[synonym] Yu (the spring and Autumn Annals of the Lu family),? (Shuowen).
[source] it is the meat or whole body of crucian carp.
The body is flat, wide and high, and the abdomen is round. The body length can reach more than 25 cm. The head is small, the kiss is blunt, the kiss length is equal to the kiss width. At the end of the mouth, it is curved. Big eyes. The hypopharyngeal teeth are single, laterally flat, with a groove on the inclined plane. Gill rakes are generally 37-46, slender and lanceolate. The scales are large and round, with 28-30 lateral scales. Dorsal fin Ⅲ 16-18, starting from the middle of the distance from the rostrum to the caudal base. Gluteal fin Ⅲ 5-6. The dorsal and gluteal fins have hard spines with serrated posterior margin. The body is silvery gray, the back is deep, and the fins are gray.
They live in rivers, lakes, ponds and marshes, especially in shallow lakes and ponds with aquatic plants. It's adaptable. The main food for Bryozoa, freshwater shell vegetables, clams, shrimp and other animals and algae, aquatic tender leaves, rotten plants at the bottom of the lake. It is distributed all over the country.
The head (head of crucian carp), brain (brain of crucian carp), bone (bone of crucian carp), gall (gall of crucian carp) and egg (ROE of crucian carp) of this animal are also used for medicine. See the special section for details.
[chemical composition] the food contains 85 grams of water, 13 grams of protein, 1.1 grams of fat, 0.1 grams of carbohydrates, 0.8 grams of ash, 54 mg of calcium, 203 mg of phosphorus, 2.5 mg of iron, 0.06 mg of thiamine, 0.07 mg of riboflavin and 2.4 mg of nicotinic acid per 100 grams.
The content of vitamin, Japanese crucian carp per 100 grams contains vitamin A50 international units, B1_ 380 μ g, B2_ 100 μ g, nicotinic acid 2.4 mg. And vitamin B12 content, meat: 15 ng / g, viscera: 50 ng / g.
Sweet and smooth.
① Qianjin Shizhi: "it tastes sweet, smooth and nontoxic. "
② Shu materia medica: "it tastes sweet and warm. "
[channel tropism] into the spleen, stomach and large intestine.
① The supplement to the meaning of materia medica: "in Yangming. "
② "Lei Gong processed medicine solution": into the spleen, stomach two channels. "
③ "Into the stomach, large intestine. "
Functions and indications: Invigorating Spleen and removing dampness. It is used to Treat Spleen and stomach weakness, anorexia, dysentery, hematochezia, edema, gonorrhea, carbuncle and ulcer.
① Bielu: "it is mainly used to treat sores, burn them, apply them with soy sauce, or fry them with pig fat; it is also used to treat intestinal carbuncle. "
② "Tang Materia Medica" says: "when you make a soup with Ulva, your stomach is weak and you can't eat; when you make a soup, your stomach is weak and you can't eat. "
③ In the collection of Materia Medica, it is said that "the main body is empty and weak. Hot boiled food; five hemorrhoids. "
④ Rihua in materia medica: "warming the middle and lower Qi, tonifying deficiency; treating intestines and irregular water and valley; burning ash to apply evil sores; burning ash with alum to treat intestinal dysentery.". "
⑤ "Diannan Materia Medica": "harmonizing the five zang organs, dredging the blood vessels, eliminating accumulation. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: boiled or calcined into pills and powder. External use: tamping, calcining, dispersing or mixing.
[prescription selection] 1. For the treatment of cold spleen and stomach qi, inability to eat and weakness: half a catty of crucian carp. Finely cut, start to make, boil the soy sauce, heat it, pepper it. Dried ginger, dill, orange peel and other end, hollow food. (Hutu soup in shiyixinjing)
② Treat Spleen and stomach weakness, do not want to eat, do not melt after eating: a live crucian carp, purple cardamom three, grind, put into the fish belly, and then add ginger, tangerine peel, pepper and other cooked food. (Jilin Chinese herbal medicine)
③ Treat stomach upset; a big crucian carp. Remove the intestines and leave the gall, add the powder of alum, fill the gap, and calcine with charcoal to make the yellow dry. Take one money each time, drink Chen rice and take it three times a day. (original recipe: crucian carp powder)
④ To cure diaphragmatic Qi and vomit food: remove intestines and leave scales of large crucian carp, fill them with garlic slices, pack them in ten pieces of paper, seal them with mud, dry them in the sun, simmer them with charcoal fire, take out meat, make one or two pieces of Pingwei Powder, pestle pill, big Wuzi and close them. Take 30 pills each time and drink rice. (empirical formula)
⑤ Cure dysentery: a crucian carp. Do not remove scales, gills, under a hole, to intestines and stomach, into alum a chestnut big, paper wrapped, simmer to make fragrant cooked, so that patients take Italy, with salt, vinegar food. Ji Yi's prescription is grey in nature, and the rice drink is adjusted. (Bai Yi Xuan Fang)
⑥ For the treatment of visceral poison and blood, the gall is not used for a long time; for the treatment of gall, a piece of crucian carp weighing about four or five Liang should be used. The scales and gills of intestines and stomach should be removed. The medicine should be put into the stomach of the fish and put into a bottle. The fire should be calcined and the smoke should be exhausted. (Bai Yi Xuan Fang)
⑦ Treatment of stroke edema: three Carassius auratus, to leave intestinal scales, to Phytolacca acinosa, red beans and other parts, fill zhading, three liters of water, boiled Mi to fish, eat beans drink juice, two days a, urine benefit more. (behind the elbow)
⑧ Treatment of systemic edema: fresh crucian carp a, two money Amomum noodles, licorice powder a money. Remove the scales and internal organs of the fish, wash them, put the medicine into the belly of the fish, sew them with thread, steam them until rotten, and eat them as vegetables in three times (avoid salt and sauce for 20 days). (Jilin Chinese herbal medicine)
⑨ Drinking water for diabetes: a crucian carp. Remove intestines and leave scales, fill them with tea, wrap them in paper and simmer several pieces of cooked food. (Huo Xin Tong)
⑩ Treatment of small intestinal hernia: each meal with a crucian carp. Cook with fennel. (Sheng Bian)
(11) treatment of women's blood collapse: a crucian carp, five inches long. To intestines, into dragon's blood, frankincense, Mianbao, burning, research. Three yuan per serving, mixed with hot wine. (pick Yuan Fang)
(12) milk: seven inches of crucian carp, half a jin of pig fat, eight liang of loquat, eight liang of stalactite. The first four flavors, cut pork fat, fish do not need to wash treatment, sake a bucket of two liters of cooking, fish cooked into medicine, wring to dross, suitable for cold and warm points five service ridge, between the phase to drink in a moment, so that the drug power phase. (qianjinfang crucian carp soup)
⒀ treatment of postpartum arm pain cramps: Live crucian carp (half a catty) a. Cut the fish into two inch long pieces, do not scale intestines, deep fry with sesame oil. After taking, drink four Liang hot yellow rice wine and take a little sweat. (Jilin Chinese herbal medicine)
(14) treatment of infantile asthma: seven live crucian carp. With utensils Sheng, so that the child self urine, to be red, simmer cooked food. A woman is ten years old. She will never use it. (Yan Hu Ji Jian Fang)
Treatment of various sore swelling: a crucian carp, can weigh six Liang. Remove intestines, grind them with cypress leaves, put them into the belly of the fish, wrap them in paper for several times, then use yellow mud to solidify them, calcine them for storage, and then grind them into fine powder when they are cold. If the sore is dry, use sesame oil to adjust, and the sore is wet and dry. (Wu Jin San in Puji Fang)
⑩ The treatment of gangrene involves hands, feet, shoulders, and back. Suddenly, the hair is as thick as red beans. The juice is peeled out: the crucian carp grows three inches long, the hair is disorderly, the chicken is big, and the pig fat is one liter. On the three flavors, fried for cream, apply it. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑩ Treatment of malignant nuclear swelling: fresh crucian carp pestle. (Sun Simiao)
@Treatment of lymph node tuberculosis: a crucian carp, red arsenic two money. First remove the crucian carp tripe miscellaneous, red arsenic powder, sprinkle into the tripe, sew the tripe with thread, set fire to roast until the fish is coke like (at this time, the red arsenic turns red brown), open the tripe, take out the red arsenic with bamboo (avoid metal), grind and bottle it for use. When using, take a small amount of Medicine (such as firewood head), sprinkle it into the crevasse. If the pain is unbearable, take one money of Zhangdan, mix it with kerosene, and then apply it to the affected area to relieve the pain. (selected materials of new medical treatment of Chinese herbal medicine, Inner Mongolia)
⑩ Treatment of children's head does not grow hair: crucian ash, end, with sauce and apply it. (Qian Jin Fang)
(11) treatment of children's tianzaohuo pill: crucian carp meat (file) five, red bean powder five. On two flavor and pound, less water and apply it. (Qian Jin Fang)
(12) treatment of Shin sores: wash three Carassius auratus and two pangolins. Cut and grind the Gleditsia sinensis Seeds, and then put them in one piece. First, wash the abscess with well water, and stick it with the thorn hole of white bamboo leaves. When the water comes out, apply it with sesame oil and light powder once a day. (ren Zhai Zhi Zhi Fang)
Treatment of teeth chancre, red sore out of the lips and mouth: a crucian carp (three inches long, open stomach, full of salt, burnt fish), stone gall half two, realgar one point. First, wash your mouth and sore with swill soup, apply it with powder, apply it three or five times a day, and gargle it after night. (Sheng Hui Fang Shi Dan SAN)
(14) treatment of tooth leakage chancre, purulent blood: a big crucian carp, arsenic, dry Rehmannia powder one or two. To apply the medicine, first cut the abdomen of crucian carp, remove the intestines, put arsenic and Dihuang powder into it, wrap the fish in paper, burn it in fire, smoke it out, take out the paper ash, add a little alum ash and musk, and grind it into powder. Every half money, wet paper, paste the affected area. (shenghuifang crucian carp powder)
Scraping bone and teeth: a crucian carp, to the intestine, into the arsenic, exposed in the shade, until there is frost scraping, bottle collection. Use a needle to search the root of the tooth. A little bit of it will cough. Second, use the sand into the crucian carp meat (inside), simmer. The bottle should be closed until the frost is scraped. Use the above method. (compendium)
[famous expert's discussion] 1. In the classic of materia medica: "when crucian carp goes into the stomach, it can cure the weakness of the stomach, but can't eat; when it goes into the large intestine, it can cure the red and white dysentery and intestinal carbuncle. The spleen and stomach control the muscles, and the sweet and warm can benefit the spleen and generate the muscles, so it controls the sores for a long time. "Crucian carp can regulate the stomach and strengthen the intestines. It has nothing to do with diseases. This is the only fish that can be eaten frequently. "
② Yilin zuanyao: "crucian carp is gentle in nature, can move water without dryness, can nourish spleen without moistening, so it is valuable to listen to.". "
③ "Ben Jing Feng Yuan": "crucian carp, there are anti Magnolia ring, magnolia to vent stomach qi, crucian carp stomach qi. All calcinations should not remove scales. Scales can stop bleeding. "
Chinese PinYin : Ji Yu
White mustard. Bai Jie
Plant ash. Cao Mu Hui
Shicao. Shi Cao
Huang KaiKou. Huang Kai Kou
Pear root. Li Shu Gen
Croton trichophyllum. Mao Ye Ba Dou
Acer truncatum. Niu Er Feng Zi
Cymbidium sinense. Pie Lan Ye
Physalis alkekengi. Suan Jiang
Radix Pseudostellariae. Tai Zi Can
Little wupaogen. Xiao Wu Pao Gen
Bone chasing wind. Zhui Gu Feng