vertical height difference. It is handsome and straight to the clouds.
In the middle of the steep slope, there is a single eaves Xieshan style Tianyin Pavilion. It is said that you can have a rest here and hear the sounds of nature. When you look up at the Tianyin Pavilion, you can see that the two huge stones stand like a door, which is the "Tianmen". The qianzhaimen, located on the hillside, was built in the 11th year of Xianfeng (1861) of the Qing Dynasty. It was built by a Jiangyou squire ou to avoid the war between the Qing army, Li Yonghe and the army of the blue Dynasty. The whole gate of the village is made of stones, with the danger of "one man is in charge of the pass, and ten thousand people are not allowed to open it". It is magnificent. The existing gate is 2.45 meters in height and 2 meters in width, with the inscription "fudixianguan" written on the front of the gate. The two sides are linked with Japan: "the cadastral cloud and rock form a guarantee, and the natural stone wall separates the beacon smoke."
Pass through the gate of the village and walk up the winding stone path of "Jiudaoguai". The edge of the cliff is filled with incense. It is said that Doumian mountain has a long history, and the Buddhist and Taoist culture is complicated. Since the Southern Song Dynasty, the annual traditional temple fair of March 3 has been formed. On the third day of the third lunar month, many people put incense on the cliff and hold it like a bow. It is said that it can relieve the pain of lumbago.
Further up, the cliff on the right side of the road is engraved with four strong and simple characters "Yunyan Jieshi", so it is surrounded by clouds all the year round, so it is called Yunyan. Jieshi is the legal name of the fourth generation presided over by Yunyan temple in Doumian mountain in Qing Dynasty. Because of the contribution of road construction and temple construction, his apprentice made a statue here in memory of him. The existing word "Yunyan" was written by Duan Ying of Western Shaanxi in 1906, and the word "Jieshi" was written by Zhao Jin in 1840.
Turning to the foot of the mountain, you can see the long valley and jiangzhang plain formed by the alluvial of Fujiang River. The fields are flat, vast, fertile and picturesque.
Turn around "Yunyan dissecting stone", then come to a wide platform, here is "Baiwei huanglin". In the southern pine forest of Baiwei imperial forest, there are "Chinese emperors corridor" and 223 statues of emperors. From the first emperor of Qin Dynasty to the last emperor of Qing Dynasty Xuantong, the brief introduction of each emperor's birth, death, achievements, ups and downs is not only the image representation of the glorious history of Chinese feudal dynasty, but also the valuable exploration of Chinese contemporary stone carving art. Walking in the corridor, thousands of years of history came.
The project was completed in December 1994. In memory of Dou Zhenren, the founder of the mountain, the Huixian Pavilion and Baiyun SONGFENG pavilion are specially built. Visitors can sit in the pavilion and have a rest. They can listen to Songtao's history and visit emperors in the deep mountains and forests. After large-scale renovation, the "Baiwei huanglin" has taken on a new look, and the important figures and events of the past dynasties have been engraved on the background wall.
Li Bai asked
To the north of Baiwei huanglin, there are two groups of statues. One is Li Bai's visit. When Li Bai was young, he studied Kuangshan, traveled to pangjun, visited Longzhou, Jianzhou and Zizhou, and traveled to Yizhou, Emei and Yuzhou to find immortals and learn sword. He studied monarchy and vertical and horizontal studies successively from Ru í, Zhao Rui and Li Bai, who were the "two heroes of Shu" in Tang Dynasty, and asked dongyanzi for immortal and sword skills. He left some verses such as "never meet a Taoist in Dai Tianshan Mountain" and "never say goodbye to the five mountains to find immortals, so he would like to visit famous mountains all his life". Li Bai's life of Taoism began at this time. One reason is that Taoism was the national religion in Tang Dynasty, and Taoism was still popular in the middle of Shu. The other reason is that Li Bai often visited Taoism in the name of seeking immortals, and asked about the truth of famous mountains. "Shixian" is "Youxian".
The other group is the statue of jingzhiguo. Jingzhiguo, whose common name and native place are unknown, grew up before the Five Dynasties. According to Du Guangting, a Taoist thinker in the Tang Dynasty, "Zhiguo lives in Mount Yao, where he lives with tigers and leopards, and is as domesticated as a dog. Crow number set its shoulder arm song play is often. There is also a giant snake out of time, know the fruit and send it, winding away. Tiger three head in the court, the moon night fight, step Teng already very, know fruit anger with white stile hit, then scattered. It's the same with other people, once they lose their place. "
White pine Pavilion
In the north of the two groups, there is a white pine Pavilion. Pinus bungeana, or "Pinus bungeana", can also be called a unique one in Doumian mountain. It mainly grows between the rocks on the hillside. It has no soil, no water and no fertilizer. It is naturally made and has beautiful patterns. It can be used for construction, stationery, furniture and medicine. It is a valuable ornamental tree. It is said that this Pinus bungeana was planted in the Southern Song Dynasty. After more than 700 years, it is still full of vitality. The Dragon bell is tall and straight. It can be called the "living fossil" of Doumian mountain. The ancients also respected it as the God of wood and earth. When the ancient people offered incense to the mountain, they tied the red cloth rope to the tree, which meant that they could get rid of all kinds of diseases and prolong their life.
White pine wind Pavilion forward, is the national key cultural relics protection unit - Yunyan temple. On the cliff to the east of Yunyan temple, there is a Feixian Pavilion in memory of Dou Ziming, the founder of Dou Kuai mountain. The pavilion was built in 1844, the 24th year of Daoguang in the Qing Dynasty. Now it is rebuilt in 1985, with double eaves and Xie mountain imitating the Qing Dynasty. Dou Ziming was originally the master of Zhangming County in the Tang Dynasty. In the first year of longshuo (661 AD), Dou Ziming abandoned his official position and lived in seclusion on Mount Jue. He lived all day long, practiced hard and practiced alchemy day by day. After more than three years, he finally achieved good results. He was able to fly to heaven in the "cutting stone". From then on, the surname Dou came into being in Mount Jue. Below the Feixian pavilion are the inscriptions of "Yunyan" and "Jieshi". It is said that Li Bai once admired Dou Ziming's deeds and wrote a poem praising that he would like to follow him to refine the fire and burn the golden elixir.
About 30 meters away from the west side of the gate of Yunyan temple, there is a Ta'er tomb, also known as the ashes tower. It is said that it was built during the reign of Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty (1723-1735)
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