Hefei, referred to as "Lu" or "he", is the capital of Anhui Province, the vice central city of China's Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration approved by the State Council, an important national research and education base, modern manufacturing base and comprehensive transportation hub. As of 2019, the city has four districts, four counties and one county-level city under its jurisdiction, with a total area of 11445.1 square kilometers, a built-up area of 528.5 square kilometers, a permanent resident population of 8.189 million, an urbanization rate of 76.33%, and a permanent migrant population of 1.58 million.
Hefei is located in East China, central Anhui, between the Yangtze River and Huaihe River, surrounded by Chaohu Lake. Hefei city is one belt, one road city, the city center of the Yangtze River Delta, the comprehensive national science center, the "double belt" road and the Yangtze River Economic Belt strategic city, the central city of Hefei metropolitan area, the core city of Wanjiang City belt, and the G60 central city. Hefei is an ancient city with a history of more than 2000 years. It is named after the origin of the Dongfei River and the Nanfei river. It is known as "hometown of the Three Kingdoms, hometown of Bao Zheng". Hefei county was established in the Qin Dynasty. From the Sui Dynasty to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it was the seat of Luzhou Prefecture, so it was also called "Luzhou" and "Luyang".
Hefei is a member city of the world science and technology cities alliance, China's favorite reading City, China's IC Industry Center City, National Science and technology innovation pilot city, and one of China's four major science and education bases. It has a good reputation of "the first county of Jianghuai River and the key point of Wu and Chu". In September 2018, it was awarded the "cross strait IC industry cooperation pilot zone". China's mainland cities ranked 17th in 2018. On September 2, 2020, it was rated as the national transit city construction demonstration city. In October 2020, it was rated as the national model city (county) of double support.
In 2020, Hefei's GDP will reach 1004.572 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 4.3% at comparable prices.
In the Neolithic age, there were human activities in Hefei. During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, it belonged to Chu, Wu, Yue, and then Chu. In the 26th year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (221 BC), he abolished the enfeoffment and established prefectures and counties. Hefei belonged to Jiujiang county.
In the first year of emperor Gaozu of the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC), Xiang Yu established the Jiujiang kingdom in Jiujiang county. In the fourth year of Gaozu (203 BC), Jiujiang kingdom was changed into Huainan kingdom. In the sixth year of Emperor Wen of Han Dynasty (174 BC), Huainan kingdom was changed into Huainan County; in the twelfth year (163 BC), Huainan county was changed into Huainan kingdom again. In the first year of Yuanshou (122 BC), Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty changed the kingdom of Huainan to Jiujiang County, which governed Hefei and other counties. In the fifth year of Yuanfeng reign of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty (106 BC), thirteen prefectures were set up. Hefei county belongs to Jiujiang County of Yangzhou.
In the 25th year of Emperor Guangwu's founding in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Hefei county was changed into the Marquis state of Hefei. In the fifth year of Jian'an (200 years) of Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty, the Marquis state of Hefei was abolished and replaced with Hefei county. Yangzhou ruled Hefei.
During the Three Kingdoms period, Hefei County belonged to Huainan County of Wei state and was governed by Yangzhou.
In the first year of Taikang, Emperor Wu of the Western Jin Dynasty (280), Jiujiang county was changed into Huainan County, and Hefei County belonged to Huainan county.
In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the north and the South split, and Hefei was an important town for both sides to fight for. In the Southern Dynasties, the Song Dynasty set up Yuzhou in the South and Ruyin in the old Hefei county. Ruyin belongs to nanruyin County of Southern Yuzhou, which is the county governance. In 506, it was transferred to Ruyin county. In 526, Emperor Wu of Liang Dynasty established Yuzhou in Shouyang and ruled Southern Yuzhou in Ruyin. In the first year of the Taiqing Dynasty (547), Emperor Wu of Liang Dynasty set up Hezhou. Ruyin belonged to Ruyin County of Hezhou, which was the state and county governance. In 579, Hezhou was occupied by the Northern Zhou Dynasty. In 581, the first year of Emperor Wen of Sui Dynasty, Ruyin county was changed into Hefei County, and Hezhou was changed into Luzhou. Hefei belonged to Luzhou and was governed by the prefecture. At the beginning of Daye, Luzhou was changed into Lujiang County, and Hefei belonged to Lujiang County.
Tang Gaozu Wude three years (620), changed Lujiang County to Luzhou, governing Hefei. In the first year of Zhenguan (627) of Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty, ten roads were set up. Hefei belonged to Luzhou, Huainan road. In the first year of Tianbao (742), Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty changed Luzhou into Lujiang County and still ruled Hefei. In 758, Emperor suzong changed Lujiang County to Luzhou. Yang xingmi served as governor of Yangzhou and king of Wu successively during the reign of emperor xizongzhong of Tang Dynasty and Tianfu of emperor Zhaozong of Tang Dynasty (883-902).
From the late Liang Dynasty to the late Tang Dynasty (907-936), Hefei County belonged to the state of Wu, Luzhou. From the later Jin Dynasty to the later Han Dynasty (936-950), Hefei County belonged to Luzhou of the Southern Tang Dynasty, and Baoxin army was on a festival. In the Later Zhou Dynasty (951-960), Hefei County belonged to Luzhou of the Later Zhou Dynasty, and Baoxin army was on a festival.
In the fourth year of Chunhua, Emperor Taizong of the Northern Song Dynasty (993), Hefei county was governed by Luzhou, Huainan road. In the third year of the reign of Emperor Taizong of the Song Dynasty (997), the road was changed to the road. Hefei county was under the jurisdiction of Luzhou, Huainan road.
In 1072, Huainan road was divided into two parts: East and West. Later, it was divided into two parts. Hefei belonged to Luzhou, the West Huainan road. In Song Dynasty, Luzhou belonged to Baoxin army. At the beginning of Shaoxing, Emperor Gaozong of the Southern Song Dynasty, Luzhou ruled Chaoxian county. In 1141, Hefei was occupied by Jin Dynasty and recovered immediately. In 1169, Luzhou still ruled Hefei.
In 1277, Luzhou was upgraded to Luzhou Road, which is under the jurisdiction of huaixijiang North Road, and Hefei is under the jurisdiction of huaixidao Luzhou road. In 1290, Hefei county was located in Luzhou Road, Jiangbei Province, Henan Province. In the second year of yuantaiding (1325), Hefei county still belonged to Luzhou Road, Huaixi road. In 1352, Hefei county was restored to Luzhou Road, Jiangbei Province, Henan Province. In 1363, Zhu Yuanzhang occupied Luzhou, changed the road to the government, and set up Jianghuai Zhongshu province. Hefei County belonged to Luzhou Prefecture, Jianghuai Province, and soon changed to Luzhou Prefecture, Jiangzhe province.
In the first year of Hongwu, Emperor Taizu of Ming Dynasty (1368), Hefei was transferred to Luzhou Prefecture of Zhongshu province. Hongwu 13 years (1379), Hefei changed to six Zhili Luzhou government, for the government. In 1420, Emperor Chengzu of the Ming Dynasty set up Nanjing Zhili, and Hefei was governed by Nanjing Zhili Luzhou Prefecture.
In the second year of Shunzhi (1645) of the Qing Dynasty, Nanjing Zhili was changed into Jiangnan Province, and Hefei county was under the jurisdiction of Luzhou Prefecture. Shunzhi eighteen years (1660), set Jiangnan left and right buzhengsi, Jiangnan left buzhengsi jurisdiction Luzhou and other prefectures. In the sixth year of the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1667), Jiangnan left minister was changed to Anhui minister. Anhui Province was officially established. Hefei county belongs to Luzhou Prefecture of Anhui Province. From 1853 to 1861, the governor of Anhui Province ruled Hefei county.
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), Luzhou Prefecture was abolished, and Hefei county was directly under Anhui Province. In 1914, the whole province was divided into three roads, and Hefei County belonged to Anqing road.
In 1928, the road was abandoned and Hefei county was directly under Anhui Province.
In 1932, Hefei county was set up as the third administrative supervision district of Anhui Province.
In May 1938, the Japanese army occupied Hefei County, and the national government withdrew the county government to pigeon cage Xuzi (now Mingchuan Township, Feixi County, Hefei).
In 1942, Hefei County became the second administrative supervision district of Anhui Province. In August 1945, Hefei city was restored.
After the victory of the Anti Japanese war in 1945, the national government moved the capital of Anhui Province to Hefei County, which became the capital of Anhui Province. In December 1948, Feixi County was founded by Xixiang and Nanxiang of Hefei county. On February 1, 1949, Feidong County was established by Dongxiang and BEIXIANG of Hefei county.
On January 21, 1949, Hefei county was peacefully liberated. In February of the same year, Hefei was established as a city.
In 1952, Anhui Provincial People's government was formally established in Hefei.
In 1965, Shouxian County, Dingyuan County, Feidong County and Feixi County merged into Fengxian County, which became the first county under the jurisdiction of Hefei city.
In August 2011, the prefecture level Chaohu City was split, and Lujiang County and county-level Chaohu City were under the jurisdiction of Hefei city.
In September 2018, during the 15th cross strait information industry and Technology Standards Forum, Hefei was awarded the "cross strait IC industry cooperation pilot zone".
Jurisdiction: 4 municipal districts, 4 counties and 1 county-level city
Street communities: 43 streets, 84 townships, 5 street level community management committees, 457 urban communities, 333 rural communities (with 3 neighborhood committees) and 994 village committees
Municipal Government: Hefei Municipal People's government is located at No. 100 Dongliu Road, Shushan District, Hefei city
Hefei is located in East China, the western end of the Yangtze River Delta, between the Yangtze River and Huaihe River, in the middle of Anhui Province, with Lu'an City in the west, Huainan City in the north, Chuzhou City in the northeast, Ma'anshan City and Wuhu City in the southeast, Anqing city and Tongling City in the southwest. The total area of Hefei is 11445.1 square kilometers, between 30 ° 57 ′ - 32 ° 32 ′ N and 116 ° 41 ′ - 117 ° 58 ′ E.
There are three landforms in Hefei: hilly land, low mountains and low-lying plain, mainly hilly land. The Yangtze Huaihe River Watershed runs through the whole city from west to East. The altitude of the whole city is mostly between 15 and 80 meters, with an average altitude of 20 to 40 meters. The terrain of the main urban area inclines from northwest to Southeast with undulating hills and hills; the southwest part belongs to the aftervein of Dabie Mountains with overlapping mountains; the highest altitude is 595 meters of Niuwang village in the West.
Hefei is located in the middle latitude zone, with subtropical monsoon humid climate, obvious monsoon, four distinct seasons, mild climate and moderate rainfall.
Chinese PinYin : An Hui Sheng He Fei Shi
Release Time:2021-03-06 00:32:51
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