Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, abbreviated as Ning, is one of the five autonomous regions in China, and its capital is Yinchuan. It is located in the inland area of Northwest China, between 35 ° 14 '- 39 ° 14' n and 104 ° 17 '- 109 ° 39' e, adjacent to Shaanxi in the East, Inner Mongolia in the West and North, Gansu in the south, and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with a total area of 66400 square kilometers.
The terrain of Ningxia is gradually inclined from southwest to northeast, with hills and gullies. The terrain can be divided into three plates: Northern Yellow River irrigation area, central arid zone and southern mountainous area. Ningxia is located in the Yellow River system, the terrain is high in the South and low in the north, showing a ladder like decline. The whole region belongs to temperate continental arid and semi-arid climate.
By the end of 2018, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region has 5 prefecture level cities, 9 municipal districts, 2 county-level cities and 11 counties, with a permanent resident population of 6.8811 million, and a GDP of 370.518 billion yuan, including 27.985 billion yuan for the primary industry, 165.026 billion yuan for the secondary industry and 177.507 billion yuan for the tertiary industry, with a per capita GDP of 54094 yuan.
In the Western Zhou Dynasty, the area to the north of the territory of the Zhou Dynasty, including Hetao in Inner Mongolia, the whole territory of Ningxia and the northern part of Shaanxi and Shanxi, is called Shuofang.
In the spring and Autumn period, the Guyuan area was inhabited by Wushi Rong, and the Yinnan area was dominated by Yanchi. During the Warring States period, King Huiwen of Qin Dynasty conquered Wurong and set Wushi county (now the North Bank of Nanjing river in Guyuan County) to govern Guyuan area. Later, Quyan county was set up in Yanchi county to govern the present Yinnan area.
In the Qin Dynasty, after the 35th year of King Zhaoxiang (272 BC), the two counties were under the jurisdiction of Beijun, which was the beginning of the administrative setup in Ningxia. In the Qin Dynasty, Ningxia was a Beidi County, and its governance was in Ningxian County, Gansu Province. Qin great wall and Qin canal were built here to irrigate farmland with the Yellow River.
In the Han Dynasty, it belongs to the History Department of Shuofang. In the Western Han Dynasty, Beidi county was ruled to Huan County in Gansu Province; anding county was set up in Guyuan; Ningxia was divided into Beidi county and anding county. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Anding county was moved to Zhenyuan County, Gansu Province, and the northern region was moved to the southwest of today's Litong District, Wuzhong City.
The Sixteen States are the territory of Daxia state founded by heliansheng, the leader of Xiongnu iron Buddha department.
In the Northern Wei Dynasty and the Northern Zhou Dynasty, it continued to carry out the policy of emigration, which was effectively developed again, and Ningxia began to be called "the north of the great wall and the south of the Yangtze River".
In Tang Dynasty, Ningxia belonged to guanneidao, with six states: Yuanzhou, Lingzhou, Xihui, Anle, Xiongzhou and Jingzhou. In the 14th year of Tianbao (755), an Shi rebellion broke out in the Tang Dynasty. Prince Li Heng ascended the throne in Lingwu of Ningxia and became emperor suzong of the Tang Dynasty.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, Ningxia belonged to Qinfeng road. Later, the northern part of Ningxia was occupied by Li Jiqian of Dangxiang nationality. In the Northern Song Dynasty, only the southern part of Ningxia was controlled, and the southern part of Ningxia was changed to Jingyuan road.
In the Yuan Dynasty, Xixia Zhongxing Road was set up in Xixia national heritage area to travel Zhongshu province. In the 24th year of Zhiyuan Dynasty (1287), Ningxia Fu Road was set up, from which Ningxia got its name.
In the Ming Dynasty, the government was set up in Ningxia at the beginning, and then it was changed to Wei. Ningxia zuotun Wei, Zhongtun Wei, avant-garde, Zhongwei and guard were added. Later, Ningxia town and Guyuan town were set up, and nine defense areas were set up along the Great Wall, which were called nine towns, and were two of the important border towns in Ming Dynasty.
Qing Dynasty, Shunzhi five years (1648), the Qing Dynasty set up a governor in Ningxia, is the Chief Secretary of Shaanxi, under the system of health, Ningxia is quasi provincial. However, it was promoted to be the commander-in-chief of Ningxia and the general's office of Manying was set up in Ningxia.
In January of 1912, the government was changed to Dao. Because the right is Shuofang, it is changed to Shuofang road. In 1913, he returned to Ningxia road. On October 17, 1928, the 159th meeting of the central government of the Republic of China decided to merge the old eight counties of Ningxia Road (i.e. Ningxia county, ningshuo County, Pingluo County, Zhongwei County, Lingwu County, Jinji County, Yanchi County and Pingyuan county) and the areas under the jurisdiction of Ningxia garrison envoys (i.e. Alxa banner, Ejina banner) into Ningxia Province. In January 1929, the government of Ningxia Province was established. Now Yinchuan city is the capital of Ningxia Province, which is called "the capital of Ningxia Province". Dengkou of bage in Alashan was designated as Dengkou county. In January 1933, Ma Hongkui was appointed chairman of Ningxia Province by Chiang Kai Shek. Ma Hongkui was in charge of Ningxia. In September 1933, Zhongwei county was designated as Zhongning County in the East; in April 1941, Ningxia and ningshuo counties were designated as Yongning County; Pingluo County was increased to Huinong county and Taole County in the north; and Ningxia county was renamed Helan county. In April 1944, Yinchuan city was added. In 1945, Wuzhong town of Lingwu county was changed into Wuzhong City. The new nine counties in Ningxia are Alashan and Ajina; Ningxia, ningshuo, Pingluo, Zhongwei, Lingwu, Jinji, Yanchi, Zhenrong (later changed to Yuwang, then Tongxin) and Dengkou. Xiangshan, Juyan and Zihu will be set up. In 1947, the local government of Ningxia set up Yinchuan. Since then, until the eve of liberation, 13 counties, one city and three administrative bureaus have been set up. On September 23, 1949, Ningxia was liberated.
On December 23, 1949, Ningxia Province was established, which used the original name of Ningxia. Ejina Banner is under the jurisdiction of Jiuquan special district of Gansu Province. On October 25, the people's Government of Ningxia Province was established. On October 23, Ningxia Provincial Committee of CPC decided to establish the working committee of Alxa banner of CPC.
In January 1950, Wuzhong City was established. In May, it was changed to Wuzhong town. In October, it returned to Wuzhong City.
On May 25, 1950, the people's Government of Gansu Province decided that Xiji County and Haiyuan County, which were originally designated as the west special area, should be included in the Pingliang special area.
In May 1952, the fourth and sixth districts of Yongning County and the Fourth District of Helan county were assigned to Yinchuan city. On August 15, in order to enhance national unity, Dingyuan camp, the capital of Alxa banner, was changed to "bayinhot", which was approved by the central government on October 16.
On November 27, 1953, the people's Government of Gansu Province informed that Xihaigu Hui Autonomous Region was officially established on October 29. On April 1, the Preparatory Committee of Ningxia "Jin, Ling, Wu, Tong" Hui Autonomous Region was established in Wuzhong City and worked with the people's Government of Wuzhong City. On April 4, with the approval of Ningxia provincial government, Huinong county established two Hui autonomous regions at the regional level, namely Baofeng Hui Autonomous Region and Lingsha Hui Autonomous Region. In May, shuayishan township of Zhongning county (formerly four districts and six townships) was put under the jurisdiction of Tongxin county. In July, the Preparatory Committee of Ningxia's "Jin, Ling, Wu, Tong" Hui Autonomous Region was renamed the Preparatory Committee of Ningxia Hedong Hui Autonomous Region.
On April 21, 1954, Ningxia Hedong Hui Autonomous Region was officially established, under the jurisdiction of Wuzhong City, Jinji County, Lingwu county and Tongxin county. On July 14, the Ministry of interior approved the merger of Yinchuan from six districts into four districts. In September, the organizational system of Ningxia Province was abolished and merged into Gansu Province. After Ningxia was merged into Gansu Province on November 3, the administrative divisions of the former Hedong Hui Autonomous Region and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region remained unchanged, and Yinchuan special region was established.
On April 28, 1955, the Hedong Hui Autonomous Region of Gansu Province was renamed Wuzhong Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu Province. It led Jinji County, Lingwu County, Tongxin County, and took charge of Yanchi County. On December 1, the State Council approved Yanchi county to be officially under the jurisdiction of Wuzhong Hui Autonomous Prefecture.
On November 18, 1955, with the approval of the State Council, Xihaigu Hui Autonomous Region was renamed Guyuan Hui Autonomous Prefecture.
On July 15, 1957, the fourth session of the first National People's Congress passed the resolution to establish the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, which was based on the former administrative region of Ningxia Province.
On October 25, 1958, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was formally established, with jurisdiction over two cities, one special district and 17 counties: Yinchuan City, Wuzhong City, Zhongwei County, Zhongning County, Tongxin County, Lingwu County, Yanchi County, Jinji County, Guyuan County, Xiji County, Haiyuan County, Longde County and Jingyuan County.
In 1969, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council decided to put Alxa Left Banner under the jurisdiction of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region under the jurisdiction of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.
In 1970, Guyuan district was changed into Guyuan district.
On May 30, 1979, the State Council approved that Alxa left banner should be put under the jurisdiction of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
On January 1, 1980, the "Revolutionary Committee" was abolished, the people's governments at all levels and the standing committees of the people's congresses were established, and the name "township" gradually replaced the name "people's commune".
On July 7, 2001, the State Council approved the abolition of Guyuan Prefecture and Guyuan County and the establishment of prefecture level Guyuan City and Yuanzhou district.
On October 19, 2002, the urban area, new urban area and suburb of Yinchuan city were abolished, and Xingqing District, Xixia district and Jinfeng District of Yinchuan city were set up respectively in Yinchuan city; Shitanjing District of Shizuishan city was abolished and merged into Dawukou District.
On October 25, 2002, Lingwu City was changed from Wuzhong City to Yinchuan City, and Hongsibao development zone was under the jurisdiction of Wuzhong City.
On December 31, 2003, with the approval of the State Council, Zhongwei county was abolished, prefecture level Zhongwei city was established, Shapotou district was established; Zhongning county and Haiyuan county were classified into Zhongwei City, then Huinong county and Shizuishan District of Shizuishan City were abolished, Huinong district was established; Taole county was abolished.
In 2008, xutao township of Haiyuan county was put under the jurisdiction of Zhongning county (officially transferred on September 11), Xinglong Township was put under the jurisdiction of Tongxin County, and Qiying town and Gancheng township of Yuanzhou District of Guyuan City were put under the jurisdiction of Haiyuan county.
In July 2008, according to the decision of the people's Government of the autonomous region on the jurisdiction of Gancheng Township in Yuanzhou District of Guyuan City under Haiyuan County, Gancheng Township in Yuanzhou District of Guyuan city was officially under the jurisdiction of Haiyuan County of Zhongwei city.
On October 22, 2009, the State Council officially approved the establishment of Hongsibu District in Wuzhong City.
On December 15, 2009, Ningxia became one of the five pilot provinces of "province directly governing counties" in China, and Tongxin county and Yanchi County were listed as the pilot counties of Wuzhong City to expand power.
On August 19, 2016, Shapotou District of Zhongwei city was officially listed, marking the independent operation of the district in the mode of municipal administrative system.
Release Time:2021-03-09 19:42:17
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