Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, referred to as Ning, is the capital of Yinchuan. It is located in the inland area of Northwest China, adjacent to Shaanxi in the East, Inner Mongolia in the West and North, Gansu in the South and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with a total area of 66400 square kilometers. It is located in the northwest of the four geographical divisions.
The terrain of Ningxia gradually tilts from southwest to northeast, with hills and gullies. The terrain is divided into three plates: Yellow River Diversion Irrigation Area in the north, arid zone in the middle and mountainous area in the south. Ningxia is located in the Yellow River system. The terrain is high in the South and low in the north, showing a ladder decline. The whole region has a temperate continental arid and semi-arid climate.
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region governs 5 prefecture level cities (9 municipal districts, 2 county-level cities and 11 counties). The total population of the seventh national census in 2020 is 7202654. In 2020, Ningxia will achieve a regional GDP of 392.055 billion yuan, an increase of 3.9% over 2019.
|alias||lush southern-type fields north of the great wall|
|area number||six hundred and forty thousand|
|Administrative Region category||Autonomous Region|
|geographical position||Inland Northwest|
|the measure of area||66400km ²|
|Areas under jurisdiction||5 prefecture level cities|
|Government resident||361 Jiefang West Street, Yinchuan|
|climatic conditions||temperate continental climate|
|population size||7202600 (permanent population in 2020)|
|Famous scenic spot||Shuidonggou, Shapotou, Huoshizhai, etc|
|airport||Yinchuan Hedong International Airport, Zhongwei Shapotou airport, Guyuan Liupanshan Airport|
|train station||Yinchuan Station, Shizuishan station, etc|
|License plate code||Ning a-ning e|
|Regional GDP||RMB 392.055 billion (2020)|
|Chairman of the government of the Autonomous Region||Xian Hui|
|Secretary of the Party committee of the Autonomous Region||Chen runer|
In the Western Zhou Dynasty, the area north of the territory of the Zhou Dynasty, including Hetao in Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and Northern Shaanxi and Shanxi, is called Shuofang.
In the spring and Autumn period, Guyuan area was now inhabited by Wu Shirong, and Yinnan area was centered on Yanchi, which was the sphere of influence of Qu Yanrong. In the Warring States period, King Huiwen of Qin Dynasty captured Wurong land and set up Wushi county (the North Bank of Nanjing water in Guyuan County) to govern Guyuan area. After that, Quyan county was established in Yanchi county to govern the present Yinnan area.
In the Qin Dynasty, after the thirty fifth year of King Zhaoxiang (272 BC), the two counties were under the jurisdiction of Beijun, which was the beginning of administrative setting in Ningxia. During the Qin Dynasty, Ningxia was a Beidi County, which was governed by Ningxian County, Gansu Province. Qin great wall and Qin canal were built here to divert the Yellow River water to irrigate farmland.
In the Han Dynasty, it belonged to the Department of Assassin history of Shuofang. In the Western Han Dynasty, Beidi county was ruled to Huanxian County, Gansu Province; Guyuan established anding County; Ningxia belongs to Beidi county and anding county respectively. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Anding county was moved to Zhenyuan County, Gansu Province, and the North County was moved to the southwest of Litong District, Wuzhong City.
Sixteen Kingdoms are the territory of the Daxia state established by he Lianhuo, the leader of the iron Buddha Department of the Huns.
The Northern Wei and Northern Zhou dynasties continued to promote the migration to xingtun, which was effectively developed again. Ningxia began to be called "the north of the great wall and the south of the Yangtze River".
In the Tang Dynasty, Ningxia belonged to Guannei Road, with 6 prefectures: Yuanzhou, Lingzhou, Xihui, Anle, Xiongzhou and police. In the 14th year of Tianbao (755), the "an Shi rebellion" broke out in the Tang Dynasty. Prince Li Heng ascended the throne in Lingwu, Ningxia and became emperor suzong of the Tang Dynasty.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, Ningxia belonged to Qinfeng road. Later, the north of Ningxia was occupied by Li Jiqian of Dangxiang nationality. The Northern Song Dynasty only controlled the south of Ningxia, and the south of Ningxia was changed to Jingyuan road.
In the Yuan Dynasty, Xixia Zhongxing and other roads were set up in the national heritage of Xixia to travel to Zhongshu province. In the 24th year of the Zhiyuan Dynasty (1287), Ningxia Fu Road was established, which gave Ningxia its name.
In the Ming Dynasty, the government was established in Ningxia at the beginning, and then changed to Wei. Ningxia left garrison guard, middle garrison guard and avant-garde, middle guard and back guard were added. Later, Ningxia town and Guyuan town were established, and nine defense areas were set along the Great Wall, known as nine towns, which were two important border towns in the Ming Dynasty.
In the Qing Dynasty, in the fifth year of Shunzhi (1648), the Qing Dynasty set up a governor in Ningxia, which belongs to the Shaanxi Chief Secretary and the lower guard office. Ningxia is quasi provincial. It retreated and changed to Ningxia Prefecture, under which there were prefectures and counties, belonging to Gansu, but it was promoted to Ningxia general army as governor, and then added Manying general's Prefecture in Ningxia, still without losing the provincial pattern.
In January of the first year of the Republic of China (1912), the government was changed to Dao. Because the right is Shuofang, it is changed to Shuofang road. In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), it was changed back to Ningxia road. On October 17, the 17th year of the Republic of China (1928), the 159th meeting of the central government of the Republic of China decided to merge Ningxia Road (i.e. Shuofeng Road) into Ningxia Province. In January of the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), the Ningxia provincial government was established. Today, Yinchuan city of Ningxia is the capital of Ningxia Province, known as "the capital of Ningxia Province". And the Dengkou of Bagh in Alxa was designated Dengkou county. In January of the 22nd year of the Republic of China (1933), Ma Hongkui was appointed chairman of Ningxia Province by Chiang Kai Shek, and Ma Hongkui was in charge of Ningxia. In September of the 22nd year of the Republic of China (1933), Zhongning county was designated in the east of Zhongwei county. On April 1 of the 30th year of the Republic of China (1941), Ningxia and ningshuo counties were designated as Yongning County, Pingluo County was added to Huinong county and Taole County in the North, and Ningxia county was renamed Helan county. In April of the 33rd year of the Republic of China (1944), Yinchuan city was added. In 1945, Wuzhong town in Lingwu county was changed into Wuzhong City. New Ningxia leads two banners and nine counties: Alxa banner and Ajina banner; Ningxia county, ningshuo County, Pingluo County, Zhongwei County, Lingwu County, Jinji County, Yanchi County, Zhenrong county (later changed to Yuwang county and then Tongxin county), Dengkou county. Three governance bureaus, Xiangshan, Juyan and Zihu, were added. In the 36th year of the Republic of China (1947), the local government of Ningxia set up Yinchuan city. Since then, until the eve of liberation, a total of 13 counties, 1 city and 3 governance bureaus were added in the region. In September 1949, the Chinese people's Liberation Army liberated Ningxia.
On December 23, 1949, Ningxia Province was established, which followed the original name of Ningxia. Ejina Banner is managed by Jiuquan special district of Gansu Province. On October 25, Ningxia Provincial People's government was established. On October 23, the CPC Ningxia Provincial Committee decided to establish the CPC Alxa banner Working Committee.
In January 1950, Wuzhong City was established. In May, it was changed to Wuzhong town. In October, it was restored to Wuzhong City.
On May 25, 1950, the people's Government of Gansu Province decided that Xiji County and Haiyuan County, which were originally scheduled to be the west special area, should be assigned to Pingliang special area.
In May 1952, the fourth and sixth districts of Yongning County and the Fourth District of Helan county were assigned to Yinchuan city. On August 15, in order to enhance national unity, Dingyuan camp, the capital of Alxa banner, was changed to "bayinhot", which was approved by the central government on October 16.
On November 27, 1953, the people's Government of Gansu Province informed that Xihaigu Hui Autonomous Region was officially established on October 29. On April 1, the Preparatory Committee of Ningxia "Jin, Ling, Wu and Tong" Hui Autonomous Region was established in Wuzhong City and worked together with the people's Government of Wuzhong City. On April 4, with the approval of Ningxia provincial government, Huinong county established two Hui autonomous regions equivalent to district level, namely Baofeng Hui Autonomous Region and Lingsha Hui Autonomous Region. In May, guayishan township (formerly four districts and six townships) of Zhongning county was under the jurisdiction of Tongxin county. In July, the Preparatory Committee of Ningxia "Jin, Ling, Wu and Tong" Hui Autonomous Region was renamed the Preparatory Committee of Ningxia Hedong Hui Autonomous Region.
On April 21, 1954, Ningxia Hedong Hui Autonomous Region was officially established, under the jurisdiction of Wuzhong City, Jinji County, Lingwu county and Tongxin county. On July 14, with the approval of the Ministry of internal affairs, Yinchuan was merged from six districts into four districts. In September, the organizational system of Ningxia Province was abolished and incorporated into Gansu Province. On November 3, after Ningxia was merged into Gansu, the administrative divisions of the former Hedong Hui Autonomous Region and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region remained unchanged, and a new Yinchuan special region was established.
On April 28, 1955, Hedong Hui Autonomous Region of Gansu Province was renamed Wuzhong Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu Province, leading Jinji County, Lingwu county and Tongxin County, and taking charge of Yanchi County. On December 1, the State Council approved Yanchi county to be officially under the jurisdiction of Wuzhong Hui Autonomous Prefecture.
On November 18, 1955, with the approval of the State Council, Xihaigu Hui Autonomous Region was renamed Guyuan Hui Autonomous Prefecture.
On July 15, 1957, the fourth session of the first National People's Congress adopted the resolution on the establishment of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, which established Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Based on the original administrative region of Ningxia Province.
On October 25, 1958, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was officially established. The autonomous region has jurisdiction over 2 cities, 1 special region and 17 counties: Yinchuan City, Wuzhong City, Zhongwei County, Zhongning County, Tongxin County, Lingwu County, Yanchi County, Jinji County, Guyuan County, Xiji County, Haiyuan County, Longde County and Jingyuan County.
In 1969, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council decided to assign Alxa Left Banner under the jurisdiction of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.
In 1970, Guyuan district was changed to Guyuan district.
On May 30, 1979, the State Council approved the transfer of Alxa Left Banner to the jurisdiction of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (officially transferred back from July 1).
On January 1, 1980, the "Revolutionary Committee" was abolished, the standing committees of people's governments and people's congresses at all levels were established, and the name of "township" gradually replaced the name of "people's commune".
On July 7, 2001, the State Council approved the abolition of Guyuan region and Guyuan County and the establishment of prefecture level Guyuan City and Yuanzhou district.
On October 19, 2002, the urban area, new urban area and suburb of Yinchuan were abolished, and the urban area of Yinchuan was established into Xingqing District, Xixia district and Jinfeng District of Yinchuan respectively; Shitanjing District of Shizuishan city was abolished and incorporated into Dawukou District.
On October 25, 2002, Lingwu City was changed from Wuzhong City to Yinchuan city; Hongsibao development zone is under the jurisdiction of Wuzhong City.
On December 31, 2003, with the approval of the State Council, Zhongwei county was abolished, a prefecture level Zhongwei city and Shapotou district were established; Zhongning county and Haiyuan county will be included in Zhongwei City, and then Huinong county and Shizuishan District of Shizuishan city will be abolished to establish Huinong district; Cancel Taole county.
In 2008, xutao township of Haiyuan county was under the jurisdiction of Zhongning county (officially handed over on September 11), Xinglong Township was under the jurisdiction of Tongxin County, and Qiying town and Gancheng Township, Yuanzhou District, Guyuan City were under the jurisdiction of Haiyuan county.
In July 2008, according to the decision of the people's Government of the autonomous region on the jurisdiction of Haiyuan County in Yuanzhou District, Gancheng Township, Yuanzhou District, Guyuan city was officially under the jurisdiction of Haiyuan County, Zhongwei city.
On October 22, 2009, the State Council officially approved the establishment of Hongsibao District, Wuzhong City.
On December 15, 2009, Ningxia became one of China's five pilot provinces of "counties directly under the jurisdiction of provinces", and Tongxin county and Yanchi County were listed as pilot counties of expanding power and strengthening counties in Wuzhong City.
On August 19, 2016, Shapotou District of Zhongwei city was officially listed, indicating that the district operates independently in the administrative system mode of the municipal district.
By 2019, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region has jurisdiction over five prefecture level cities, namely Yinchuan City, Shizuishan City, Wuzhong City, Guyuan City and Zhongwei city. The people's Government of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is located at No. 361, Jiefang West Street, Yinchuan city.
License plate code
Municipal districts, county-level cities and counties
seven hundred and fifty thousand
Xingqing District, Jinfeng District, Xixia District, Lingwu City, Yongning County, Helan County
seven hundred and fifty-three thousand
Dawukou District, Huinong District, Pingluo County
seven hundred and fifty-one thousand and one hundred
Litong District, Hongsibao District, Qingtongxia City, Tongxin County, Yanchi County
seven hundred and fifty-six thousand
Yuanzhou District, Xiji County, Longde County, Jingyuan County, Pengyang County
seven hundred and fifty-five thousand
Shapotou District, Zhongning County, Haiyuan County
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is located in the middle and upper reaches of the Yellow River in Northwest China, between 35 ° 14 ′ - 39 ° 23 ′ N and 104 ° 17 ′ - 107 ° 39 ′ E. It is adjacent to Shaanxi Province in the East, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the West and North, and Gansu Province in the south, with a total area of 66400 square kilometers. The terrain is long and narrow from north to south, 456 kilometers from north to South and about 250 kilometers from east to west.
The altitude of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is 1100-1200 meters, and the terrain gradually tilts from southwest to northeast. The Yellow River enters from Zhongwei, runs obliquely across the plain to the northeast, and exits through Shizuishan along the terrain. On the plain, the soil layer is deep and the terrain is flat. In addition, the slope is appropriate, and the water diversion is convenient for drainage and irrigation. The landform of Ningxia is complex, with multiple mountains and scattered basins. It can be roughly divided into: Loess Plateau, Ordos platform, proluvial alluvial plain and the North-South middle section of Liupan Mountain, Luoshan mountain and Helan Mountain. The average altitude is more than 1000 meters. According to the surface characteristics, it can also be divided into warm temperate plain in the south, middle temperate semi desert in the middle and middle temperate desert in the north. From south to north, the whole region shows the characteristics of transition from water landform to wind erosion landform. Ningxia is located in the transition zone between the Loess Plateau and the Inner Mongolia Plateau, with high terrain in the South and low terrain in the north. In terms of geomorphic types, the loess landform eroded by flowing water is mainly in the south, and the arid denudation and wind erosion landform is mainly in the middle and North, which is a part of the Inner Mongolia Plateau. There are relatively high mountains and widely distributed hills in the territory, as well as alluvial plains formed by stratum fault depression and alluvial of the Yellow River, as well as platforms and sand dunes. The surface morphology is complex and diverse.
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is located in inland China and has a temperate continental arid and semi-arid climate. As it is located in the western edge of China's monsoon region, it is affected by the southeast monsoon in summer, with short time and less precipitation. It is the hottest in July, with an average temperature of 24 ℃; In winter, it is greatly affected by the northwest monsoon for a long time, and the temperature changes greatly. It is the coldest in January, with an average temperature of - 9 ℃. The annual precipitation of the whole region is between 150 mm and 600 mm. Liupan Mountain Area in the south is wet and rainy, with low temperature and short frost free period. The North has sufficient sunshine, strong evaporation and large temperature difference between day and night. The annual sunshine reaches 3000 hours and the frost free period is about 150 days. It is one of the areas with the most abundant sunshine and solar radiation in China. Ningxia has four distinct seasons. It is warm in spring and cool in autumn.
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region has an average annual water surface evaporation of 1250mm, with a range of 800-1600 mm. It is one of the provinces with large water surface evaporation in China. The multi-year average annual runoff of the whole region is 949.3 million cubic meters, with an average annual runoff depth of 18.3 mm, which is 1 / 3 of the average value of the Yellow River Basin and 1 / 15 of the average value of China. The annual runoff area is unevenly distributed, with large mountains and small platforms; The south is big and the north is small. The annual runoff depth decreases from 300 mm in the southeast of Liupan Mountain Area in the south to less than 3 mm at the edge of the Yellow River Diversion Irrigation Area, with a difference of nearly 100 times, and 70% - 80% of the runoff is concentrated in the flood season.
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is the province with the least water resources in China. Atmospheric precipitation, surface water and underground water are very poor. And the uneven distribution in space and time is the prominent feature of water resources in Ningxia. The groundwater resources in the region are 3.05 billion cubic meters. Among them, the underground water resources of Yinchuan plain and Weining plain are 2.49 billion cubic meters, accounting for about 82% of the total underground water resources. The exploitable groundwater resources in the region are 2.3 billion cubic meters. Among them, the exploitable groundwater resources in Yinchuan plain and Weining plain are 2.02 billion cubic meters, accounting for about 88% of the total exploitable groundwater resources in the region.
There are 8 kinds of mineral resources in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region that have ranked among the top 10 in China: Coal sixth, magnesium third, quartzite for metallurgy fifth, sandstone for metallurgy eighth, slate for cement batching second, clay for brick and tile sixth, diabase for Construction Fourth and gypsum seventh. There are 225 solid ore producing areas with industrial scale in Ningxia. Among them, there are 112 coal mines, 33 metal mines and 80 non-metal mines.
By the end of 2016, Ningxia had 1292087.16 hectares of cultivated land, 50146.31 hectares of garden land, 767849.83 hectares of forest land, 2090119.32 hectares of grassland, 271483.83 hectares of urban, village, industrial and mining land, 80404.46 hectares of transportation land and 176292.03 hectares of water area and water conservancy facilities.
In Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, there are 202 species of wetland vascular plants belonging to 119 genera and 52 families, and phytoplankton belonging to 67 genera, 29 families and 8 phyla. Wetland vegetation includes 9 types, 30 subtypes and 132 formations. There are 9 kinds of national key protected plants, such as ephedra, licorice, Ilex, seabuckthorn and arundinacea. Wetland plants are dominated by temperate plants, and herbs are dominant. Among them, the species of Gramineae ranks first, followed by Compositae, and leguminous plants rank third. At the same time, there are xerophytes of Salsola, Sargassum and tribulus. In places with better conditions, there are trees and shrubs planted artificially, such as Platycladus orientalis, spruce, Pinus tabulaeformis, Robinia pseudoacacia, Sophora japonica, poplar, willow and so on.
The wetland wildlife species in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region include typical desert animals such as Shaxi and gerbil, as well as a variety of waterfowl, accompanied by grassland animals such as rabbits. There are 413 species and subspecies of vertebrates in total, 6 species of national level I key protected animals, 17 species of national level II key protected animals and 30 species of autonomous region level key protected animals. ① There are 283 species and subspecies of birds, accounting for 68.8% of the total vertebrates in the autonomous region. There are 6 species of black stork, Chinese merganser, white tailed sea eagle, Golden Eagle, small bustard and great bustard listed in the national level I key protected animals; There are 17 species of spotted billed pelican, white spoonbill, white fronted goose, swan, Little Swan, mandarin duck, kite, goshawk, big bird, Falcon, red footed falcon, Hongji, gray crane, coir feather crane and longitudinal belly owl listed in the national level II key protected animals; 64 species are protected under the Sino Japanese agreement on the protection of migratory birds; There are 16 species protected under the China Australia migratory bird protection agreement. ② There are 31 species of fish, accounting for 7.6% of the total vertebrates in Ningxia. ③ There are 74 species of mammals, accounting for 17.6% of the total vertebrates in the autonomous region. ④ There are 6 species of amphibians, accounting for 4.6% of the total vertebrates in the autonomous region.
Party secretary: Chen runer
Deputy secretary and chairman of the Party committee: Xian Hui
Deputy Secretary of the Party committee: Chen Yong
Member of the Standing Committee of the Party committee and Secretary of Yinchuan municipal Party committee: Zhang Yupu
Member of the Standing Committee of the Party committee and Secretary of the Discipline Inspection Commission: AI Juntao
Member of the Standing Committee of the Party committee and executive vice chairman: Zhao Yongqing
Standing committee member and Secretary General of the Party committee: Lei Dongsheng
Member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Committee and director of the United Front Work Department: Bai Shangcheng
Member of the Standing Committee of the Party committee and director of the publicity department: Li Jinke
Member of the Standing Committee of the Party committee and director of the Organization Department: Shi Dai
Member of the Standing Committee of the Party committee and Secretary of Guyuan municipal Party committee: Ma Hancheng
Member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Committee and commander of Ningxia Military Region: Zhao Jianhong
Member of the Standing Committee of the Party committee, Secretary of the political and Legal Committee and vice chairman: Lai Jiao
Deputy secretary and chairman of the Party committee: Xian Hui
Vice chairmen: Zhao Yongqing, Wang Heshan, Liu Kewei, Yang Peijun (civil construction), Yang Dong (director of Public Security), Wu xiuzhang, Lai Jiao, Wang Daoxi and Chen Chunping
Secretary General: Fang Quanzhong
In 2018, the permanent resident population of Ningxia was 6.8811 million, and in 2019, the permanent resident population of Ningxia was 6.9466 million, an increase of 0.95%. Among them, there were 2.2931 million people in Yinchuan, an increase of 1.89%; 805900 people in Shizuishan City, an increase of 0.18%; 1422500 people in Wuzhong City, an increase of 0.5%; 1.2505 million people in Guyuan City, an increase of 0.65%; There were 1174600 people in Zhongwei City, an increase of 0.54%.
In 2019, the population living in cities and towns in Ningxia was 4158100, with an urbanization rate of 59.86%, and the population living in villages was 2788500, accounting for 40.14%. Compared with the end of 2018, the urban population increased by 106500, the rural population decreased by 41000, and the urbanization rate increased by 0.98%.
On February 24, 2020, Ningxia Bureau of statistics released the main data of the permanent resident population of the whole region in 2019. The statistical data showed that at the end of 2019, the permanent resident population of the whole region was 6.9466 million, accounting for 4.96 ‰ of the total population of 1.4 billion in mainland China.
On May 11, 2021, according to the results of the seventh national census, the total population of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 7202654.
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is a place inhabited by many nationalities, including Han, Hui, Uygur, Dongxiang, Kazak, Salar and Baoan.
In 2020, the region's GDP will be 392.055 billion yuan, an increase of 3.9% over the previous year at comparable prices, and the growth rate will be 6.7, 2.6 and 1.3 percentage points higher than that in the first quarter, the first half of the year and the first three quarters respectively. By industry, the added value of the primary industry was 33.801 billion yuan, an increase of 3.3%; The added value of the secondary industry was 160.896 billion yuan, an increase of 4.0%; The added value of the tertiary industry was 19.358 billion yuan, an increase of 3.9%.
According to preliminary accounting, in 2018, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region achieved a GDP of 370.518 billion yuan, an increase of 7.0% over the previous year at comparable prices. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 27.985 billion yuan, an increase of 4.0%; The added value of the secondary industry was 165.026 billion yuan, an increase of 6.8%; The added value of the tertiary industry was 177.507 billion yuan, an increase of 7.7%. The added value of the primary industry accounted for 7.6% of the regional GDP, the added value of the secondary industry accounted for 44.5%, and the added value of the tertiary industry accounted for 47.9%, an increase of 1.1 percentage points over the previous year. According to the resident population, the per capita GDP of the region was 54094 yuan, an increase of 6.0%.
In 2018, the consumer price of residents in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region increased by 2.3% over the previous year; The ex factory prices of industrial producers rose by 7.3%; The purchase price of industrial producers increased by 6.5%; The price of fixed asset investment increased by 3.5%; Producer prices of agricultural products rose by 5.0%.
In 2018, the cost per 100 yuan of main business income of Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 83.43 yuan, 0.45 yuan lower than that of the whole country; The expense per 100 yuan of main business income was 10.04 yuan, a decrease of 0.12 yuan over the previous year. At the end of the year, the asset liability ratio of Industrial Enterprises above designated size was 66.4%, down 2.4 percentage points from the end of the previous year. At the end of the year, the area of commercial housing for sale in the region was 9.3915 million square meters, a decrease of 975300 square meters or 9.4% over the end of the previous year. Among them, the residential area for sale was 3.8465 million square meters, a decrease of 976000 square meters or 20.2% over the end of the previous year.
In 2018, the added value of coal chemical industry in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region increased by 32.2% over the previous year, contributing 28.3% to the growth of added value of industries above Designated Size, 22.5% to the manufacturing of special equipment and 13.1% to the manufacturing of instruments and meters. The annual power generation from renewable energy sources such as hydropower, wind power and solar energy was 29.4 billion kwh, an increase of 23.1%; The output of coal to diesel increased by 87.3%, transformers by 52.9%, electrical instruments and meters by 46.6%, and CNC metal cutting machines by 18.2%. Throughout the year, the investment in industrial technological transformation in the region increased by 15.6%. In the whole year, the online retail sales of the region were divided according to the location of the seller, realizing a retail sales of 8.54 billion yuan, an increase of 40.5% over the previous year, of which the retail sales of physical goods was 3.84 billion yuan, an increase of 47.7%; According to the location of buyers, the retail sales reached 32.2 billion yuan, an increase of 27.3%.
In 2018, the grain planting area of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 11.0351 million mu, an increase of 197400 Mu over the previous year. Among them, the wheat planting area was 1.9289 million mu, an increase of 81900 mu; The rice planting area was 1170200 mu, a decrease of 46100 mu; The corn planting area was 4661900 mu, an increase of 66900 mu; The potato planting area was 1648900 mu, a decrease of 131100 mu. The oil planting area is 505900 mu, an increase of 6900 mu. The vegetable planting area was 1826600 mu, an increase of 48100 mu. The planting area of melons and fruits was 933800 mu, an increase of 47200 mu. The planting area of garden fruits was 1385400 mu, an increase of 191500 mu.
In 2018, the total grain output of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 3.9258 million tons, an increase of 225300 tons over the previous year, an increase of 6.1%, realizing a bumper harvest for 15 consecutive years. Among them, the output of summer grain was 433500 tons, an increase of 11.7%; Autumn grain output was 3.4923 million tons, an increase of 5.4%. Throughout the year, the wheat output of the whole region was 415800 tons, an increase of 9.9%; Rice output was 665500 tons, down 3.3%; Corn output was 2.3462 million tons, an increase of 9.2%; Potato output (converted into grain) was 363800 tons, an increase of 3.4%.
In 2018, the vegetable output of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 5.581 million tons, an increase of 2.0% over the previous year; The output of red jujube was 57400 tons, an increase of 2.0%; The output of Lycium barbarum was 97700 tons, an increase of 6.3%; Grape output was 199100 tons, an increase of 44.9%; The oil output was 72900 tons, an increase of 5.0%.
In 2018, the total meat output of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 341400 tons, an increase of 2.0% over the previous year. Among them, the output of pork was 88400 tons, down 0.8%; Beef output was 115200 tons, an increase of 5.5%; The output of mutton was 99000 tons, down 0.01%; The output of poultry meat was 35700 tons, an increase of 4.3%. The output of poultry eggs was 143800 tons, down 5.9%. Milk output was 1682900 tons, an increase of 5.1%. The output of aquatic products was 176900 tons, down 2.2%. At the end of the year, there were 737500 pigs in the region, a decrease of 9.0%; 1124500 pigs were sold, down 1.1%; The number of beef cattle was 844900, an increase of 9.0%; 748000 cattle were slaughtered, an increase of 5.4%; The number of sheep in stock was 5.3428 million, an increase of 5.5%; There were 5.5883 million sheep, down 0.2%; The number of dairy cows was 401500, down 1.6%; The number of live poultry was 11.4313 million, down 0.7%; 18.4865 million live poultry were sold, an increase of 2.9%.
In 2018, the total industrial added value of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 112.45 billion yuan, an increase of 8.1% over the previous year. The added value of industries above designated size increased by 8.3%. Among industries above Designated Size, light industry decreased by 12.0% and heavy industry increased by 11.4%. In terms of economic types, state-owned holding enterprises increased by 11.1%, joint-stock enterprises increased by 7.3%, state-owned enterprises increased by 21.4%, foreign-invested enterprises and enterprises invested by Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan decreased by 3.8%, private enterprises increased by 4.6%, and non-public industries increased by 5.5%. By category, the mining industry increased by 7.1%, the manufacturing industry increased by 5.6%, and the production and supply of electricity, heat, gas and water increased by 15.7%.
In 2018, among the industries above Designated Size in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the added value of the power industry increased by 17.2%, the chemical industry increased by 18.1%, the metallurgical industry increased by 19.6%, the non-ferrous industry increased by 1.5%, the light textile industry decreased by 8.7%, the machinery industry increased by 2.7%, the building materials industry decreased by 15.8%, the pharmaceutical industry decreased by 38.5% and other industries increased by 1.1%. The sales rate of industrial products was 97.6%.
By the end of 2018, the installed power generation capacity of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 47.148 million KW, an increase of 12.6% over the end of the previous year. Among them, the installed capacity of thermal power was 28.447 million KW, an increase of 10.1%; The installed capacity of hydropower is 426000 kW, the same as that of the previous year; The installed capacity of wind power was 10.111 million KW, an increase of 7.4%; The installed capacity of solar power generation was 8.164 million KW, an increase of 31.6%.
In 2018, industrial enterprises above Designated Size in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region realized a profit of 17.42 billion yuan, an increase of 16.0% over the previous year. In terms of economic types, state-owned holding enterprises realized a profit of 6.32 billion yuan, an increase of 2.2 times; Joint stock enterprises reached 11.17 billion yuan, an increase of 11.2%, and foreign-invested enterprises and enterprises from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan reached 5.62 billion yuan, an increase of 23.3%. By category, the mining industry realized a profit of 3.18 billion yuan, down 26.7%; The manufacturing industry was 8.39 billion yuan, an increase of 8.8%; The production and supply of electricity, heat, gas and water reached 5.85 billion yuan, an increase of 97.4%.
In 2018, there were 775 qualified general contracting and professional contracting construction enterprises in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with a total output value of 56.504 billion yuan, an increase of 2.9% over the previous year. The construction area of houses of construction enterprises was 23.3449 million square meters, down 9.1%; The completed housing area was 8015300 square meters, an increase of 1.2%; The completed output value was 32.227 billion yuan, down 4.8%. The labor productivity calculated according to the total output value of the construction industry was 267300 yuan / person, an increase of 10.0% over the previous year.
In 2018, the total social investment in fixed assets in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region decreased by 18.2% over the previous year. Among them, the investment in fixed assets (excluding farmers) decreased by 18.9%.
In the investment in fixed assets (excluding farmers), the investment in the primary industry decreased by 35.6% over the previous year; Investment in the secondary industry decreased by 7.3%; Investment in the tertiary industry decreased by 23.7%. Industrial investment decreased by 7.3%, accounting for 37.1% of fixed asset investment (excluding farmers). Infrastructure investment decreased by 23.5%, accounting for 23.7% of fixed asset investment (excluding farmers). Private fixed asset investment decreased by 18.5%, accounting for 55.4% of fixed asset investment (excluding farmers).
In 2018, the investment in real estate development in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 44.957 billion yuan, a decrease of 31.1% over the previous year. Among them, the residential investment was 30.041 billion yuan, down 22.5%; The investment in office buildings was 1.286 billion yuan, down 65.3%; The investment in commercial business housing was 9.037 billion yuan, down 40.7%.
In 2018, the total retail sales of social consumer goods in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region increased by 4.8% over the previous year. According to the statistics of business location, the retail sales of urban consumer goods increased by 4.4%; The retail sales of rural consumer goods increased by 8.4%. According to the type of consumption, the retail sales of goods increased by 3.8%; Catering revenue increased by 9.4%.
Among the retail sales of commodities of Enterprises above Designated Size, the retail sales of grain, oil and food increased by 2.4% over the previous year, beverages decreased by 2.7%, tobacco and alcohol increased by 15.5%, clothing, shoes and hats, knitwear and textiles decreased by 5.0%, cosmetics increased by 2.3%, gold, silver and jewelry decreased by 4.0%, daily necessities decreased by 4.5%, household appliances and audio-visual equipment increased by 9.8%, and Chinese and Western medicines increased by 6.4%, Cultural office supplies decreased by 15.7%, communication equipment decreased by 10.6%, petroleum and products increased by 15.9%, and automobiles decreased by 13.2%.
According to the statistics of Yinchuan customs, in 2018, the total import and export of goods in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 24.916 billion yuan, a decrease of 27.0% over the previous year. Among them, the export was 18.048 billion yuan, down 27.2%; Imports reached 6.868 billion yuan, down 26.8%. The balance between imports and exports of goods (exports minus imports) was 11.18 billion yuan. For one belt, one road, the total volume of imports and exports of the countries along the border is 7 billion 339 million yuan, down 11.4%. Among them, the export was 6.51 billion yuan, down 2.2%; Imports amounted to 828 million yuan, down 49.1%.
In 2018, the actual use of foreign direct investment in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was US $214 million, a decrease of 31.1% over the previous year. There were 32 newly approved foreign direct investment projects in the region, with a contractual foreign investment of US $159 million, a decrease of 93.7%. Among them, the amount of foreign direct investment contracts signed in the information transmission, software and information technology service industries was US $50 million, an increase of 7.3%.
By the end of 2018, the total volume of cargo transportation in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 401 million tons, an increase of 2.2% over the previous year. The turnover of cargo transportation was 69.276 billion ton kilometers, down 14.6%. The total passenger transport volume of the whole region was 65 million, down 15.0%; Passenger transport turnover was 15.143 billion person kilometers, down 3.5%.
By the end of 2018, the number of civilian vehicles in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 1456800, an increase of 10.2% over the end of the previous year. Among them, the number of private cars was 1325200, an increase of 10.5%. The number of civilian cars was 702900, an increase of 10.3%, including 671600 private cars, an increase of 10.4%.
In 2018, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region completed a total postal business of 1.779 billion yuan, an increase of 16.2% over the previous year. The postal industry has completed 2.9742 million postal letters; 105300 parcels; The express business volume is 67.7133 million pieces; The revenue of express business is 813 million yuan. In the whole year, the total amount of telecommunications services completed in the region was 46.263 billion yuan, an increase of 1.3 times. At the end of the year, the total number of telephone users in the region was 9.364 million, including 8.8103 million mobile phone users. There were 2.17 million Internet broadband access users, an increase of 578000 over the previous year. There were 7.102 million mobile Internet users, an increase of 277000 over the previous year; The mobile Internet access traffic was 524.136 million g, an increase of 1.5 times.
By the end of 2018, the total general public budget revenue of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 75.141 billion yuan, an increase of 6.0% in the same caliber. Among them, the local general public budget revenue was 44.443 billion yuan, an increase of 8.2% in the same caliber. Among the local general public budget revenue, the tax revenue was 29.829 billion yuan, an increase of 10.4% in the same caliber, and the proportion in the local general public budget revenue increased from 64.7% in the previous year to 67.1%.
By the end of 2018, the balance of domestic and foreign currency deposits of all financial institutions in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 604.614 billion yuan, an increase of 17.892 billion yuan over the beginning of the year. Among them, the balance of RMB deposits was 602.840 billion yuan, an increase of 17.996 billion yuan. The balance of domestic and foreign currency loans of all financial institutions was 703.852 billion yuan, an increase of 57.714 billion yuan over the beginning of the year. Among them, the balance of various RMB loans was 680.752 billion yuan, an increase of 47.5 billion yuan.
By the end of 2018, there were 13 listed companies in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with a total share capital of 10.3 billion shares and a total market value of 46.620 billion yuan, a decrease of 49.1% over the previous year. Among them, the circulation market value was 32.013 billion yuan, down 44.1%. The annual securities trading volume was 612.562 billion yuan, an increase of 3.1%. Throughout the year, there were 58 companies listed in the National SME share transfer system, a decrease of 12.1% over the beginning of the year.
By the end of 2018, there were 22 provincial commercial insurance branches in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with an annual premium income of 18.283 billion yuan, an increase of 10.7% over the previous year. Among them, the income from property insurance was 6.390 billion yuan, an increase of 14.0%; The income from life insurance was 8.31 billion yuan, an increase of 2.3%; The income from health insurance was 3.061 billion yuan, an increase of 30.1%; The income from accident insurance was 523 million yuan, an increase of 18.9%. Various types of compensation and payments were paid 6.049 billion yuan, an increase of 22.1%. Among them, property insurance compensation was 3.229 billion yuan, an increase of 19.7%; The payment of life insurance business was 1.799 billion yuan, an increase of 18.6%; Health insurance payment was 867 million yuan, an increase of 40.2%; The compensation for accidental injury insurance was 154 million yuan, an increase of 24.0%.
In 2018, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region registered 229 autonomous region level scientific and technological achievements, a decrease of 14.2% over the previous year. Among them, there are 47 basic theoretical achievements, 167 applied technical achievements and 15 soft science achievements. The number of patent applications in the whole year was 9839, an increase of 14.8%, including 2986 invention patents, an increase of 16.6%. The number of patents authorized was 5656, an increase of 33.3%, including 744 invention patents, an increase of 13.2%. Throughout the year, 618 technical contracts were signed, with a turnover of 1.211 billion yuan. At the end of the year, the region had 3 national engineering technology research centers and 49 autonomous regional engineering technology research centers; 3 state key laboratories, 33 autonomous region level key laboratories, 13 national enterprise (Group) technology centers (including sub centers), and 68 autonomous region level enterprise (Group) technology centers; There are 5 autonomous region level industrial technology collaborative innovation centers, 20 clinical medical research centers and 174 autonomous region level technological innovation centers.
By the end of 2018, there were 3456 schools at all levels in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (including 614 primary schools), with 106891 teaching staff. Throughout the year, the gross enrollment rate of preschool education was 83.3%, the enrollment rate of primary school-age population was 99.99%, the gross enrollment rate of junior middle school was 110.74%, the gross enrollment rate of senior high school was 89.71%, the gross enrollment rate of higher education was 49.50%, the six-year consolidation rate of primary school was 99.86%, and the three-year consolidation rate of junior middle school was 97.72%.
Colleges and universities in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Ningxia University (a first-class discipline construction university), Northern University for nationalities, Ningxia Medical University, Xinhua College of Ningxia University, Yinchuan College of China University of mining and technology, Yinchuan energy college, Ningxia Preschool Normal College, Ningxia vocational and technical college, Ningxia Institute of industry and technology, Ningxia Police Officer Vocational College, Ningxia vocational and Technical College of industry and commerce Ningxia finance and economics vocational and technical college, Ningxia Construction Vocational and technical college, Ningxia wine and desertification prevention vocational and technical college, Ningxia Art Vocational College, Ningxia Sports Vocational College
NingXia Teachers University
Ningxia Institute of Technology
Ningxia vocational and technical college for Nationalities
By the end of 2018, there were 14 art performance groups and 75 museums in the cultural system of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. There are 27 public libraries, 27 cultural centers and 27 archives in the region. There are 1057000 registered users of cable radio and television, including 1045800 registered users of cable digital television. The comprehensive population coverage rate of radio programs in the region is 98.98%; The comprehensive population coverage of TV programs is 99.79%. The region publishes 14 kinds of newspapers, 37 kinds of periodicals and 3303 kinds of books. In 2017, the added value of culture and related industries in the region was 8.145 billion yuan, an increase of 9.5% over the previous year (excluding price factors); It accounted for 2.37% of the region's GDP, an increase of 0.02 percentage points over the previous year.
In 2018, athletes from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region won 28 gold medals, 29 silver medals and 40 bronze medals in international and domestic competitions. Throughout the year, 158 people reached the national first-class athlete level standard, 390 reached the national second-class athlete level standard, and 19 won the national first-class referee level title.
By the end of 2018, there were 4451 medical and health institutions in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, including 231 hospitals; 4121 grass-roots medical and health institutions, including 217 health centers, 184 urban community health service institutions and 2300 village clinics; There are 89 professional public health institutions, including 25 centers for disease prevention and control and 25 health supervision institutions. At the end of the year, there were 53029 health technicians in the region, including 19415 licensed doctors and licensed assistant doctors and 23281 registered nurses. There are 41005 beds in medical and health institutions in the region, including 35698 hospitals and 3955 grass-roots medical and health institutions. Throughout the year, the total number of diagnosis and treatment in the region was 41.473 million, and the number of hospitalizations was 1.2081 million.
By the end of 2018, there were 103 social service institutions providing accommodation in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, including 77 elderly care services and 8 child adoption assistance services. There are 15301 social service beds (excluding community beds), including 11997 elderly care beds (excluding 3671 social day care beds, 3992 social accommodation beds) and 970 children's service beds. At the end of the year, there were 2555 community service institutions and facilities in the region, including 59 community service centers and 2043 community service stations.
On November 16, 2020, all poor counties were announced to withdraw from the poverty sequence.
By the end of 2018, the per capita disposable income of all residents in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 22400 yuan, an increase of 8.9% over the previous year. According to permanent residence, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 31895 yuan, an increase of 8.2%; The per capita disposable income of rural residents was 11708 yuan, an increase of 9.0%.
By the end of 2018, the per capita consumption expenditure of residents in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was 16715 yuan, an increase of 8.9% over the previous year. By permanent residence, the per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 21977 yuan, an increase of 8.7%; The per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents was 10790 yuan, an increase of 8.1%.
According to the rural poverty standard of 2300 yuan per person per year (constant price in 2010), by the end of 2018, there were 120000 rural poor people in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, a decrease of 115000 over the end of the previous year; The incidence of poverty was 3.0%, down 3.0 percentage points from the previous year. Throughout the year, the per capita disposable income of ecological immigrants in the region was 7602 yuan, an increase of 10.9% over the previous year.
By the end of 2018, there were 2.1632 million people in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region participating in the basic old-age insurance for urban employees, an increase of 104100 over the end of the previous year. The number of people participating in basic old-age insurance for urban and rural residents was 1813700, a decrease of 41100 over the end of the previous year. The number of people participating in basic medical insurance was 6.2625 million, an increase of 80300, of which 1.3193 million participated in basic medical insurance for urban employees, an increase of 84700; 4.9432 million people participated in basic medical insurance for urban and rural residents, a decrease of 4400. The number of people participating in unemployment insurance was 919700, an increase of 34200. 933200 people participated in industrial injury insurance, an increase of 29700. 880700 people participated in maternity insurance, an increase of 63400.
Bathing is one of the most important customs of Hui nationality, and it is also an important moral requirement. The bathing of Hui nationality can be divided into Dajing and Xiaojing. "Bathing" means small net, and "bathing" means big net. Xiaojing's washing method has several procedures: wash both hands to the wrist; Wash twice; Gargle; Choking nose; wash one 's face; Wash hands to elbows; Trowel head, ear and forehead; Wash your feet to your ankles. Da Jing is to wash the whole body with clean water. Forbid eating filthy food and pay attention to the moral requirements of cleanliness and hygiene, which is reflected in dietary hygiene. Under the influence of Islam, the Hui nationality has developed the habit of fasting for generations. Hui people also ask for prohibition of alcohol, believing that alcohol is the culprit of the incident. Hui people pay attention to the cleanness of water and drinking water.
Eid al Fitr, the Islamic calendar, is called Ramadan in September every year. During Ramadan, Muslims have to eat fast before sunrise. After sunrise, they don't eat or sing all day, which is called Ramadan. After a month of fasting, look for the new moon (crescent moon) on the last day of September in the Islamic calendar. On the second day after the month, fasting is carried out to celebrate the end of a month of fasting, so it is called Eid al Fitr. Eid al Fitr is a very grand festival of Islam.
Jihad day, known in Arabic as "mauluther day", is held on June 8 every year. It is said that this day is the death day of Muhammad, also known as "Saint taboo". In memory of his merits and virtues, commemorative activities were held, mainly including chanting scriptures, praising saints and telling his life stories. On that day, Muslims went to the mosque to listen to the preaching of the priest and imam, and then played for a day. Some also slaughtered cattle and sheep and held banquets.
Eid al AdhA, also known as "gulbon day", "sacrifice day", "loyalty and filial piety day", "gulbon" is Arabic, originally meant to sacrifice. The time is December 10 of the Islamic calendar. At about 10 a.m. on that day, Hui people wearing small white hats, neatly dressed and in high spirits crowded into the mosque to worship. After the ceremony, in a place with good conditions, each person should kill a sheep and seven people should kill a cow or a camel. The meat to be slaughtered shall be divided into three parts, one for self food, one for relatives, friends, neighbors and guests, and one for poverty relief. After the ceremony, people began to visit relatives and friends, give oil incense, flower barley and other barley to celebrate each other.
The most famous local specialty in Ningxia is medlar, licorice, helanshi and Tan sheep fur, which are also called "four treasures" because their colors are red, yellow, blue and white respectively.
Lycium barbarum: Ningxia Lycium barbarum is famous at home and abroad for its thin skin, thick meat and few seeds. It not only contains iron, phosphorus and calcium, but also has a large number of essential nutrients for the human body. It can moisten the lung, clear the liver, nourish the kidney, dispel wind, brighten the eyes and strengthen muscles and bones.
Licorice: also known as sweet grass, it is said in the field of traditional Chinese medicine that "ten (traditional Chinese Medicine) prescriptions (middle) and nine (sweet) grass should be used". It has the functions of detoxification, expectorant, analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-cancer, tonifying the spleen, supplementing qi and so on.
Helan stone: produced in Helan Mountain, it has fine texture, suitable for hardness and softness, alternating with purple and green. The Helan inkstone carved with it has the characteristics of hair ink, storage ink, no dryness and odor, and protecting hair. It is elegant and interesting.
Tan sheep fur: Ningxia's specialty fur, named after the beautiful beaches on both sides of the Yellow River in Yinchuan plain. Commonly known as "two fur", the hair is 2 inches long, the hair spike is white, the texture is fine, soft and warm, and it was called "dry golden fur" in ancient times.
Ningxia cuisine is dominated by Northwest pasta, mostly with halal characteristics. Because agriculture is developed, vegetables and fruits are richer than those in Gansu, while the Yellow River and other rivers are distributed throughout the region. Beef and mutton is the main edible meat. There are large markets in each county where live sheep are killed, so we can't help tasting all kinds of mutton dishes. Hui people's tradition is not close to tobacco and wine, so the more traditional halal restaurants do not supply alcoholic drinks. But the northwest drinkers are mostly drinkers, and the low alcohol Baijiu and fruit wine are pure and pure, but they are temperate.
Stewed mutton chop: unique flavor. The preparation method is as follows: the viscera, head and hoof meat of sheep are carefully washed, boiled in a boiling water pot, fished out and cut into silk. Add chopped shredded mutton in the original soup, add onion, ginger, minced garlic, red and spicy oil, monosodium glutamate and coriander to form a stewed mutton chop. The red one is chili oil, the green one is green onion and coriander powder, and under the oil color is milky white soup. Drink one mouthful of soup and eat one mouthful of offal, which is not greasy, and tastes mellow and rich.
Steamed lamb: Ningxia lamb is tender and delicious without smell of mutton. Lamb is best to use chest fork and upper spine, chop it into rectangular strips, wash it with cool water, put it in a bowl, and put ginger, green onion and garlic; Then put a few pieces of raw pepper and steam in a cage for about 30 minutes; Then buckle it into the soup plate and serve it with vinegar, garlic juice, salt and other spices.
Crispy Chicken: Yinchuan local flavor snack, which is characterized by crispy and tender. Preparation method: first remove the bone but not the skin of the cooked hen, tear the chicken into strips, mix with salt, sesame oil and monosodium glutamate, and then use three egg whites, add half of starch and white flour, and mix well; Pour half of the foam paste into the plain dish with clear oil, then put in the chicken strips and wrap the chicken strips with the remaining half of the foam paste. Put the wrapped chicken strips into a 70% hot oil pan, fry until white and yellow, take them out, cut 2 knives and 3 strips, then cross cut, code plate, dip in pepper and salt.
Shuidonggou is the earliest Paleolithic cultural site excavated in China. It is known as "the birthplace of Chinese prehistoric archaeology" and "historical witness of cultural exchange between China and the west". It is a national key cultural relics protection unit, a national AAAA tourist attraction and a national geopark. It is listed as one of the 100 major sites protected by the state and one of the "100 archaeological discoveries of the most significance of Chinese civilization". Won the silver award of "the 50 most worthy places for foreigners in China". It has created more than 20 landscapes, such as devil City, whirlwind cave, wotuoling, Motian cliff, broken cloud Valley, Tamarix ditch and so on. The Grand View Garden of military defense buildings such as the great wall of the Ming Dynasty, beacon towers, castles, Tibetan soldier caves, ditches and piers is the only three-dimensional military defense system of the Great Wall in China.
Zhenbeipu West cinema is located at the eastern foot of Helan, 25km away from Yinchuan railway station, 60km away from Hedong airport, and directly connected to the cinema by National Highway 110 and Yinchuan North Ring Expressway. It is a scenic spot in the eastern foot of Helan, a national AAAAA scenic spot, and rated as "National cultural industry demonstration base" and "national cultural industry demonstration base" by the State Council and the Ministry of culture "Comprehensive experimental base for protective development of National Intangible Cultural Heritage Representative List Project".
Xixia King's mausoleum is a national 4A scenic spot; National key cultural relics protection units; Preliminary list of China's world cultural heritage; The first preliminary list of China's national natural and cultural heritage. Xixia mausoleum is the Royal Mausoleum of Xixia Dynasty. In the mausoleum area of 58 square kilometers, 9 imperial tombs are arranged in an orderly manner, and 255 accompanying tombs are scattered everywhere. The mausoleum is large-scale. It is one of the largest existing Imperial Mausoleums in China and the most complete preserved ground sites.
Shapotou tourist area is located at the southeast edge of Tengger Desert, 20 kilometers west of Zhongwei City, Ningxia. With unique natural landscape and rich cultural landscape, it is praised as the world monopoly tourism resource by tourism experts. Shapotou tourist area is one of the first AAAA tourist attractions in China. It is a national desert ecological nature reserve. It is the location of China's three major sand singing - Shapotou bell. In 2004, it was awarded "20 famous landscapes for national fitness" by the State Administration of sports. In October of the same year, it was rated as "ten most interesting places in China" by CCTV.
Located in the suburb of Yinchuan, the capital of Ningxia, Helan Mountain Suyukou National Forest Park is the nearest National Forest Park to the provincial capital in China, with a total area of 9587 hectares and a vegetation coverage rate of 70%. It has 898 kinds of wild animal and plant resources. Its distribution of rock sheep per square kilometer ranks first in the world. It is a famous ecotourism scenic spot and national AAAA scenic spot in Ningxia.
Helan Mountain rock painting scenic spot is located in the Helan Mountain in the west of Yinchuan City, 56 kilometers away from the urban area. It is a national AAAA tourist attraction, a national key cultural relics protection unit and a national scenic spot. In 1997, it was listed in the unofficial world cultural heritage list by UNESCO. In 2006, it was listed in the first batch of China's national dual natural and cultural heritage reserve list by the Ministry of construction. In the same year, it won one of the gold awards of "China's 50 most worthy places for foreigners". Rock paintings are distributed on more than 800 meters of mountains and cliffs along both sides of the stream, with a total of more than 6000, recording the realistic life pictures of ancient humans 3000 to 10000 years ago.
Shahu ecotourism area is located 42 kilometers north of Yinchuan, the capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Baotou Lanzhou railway, Beijing Tibet Expressway and national highway 109 pass by the lake. The lake covers an area of 45 square kilometers, with an average water depth of 2.2 meters, and the desert covers an area of 22.52 square kilometers, with a maximum of 100 meters. In 2007, the scenic spot won the first batch of national 5A scenic spots, and was determined as "national civilized scenic spot demonstration site" and "national advanced collective of tourism system" by the central civilization office, the Ministry of construction and the National Tourism Administration. It took the lead in passing the two international certifications of ISO9001 quality management system and ISO14001 environmental management system in the western tourism industry. In 2010, Shahu scenic spot won the title of "China's top ten charming leisure tourism lakes".
(male, Hui nationality):
Former deputy secretary of Henan provincial Party committee and governor
Former deputy secretary of the Party committee and chairman of the government of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Former chairman of the Standing Committee of the people's Congress of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and chairman of the CPPCC
Former Minister of environmental protection
Vice chairman of the CPPCC National Committee
Former deputy director of the State Administration of press, publication, radio, film and television and member of the Party group.
Ma Tingli (male, Hui nationality):
He is currently an alternate member of the 19th CPC Central Committee, a member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Gansu Provincial Committee, director of the United Front Work Department and Deputy Secretary of the Party group of the CPPCC Gansu Provincial Committee.
He is currently a member of the Standing Committee of the Party committee of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Secretary of Yinchuan municipal Party committee and the first Secretary of the Party committee of Yinchuan garrison district.
Former vice governor of Qinghai Provincial People's government and former director of provincial public security department.
Ma Hancheng (male, Hui nationality):
He is currently a member of the Standing Committee of the Party committee of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Secretary of Guyuan municipal Party committee and first Secretary of the Party committee of Guyuan military sub district.
Deputy director of the Counselor's office of the State Council
Liang Yimiao (female, Mongolian)
CCTV sports channel host, from Yinchuan, Ningxia.
He is currently a member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Shandong Provincial Committee, secretary general and Secretary of the working committee of organs directly under the provincial government.
Winner of the "July 1st Medal"
In September 2021, it was selected into the list of "national intelligent social governance experimental base".
Sichuan, or Sichuan for short, is one of China's 23 provinces, the capital of Chengdu. It is located in the interior of Southwest China, between 26 ° 03 ′ - 34 ° 19 ′, 97 ° 21 ′ - 108 ° 12 ′ e, Chongq.
Shanxi, referred to as "Jin", is the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China and the capital of Taiyuan. It is located in North China. Shanxi borders between 34 ° .
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, referred to as "Inner Mongolia", the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, the capital city of Hohhot. Located in North China,.
Jilin Province, for short. Luck "Yes. The People's Republic of China Provincial Administrative Region, provincial capital Changchun 。 Located in China Northeast Central region, with Liaoning , In.
Jiangsu, referred to as "Su", is the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China. Nanjing, the capital of the province, is located in the eastern coastal area of the m.
Jiangxi Province, abbreviated to Jiangxi, is one of the 23 provinces in China and the capital of Nanchang. Jiangxi is located in the southeast of China, on the South Bank of the middle and lower reach.
Henan Province, referred to as "Henan", the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China. Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, is located in the central part of Ch.
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, referred to as "Gui", is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, located in South China. Guangxi borders between 20 ° 54 ′ - 2.
Tibet, or "Tibet" for short. Lhasa, the capital of Tibet Autonomous Region, is located in the southwest border of the people's Republic of China. It is one of the five ethnic autonomous regi.
Gansu, referred to as "Gan" or "long", is a provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China and the provincial capital Lanzhou city. It is located in Northwest China, connecting Shaanxi in the East, Xinjiang in the w.
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, referred to as "new", has its capital, Urumqi, located in Northwest China. It is one of China's five ethnic minority autonomous regions. With an area of 1664900 square kilometers, it is the largest provincial ad.
Taiwan, or Taiwan for short, is the provincial administrative region of the people's Republic of China, the capital of Taipei. It is located in the southeast sea area of the mainland of China, facing .