(selected Chinese herbal medicines in Yunnan)
[synonym] Zhixue fruit (Wenshan Chinese herbal medicine), shibajiao, duiye fruit, Guoshangye (Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine selection), xiaolvji (surgery of the whole exhibition selection).
[source] it is the pseudobulb or whole grass of Fritillaria Umbelliferae.
[plant morphology] Fritillaria umbellifera
Perennial epiphytic herbs, 20-30 cm high. Aerial roots are bearlike, light yellowish brown. The stem is transverse, segmented, bamboo flagellate, with globular pseudobulbs on the nodes, fleshy, ovate, ribbed, 15-30mm in diameter, green, smooth and glabrous. Each pseudobulb has two leaves at the top, leathery, thick and brittle, long elliptic to lanceolate, 8-15 cm long and 2-3 cm wide, entire, smooth and glabrous on both sides. Raceme terminal; pedicel several sheath bracts; flowers white, about 3 cm in diameter, symmetrical, yellow spots on the lip. Fruit oblong, ca. 2 cm long, trigonous. Seeds small, yellow, sawdust like. It blooms in spring.
It grows on damp rocks in mixed forest or epiphytic to tree trunks. Distributed in Yunnan, Guizhou and other places.
[collection] all year round.
Sweet and cool.
① Wenshan Chinese herbal medicine: "the taste is pungent and the nature is cool. "
② "Selection of Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine": "sweet, light, cool. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, relieving cough, stopping bleeding, relieving pain and connecting bone. Treat bronchitis, cold, fracture, soft tissue contusion.
① Wenshan Chinese herbal medicine: "stop bleeding, stop pain. Treatment of traumatic bleeding. "
② "Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine selection": "Jiegu, Xujin, Qingre, Zhike. "
③ "Guizhou medicine and plant catalog": "Qingre Runzao, Shengjin Zhike. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang. External use: mash or grind and apply.
[prescription selection] 1. For bronchitis and cold: five to one or two yuan for each plant. (selected Chinese herbal medicines in Yunnan)
② Treatment of soft tissue contusion: dry powder mixed application of Fritillaria pseudobulb or appropriate amount of fresh product mashed external application. (selected Chinese herbal medicines in Yunnan)
③ Treatment of fracture: 100g xiaolvji, 1g Fengweicao. First, fracture reduction, small splint fixation, and then apply the medicine to the fracture. If it is an open fracture, add shanxianggen powder to the wound, and then apply medicine. Change the dressing daily or every other day. (selected works of the whole exhibition: surgery)
④ Treatment of traumatic bleeding: appropriate amount of fresh Fritillaria, apply to the wound or use dry powder scattered on the wound dressing. (Wenshan Chinese herbal medicine)
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