Liuhou park is built to commemorate Liu Zongyuan, a great literary hero of Tang Dynasty and a former governor of Liuzhou. The city park in the center of Liuzhou is a good place for peace and quiet. This free park has a common Jiangnan style, with towering trees and idle visitors. Many people take exercise in the morning and take a walk after dinner every day.
You can go to liuhou Temple (10 yuan) and pay a visit to Liu Zongyuan's clothes tomb to see the most famous cultural celebrity in Liuzhou. After visiting the park, you might as well walk south along Wenhui Road for about 20 minutes to the East Gate Tower at the intersection of Shuguang Road and Wenhui Road to have a look. You can climb up the only remaining wall and overlook Liujiang River from the gate tower. It's like you're back to the ancient city.
Liuhou Park, located on the North Bank of Liujiang River in Liuzhou City, Guangxi Province, is a park built to commemorate Liu Zongyuan, a great literary hero of Tang Dynasty and a former governor of Liuzhou. It is also the most famous scenic spot in Guangxi. It was built in 1909, the first year of Xuantong in Qing Dynasty. On December 7, 2009, the Ministry of housing and urban rural development announced the third batch of national key parks, liuhou park. As a result, liuhou park has become the only national key Park in Guangxi.
The hundred year history of liuhou park can be divided into five stages
1. Late Qing Dynasty -- 1906-1911 Zhao Pingfan and Yang Daolin expanded liuhou temple and built liuhou Park
2. The first period of the Republic of China -- from 1912 to 1936, Liao Lei, Qin Lianfang, Bai Chongxi and others renovated liuhou park
3. During the Anti Japanese War (1937-1945) in the Anti Japanese national salvation (3.7 hectares)
4. The founding of new China -- the first wave of park expansion in the 1970s
5. Since the reform and opening up -- the second wave of park expansion (15.52 hectares)
He is the first to make great achievements
In 1906 (the 32nd year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu), Zhao Pingfan retired from the post of Dianshi in Maping county. After that, he planted flowers and trees inside and outside liuhou temple to beautify the environment. On the golden autumn day, a chrysanthemum club was set up by the Bank of Luochi. Deng Zihui, President of Qiushi society of Longcheng, a local celebrity, wrote poems and sang at the meeting. The participants advocated that the surrounding area of liuhou temple should be built into a popular garden area for citizens' leisure. Liu people were happy to see it. Zhao Pingfan took his second son to open a flower garden, build a flower path (Guihua Road) and dredge Luochi. He led his two sons to Luochi to pick up mud. Later, he rode or took a sedan chair to Luzhai Zhongdu, Luorong, Liucheng Dongquan and other places on schedule to collect the land rent of liuhou ancestral temple. He was the first to make his contribution.
Liuhou Park in Liuzhou was founded in 1906. In the same year, the parks built in other places included the park attached to Beijing agricultural experimental farm, Shenyang Wanquan Park and Wuxi Chengzhong Park (all of which were the earliest local parks). Shanghai (1868), Tianjin (1887), Qiqihar (1897), Liuzhou (Tianjin, Jinan, Dandong) are relatively early. The earliest Huangpu Park in Guangzhou (1910) is located in South China, central China, Southwest China and Northwest China. Liuhou Park in Liuzhou is the earliest.
In November 1907 (the 33rd year of Guangxu), Yang Daolin, the newly transferred governor of Liuzhou, came to office. In 2005, Yang Daolin went abroad with five ministers (more than half a year), visited nine countries, including Japan, Britain, France, Germany, Russia and the United States, and visited parks in Italy, Austria and Japan. When he took office in Liuzhou,
He declared: "the magistrate and the gentry held a meeting to establish liuhou Park as a place for the local people to rest and visit, following the example of Japanese parks." (Yang Daolin was an enlightened faction in the Qing Dynasty at that time. He went abroad to broaden his horizons. Liuzhou has a long history of parks in the whole country. The weather is in line with the world trend. The location is convenient. People and Liuzhou people are not conservative. Yang Daolin put forward eight measures
1、 Set up a watchtower. 2、 Take good care of the fruit trees. 3、 Dredge Luochi, raise fish and build bridges. 4、 Connect the two pools and plant lotus. 5、 Repair the citrus Pavilion. 6、 Three buildings will be built in the south. 7、 Around a variety of hibiscus and bamboo to form a fence. 8、 Build roads, build mountains.
In addition, the former counties should pay liuhou ancestral temple land rent income. It's more than 400 yuan. All of them are used in the park, and the special fund for spring and autumn sacrifice of liuhou temple is kept by the government. They also mobilized officials, gentry, businessmen and civilians to donate money to support the voluntary labor, and the citizens took part in voluntary labor one after another. They also "helped to send bamboo and flower trees in an endless stream." Yang Daolin even selected capable soldiers to assist in the park. It also allocated part of the building materials for the secondary school to be built outside the south wall of Luochi.
Yang Daolin made 14 rules for liuhou Park
》Article 1 at the beginning:
The purpose of the park is to have fun with the people, no matter men and women, old and young, can visit the park. The pavilions are shaded with trees, and there are more sitting places for people to have a rest. Men should give way to women, the young to the old, the front seat to the back, no noise and miscellaneous, in order to preserve etiquette and customs.
Liu Zongyuan and liuhou Park
In 1909 (the first year of Xuantong), liuhou Park was officially named. Yang Daolin said: "the park beside the (liuhou) ancestral temple is named after" liuhou ", which is popular among the people.". Liu Zongyuan was appointed governor of Liuzhou in the Tang Dynasty and did a lot of good things for Liuzhou. In the past 1100 years, Liuzhou people's spring and autumn sacrifice has never been forgotten. (according to Han Yu's words, "I have never been idle in my work, and I have been honored by the world since now.") Luochi was a popular scenic spot in Liu Zongyuan's life. His ministry said that liuhou had a dream and knew that "I was in Luochi." According to this, Liuzhou people built a Luochi Temple next to Luochi, which is now liuhou temple. (the place where the coffin is stopped starts from Yiguan tomb, and a temple is built in front of the tomb). In the garden, there are liuhou Yiguan tomb (died in 819 and built in 820), liuhou Temple (822) and Luochi
Liu Zongyuan's cultural landscape architecture, such as Gan Xiang Pavilion, Si Liu Xuan, and other precious cultural relics, such as three unique steles, Luochi Temple steles, Longcheng stone carvings, and Liu Zongyuan statue steles. There are also Kaiyuan Temple site of Tang Dynasty, Liu Xianliang Temple of Ming Dynasty, eight sages Temple of Liuzhou, Guanyin Pavilion site, Liujiang Academy of Qing Dynasty and other ancient ancillary buildings and remains. (the rubbings of Sanjue stele, Northwestern University, and temple stele are copied from the rubbings of the complete book of calligraphy in Japan. The true and false stone inscriptions are: fake wins true. Song siren of qingdaotai moved to Daotai yamen, and the original one was brought back to his hometown in Zhejiang Province. The returned one was burned down by the fire of the Republic of China. Zhou made the rubbings. In 1962, Wang yeqiu of the State Administration of cultural relics told Xian Guangwei that it was in the collection of Paris museum.)
Liuzhou people and liuhou Park
Chuanting, siliuxuan, liujiao Pavilion and Huahu building were all built in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China.
In 1917, Guo's wife, Chen Bingkun, donated money to build Xinyue bridge in Luochi.
Chen Bingkun opened the main road (jinwenhui Road) outside the south city of the park.
In 1918, Lu Rongting, the tour envoy of Guangdong and Guangxi, donated money to build Rongjing Pavilion in Luochi.
In 1926, the park gate was moved to the south gate.
In 1930, the Fourth Army entered Liuzhou. Commander Zhang Fakui sent soldiers to level the ground and build roads in the park.
In 1931, Liao Lei, commander of the seventh army, abandoned Qin xuanzhai, a large businessman and landlord. Now more than ten houses from the east side of the South Gate of the park to Wan Tang Road were demolished and merged into the park. In 1932, Bai Chongxi, deputy commander-in-chief of the fourth group army, appropriated money to repair all the flat plates and couplets in liuhou Park damaged by the war. They were written by local famous calligraphers such as Zhu Ziyuan, Mo yuelou, Mo Pingzhou and Yan Zhengheng.
In 1935, Qin Lianfang, chairman of Liuzhou local construction committee, overhauled liuhou park. 1、 To the East. 2、 The mud walls around the garden were rebuilt into stone walls, and the upper section was built with bricks. 3、 The road in the park is paved with cement. 4、 The gate of the original brick and wood structure bungalow was demolished, and the ancestral temple in Foshan, Guangdong Province was rebuilt (now the south gate, 1984). 5、 The two stone lions in front of the gate of Fu school Temple (today's No.2 Middle School) were moved to both sides of the gate of the park; the cloud steps in front of Dacheng hall were moved to be laid in front of the gate. 6、 The tomb of liuhou was rebuilt with large square stones. 7、 The memorial tower and music Pavilion for the soldiers killed in the northern expedition of the seventh army will be built.
This year, liuhou park set up a reception, Chinese society of engineers, society of chemistry, geography, science, society of animals and plants to visit Liuzhou and the park.
Liuhou Park in the Anti Japanese War
In 1938, liuhou temple was set up in the second Conservatory of Guangxi (160 children in the war zone). Representatives of the Guangxi student army displayed a number of photos of war and resistance in liuhou park. Map of the three eastern provinces stone table.
During the Anti Japanese War, it was renamed Zhongshan Park.
In 1939, the youth team of the Republic of Korea recovery front often carried out activities in the park, such as liuhou temple, tangerine Pavilion and siliu Pavilion.
In 1942, the Preparatory Office of Liujiang Zhongzheng railway bridge project was set up, working in rongjingting beside Luochi.
The fifth troupe of drama propaganda held an exhibition of battlefield paintings in liuhou temple.
The Flying Tigers sunbathed.
In 1943, the Chinese basketball team (soldiers of the fourth theater) and the postal team (Liu post office) played in the park basketball court.
Painter Shen Qianyi held an exhibition of war painting in liuhou park.
In 1944, "everything for the front poetry recitation party" was held in liuhou Park, and violinist Ma Sicong took part in the performance.
In 1946, a memorial to the air force killed in the Anti Japanese war was built in the park.
Liuhou Park in New China
In 1964, liuhou Park was established in Liuzhou city
Sun Yunsheng, mayor of the expansion project headquarters
Chinese PinYin : Liu Hou Gong Yuan
Pujiang Town. Pu Jiang Zhen
Wenling Fangshan scenic spot. Wen Ling Fang Shan Jing Qu
The white horse pulled the reins. Bai Ma La Jiang
World Jade Garden. Tian Xia Yu Yuan
National Chung Hsing University. Guo Li Zhong Xing Da Xue
Beiniantou Neolithic cultural site in Pinggu. Ping Gu Bei Nian Tou Xin Shi Qi Wen Hua Yi Zhi
Sanchahe Shili lotus. San Cha He Shi Li He Hua
A mass grave. Feng Man Wan Ren Keng
Heilongyu. Hei Long Yu
Former residence of Wang Boqun. Wang Bo Qun Gu Ju
CONGXI Temple. Cong Xi Gong Ci
Shiwei. Shi Wei