Temple of Yanchi
The temple of pool generally refers to the temple of salt pool
Yanchi temple was built in the 12th year of Dali (777). According to historical records, Emperor Li Yu of the Tang Dynasty granted Yuncheng salt pond "BAOYING Lingqing pond". The emperor decided to build a temple in the salt pond and granted the pool God "Lingqing Gong", which was listed in the national sacrificial ceremony. The temple of pool is a temple which mainly worships the nature God. It is a temple which praises and worships the nature. Emperor Shun once stroked the five stringed harp and sang "the song of the south wind" here: "the smoke of the south wind can relieve the anger of our people; the time of the south wind can enrich our people's wealth.".
Yanchi temple is an important carrier of Hedong Salt Culture, which was announced as the seventh batch of national key cultural relics protection units by the State Council in May 2013.
This gate is a brick structure, which is the northwest gate of Yanchi temple. It is named "Qianmen" by the position of "Qian" in the eight trigrams. There is a brick inscription on it with the four characters "Hejing yunqu" written by Yi Xin, the sixth younger brother of emperor Xianfeng in the Qing Dynasty.
Qingxia Taoist temple in Yushu
The courtyard was built between the 14th and 17th years of Daoguang (1834-1837) in the Qing Dynasty. When the temple was rebuilt, a new Taoist courtyard was added. According to the inscription, "abbot yanhuangguan was among them, and shuowang was swept away.". On June 29, 1929, warlords Yan Xishan and Feng Yuxiang conspired to overthrow Chiang Kai Shek. On May 1, 1930, Yan Feng jointly issued an address to Chiang Kai Shek and solemnly declared that he would formally declare war on Chiang Kai Shek from now on.
The three halls were first built in the 12th year of Dali (777) of Tang Dynasty and were repaired in all dynasties. The main existing buildings are the remains of the 14th year of Jiajing reign of the Ming Dynasty, with five rooms wide and double eaves on the top of the mountain. The main hall of Yanchi temple is composed of lingqinggong temple, Yushi Sun Temple and Tiaoshan wind tunnel temple. There are three bronze statues of pool God, Sun God and wind god in the hall. It reflects the natural relationship between salt pond production and the sun and wind. The three halls are arranged in horizontal axis, juxtaposed and adjacent to each other, which is unique in the history of ancient Chinese temple architecture.
It was first built in 1535, the 14th year of Jiajing in Ming Dynasty. It is located on the east side of the main hall, with five rooms wide. It is used as a place for officials at all levels to rest and wait before sacrifice. At present, the indoor salt production method of "reclaiming border, watering and drying" is displayed in Yuncheng Salt Lake.
It was built in 1535, the 14th year of Jiajing in Ming Dynasty. It is located on the west side of the main hall, with five rooms wide. Its purpose is to offer sacrifices to the salt merchants, waiting for the good time, waiting for the place where they are.
It was built before the 10th year of the Zhizheng reign of the Yuan Dynasty (1350). It used to be a music building with a gray pottery shed top. It has been renovated in later generations. During the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty, it was renamed "zoyanlou". In history, temple fairs were held every year in Chi temple, a festival for salt workers and merchants. At temple fairs, salt merchants invited troupes to perform for gods. At the beginning of the second month of the lunar calendar, it means to pray for the gods to bless the harvest year before salt shoveling starts. At the end of the shoveling of salt on August 15, we thank God for his blessing. This stage is in the form of "three stages in a row", which is the only one in the country.
the forest of steles, tablet forest
Originally the middle gate, it was built in the Yuan Dynasty, with five rooms wide and dozens of stone tablets built in. It was destroyed in the war before liberation, but now it has only a pillar base and a stone tablet in the open air. These steles record the size of Hedong Salt Pond, salt method, canals and weirs, transportation and marketing, guiding eyes, amount of courses, salt administration and the history of repairing the temple of Hedong Salt Pond, as well as the poems, Fu and stone inscriptions left by scholars visiting the temple and touring. In order to study the history of Hedong salt pond.
Haiguanglou, founded in Hongwu Period of Ming Dynasty, is the gate Pavilion of Yanchi temple. It was destroyed in 1947 and rebuilt on the original site in 2003. The surface is five rooms wide, three rooms deep, two stories high, and the double eaves rest on the top of the mountain.
Visitors can enjoy a panoramic view of the salt lake in Hedong. In ancient times, Hedong salt pond was called "the sea of babblers", so it was called "haiguanglou".
History and culture
The Jiuqu Yellow River gave birth to the Chinese nation, and the sun and wind gave birth to Yuncheng salt pond. Yuncheng Yanchi is the birthplace of salt culture, Yellow River culture and Chinese culture, and Yanchi temple is the representative and carrier of salt culture.
Yanchi temple is located in the south of Yuncheng City and on woyun hill on the North Bank of Yanchi. It is a temple dedicated to the gods of Yanchi. In 2013, it was announced as the seventh batch of national key cultural relics protection units by the State Council.
The salt pond is a God
There is a long history of gods in Yanchi. "In the past, Susha cooked the sea for salt, so Susha was the God of sea salt. Hedong, the salt pool also, initially known as the God, said he Zong It reflects the immeasurable mysterious thought of human beings on the natural treasure of Yanchi in ancient times. Before the Tang Dynasty, there had been a temple built, but it was small in scale and in a remote corner.
In the 12th year of zongdali (777) of Tang Dynasty, due to continuous rain, salt pond production suffered great losses. Cui Jian, who was also the censor of salt and iron in Hedong, prayed for God's blessing. Later, it turned out to be fine. Moreover, in the salt pond, "red salt was born by itself, full of baskets, cocoons or chestnuts. It was shaped like a tiger, colored with cinnabar, and spirited to rest." Thus, Han Fu, the Ministry of household affairs, reported to the emperor Zong of Tang Dynasty. In Tang Dynasty, Jiang Zhen, a sectarian counsellor, went to check and found that the return was true. Then the imperial edict granted the pool the name of "BAOYING Lingqing" and set up a temple. The new pool temple was built on woyungang, and the pool God was granted the title of "lingqinggong".
Yuncheng salt pond has been divided into East and West since ancient times. Therefore, during the reign of Emperor Huizong of the Song Dynasty (1102), the God of Dongchi was granted the title of "zibaogong", the God of Xichi was granted the title of "huikanggong", and in the second year of the Grand View of Emperor Huizong of the Song Dynasty (1108), he became king again, which improved the identity of the God of Chi.
After the Yuan dynasty ruled Yanchi, the temple of Yanchi was given the name of "Hongji Temple" in 1275. In the third year of Dade (1299), Emperor Chengzong of the Yuan Dynasty, he granted the East and West pool gods the title of "Yongze Zibao king" in the East and "Guangji Huikang king" in the West. At the end of the Song Dynasty, during the Liao and Jin Dynasties, the Northern War was frequent, people's lives and property were severely damaged, and the Chi temple was not spared, and the buildings were damaged. Therefore, the Chi temple was rebuilt many times during the Yanyou reign of emperor Renzong of the Yuan Dynasty (1314) and after.
In 1368, the God of salt pond was named "the God of salt pond". In the 17th year of Wanli reign of emperor Shenzong of Ming Dynasty (1589), the temple was given the title of "Lingyou". In Ming Dynasty, the temple of pool was also repaired many times.
In the Qing Dynasty, in addition to the reconstruction of Chi Shen temple, in the winter and October of the fifth year of Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty (1727), the salt flower did not grow, which was more than 7 million jin. It was canonized as "the God of Zhaohui Yufu salt pond". It is stipulated that sacrifices should be made in March, June and September every year.
Throughout the feudal dynasties, Yanchi was favored by the gods, given names, built temples, and offered sacrifices at the age of 20.
Temple building in Yanchi
The main hall of Yanchi temple has three main halls, which are arranged on the horizontal axis and juxtaposed with respect. This is rare in the history of temple architecture in China. The three halls are three rooms wide, six rafters deep and surrounded by corridors. Only the middle hall is larger than the two side halls, with double eaves resting on the top of the mountain. The lower eaves, the column head and the bucket arch are paved four times to form a single lower arch, the upper eaves and the bucket arch are paved five times to form a double lower arch, the column head and the corner are paved to form a mandarin duck arch, and the inner beam frame of the hall is made regularly with an caisson. The top of the hall is covered with cloth tiles and cut with yellow, green and blue glazed tiles.
Zoeyanlou is one of the few remaining theatres of Yuan Dynasty in China. It has seven rooms in width, four rafters in depth, four beams in the back, one-step beams in the back, three columns in the eaves, cylinder roof tiles in the roof, grey ridge decoration, single eaves hanging on the mountain and rolling shed roof, and the passage of North and south passage in the middle of the first floor. When the stage was put down for overhaul in 2003, a stone trough was unearthed from the back eaves wall. The bottom of the trough was engraved with the words "a case of stone trough was set on December 19, the 10th year of Yuan Dynasty". It is more clearly proved that the stage was built before the tenth year of the Yuan Dynasty (1350 A.D.), and it is the stage of the Yuan Dynasty.
Yanchi temple is built on woyungang, a 30 degree slope. The overall layout of the temple is in the shape of a tortoise. The gexun building (destroyed) in the south is the head, which seems to stretch into the salt lake to drink water. The Shinto and steps are the neck of the tortoise. The haiguang building, the middle gate (forest of Steles), the stage and the turtle's back are the three main halls. The turtle's tail is the main gate of the temple.
Temple of Yanchi
Temple of the pool:
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Admission: 30 yuan / person time
① Train: take the train (or high-speed rail) from Taiyuan to Yuncheng
② Automobile: Taiyuan direction - Dayun Expressway - Yuncheng
③ Plane: take a plane from Taiyuan Wusu International Airport to Yuncheng Guangong airport
① Train: take the train (or high-speed rail) from Beijing to Yuncheng
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