Guangyuan, Guangyuan, Sichuan prefecture level city, North and Gansu, Shaanxi Province, the border area; South and Nanchong city as a neighbour; West to Mianyang city; East to Bazhong city; on the northern edge of Sichuan, the mountain to the basin transition zone, belonging to the subtropical humid monsoon climate; the total area of the city is 16314 square kilometers, under 3 districts and 4 counties; at the end of 2019, the registered residence population is 2 million 988 thousand and 600, permanent residents. 2.675 million.
Guangyuan City has been an important channel to Sichuan since ancient times. It is the hometown of Ju state, a fortress to Sichuan, and an important town of the Three Kingdoms. Guangyuan has a profound cultural heritage, especially the bright red gene passed down from generation to generation. Guangyuan is the concentrated exhibition place of pre Qin ancient plank road culture and Chinese Shu Road culture, the historical and cultural core corridor of the Three Kingdoms, the birthplace of the only female emperor Wu Zetian in Chinese history, the former core area of Sichuan Shaanxi Soviet Area, the capital of the Fourth Front Army of the Red Army, the main battlefield of the western war and the starting point of the long march.
In 2020, the city's GDP will be 100.801 billion yuan, an increase of 4.2% over the previous year at comparable prices. Successfully joined the "100 billion club" of the whole province.
History of construction
Guangyuan was ruled by Yin state in Xia Dynasty and Ju state in Zhou Dynasty. At that time, the state of Ju and the state of BA (governing the East Sichuan belt) and the state of Shu (governing the West Sichuan belt) in Sichuan were in a "tripartite confrontation".
In the sixth year of King Zhou Shenliang (316 BC), the state of Qin destroyed tunju in Shu and changed the land of Shu into Shu county. Judu was abandoned, and Jiameng county (now Zhaohua Town, Zhaohua District, Guangyuan City) was set up, which was subordinate to Shu County of the state of Qin.
In the Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC), the name of the county remained unchanged.
In the Han Dynasty (206-220 BC), the name of the county remained unchanged.
In Shuhan (221-263), Liu Bei was changed into Hanshou County.
In the Western Jin Dynasty (266-316), it was changed to Jinshou county.
In the 15th year of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (390), Xing'an County was set up in the north of the county (governing today's Lizhou District), and Jinshou county was also set up. Jinshou county was changed into Yichang County, and the county and county ruled today's Zhaohua town.
In the southern and Northern Dynasties (420-589), in the first year of Yongtai (498), the Ming emperor of the Southern Qi Dynasty set up Shoujun of the Eastern Jin Dynasty in Xing'an County. The Northern Wei Dynasty was changed to xiyizhou. Liang was changed to Lizhou. In the Western Wei Dynasty, it was changed to Lizhou, and the governor's office of Lizhou was set up. The Northern Zhou Dynasty is the same.
In Sui Dynasty (581-618), Xing'an County was changed into miangu county. Li Zhou was changed into Yicheng County, and the governor's office was still set up.
In the Tang Dynasty (618-907), Yicheng County was rebuilt as Lizhou. It has jurisdiction over Li, long, Shi, Peng, Jing and Sha prefectures; it has been promoted to the governor's office and has jurisdiction over Li, long, Shi, Jing, Xi and long prefectures.
The Five Dynasties (907-960) basically followed the Tang system. Today, the old city of Guangyuan is a county, state capital and military territory.
In the Song Dynasty (960-1279), miangu county was first governed by Yichuan County of Lizhou, followed by Yichuan County of governor of Lizhou by Zhaowu army, and Ningwu army was thrifty.
In the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), the capital Marshal's office was set up in miangu county at the beginning, and then moved from Jingzhao (now Xianyang) to Shaanxi and Sichuan provinces. In the Yuan Dynasty, taking the meaning of "Da Ya Qian Yuan" in the book of changes and Dewei broadcasting in the Yuan Dynasty, miangu county was changed into Guangyuan County and Lizhou road into Guangyuan Road, which governed miangu (Guangyuan) and Zhaohua counties, Baoning Prefecture and Jianlong, Ba and mianzhou. Later, Guangyuan County was upgraded to Guangyuan Prefecture.
In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), it was Guangyuan Prefecture at the beginning, then changed to Prefecture, and then reduced to county.
The Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) and the Republic of China (1912-1949) all followed the Ming system.
In October 1918, Xiong Kewu, commander-in-chief of Sichuan Yasukuni army and governor of Sichuan Province, served as the commander of the seventh division of the Yasukuni army, stationed in Daxian (Dazhou). At that time, it had jurisdiction over Daxian, Xuanhan, Kaijiang, Wanyuan, Chengkou, Kaixian, Yunyang, Fengjie, Wuxi, Quxian, Yingshan, Yilong, Peng'an, Tongjiang, Nanjiang, Bazhong, Langzhong, Cangxi, Nanbu, Yanting, Zhaohua, Guangyuan, Jiange and Zitong counties.
On December 14 and 15, 1949, Guangyuan and Zhaohua were liberated.
In March 1950, Jiange Commissioner's office and local Party committee were set up in Guangyuan City, with jurisdiction over Zhaohua, Guangyuan, Jiange, Qingchuan, Pingwu, Beichuan, Jiangyou, Wangcang, Cangxi and Langzhong counties.
In March 1959, Zhaohua county was incorporated into Guangyuan County.
In February 1985, Guangyuan County was abolished and prefecture level Guangyuan City and Shizhong District were established. The former Guangyuan County was changed into Shizhong District of Guangyuan City. Qingchuan, Wangcang and Jiange counties in Mianyang district were put under the jurisdiction of Guangyuan City. On June 1 of the same year, Guangyuan Municipal People's government was established. In September of the same year, Cangxi County in Nanchong district was put under the jurisdiction of Guangyuan City.
On May 11, 1989, Shizhong District was reduced and Yuanba and Chaotian suburbs (county level) were established.
On March 13, 2007, Shizhong District was renamed Lizhou district.
On April 1, 2013, Yuanba district was renamed Zhaohua district.
Guangyuan City governs 7 county-level administrative divisions (3 municipal districts, 4 counties), < I > 142 township level administrative divisions (7 streets, 111 towns, 24 townships) < / I >. It covers an area of 16310 square kilometers and has a population of 3.11 million. Guangyuan Municipal People's government is located at No. 24, north section of Renmin Road, Lizhou district.
Note: the following areas are listed separately in the plan and enjoy the authority of entrusted management of regional social and economic affairs.
1. Guangyuan economic and Technological Development Zone
2. Jinglesi community street, Moyan community street and chenjialing community street of Wangcang County Government are managed separately.
Guangyuan City is located in the north of Sichuan Province, with its geographical coordinates ranging from 31 ° 31 ′ n to 32 ° 56 ′ N and 104 ° 36 ′ e to 106 ° 45 ′ e. it borders Wudu District, Wen County, Ningqiang County and Nanzheng District of Gansu Province in the north, Nanbu county and Langzhong city of Nanchong City in the south, Pingwu County, Jiangyou City and Zitong County of Mianyang City in the West and Nanjiang county and Bazhou District of Bazhong City in the East. It covers an area of 16314 square kilometers.
Guangyuan City is located in the northern edge of Sichuan Province, which is a transitional zone from mountainous area to basin. Motianling and Micang mountains run east-west across the north of Guangyuan City, which are the boundary mountains of Sichuan Gansu and Sichuan Shaanxi, respectively; Longmen Mountain is inserted into the west of Guangyuan City in the Northeast Southwest syncline; and the south of Guangyuan City is covered by the arc mountains of northern Sichuan, such as Jianmen mountain and Dalan mountain. The terrain inclines from north to Southeast, and the relative height difference of the ridge is more than 3200 meters. The altitude of Motianling ridge decreases from 3837 meters (big lawn) to 2784 meters in the East, and then to 800 meters in the south. Longmen Mountain is connected with Motianling, and it is located in the whole territory of Qingchuan and the west of Lizhou district.
The elevation of the ridge is reduced from 3045 meters (sedan chair top) to 1200 meters from north to south. The top of the mountain is sharp and the slope is generally more than 25 degrees; the valley is deep and the relative height difference is 600-800 meters. Micang mountain is located in the north of the line from Wangcang County to Guangyuan in Chaotian district. The elevation of the ridge decreases from 2276 meters (guangtou mountain) to 1368 meters (Shijialiang mountain) from north to south. The slope surface is more than 25 degrees and the top of the mountain is round. The relative height difference of deep valley is generally between 500 and 800 meters. The arc-shaped mountains in northern Sichuan are located in Yuanba District, south of Wangcang County, Cangxi County and Jiange county. The altitude dropped from 1200 meters to 600 meters from north to south. The valley is also deeply cut, mostly in "V" shape. The relative height difference is between 200-500m. The top of the mountain is gentle, mostly in the shape of platform beam, and the slope is generally about 12 degrees.
Guangyuan City belongs to subtropical humid monsoon climate; it is located in the southern foot of Qinling Mountains, which is the transition zone between the north and the south. It has the characteristics of humid climate in the south, high sky, light clouds and bright sunshine in the north. In the south, it is cold in winter and hot in summer; in the north, it is cold in winter and cool in summer, and the temperature drops rapidly in autumn. The annual average temperature is 16.1 ℃, the temperature in July is 26.1 ℃, and the temperature in January is 4.9 ℃. Annual rainfall 800-1000 mm, sunshine 1300-1400 hours, frost free period 220-260 days, four distinct seasons, suitable for biological reproduction. However, natural disasters, especially droughts and floods, are frequent.
There are more than 4700 water conservancy projects in Guangyuan City, including 6 medium-sized reservoirs and 558 small reservoirs. The water area is 1.583 million mu, the total amount of water resources is 6.867 billion cubic meters, the total amount of groundwater resources is 1 billion cubic meters, the water energy reserves in the territory reach 2.96 million kilowatts, and hydropower and thermal power stations with a total installed capacity of 900000 kilowatts have been built, among which the installed capacity of Baozhusi power station reaches 700000 kilowatts.
Guangyuan City has 14.919 million mu of forest land (including 11.7 million mu of forest land, 690000 mu of non forest land, 165000 mu of open forest land, 1.41 million mu of shrub land and 990000 mu of unfinished forest land), accounting for 58% of the city's total area. The existing forest area of the city is 11.7 million mu, the forest coverage rate is 45.3%, and the forest volume is 45.28 million cubic meters. The city's commercial forest area is 3500600 hectares, and the annual forest cutting plan of the eleventh five year plan is 872600 cubic meters. At present, the city has 195000 mu of barren mountains and wasteland suitable for afforestation. It has established 11 nature reserves (including 2 national nature reserves, 5 provincial nature reserves and 4 municipal and county-level nature reserves) and 170 nature reserves, covering an area of 4.442 million mu, accounting for 18.1% of the total area of the city. Seven forest parks have been established (including 2 national forest parks, 3 provincial forest parks and 2 municipal forest parks).
There are 400 kinds of wild animals in Guangyuan City, including 76 kinds of national and provincial key protected wild animals, such as giant panda, golden monkey and gazelle
Chinese PinYin : Si Chuan Sheng Guang Yuan Shi
Release Time:2021-03-06 00:43:43
Langfang City, Hebei Province. He Bei Sheng Lang Fang Shi
Shuozhou City, Shanxi Province. Shan Xi Sheng Shuo Zhou Shi
Hohhot City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Nei Meng Gu Zi Zhi Qu Hu He Hao Te Shi
Siping City, Jilin Province. Ji Lin Sheng Si Ping Shi
Nantong City, Jiangsu Province. Jiang Su Sheng Nan Tong Shi
Jining City, Shandong Province. Shan Dong Sheng Ji Ning Shi
Binzhou City, Shandong Province. Shan Dong Sheng Bin Zhou Shi
Xiaogan City, Hubei Province. Hu Bei Sheng Xiao Gan Shi
Chongqing city and county. Zhong Qing Shi Xian
Ziyang City, Sichuan Province. Si Chuan Sheng Zi Yang Shi
Longnan City, Gansu Province. Gan Su Sheng Long Nan Shi
Guoluo Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province. Qing Hai Sheng Guo Luo Cang Zu Zi Zhi Zhou