[synonyms] beichi (Lei Gong Paozhi Lun), baibei (rihuazi materia medica), baihaitun (simple prescription), baibeichi (compilation of medicinal materials).
[source] it is the shell of the precious family, such as the Pinctada or the Pinctada.
[animal morphology] 1. Cargo shellfish (compendium)
The shell is about 2.8 cm long, 2 cm wide and 1-1.4 cm high. The back is high convex in the center, thick and flat on both sides, with blunt nodules on both sides behind; the shell surface is enamel, glossy, bright yellow, yellowish white or slightly grayish green, with light edge color on both sides; the back has 2-3 grayish green horizontal bands and no obvious orange red fine ring. The spiral layer is completely covered by enamel, and the topline is not obvious. The base is flat, yellowish white, the mouth of the shell is narrow and long, and the surrounding area is white; there are about 12-14 fine white teeth around the inner and outer lips. The body is soft and can be completely retracted into the shell. The two sides of the mantle extend in flakes and roll to the back to wrap the shell. There are many branched tentacles on it. The head is wide, the snout is short, the antennae are long and sharp, the eyes are prominent, and they are located outside the antennae; the feet are developed.
They live among coral reefs in the middle tidal area of the intertidal zone, and are mostly hidden under rocks and coral reef caves after the tide recedes. It is distributed in the South China Sea.
② Pinctada annulata
The shell is ovoid, about 2.8 cm long, 1.9 cm wide and 1.3 cm high. There is an orange ring around the back of the shell. The inner ring is usually light gray blue or light brown, and the outer ring is gray brown or gray white. The base is white. There are about 12 labial teeth on each side.
It is distributed in the South China Sea belt.
[collection] from May to July, fish the meat by the sea, remove the meat, wash and dry it.
[medicinal materials] all of them are slightly oval in shape, about 2.5 cm in length, 1.5-2 cm in width and more than 1 cm in height. The surface is smooth, yellow, yellow white and grayish green. There are horizontal bands and no obvious orange red ring lines on the back, some gray blue on the back and orange yellow ring lines around. There are more than 12 teeth around the two lips of the calyx. It's hard, airless and tasteless. It is better to be small, white, thick and unbroken.
Produced in Hainan Island, Paracel Islands and other places.
[processing] scallop teeth: wash, dry and mash. Calcined scallop teeth: take the cleaned scallop teeth, put them in the crucible, put them into the furnace, calcine them red, take them out and let them cool, then smash them.
"Lei Gong Paozhi Lun": "all envoys (beichi) first use bitter wine and honey to balance, and the two flavors are harmonious. They steam beichi in wine and honey, then take it out, but wash it out in sake and make it clean. "
It's salty and cool
① Ben Jing: "it tastes salty and flat. "
② Rihuazi materia medica: "cool. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and diuresis. Treatment of typhoid fever, edema of water vapor, gonorrhea, drowning blood, urinary obstruction, nasopharynx abscess, eye Yi, dysentery.
① "Ben Jing" says: "the main eye Yi, abdominal pain, lower blood, five lung, Li watercourse. "
② Bielu: "in addition to cold and heat, it can also relieve muscle and heat. "
③ "On medicinal properties": "it can break the five drenching, facilitate urination, and cure typhoid fever. "
④ "Haiyao Materia Medica": "main water gas edema and children's crevasse and milk vomiting. "
⑤ "Compendium": "for the treatment of pyorrhea, dysentery and vulvosis in men. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: Decoction (yixianjian), 2-5 yuan, or into powder. External use: grind and sprinkle.
[prescription selection] 1. It is used to treat women's fever, gonorrhea, pain caused by urination, or drowning, or bean juice: one (2) liang of scallop teeth, three liang of kuizi, two liang of Shiyan and two liang of talc. Apply medicine to pound fine Luo powder, research, before eating to onion soup tune down - money. (Sheng Hui Fang Bei Chi SAN)
② Two will be closed to governance, stuffy inflation: shell teeth three, kansui three baht. For the end, paste water kimono. (behind the elbow)
③ Treatment of pyogenic blood in the nasopharynx: Beizi Shaoyan, two yuan per wine, three times a day. (compendium)
④ Treatment chancre Yin sore: white haitun three, calcined red Yan Mo liniment. (simple formula)
⑤ In the treatment of eye polyps, pannus, slightly long to fill the eyes, pupil closure and tube beads: shell teeth (burned powder) seven, pearl equal. On the two flavors, such as powder, to note Yirou, three degrees a day. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑥ It can also cure eye wind and heat, and produce skin: seven shell teeth (burned to powder and studied carefully), one pearl (rammed to powder and studied carefully), and half a dollar of borneol (studied). On the three flavor research such as powder, each point such as millet, larger than the film, three degrees a day. (beichi powder in Shengji Zonglu)
Chinese PinYin : Bei Zi
Release Time:2022-01-27 02:19:58
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