(four tones of Materia Medica)
[synonyms] SHISU (Kaibao materia medica), mosquitosa (Guangxi wild resource plant), shiai (Artemisia argyi), duxingqianli (Luchuan materia medica), qingxiangla (Chinese herbal medicine records), wuvanilla (Hangzhou medicinal plant records), Elsholtzia tenuifolia (Hunan medicinal records), xiaoxiangla (Guizhou medicinal plant investigation), guangxiangla, Xiaoye Xiangla (discussion on Chinese medicinal materials varieties), yexiangla, Qixing Sword (Guangzhou army's Manual of common Chinese herbal medicine), Elsholtzia splendens, Sha herbs, Artemisia capillaris, Schizonepeta tenuifolia, Perilla frutescens, Capsella bursa pastoris, Schizonepeta tenuifolia (Zhejiang folk common herbal medicine), ten herbs (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine), and shepherd's purse (Jiangxi herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole plant of Elsholtzia chinensis.
[plant morphology] Mosla shixiangensis (compendium), also known as Mosla chinensis.
Annual herb, 15-45 cm high. Stem erect, square, greenish brown or reddish, retrovillous, much branched. Leaves opposite, linear to linear lanceolate, 1-2 cm long, 2-4 mm wide, apex pointed, base cuneate, margin sparsely serrate, both sides densely covered with white pubescence, and densely covered with glandular dots. Each flower has one bract, bracts ovate, apex acute, base broadly wedge-shaped, densely covered with white pubescence; calyx tubular, 5-lobed, lobes triangular lanceolate, pubescent, margin densely ciliate; corolla 2-lipped, lavender, upper lip shorter, apex concave, lower lip 3-lobed, two lobes Small and entire, middle lobe large and sparsely serrated, corolla inside and outside are smooth, only in the lower lip in the inner side of the middle lobe cluster growth pubescence; stamen 2, staminode 2, filaments very short, inserted in the corolla Jane; ovary 2 split, style from the base of ovary, stigma 2 split. Nutlets 4, rounded, enclosed in persistent calyx. The flowering period is from September to October. The fruit period is from October to November.
Born in wasteland, roadside, field edge, hillside grass. It is distributed in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, etc.
[collection] in summer, the aboveground parts were harvested, the roots were removed and dried in the sun.
[medicinal material] the whole grass is dry and hairy, about 20-30 cm long. The stem is thin, the upper part is square columnar, slightly wavy curved, with branches; the base is purplish red, the upper part is gray green, the nodes are obvious, and the internodes are about 3 cm long; it is brittle, easy to break, and the section is fibrous. Leaves opposite, lanceolate, grayish green to green, shrunken, easily broken, mostly without inflorescence. It is fragrant, pungent, cool and slightly burning. It is better to have short seedlings, green color, many leaves and tender branches.
It is mainly produced in Hunan and Hubei. In addition, it is also produced in Guangxi and other places.
This product is used as Elsholtzia in Hunan, Hubei, Guangxi and other places. Please refer to "Elsholtzia".
[chemical composition] it contains about 0.7% of volatile oil, 65% of carvacrol, 6% of carvacrol acetate, p-cymene, α - platycladine, linalool, borneol, α - caryophyllene, etc.
[pharmacological action] the volatile oil is stable and aromatic. It has been proved in vitro that it has strong antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, β - Streptococcus, meningococcus, Catacoccus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus anthracis, diphtheria, proteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, typhoid, Shigella flexneri, etc. It not only can inhibit bacteria, but also has bactericidal effect; its bactericidal power is much higher than that of carbolic acid and volatile oil of Eucalyptus grandis; serum has no obvious effect on its effect. Elsholtzia oil has strong antibacterial effect on meningococci a in vitro. 0.1% volatile oil suspension can control influenza within 3 days. In vitro test (chicken embryo inoculation) had a certain inactivation ability to influenza virus, the inactivation concentration was between 1:1000 and 1:2000, and the inactivation concentration of its water extract was between 1:200 and 1:400. When 50 mg of Elsholtzia oil was injected subcutaneously into young rabbits, some toxic reactions occurred.
Hard work, warm.
① Kaibao Ben mushroom: "it tastes spicy, warm and nontoxic. "
② "Wenxinxing, commonly used folk herbs in Zhejiang Province". "
Functions and indications: dispelling heat, promoting blood circulation, regulating qi and removing dampness. Treatment of summer cold, heatstroke vomit evil, abdominal pain diarrhea, bruise pain, eczema, furuncle.
① Kaibao materia medica: "the main tune is to warm the stomach, stop cholera, vomiting and diarrhea, abdominal distension, navel pain and bowel sounds. "
② Guangzhou army's Manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine: "detoxify snake venom, disperse blood stasis and relieve pain, remove turbidity and relieve summer heat. It is used to treat snakebite, bruise, heat stroke, skin eczema, pruritus and multiple furuncle. "
③ Jiangxi herbal medicine: "dispelling heat and regulating qi. In the early stage of children's summer heat, heatstroke and nausea are treated. "
④ Zhejiang folk commonly used herbs: "dispelling heat, promoting Qi, relieving exterior pain. Heat stroke, cold, stomachache. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 2-4 yuan; or grinding powder. External use: decoct, mash or grind the powder to apply.
[formula selection] ① to prevent and treat cold; 2 for each of shepherd's purse, mint and tangerine peel, 4 for the stems and leaves of honeysuckle, 3 for scallion, and fried water for tea.
② Treatment of heatstroke abdominal pain: shepherd's purse begging one or two, decoction, brown sugar for the lead.
③ Treatment of stomachache: shepherd's purse, yellow hair ear grass each equal amount, sun dry grind end, each time two to three money, three times a day, warm water delivery service. (1) Jiangxi herbal medicine
④ Treatment of pudendal eczema: thin leaf Elsholtzia Decoction wash the affected area. (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of snake wound furuncle: Wild Elsholtzia fresh product, mash external application. (Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou Army)
[clinical application] 1. Prevention of influenza
The volatile oil of shixianglei is processed into buccal tablets, each tablet contains about 1.5 mg of volatile oil, 2-3 times a day, 2-3 tablets each time; or 1000 ml of cold boiled water is added to 1 ml of shixianglei volatile oil, and shaken to a milky state to form a 1 ‰ suspension, which is used for throat spraying, 2-3 times a day (3 times each time) for 2-3 consecutive days. According to observation, the effect of tablet containing and similar suspension is similar, and the incidence rate can be controlled or reduced significantly after large scale administration.
② Treatment of diphtheria and meningitis carriers
Use Mosla oil buccal tablets, 3 times a day, 2 tablets each time, for 3 days. 4 cases were observed in each group, all turned negative in 1-2 days. For the treatment of tonsillitis and pharyngitis, also has a certain effect.
③ Used for skin disinfection in operation field
First, prepare 0.5% ethanol solution of the volatile oil of shepherd's purse, and add 0.1 ml of 5% basic fuchsin alcohol solution to every 100 ml to form the disinfectant. The surgical field was disinfected 1-2 times before operation, and the incision was disinfected again after operation. 170 cases of operation were observed, including splenectomy, subtotal gastrectomy, gastrojejunostomy, hernia repair, hysterectomy, appendectomy, exploratory laparotomy, ovariectomy and male and female sterilization. Except for 7 cases of suppurative infection and 1 case of exfoliation of epidermis caused by 2% concentration of disinfection, all incisions healed in the first stage. After application, there was no adverse systemic reaction, and there was a certain irritation to the local area, but there was no adverse phenomenon such as desquamation and rash, so it was suitable for disinfection of general healthy skin. It is not suitable for sensitive skin and mucous membrane because of tingling
④ Treatment of vaginal mold
After vaginal irrigation, use vaginal cotton plug dipped in 100-300% shixiangsha distilled liquid and put it into the vagina, take it out 24 hours, once a day, 5 times as a course of treatment, suspend treatment during menstruation, or dilute the distilled liquid slightly before vaginal lavage. For patients with unexplained vulvar pruritus, hip bath with diluted distilled liquid. A total of 28 cases were treated, and 26 cases were cured after the next menstruation. After more than 2 years of clinical observation, the curative effect is stable, and the cure rate is more than 90%. If oil agent is used, the effect will be better.
Chinese PinYin : Shi Xiang Sai
Release Time:2022-01-27 03:27:56
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